Dzidzantún Municipality

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Dzidzantún
Municipality
Principal Church of Dzidzantún, Yucatán
Principal Church of Dzidzantún, Yucatán
Mini logo dzidzantun.png
Seal
Municipal location in Yucatán
Municipal location in Yucatán
Dzidzantún is located in Mexico
Dzidzantún
Dzidzantún
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 21°14′45″N 89°02′35″W / 21.24583°N 89.04306°W / 21.24583; -89.04306Coordinates: 21°14′45″N 89°02′35″W / 21.24583°N 89.04306°W / 21.24583; -89.04306
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Government
 • Type PRI Party (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[1]
 • Municipal President Ismael Aguilar Puc[2]
Area
 • Total 198.00 km2 (76.45 sq mi)
  [2]
Elevation[2] 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2010[3])
 • Total 8,133
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
INEGI Code 027
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Website

Dzidzantún Municipality (In the Yucatec Maya Language: “what is written in stone”) is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing 198.00 square kilometres (76.45 sq mi) of land and located roughly 75 kilometres (47 mi) northeast of the city of Mérida.[2]

History[edit]

Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area belonged to the chieftainship of Ah Kin Chel. After the conquest the area became part of the encomienda system. The encomienda was established in 1549 for Hernán Muñoz Vaquiano.[2]

Yucatán declared its independence from the Spanish Crown in 1821 and in 1825, the area was assigned to the Temax Municipality. In 1918 it was designated as its own municipality.[2]

During the 17th century there were many pirates who attacked the Spanish colonies, and many towns in the Yucatán peninsula were raided which included Dzidzantún.[4] Franciscans, during the colonial days when the friars had a strong hold on the colony, built many monasteries in the Yucatán which included the monastery at Dzidzantún.[5] Mural paintings in Yucatán were subject to vandalism and also due to climatic conditions of the tropics. Some of the monasteries in the early times had many religious murals. A few murals have been exposed in the Dzidzantun monastery also.[6]

Governance[edit]

The municipal president is elected for a three-year term. The town council has seven councilpersons, who serve as Secretary and councilors of ecology, public works, police stations, public monuments, nomenclature, and special events.[7]

The Municipal Council administers the business of the municipality. It is responsible for budgeting and expenditures and producing all required reports for all branches of the municipal administration. Annually it determines educational standards for schools.[7]

The Police Commissioners ensure public order and safety. They are tasked with enforcing regulations, distributing materials and administering rulings of general compliance issued by the council.[7]

Communities[edit]

The head of the municipality is Dzidzantún, Yucatán. The other populated areas of the municipality include El Porvenir, Faller, La Rosita, Mina de Oro, San Felipe Chuylem, Santa Clara, and Valdez Tercero.[8] The significant populations are shown below:[2]

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 8,133[3]
Dzidzantún 8119 in 2005[9]
Santa Clara 31 in 2005[10]

Local festivals[edit]

Every year from the 10 to 13 June the town holds a celebration for San Antonio de Padua, patron of the town and hosts a festival in honor of Santa Clara from 8 to 14 August.[2]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Church of San Antonio de Padua, built in the sixteenth century
  • Church of La Purisima Concepcion, built in the seventeenth century
  • Church of San Pedro, built in the seventeenth century
  • Church and Convent of Santa Clara, which has the largest nave in Latin America
  • Archaeological sites at Bolmay, Palaban, Petul, Poxil, Sotpol, Sotpol, Tamba, Xalau, Xcan, Xcoom, Xmaos and Xuyap.
  • Hacienda San Francisco Tzacalha

Dzidzantún church dated to the 16th century has a facade which is bereft of towers and belfries.[11] Also rich in mural art,[12] some of the colonial artifacts such as painted reliefs from the altar pieces of Dzidzantun church are preserved in a museum.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidentes Municipales" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: PRI yucatan. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Municipios de Yucatán »Dzidzantún" (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Mexico In Figures:Dzidzantún, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish/English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  4. ^ Perry, Richard D.; Perry, Rosalind W. (2002). Maya missions : exploring colonial Yucatan (2nd. New ed.). Santa Barbara: Espadaña Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-962-08119-4. 
  5. ^ "Perry & Perry (2002)", p=20
  6. ^ "Perry & Perry (2002)", p=44
  7. ^ a b c "Dzidzantun". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  8. ^ "Lista de Localidades en el Municipio de Dzidzantún". Pueblos America (in Spanish). Pueblos America. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Dzidzantún". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  10. ^ "Santa Clara". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  11. ^ "Perry & Perry (2002)", p=237
  12. ^ "Perry & Perry (2002)", p=238
  13. ^ "Perry & Perry (2002)", p=224