|Birth name||Thomas Billington|
|Born||5 December 1958|
Golborne, Lancashire, England
|Died||5 December 2018 (aged 60)|
Wigan, Greater Manchester, England
(m. 1982; div. 1991)
Hart (by marriage)
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||Dynamite Kid|
|Billed height||5 ft 9 in (175 cm)|
|Billed weight||225 lb (102 kg)|
|Billed from||Liverpool, England|
|Trained by||Ted Betley|
|Debut||24 December 1975|
|Retired||10 October 1996|
Thomas Billington (5 December 1958 – 5 December 2018), best known by the ring name the Dynamite Kid, was a British professional wrestler. Trained by former wrestler "Dr Death" Ted Betley, he competed in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF), Stampede Wrestling, All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW), and New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW) in the mid-to-late-1980s. With his cousin Davey Boy Smith, he is also known for having been one half of the tag team The British Bulldogs. He also had notable feuds with Tiger Mask in Japan and Bret Hart in Canada.
Billington is considered by many, including wrestling legend Bret Hart, to have been one of wrestling's most influential in-ring performers, having increased the level of athleticism involved in the art, bringing together styles from Britain, Mexico, Canada and Japan.
Billington was born in Golborne, Lancashire, England. He has two sisters and a younger brother named Mark. His father Bill and uncle Eric Billington were boxers in their youth and his grandfather Thomas Billington was a bare-knuckle boxer. He was a member of the Billington family. One of his ancestors James Billington was also a wrestler.
Academic work was not a priority to him, but he was drawn to sports at his comprehensive school; his adherence to it, particularly wrestling and gymnastics, helped him develop a relatively small but powerful and agile shape. In addition, he had also received training in boxing during his formative years, which helped instill toughness in him before his career.
His father, the brother of Davey Boy Smith's mother, was a miner and itinerant labourer who often took the young Billington to see wrestling matches in Wigan, well known for its wrestling tradition. It was during a home visit that he caught the attention of Ted Betley, who had been running a professional wrestling school in his home; it was here that Billington began his training, as a way of avoiding the backbreaking work of the coal mines.
Professional wrestling career
Early years (1975–1984)
Billington was trained by former wrestler "Dr Death" Ted Betley after a meeting at his fathers work introduced the two. Dynamite Kid made his debut working in 1975 for Max Crabtree. Kid's first match filmed for TV was taped 30 June 1976 in Lincoln (and transmitted 30 October by which time another match against Pete Meredith had been filmed and screened) saw him lose by technical knockout to veteran heel "Strongman" Alan Dennison after injuring his throat on the top ring rope. However, Dennison was so impressed by the technical skill of his young opponent that he refused the win and consequently changed his ways and became a blue-eye and a friend of Kid.
During his early days, he won the British Lightweight title on 23 April 1977, and the Welterweight title on 25 January 1978. He was also instrumental in starting the career of then-Judo star Chris Adams while still competing in the UK, was scouted and moved to Calgary, Alberta, Canada in 1978.
Dynamite made a big impact in his matches for Stampede Wrestling with the increasingly popular Bruce Hart and rookie Bret Hart. Despite differences between them due to comments Dynamite Kid made about Stu Hart in his autobiography, Bret still regards him as "pound-for-pound, the greatest wrestler who ever lived." Dynamite Kid began taking steroids in 1979, when Big Daddy Ritter, aka the Junkyard Dog, introduced Billington to the anabolic steroid Dianabol. Billington was also introduced to speed during his stay in Canada by Jake Roberts.
