Thaya

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Thaya (Dyje)
Břeclav, Dyje.JPG
Thaya in Břeclav
Country Czech Republic, Austria
Basin features
Main source near Panenská Rozsíčka
410 m (1,350 ft)
River mouth Morava River
148 m (486 ft)
Progression MoravaDanubeBlack Sea
Basin size 13,419 km2 (5,181 sq mi)
Physical characteristics
Length 235.4 km (146.3 mi)
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    43.9 m3/s (1,550 cu ft/s)

The Thaya (Czech: Dyje [ˈdɪjɛ]) is a river in Central Europe, the longest tributary to the Morava River. It is about 235 km (311 km with its longest source) long and meanders from west to east in the border area between Lower Austria (Austria) and South Moravia (Czech Republic), though the frontier does not exactly follow the river's course in most parts. Its source is in two smaller rivers, namely the German Thaya (Deutsche Thaya) and the Moravian Thaya (Czech: Moravská Dyje, German: Mährische Thaya), flowing together at Raabs.

Its name means "the inert". There is also a small village which bears the name Dyje, located near Znojmo.

Geography[edit]

In its upper reaches, the Thaya flows through deep gorges (Podyjí), along which it passes many castles and chateaus. In Moravia, it has been dammed in several locations.

Thaya gathers waters from the western half of Moravia and the adjacent part of Lower Austria. Its biggest tributaries are Svratka and Jihlava, flowing together into the middle one of the Nové Mlýny reservoirs.

Thaya River near Znojmo.

Important cities and towns along the Thaya:

Dams[edit]

All the dams are situated in Czech Republic. They are used for irrigation, hydroelectricity and flood protection.

Dam Name Dimension Level Altitude Qav Q100 Qmax. Power Station Type Qpp
Vranov 348,45 9.74m3s−1 260m3s−1 364m3s−1 18.9 MW Conventional 45m3s−1
Znojmo 225,6 10.25m3s−1 280m3s−1 379m3s−1 1.4 WM run-of-the-river 12m3s−1
Nove Mlyny I (upper reservoir) 171,4 13.3m3s−1 290m3s−1 see lower reservoir N/A N/A N/A
Nove Mlyny II (middle reservoir) 170,35 40.9m3s−1 see lower reservoir see lower reservoir N/A N/A N/A
Nove Mlyny III (lower reservoir) 170,35 40.9m3s−1 820m3s−1 657m3s−1 2.4 MW run-of-the-river 48m3s−1

Coordinates: 48°37′N 16°56′E / 48.617°N 16.933°E / 48.617; 16.933