FC Dinamo Tbilisi
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|Full name||Football Club Dinamo Tbilisi|
|Ground||Boris Paichadze Dinamo Arena
|Website||Club home page|
Dinamo Tbilisi was one of the most prominent clubs in Soviet football and a major contender in the Soviet Top League almost immediately after it was established in 1936. The club was then part of one of the leading sport societies in Soviet Union, the All-Union Dynamo sports society which had several other divisions beside football and was sponsored by the Soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs. Its main claim to European fame was winning the Cup Winners' Cup in 1981, beating FC Carl Zeiss Jena of East Germany 2–1 in the final in Düsseldorf. Throughout its history, FC Dinamo Tbilisi produced many famous Soviet players: Boris Paichadze, Avtandil Gogoberidze, Shota Iamanidze, Mikheil Meskhi, Slava Metreveli, Murtaz Khurtsilava, Manuchar Machaidze, David Kipiani, Vladimir Gutsaev, Alexandre Chivadze, Vitali Daraselia, Ramaz Shengelia, Tengiz Sulakvelidze. After the break-up of the Soviet Union, it would later produce some of the finest Georgian players such as Temuri Ketsbaia, Shota Arveladze, Giorgi Kinkladze, Kakha Kaladze, Levan Kobiashvili.
FC Dinamo Tbilisi was one of a handful of teams in the Soviet Top League (along with Dynamo Moscow and Dynamo Kyiv) that were never relegated. Their most famous coach was Nodar Akhalkatsi, who led the team to the Soviet title in 1978, two Soviet cups (1976 and 1979), and the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1981. He was also one of three co-coaches of the Soviet Union national football team during the FIFA World Cup in 1982. FC Dinamo Tbilisi are also 15-time Georgian league champions and 12-time Georgian Cup holders (the current records).
- 1 History
- 2 Honours
- 3 Stadium
- 4 Sponsor
- 5 Current squad
- 6 Eurocups record
- 7 Topscorers by season
- 8 Managers
- 9 Notable past players
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The Beginning: 1920s
The history of FC Dinamo Tbilisi began in autumn 1925 when the Dinamo sports society set out to form a football club, at a time when football was gradually becoming one of the most popular sports in the world.
In 1927, FC Dinamo Tbilisi established a Junior club, "Norchi Dinamoeli" (young Dinamo). The Juniors club provided FC Dinamo Tbilisi with many young skillful players, including the first goalkeeper who played for Dinamo in the USSR championship, the first captain (Shota Savgulidze), defender (Mikhail Minaev), forward (Vladimer Berdzenishvili) and other famous players.
In the early years in Georgia, no official championship existed, so the teams played friendly games against each other. The first match was played with Azerbaijan team Dinamo Baku on 26 January 1926, with the more experienced Azerbaijan squad winning 1–0. The Dinamo team starred: D.Tsomaia, A.Pochkhua, M.Blackman, I.Foidorov, N.Anakin, A.Gonel, A.Pivovarov, O.Goldobin, A.Galperin, S.Maslenikov, V.Tsomaia.
Three days later, Dinamo played another Azerbaijan team, "Progress" and easily beat them 3–0.
Despite their success in the middle years of the 1930s, the football federation of the Soviet Union placed FC Dinamo Tbilisi in the first league instead of the Premier League. Dinamo continued to show good form against the top teams, winning 9–5 in Tbilisi against probably the best team in the USSR championship, Dynamo Moscow. They later beat Dinamo Leningrad 3–2, winning 5 matches out of 6 plus a draw against Stalinec Moscow. This was enough for Dinamo to qualify for the Premier League.
World War II: 1930s and 1940s
The second championship started in autumn 1936. Altogether Dinamo played 1424 matches in the Soviet Union Championship. The first match was against Dynamo Kyiv, finishing 2–2, with goals by Nikolas Somov and Boris Paichadze. The team sheet was: A.Dorokhov, S.Shavgulidze (E.Nikolaishvili), B.Berdzenishvili, N.Anakin, V.Jorbenadze, G.Gagua, I.Panin, M.Berdzenishvili, B.Paichadze, M.Aslamazov and N.Somov.