After doing big business in Canada, Dynamite was booked on his first tour of Japan, working for International Pro Wrestling from 19–25 July 1979. Stu Hart and Stampede Wrestling switched their business relationship from IPW to New Japan Pro-Wrestling shortly after Dynamite's first tour, and he wrestled for New Japan from 4 January 1980 to 2 August 1984. Perhaps the most memorable matches that came out of Dynamite's run in New Japan were from his now legendary feud against Tiger Mask; Tiger Mask's debut was against Dynamite, in which Tiger Mask shocked the wrestling world by gaining the victory over Dynamite. The two would compete against one another several more times in a feud that is often credited as putting Junior Heavyweight wrestling on the map, as well as setting the standard for future generations. Both the NWA and WWF Junior Heavyweight titles were vacated after Tiger Mask was injured by Dynamite Kid in a tag match on 1 April 1983. Dynamite and Kuniaki Kobayashi competed for the vacant titles, but no winner was decided. On 21 April 1983, Dynamite and Tiger Mask met for the vacant WWF Junior Heavyweight Championship, but no winner was decided after the match ended up as a draw three consecutive times.
In 1983, Kid made his debut to the United States working for Pacific Northwest Wrestling where he feuded with Curt Hennig. Eventually he won the NWA Pacific Northwest Heavyweight title from Hennig on 7 September. A month later he dropped the title from Billy Jack Haynes. Then in November he teamed up with The Assassin and won the Pacific Northwest Tag titles from Curt Hennig and Buddy Rose. A month later they dropped the belts to Hennig and Scott McGhee.
On 7 February 1984, Billington captured the WWF Junior Heavyweight Championship by winning a tournament in New Japan Pro-Wrestling; although it was a WWF Title, it was primarily defended in Japan. He defeated Davey Boy Smith earlier in the tournament, and would go on to defeat The Cobra in the finals.
World Wrestling Federation (1984–1988)
Dynamite Kid made his WWF television debut on 29 August 1984, where he and Bret Hart defeated Iron Mike Sharpe and Troy Alexander in a match eventually shown on 15 September 1984, on the Maple Leaf Garden broadcast. In 1985, Billington would end up teaming with Davey Boy Smith as the British Bulldogs, while Bret would turn heel and team with Jim Neidhart as The Hart Foundation, and it led to matches between the two teams that usually ended in No-Contests. On 7 April 1986, accompanied by Captain Lou Albano and Ozzy Osbourne, the British Bulldogs won the WWF World tag team title from Greg Valentine and Brutus Beefcake at WrestleMania II.
Dynamite Kid would suffer a serious injury in a tag-team match that took place in December 1986 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, against Don Muraco and Bob Orton, Jr. and several wrestlers including Roddy Piper, Junkyard Dog and Billy Jack Haynes would substitute for him when tag title defenses were made. While recovering in the hospital from back surgery, Billington would later recount that Bret Hart showed up and stated that Vince McMahon had sent him to get Dynamite's tag belt; Billington refused. Shortly after checking himself out of the hospital (against doctors' orders), Billington met with McMahon, who requested that the Bulldogs drop the tag titles to the team of The Iron Sheik and Nikolai Volkoff; Billington refused, saying that he would only drop the belts to The Hart Foundation.
McMahon acquiesced and at a TV taping on 26 January 1987, The British Bulldogs wrestled a match to drop the titles to The Hart Foundation; the match would air on 7 February edition of WWF Superstars of Wrestling. The match itself was an odd sight, as Dynamite could barely walk due to back surgery. Dynamite was knocked out by Jimmy Hart's megaphone early in the match, avoiding him having to wrestle much in the match for story purposes. From that point forward, the Bulldogs would not be a top-tier team anymore, and while they would not become straight jobbers, they would mostly wrestle to double disqualifications, double countouts or time-limit draws against the top teams in the WWF.
Billington was known for being a tough guy and for his stiffness as a worker. Mick Foley reported that, when he and Les Thornton (another British wrestler) wrestled the Bulldogs in a tag-team match early in Foley's career, Billington manhandled him so badly in the ring that he tore a ligament in Foley's jaw with his signature Hook Clothesline, preventing Foley from eating solid food until his recovery. Outside of the ring, WWF-champion Randy Savage once specifically asked for him to watch his back when he went drinking in a hotel bar frequented by NWA wrestlers, including Ric Flair. He was also involved in heated backstage fights with Jacques Rougeau, one of which led to Rougeau hitting him with a fistful of quarters as he opened a door holding a cup of coffee, knocking several of his teeth out. Billington claimed the Rougeau incident was not the final straw that drove him to leave the WWF, but rather a dispute with WWF management over the issuance of complimentary plane tickets, over which he resigned from the company on principle and which to his surprise in retrospect, Smith followed suit.
