E♭ (musical note)
It lies a diatonic semitone above D and a chromatic semitone below E, thus being enharmonic to D♯ (D-sharp) or Re Dièse. In equal temperament it is also enharmonic with F. However, in some temperaments, D-sharp is not the same as E-flat. E-flat is a perfect fifth below B♭, whereas D-sharp is a major third above B.
When calculated in equal temperament with a reference of A above middle C as 440 Hz, the frequency of the E♭ above middle C (or E♭4) is approximately 311.127 Hz. See pitch (music) for a discussion of historical variations in frequency.
Well-known compositions in E-flat major
The prelude to Richard Wagner's Das Rheingold is a famous piece of drone music that begin with a low E flat and builds to more and more elaborate figurations of the chord of E flat major. It is used in this opera to portray the motion of the river Rhine.
Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5 (also known as The Emperor) and Symphony No. 3 (also known as the Eroica) are two more well-known piece set in the key of E-flat major. Robert Schumann's Symphony No. 3 (also known as the Rhenish Symphony) is yet another.
Designation by octave
|Scientific designation||Helmholtz designation||Bilinear music notation||Octave name||Frequency (Hz)|
|E♭-1||E♭͵͵͵ or ͵͵͵E♭ or EEEE♭||(-uE♭)||Subsubcontra||9.723|
|E♭0||E♭͵͵ or ͵͵E♭ or EEE♭||(-vE♭)||Subcontra||19.445|
|E♭1||E♭͵ or ͵E♭ or EE♭||(-wE♭)||Contra||38.891|
Common scales beginning on E♭
- E♭ Major: E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C D E♭
- E♭ Natural Minor: E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭ C♭ D♭ E♭
- E♭ Harmonic Minor: E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭ C♭ D E♭
- E♭ Melodic Minor Ascending: E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭ C D E♭
- E♭ Melodic Minor Descending: E♭ D♭ C♭ B♭ A♭ G♭ F E♭
- E♭ Ionian: E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C D E♭
- E♭ Dorian: E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭
- E♭ Phrygian: E♭ F♭ G♭ A♭ B♭ C♭ D♭ E♭
- E♭ Lydian: E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C D E♭
- E♭ Mixolydian: E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭
- E♭ Aeolian: E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭ C♭ D♭ E♭
- E♭ Locrian: E♭ F♭ G♭ A♭ B C♭ D♭ E♭
- E♭ Ascending Melodic Minor: E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭ C D E♭
- E♭ Dorian ♭2: E♭ F♭ G♭ A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭
- E♭ Lydian Augmented: E♭ F G A B C D E♭
- E♭ Lydian Dominant: E♭ F G A B♭ C D♭ E♭
- E♭ Mixolydian ♭6: E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C♭ D♭ E♭
- E♭ Locrian ♮2: E♭ F G♭ A♭ B C♭ D♭ E♭
- E♭ Altered: E♭ F♭ G♭ A B C♭ D♭ E♭
- Erickson, Robert, Sound Structure in Music, p. 94. University of California Press, 1975 ISBN 0-520-02376-5