The first victory in the USSR championship was in the match against Spartak Moscow on 25 September with Mikheil Berdzenishvili scoring the winning goal. Dinamo finished the season in 3rd place. They challenged for the title, but this faded after the 2–3 loss against Krasnaia Zaria Leningrad. Dinamo also played an unforgettable match in Moscow with Spartak in the Soviet Cup quarter-final with Dinamo scoring 3 goals in stoppage time, beating Spartak 6–3. They reached the Soviet Cup Final, but lost 0–2 to Lokomotiv Moscow. Their first international match was against the Spanish team Baskonia in 1937, which Dinamo lost 0–2.
In the 1930s and 1940s, Dinamo was one of the top Soviet football teams, even though they did not win a title. They were often referred to as the "crownless champions" with the team including: S.Shavgulidze, A.Dorokhov, S.Shudra, B.Frolov, M.Berdzenishvili, A.Kiknadze, V.Panjukov, V.Berezhnoi, G.Gagua, V.Jorbenadze, G.Jejelava.
In the 1950s, the team was led by Avtandil Gogoberidze who spent 14 years with Dinamo. He still holds the record for games played and goals scored for Dinamo, with 341 matches and 127 goals. In the same period, the following players starred for Dinamo: G.Antadze, V.Marghania, N.Dziapshipa, M.Minaev, A.Zazroev, V.Eloshvili, A.Chkuaseli.
A prominent place in Dinamo history belongs to Andro Zhordania, a coach who is considered as one most important figures in the club's history. His period in charge at the end of the 1950s was seen as "the Renaissance" of Dinamo's traditions, which laid the ground for the major successes connected with his name. FC Dinamo's Digomi practice ground is named after this club legend.
First Soviet successes: 1960s
The first major success came in 1964 Soviet Top League when Dinamo won the Soviet Top League, with the team unbeaten in the last 15 matches. At the end, Dinamo was tied with Torpedo Moscow so the teams played an additional match in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, which Dinamo won 4–1. Georgian supporters celebrated the victory by naming their team "Golden Guys".
A popular French magazine France Football wrote: " Dinamo has great players. Their technique, skills and playing intellect enables us to name them the best Eastern representatives of 'South American Football Traditions', if Dinamo were able to participate in the UEFA European Cup, we are certain, they would bring the hegemony of Spanish-Italian teams to an end." However, no Soviet team appeared in the European Cup at that time.
The line-up of winning team in 1964 was: Sergo Kotrikadze, Giorgi Sichinava, Guram Petriashvili, Jemal Zeinklishvili, Guram Tskhovrebov, Vladimer Rekhviashvili, Shota Iamanidze, Slava Metreveli, Vladimir Barkaya, Mikheil Meskhi, Ilia Datunashvili, Alexander Apshiev. Coach: Gavriil Kachalin.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the quality of the Dinamo team was further enhanced by several skillful players: the legendary Mikheil Meskhi, the inimitable Slava Metreveli, the captain of Soviet Union national team Murtaz Khurtsilava, Revaz Dzodzuashvili, Kakhi Asatiani, Gocha Gavasheli, Guram Petriashvili, Piruz Kanteladze and the brothers Nodia (Givi and Levan).
European years: 1970s
|1976 Soviet Cup final|
Dinamo's first appearance in Europe was in 1972 against the Dutch team Twente Enschede in the UEFA Cup. Dinamo won 3–2, with two goals by Givi Nodia and one by David Kipiani. The following players appeared on the field in this historic match: David Gogia, Revaz Dzodzuashvili, Vakhtang Chelidze, Murtaz Khurtsilava, Shota Khinchagashvili, Guram Petriashvili, Manuchar Machaidze, Kakhi Asatiani, Vladimir Gutsaev, Levan Nodia, Givi Nodia, David Kipiani.
In 1976, Nodar Akhalkatsi (a future President of the Georgian Football Federation) was appointed as Dinamo's head coach. It was under his leadership that Dinamo achieved greatest success. The club was referred to as the "Great Team" between 1976–82, characterised by a mobile, fast and technical style of play.
|1979 Soviet Cup final|
In this period, Dinamo won the Soviet Cup title in 1976, defeating Ararat Yerevan (Armenia) 3–0 with goals scored by David Kipiani, Piruz Kanteladze (penalty) and Revaz Chelebadze. The team achieved the same success in 1979 when they beat Dynamo Moscow 5–4 on penalties. They also won the Soviet Top League for a second time in 1978. In 1979, the club played its first match in the UEFA European Cup tournament. In the first round Dinamo defeated Liverpool (England) 3-0 and knocked them out, but were eliminated by Hamburg (West Germany) in the next round.