The Bulldogs wrestled their last WWF match at the 1988 Survivor Series. Although their team would win the match after team captains The Powers of Pain (The Barbarian and The Warlord) eliminated the last remaining opponents The Conquistadores, the Bulldogs had earlier been eliminated when Billington had been pinned by Smash of the tag team champions Demolition.
Return to Stampede Wrestling, England and Japan (1988–1996)
After leaving the WWF, the Bulldogs returned to Stampede Wrestling to win the International Tag Team Titles. The Bulldogs also competed frequently in All-Japan Pro Wrestling where they were paid $20,000 each by Giant Baba, along with the liberty of choosing which tours they wanted to participate in. Upon returning to Stampede, the Bulldogs were involved in a feud with Karachi Vice over the Stampede International Tag Team Championship. However, by February 1989, Dynamite became involved in a brutal feud with Johnny Smith after Johnny interfered and attacked the Dynamite Kid, before cutting his hair. In May 1989, the Bulldogs split up in Stampede, but remained a team in AJPW. Over in Stampede, the Bulldogs feuded with each other, with Dynamite forming The British Bruisers with Johnny Smith and Davey Boy Smith teaming with a young Chris Benoit.
In 1990, Davey Boy Smith abruptly withdrew the Bulldogs from AJPW's annual World's Strongest Tag Determination League by returning to the WWF, and fabricating a story to the All-Japan office that Billington was in a serious car accident and was unable to compete. Back home in the UK, from 1991 onward, he would regularly appear for local promotions All Star Wrestling and Orig Williams' BWF where, due to his WWF success, he was a headline attraction this time around. Since Davey Boy Smith had trademarked the term "The British Bulldog" during the Bulldogs' previous run in WWF, he decided to return to the WWF as The British Bulldog, and would send people to the United Kingdom to warn the promoter every time a flyer was distributed promoting Dynamite Kid as a "British Bulldog".
Johnny Smith would end up taking Davey Boy Smith's spot in the World's Strongest Tag Determination League, and the duo (known as the British Bruisers) continued to compete in All Japan Pro Wrestling. The duo managed to capture the All Asia Tag Team Championship, but the partnership was short-lived; the years of steroid abuse (including an incident in which he used horse steroids), working a high impact style, and cocaine usage caught up with Billington as he suddenly announced his retirement on 6 December 1991, immediately after the Bruisers defeated Johnny Ace and Sunny Beach at Nippon Budokan in Tokyo. He returned to Japan as a special guest with Lord James Blears on 28 February 1993, and claimed that he was going to send his 17-year-old brother to All Japan's Dojo, but it wasn't realized. He returned again for a tag team match with Johnny Smith on 28 July 1993, and was planning to promote an All-Japan show in his country in 1994, but it wasn't realized either.
In January 1994, he returned to England and worked for All Star Wrestling.
Before embarking on another All-Japan tour, he visited Dan Spivey and stayed in his home in Florida for a week, while Spivey went on holiday. When Spivey came back, he and Billington took hits of LSD, which resulted in Billington coming close to death twice in one day, but he was revived with adrenaline shots by paramedics both times.
His final wrestling match took place on 10 October 1996, at a Michinoku Pro event called These Days. The match was promoted as a "Legends of High-Flying" six-man tag featuring Dynamite paired with Dos Caras and Kuniaki Kobayashi against The Great Sasuke, Mil Máscaras, and Tiger Mask. Dynamite's body had degenerated to the point where he was "practically skin and bones", as the bottom portion of his tights were very loose. In the end, Dynamite delivered his trademark tombstone piledriver on Great Sasuke, leading Dos Caras to powerbomb Sasuke for the pin. While at the airport to return home on the next day, Dynamite had a second seizure (the first one was in 1987) and was sent to the hospital immediately.
