Dwingeloo Radio Observatory

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Dwingeloo Radio Observatory
Radiotelescoop op de Heide van het Dwingelderveld.jpg
The 25 meter Dwingeloo radio telescope in 2014
Named afterDwingeloo Edit this on Wikidata
Part ofTop 100 of Dutch monuments 1940-1958 Edit this on Wikidata
Location(s)Dwingeloo, Drenthe, Netherlands
Coordinates52°48′43″N 6°23′46″E / 52.8119°N 6.3961°E / 52.8119; 6.3961Coordinates: 52°48′43″N 6°23′46″E / 52.8119°N 6.3961°E / 52.8119; 6.3961 Edit this at Wikidata
Telescope styleobservatory
radio telescope Edit this on Wikidata
Diameter25 m (82 ft 0 in) Edit this at Wikidata
Dwingeloo Radio Observatory is located in Netherlands
Dwingeloo Radio Observatory
Location of Dwingeloo Radio Observatory
  Related media on Commons

The Dwingeloo Radio Observatory is a single-dish radio telescope near the village of Dwingeloo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈdʋɪŋəloː]) in the northeastern Netherlands. Construction started in 1954, and the telescope was completed in 1956. The radio telescope has a diameter of 25 m.[1] At the time of completion it was the largest radio telescope in the world, but it was overtaken in 1957 by the 250 foot (76 m) Lovell Telescope.

As of 2000, it was no longer in operation in an official capacity. Since August 2009, the radio telescope has been a national heritage site (rijksmonument).[1] The telescope dish was removed for restoration in June 2012.[2] The "C.A. Muller Radio Astronomy Station" foundation ("CAMRAS" for short) restored the telescope to working order. The dish was remounted in November 2012.[3]

Radio amateurs along with amateur and professional astronomers, use the telescope for projects, one being Earth–Moon–Earth communication, also known as moonbounce, which allows for people on different parts of Earth to communicate via the Moon. In this technique, radio wave signals are aimed at the Moon by one location, bounce off the Moon's surface, and are detected by an antenna at a different location on Earth. The technique of "visual moonbounce", where the digital representation of an image is moonbounced at amateur-radio frequencies, has been developed at the Dwingeloo Telescope. It was later used in the art project "OPTICKS" by interdisciplinary artist Daniela de Paulis[4][5]

The radio telescope is owned by ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy. The site of the Dwingeloo Radio Observatory also houses most of the staff of ASTRON and a test site for the Low Frequency Array radio telescope, LOFAR.

Two galaxies are named after this telescope: Dwingeloo 1 and Dwingeloo 2.


  1. ^ a b Monumentnummer: 530829 - radiotelescoop[permanent dead link], Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
  2. ^ Dish Dwingeloo Telescope temporarily dismantled Archived 2017-02-21 at the Wayback Machine, ASTRON, 2012.
  3. ^ Dish Dwingeloo radio telescope back on tower Archived 2016-12-18 at the Wayback Machine, ASTRON, 2012.
  4. ^ "OPTICKS and Visual Moonbounce in Live Performance". Leonardo. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  5. ^ "opticks.info". Retrieved 4 June 2020.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Radiotelescoop Dwingeloo at Wikimedia Commons
  • Westerhout, Gart (December 1958). "A survey of the continuous radiation from the Galactic System at a frequency of 1390 Mc/s". Bulletin of the Astronomical Institutes of the Netherlands. 14: 215. Bibcode:1958BAN....14..215W.