Last Soviet Days: 1980s
The highlight of Dinamo's history was winning 1980–81 European Cup Winners' Cup, including knocking out West Ham United and Feynoord Rotterdam and beating Carl Zeiss Jena 2–1 in the final on May 13 1981. Vitaly Daraselia and Vladimir Gutsaev scored goals in the final.
In 1982 Dinamo qualified to semi-final in Cup Winners` Cup tournament. In the 1980s numerous skillful players appeared in the team, but for various reasons they were not able to do their best: Grigol Tsaava, Mikheil Meskhi (Junior), Otar Korghalidze, Gia Guruli, Mamuka Pantsulaia, Merab Zhordania, Levan Baratashvili and many other talented players.
From 1983 a crisis began. It was hard for the club to qualify from the first rounds of the Soviet Cup. They also performed poorly in the championship. From 1983 to 1989 the team appeared only once in the UEFA tournaments.
Dinamo Tbilisi played its last game in the Soviet Top League on 27 October 1989 against Dynamo Kyiv. Dinamo played its first and last official matches in Soviet Union Championship with Dynamo Kyiv, with both matches ending 2:2.
In 1990 the Georgian Football Federation refused to participate in the Soviet Union championship. That meant that no Georgian Football Clubs would appear in Soviet tournaments. From that moment the more recent history of FC Dinamo Tbilisi began.
The club played its first match in the Georgian National championship against Kolkheti Poti on 30 March 1990. Dinamo lost the historic match, 0–1. Ultimately the club recovered from this setback and won the first Georgian National championship. The club also won the next 9 championships.
In 1993 came Dinamo's first double: the team won league and Georgian Cup. In 1993 Dinamo played its first international official match representing independent Georgia. Dinamo won the home match against Linfield 2–1, with goals from Shota Arveladze and Gela Inalishvili. The second leg in Belfast ended 1–1. However it was subsequently alleged that the club had tried to bribe match officials and the club was expelled from the tournament and suspended for two years from UEFA tournaments.
FC Dinamo Tbilisi continued to win Georgian championships and Georgian cup, but had no success in European club tournaments.
In 1996 Dinamo qualified passed 3 rounds in the UEFA Cup. They beat CS Grevenmacher (Luxembourg) 4–0 - 2–2, Molde FK (Norway) 2–1 - 0–0 and Torpedo Moscow (Russia) 1–0 - 1–1. In the next round the club was unable to overcome Portuguese side Boavista and left the tournament. This was the best result in Dinamo Tbilisi's recent history. Later, the migration of the key players to Western European clubs caused negative results. It became harder and harder for the club to win the Georgian Championship or Georgian Cup.
In 2004 Dinamo won the Cup again and under the leadership of Croat coach Ivo Šušak, and won the CIS Cup in Moscow against Latvian Skonto FC (3–1). In the same year, Dinamo successfully made it through the UEFA Cup qualifying rounds, after defeating BATE Borisov (1–0; 3–2), Slavia Prague (2–0; 1–3) and Wisła Kraków (2–1, 3–4), so qualifying for the group stage, where their opponents team were Newcastle United, Sporting CP, Sochaux and Panionios. But Dinamo lost to all four teams.
In January 2011, FC Dinamo Tbilisi was purchased by a businessman called Roman Pipia. That year, the club successfully played in the UEFA Europa League qualifying rounds, but they were not able to overcome AEK Athens in the play-off round.
After a bad performance in the Georgian championship of 2011–12, Dinamo could not qualify for any UEFA competitions for the 2012–13 season.
The new president of FC Dinamo Tbilisi immediately started the modernization of the club starting with the reconstruction of the Digomi training ground. Nowadays this training ground is one of the best in the region. The Boris Paichadze Dinamo Arena was reconstructed as well. The pitch surface was changed with a new specially adapted surface for the local climate. The reconstruction work is still in progress, and after it ends, the Boris Paichadze Dinamo Arena will become the sports center of the capital. Renovated Youths Football Academy began its functioning.