In 1991, he was divorced from his first wife Michelle Smadu (the sister of Bret Hart's then-wife Julie), with whom Billington had one son and two daughters (Marek, Bronwyne and Amaris). Following the end of his marriage to Michelle, he moved from Canada back home to Golborne with his parents. There he married for a second time to a woman named Dot; with her he had three stepsons; John, Steven and Mark. Before his death Billington had two granddaughters, Miami and Taya. He is now survived by two more grandchildren, Madix and Harlow.
Altercations with other wrestlers
Billington had several violent interactions with fellow wrestlers. One such event was with Bruce Hart, in which Billington broke Hart's jaw. Another was while in WWF, where wrestler Jacques Rougeau Jr. felt that Billington had bullied him and punched Billington in the face with a fist holding rolled up quarters, knocking out Billington's front teeth.
In 1997, after having a great deal of complications he was experiencing with walking due to the large number of back and leg injuries he suffered during his career, Billington lost the use of his left leg. Using a wheelchair for mobility, he was cared for by his second wife, Dot. Billington was told he would never be able to walk again. Harley Race, the inventor of the diving headbutt (a move Chris Benoit also used frequently), stated prior to his passing that he regretted ever inventing the move due to its ostensible causation of spinal problems, concussions, and that it may have contributed to Billington's disability. In addition to his paralysis, Billington also suffered from heart problems. In November 2013, Billington reportedly suffered a stroke.
In 2015, he was named in a lawsuit filed by WWE after the organization received a letter from him indicating that he intended to sue them for concussion-based injuries sustained during his affiliation with WWE. He was represented by attorney Konstantine Kyros, who is involved in several other lawsuits involving former WWE wrestlers. Billington's lawsuit was dismissed by US District Judge Vanessa Lynne Bryant in September 2018.
Billington died on 5 December 2018, his 60th birthday. The exact cause of death remains unconfirmed, but the BBC report of his death placed it in the context of the above-mentioned health issues.
Billington's British training, combined with an aerial arsenal honed during numerous tours in Japan, influenced a generation of later wrestling stars, especially those normally associated with Stu Hart's "Dungeon". A follower was Chris Benoit, who idolized Billington while growing up and adopted a similar moveset that included the swandive headbutt and the Snap suplex.
In October 2014, Billington was presented with a lifetime achievement award at Gloucester Leisure Centre by Superstars of Wrestling UK.
Billington is featured in the 2016 documentary Nine Legends.
The playable character in the Mat Mania/Mania Challenge/Exciting Hour arcade games of the mid 1980s named "Dynamite Tommy" frequently is presumed to be modeled after Billington. In fact, the artwork for the game features the character wearing a championship belt which is almost exactly like the WWF Junior Heavyweight Championship which Billington held.
On 16 September 2021, Vice TV aired, as part of their series Dark Side of the Ring, a retrospective of Billington's life, both in and out of the ring. Included in that program are interviews with Dynamite's widow, daughters, and wrestlers Dan Spivey and WWE Hall of Famer Mick Foley.
Championships and accomplishments
- All Japan Pro Wrestling
- All Asia Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Johnny Smith
- NWA International Junior Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- World's Strongest Tag Determination League Fighting Spirit Award (1984, 1985) – with Davey Boy Smith
- World's Strongest Tag Determination League Skills Award (1989) – with Davey Boy Smith
- World's Strongest Tag Determination League Fair Play Award (1990, 1991) – with Johnny Smith
- Atlantic Grand Prix Wrestling
- AGPW International Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Canadian Wrestling Hall of Fame
- Class of 2001
- Joint Promotions
- New Japan Pro-Wrestling
- Pacific Northwest Wrestling
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Stampede Wrestling
- Stampede British Commonwealth Mid-Heavyweight Championship (4 times, inaugural)
- Stampede International Tag Team Championship (6 times) – with Sekigawa (1), Loch Ness Monster (1), Kasavudo (1), Duke Myers (1), Davey Boy Smith (2)
- Stampede North American Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Stampede World Mid-Heavyweight Championship (4 times)
- Stampede Wrestling Hall of Fame (Class of 1995)
- Tokyo Sports
- World Wrestling Federation
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter
- Best Flying Wrestler (1984)
- Best Technical Wrestler (1984) - tied with Masa Saito
- Best Wrestling Maneuver (1984) Power clean dropkick
- Hardest Worker (1983)
- Match of the Year (1982) vs. Tiger Mask on 5 August, Tokyo, Japan
- Most Underrated (1983)
- Most Impressive Wrestler (1983-1985)
- Tag Team of The Year (1985) - with Davey Boy Smith
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame (Class of 1996)
Luchas de Apuestas record
|Winner (wager)||Loser (wager)||Location||Event||Date||Notes|
|Bruce Hart (hair)||Dynamite Kid (hair)||Calgary, Alberta||Stampede||1980s[a]||[b]|
- Lumsden, Michael (25 October 2016). "Desperate plea from former pro wrestler". Calgary Herald. Calgary: Postmedia Network. PressReader. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- Shields, Brian; Sullivan, Kevin (2009). WWE Encyclopedia. DK. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-7566-4190-0.
