Eógan

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Éogan or Eógan is an early Irish male name, which also has the hypocoristic and diminutive forms Eóganán, Eóghainin, Eóghain and Eóghainn. In more modern forms of Irish it is written as Eóghan or Eoghan (/'oːəun/). It is often associated with the Greek name Eugenes, meaning "noble born".[1] Etymologists disagree as to the origin of Eoghan. The encyclopedia Irish Names (1981, 1990) derives the name from Old Irish Eógan, meaning 'born of the yew',[2][3] the Corpus Inscriptionum Insularum Celticarum from Primitive Irish *Iwagenas,[4] while others such as Tomás Ua Concheanainn (Mion-chomhradh, 1903) have stated that Eóghan equates to Owain and Eugene,[1] and Dr. Rachel Bromwich has commented[5] that Eoghan is a derivation of the Latin Eugenius.[3]

The name corresponds to the Welsh Owain, often spelt Owen in English;[1][3] as well to Ewen, Ewan and Euan.

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Gaelic nobility[edit]

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  1. ^ a b c Surnames of the United Kingdom (1912), reprinted for Clearfield Company, INC by Genealogical Publishing Co. INC, Baltimore 1995, 1996. Surnames of the United Kingdom notes that the most likely and widely accepted origin of Owen (Old Welsh Owain, Old Irish Eogan) is from Latin Eugenius. Cormic gives this origin for Eogan (one MS, Eogen); and Zimmer considers Owen to be borrowed from Latin Eugens, as noted by MacBain, p. 400. The mediaeval Latinization of Owen as Oenus led to a belief that the etymology was the Welsh and Breton oen, "lamb". With much stronger reason it was at one time considered that the name represented Irish eoghunn = Gael. Ogan- [f.Old Irish oc- Welsh og, young], ‘youth’. Surnames of the United Kingdom cites T. Ua Concheanainn, Mion-Chomhrádh (p. 126), that "Eóghan is a diminutive of Eóghainin, = Owain, Eugene"
  2. ^ Ó Corráin, Donnchadh and Maguire, Fidelma. Irish Names (1981, 1990). 87-88.
  3. ^ a b c Morgan, T.J. and Morgan, Prys, Welsh Surnames, University of Wales, 1985, Owain (Owen, Bowen, Ednowain). According to T.J. Morgan in Welsh Surnames (page 172/173) Owen is a derivation of the Latin Eugenis “ > [Old Welsh] Ou(u)ein, Eug(u)ein … 'variously written in [Middle Welsh] as Ewein, Owein, Ywein. LL gives the names Euguen, Iguein, Yuein, Ouein. The corresponding form in Irish is Eoghan.” Morgan notes that there are less likely alternative explanations and agrees with Dr. Rachel Bromwich that Welsh Owein “is normally latinized as Eugenius," and both the Welsh and Irish forms are Latin derivatives. Additionally, another Latinized variation of the name Owen is Audoenus in certain parish registers.
  4. ^ Macalister, R. A. S. Corpus Inscriptionum Insularum Celticarum Vol. I. (1945) Dublin: Stationery Office
  5. ^ As cited by T.J. Morgan in Welsh Surnames, page 172