The club were beaten 5–0 by Tottenham Hotspur in the Europa League play-off round 1st leg on August 22, 2013, and again 3–0 the following week at White Hart Lane, thus crashing out 8–0 on aggregate.
- Georgian Umaglesi Liga (level 1)
- (15) 1990, 1991, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2007–08, 2012–13, 2013–14 (Record)
- (6) 2003–04, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11 (Record)
- Georgian Cup
- (12) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2009 , 2013, 2014, 2015 (Record)
- (2) 1998, 2010
- Georgian Super Cup
- (7) 1996, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2008, 2014, 2015 (Record)
- (3) 1998, 2009, 2013
- Soviet Top League (level 1)
- (2) 1964, 1978
- (5) 1939, 1940, 1951, 1953, 1977
- (13) 1936 (autumn), 1946, 1947, 1950, 1959, 1962, 1967 , 1969, 1971, 1972, 1976 (spring), 1976 (autumn), 1981 (Record)
- Soviet First League (level 2)
- (1) 1936 (spring)
- Soviet Cup
- (2) 1976, 1979
- (6) 1936, 1937, 1946, 1960, 1970, 1980
Other İnternational Competitions
The Dinamo stadium was completed in 1976, after 10 years of construction. A large group of architects, under the supervision of famous Georgian specialist Gia Kurdiani, worked on the project.
Before that, in place of the new Dinamo stadium, there was a smaller stadium with a maximum capacity of 35,000. The demand for a new and bigger stadium had increased due to the successful performance of Dinamo Tbilisi. This was the Communist time, when every problem had to be solved by the USSR supreme government body. The leader and the first secretary of Georgian Communist Party Eduard Shevardnadze was able to persuade Official Moscow, that Georgia needed bigger and better stadium for home matches. By the time stadium was built, it took the third place with its capacity in Soviet Union. It could fit 78,000 supporters and fulfill every standards and requirements of Soviet Football Federation as well as UEFA.
The first official match played after stadium was built occurred on 29 September 1976. This was UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1/16 final match between Dinamo Tbilisi and Cardiff City. The opening game ended successfully for Dinamo, score 3–0.
Even though stadium's maximum capacity was 78,000, Georgian football fans can remember matches with more accommodation. For instance, in 1979 Dinamo was hosting one of the best British teams – Liverpool. The first round was played in England at Anfield with the score 2–1 Liverpool won. So the pressure was high on the second game. Stadium was attended by 110,000 people and their support played important role in winning. Dinamo beat Liverpool 3–0 and qualified in 1/8 final. In Soviet Union Dinamo stadium is record keeper of the average attendance of 45,000.
Hundreds of Georgian, Russian, European and even South American stars played in Tbilisi Dinamo stadium. In 1985 the stadium hosted the qualifying stage of the Juniors World Cup. Taffarel and Muller played for the Brazilian national team.
In 1995 the stadium was renamed Boris Paichadze National Stadium after a major Georgian international footballer. It is home to the Georgia national football team. Holding lit torches, 80,000 fans came in 1981 to congratulate the team on their European Cup Winners Cup triumph.