- "Dynamite Kid". Online World of Wrestling.
- Shields, Brian (2006). Main Event: WWE in the Raging 80s. Simon & Schuster. p. 85. ISBN 1-4165-3257-9.
- Meltzer, Dave; Molinaro, John F.; Marek, Jeff (2002). Top 100 pro wrestlers of all time. Winding Stair Press. p. 155 pp. ISBN 978-1553663058.
- Pope, Kristian (2005). Tuff Stuff Professional Wrestling Field Guide: Legend and Lore. Krause Publ. p. 125 pp. ISBN 978-0896892675.
- Hanlon, Greg (5 December 2018). "Former WWE Wrestler Dynamite Kid Dies on His 60th Birthday". People. Meredith Corporation. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
- McCoy, Heath (2007). Pain and Passion: The History of Stampede Wrestling. ECWPress. p. 136 pp. ISBN 978-1-55022-787-1.
- McCoy, Heath (2007). Pain and Passion: The History of Stampede Wrestling. ECWPress. p. 238 pp. ISBN 978-1-55022-787-1.
- McCoy, Heath (2007). Pain and Passion: The History of Stampede Wrestling. ECWPress. p. 134 pp. ISBN 978-1-55022-787-1.
- Randazzo V, Matthew (2008). Ring of Hell: The Story of Chris Benoit & the Fall of the Pro Wrestling Industry. Phoenix Books. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-59777-622-6.
- McCoy, Heath (2007). Pain and Passion: The History of Stampede Wrestling. ECWPress. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-55022-787-1.
- Fielding, Steve (2008). Pierrepoint: A Family of Executioners. London: John Blake Publishing Ltd. p. ?. ISBN 978-1-84454-611-4.
- Howard Engel (1997). Lord high executioner: an unashamed look at hangmen, headsmen, and their kind. Robson Books. pp. ?. ISBN 1-86105-096-8.
- "itvwrestling.co.uk - 1976". www.johnlisterwriting.com. Archived from the original on 23 October 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Alan Dennison vs. Dynamite Kid - World of Sport". Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 7 January 2020 – via www.youtube.com.
- McCoy, Heath (2007). Pain and Passion: The History of Stampede Wrestling. ECW Press. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-55022-787-1.
- "Dynamite Kid severely injures his back".
- Tom Billington, Pure Dynamite: The Price You Pay for Wrestling Stardom Winding Stair Press, 1999
- Mick Foley. Have A Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks, p. 82–85.
- Hart, Bret (2007). Hitman: My Real Life in the Cartoon World of Wrestling. Random House Canada (Canada), Grand Central Publishing (US). p. 229. ISBN 978-0-307-35567-6. ISBN 978-0-446-53972-2 (US)
- Billington op cit, p183
- Hart, Martha; Francis, Eric (2004). Broken Harts: The Life and Death of Owen Hart. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 67 pp. ISBN 978-1-59077-036-8.
- Pollock, John (5 December 2018). "The Life and Death of Tom "Dynamite Kid" Billington, dead at age 60". Post Wrestling. Archived from the original on 6 December 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- Sports, Other (12 December 2018). "Natalya Neidhart: A tribute to Dynamite Kid, through his daughter's eyes | National Post". Retrieved 31 December 2018.
- Heath McCoy (2007). Pain and Passion: The History of Stampede Wrestling. ECW Press. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-55022-787-1.
- Martha Hart; Eric Francis (2004). Broken Harts: The Life and Death of Owen Hart. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 70 pp. ISBN 978-1-59077-036-8.
- Shannon, Mike. "9 More of the Most Famous and Infamous Backstage Fights in Wrestling History". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- "Columns - Online World of Wrestling". www.onlineworldofwrestling.com. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- Heath McCoy (2007). Pain and Passion: The History of Stampede Wrestling. ECWPress. p. 8 pp. ISBN 978-1-55022-787-1.
- Curse of Stampede Wrestling?, 20 May 2007, Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Johnson, Mike (24 November 2013). "Dynamite Kid Suffers Stroke". PWInsider.com. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated". 10 September 2012. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012.
- "WWE seeking to block concussion-related lawsuits". FoxSports.com. Fox Entertainment Group (21st Century Fox). 1 July 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
- Gorman, Jeff D. (18 September 2018). "WWE Knocks Out Consolidated Concussion Case". Courthouse News Service. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
- "Stampede Wrestling superstar Tom "The Dynamite Kid" Billington dead at 60". Calgary Sun. 5 December 2018. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- "'Dynamite Kid' wrestler Thomas Billington dies on 60th birthday". BBC News. 5 December 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- "Dynamite Kid FAQ". WrestleView.com. Retrieved 12 May 2007.
- "CANOE -- SLAM! Sports: ng - Dynamite Kid documentary a cautionary tale". slam.canoe.com.
- Docking, Neil (9 February 2019). "Nephews of WWE legend The Dynamite Kid set for This Is Wrestling show". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
- Kreikenbohm, Philip. "Real World Tag League 1984 " Tournaments Database " CAGEMATCH - The Internet Wrestling Database". www.cagematch.net.
- Kreikenbohm, Philip. "Real World Tag League 1985 " Tournaments Database " CAGEMATCH - The Internet Wrestling Database". www.cagematch.net.
- Kreikenbohm, Philip. "Real World Tag League 1989 " Tournaments Database " CAGEMATCH - The Internet Wrestling Database". www.cagematch.net.
- Kreikenbohm, Philip. "Real World Tag League 1990 " Tournaments Database " CAGEMATCH - The Internet Wrestling Database". www.cagematch.net.
- Kreikenbohm, Philip. "Real World Tag League 1991 " Tournaments Database " CAGEMATCH - The Internet Wrestling Database". www.cagematch.net.
- "AGPW International Heavyweight Title". Wrestling-Titles. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Canadian Wrestling Hall of Fame". Slam! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. 3 April 2016.
- "Strong Style Spirit". www.puroresufan.com.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated's Top 500 Wrestlers of the PWI Years". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
- "Stampede World Mid-Heavyweight Title". Puroresu Dojo. 2003.
- Whalen, Ed (host) (15 December 1995). "Stampede Wrestling Hall of Fame: 1948-1990". Showdown at the Corral: A Tribute to Stu Hart. Event occurs at 27:55. Shaw Cable. Calgary 7.
- "Stampede Wrestling Hall of Fame (1948–1990)". Puroresu Dojo. 2003.
- 東京スポーツ プロレス大賞. Tokyo Sports (in Japanese). Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "World Tag Team – British Bulldogs". WWE. Archived from the original on 29 November 2005. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
- Keith, Scott (9 March 2002). "The SmarK Retro Rant For Stampede Classics Vol. 4: Bizarre & Unusual!". Insidepulse.com.
- Kayfabe Memories - Pure Dynamite Tom Billington
- Mick Foley (2000). Have A Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks. HarperCollins. p. 511. ISBN 0-06-103101-1.
- Professional Wrestling Museum - Spotlight on the Dynamite Kid
- View from the Rising Sun by Masanori Horie