As an architectural building the Boris Paichadze Dinamo Arena is estimated as one of the best in Georgia. Nearly all of the seats in second circle are covered. In official games under UEFA regulations the stadium can fit only 22,000 supporters on individual seats. Because of that, the Dinamo Sports Association reconstructed the Stadium. The reconstruction was completed in 2006 and now the stadium fulfills all the standards of UEFA and FIFA, with a capacity of 54,549 spectators. The stadium hosted 2015 UEFA Super Cup.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|1972–73||UEFA Cup||1/32||FC Twente||3-2||0–2|
|1973–74||UEFA Cup||1/32||Slavia Sofia||4–1||0–2|
|1976–77||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1/16||Cardiff City||3–0||0–1|
|1977–78||UEFA Cup||1/32||Inter Milan||0–0||1–0|
|1980–81||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1/16||Kastoria||2–0||0–0|
|1/4||West Ham United||0–1||4–1|
|Final||FC Carl Zeiss Jena||X||2–1|
|1981–82||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1/16||Grazer AK||2–0||2–2|
|1987–88||UEFA Cup||1/32||Lokomotiv Sofia||3–0||1–3|
|1993–94||UEFA Champions League||1Q||Linfield||2–1||1–1|
|1994–95||UEFA Cup||1Q||Universitatea Craiova||2–0||2–1|
|1/32||FC Tirol Innsbruck||1–0||1–5|
|1995–96||UEFA Cup||1Q||Botev Plovdiv||0–1||0–1|
|1996–97||UEFA Cup||1Q||CS Grevenmacher||4–0||2–2|
|1997–98||UEFA Champions League||1Q||Crusaders||5–1||3–1|
|1997–98||UEFA Cup||1/32||MPKC Mozyr||1–0||1–1|
|1998–99||UEFA Champions League||1Q||Vllaznia Shkodër||3–0||1–3|
|1998–99||UEFA Cup||1/32||Willem II||0–3||0–3|
|1999–00||UEFA Champions League||1Q||Zimbru Chișinău||2–1||0–2|
|2000||UEFA Intertoto Cup||1Q||Standard Liège||2–2||1–1|
|2001–02||UEFA Cup||1Q||BATE Borisov||2–1||0–4|
|2002–03||UEFA Cup||1Q||TVMK Tallinn||4–1||1–0|
|2003–04||UEFA Champions League||1Q||KF Tirana||3–0||0–3|
|2004–05||UEFA Cup||1Q||BATE Borisov||1–0||3–2|
|2005–06||UEFA Champions League||1Q||Levadia Tallinn||2–0||0–1|
|2006||UEFA Intertoto Cup||1Q||Kilikia||3–0||5–1|
|2008–09||UEFA Champions League||1Q||NSÍ Runavík||3–0||0–1|
|2009–10||UEFA Europa League||2Q||FK Liepājas Metalurgs||3–1||1–2|
|3Q||Red Star Belgrade||2–0||2–5|
|2010–11||UEFA Europa League||1Q||Flora Tallinn||2–1||0–0|
|2011–12||UEFA Europa League||1Q||FC Milsami||2–0||3–1|
|Play Off||AEK Athens||1–1||0–1|
|2013–14||UEFA Champions League||2Q||EB/Streymur||6–1||3–1|
|2013–14||UEFA Europa League||Play Off||Tottenham Hotspur||0–5||0–3|
|2014–15||UEFA Champions League||2Q||Aktobe||0–1||0–3|
|2015–16||UEFA Europa League||1Q||Gabala||2–1||0–2|
As of July 9 2015
|UEFA Champions League||32||13||3||16||47||48|
|UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||21||11||3||7||30||17|
|UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League||88||40||13||35||118||133|
|UEFA Intertoto Cup||6||2||2||2||12||8|
UEFA club rankings
- As of April 8 2015
|216||Hapoel Ironi Kiryat Shmona||7.200|
Topscorers by season
|1993–94|| Mikheil Kavelashvili
|1999–00|| Rati Aleksidze
|2002–03||Vitaly Daraselia Jr.||15|
|2008–09|| Giorgi Merebashvili
|2010–11|| Levan Khmaladze
Notable past players
USSR-era players listed have at least one cap for the USSR national football team.
- "UEFA Europa League 1972/73 - History - Dinamo Tbilisi-Twente –". Uefa.com. 1972-09-13. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "FC Dinamo". Fcdinamo.ge. 2013-08-19. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "UEFA Champions League 1979/80 - History - Dinamo Tbilisi-Liverpool Lineups –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- Craig McCracken. "How Dinamo Tbilisi enthralled British football fans in the midst of the Cold War | Football". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "FC Dinamo". Fcdinamo.ge. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "Dinamo Tbilisi vs. Tottenham Hotspur - 22 August 2013 - Soccerway". Int.soccerway.com. 2013-08-22. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "Tottenham Hotspur vs. Dinamo Tbilisi - 29 August 2013 - Soccerway". Int.soccerway.com. 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- Bert Kassies. "UEFA Team Ranking 2015". Kassiesa.home.xs4all.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to FC Dinamo Tbilisi.|
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- FC Dinamo Tbilisi history
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|UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Winner
Runner up: FC Carl Zeiss Jena