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The E-Money Directive or the electronic money directive (2009/110/EC, originally 2000/46/EC) regulates electronic payment systems in the European Union. The aim is to enable new and secure electronic money services and to foster effective competition between all market participants.
As per Article 2(2) of Directive 2009/110/EC, “e-money” means “electronically, including magnetically, stored monetary value as represented by a claim on the issuer which is issued on receipt of funds for the purpose of making payment transaction, and which is accepted by a natural or legal person other than the electronic money issuer”. e-money is “technically neutral” (Article 7) and intended to serve as an “electronic surrogate for coins and banknotes” (Article 13). The European Commission describes e-money as a "digital alternative to cash". The European Central Bank accounts for e-money as "overnight deposits".
Because electronic money is technically neutral, it can be issued on different media including prepaid cards and electronic wallets. In 2019, Monerium became the first company authorized to issue e-money on blockchains.
According to PayPal, UK, "PayPal enables individuals and businesses to send and receive electronic money online". Revolut, UK, is "authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority under the Electronic Money Regulations". And Wise_(company), UK, is also "authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority under the Electronic Money Regulations".
- "E-money". European Commission. Retrieved 22 August 2022.
- "E-money". European Central Bank. Retrieved 22 August 2022.
- "E-money | Electronic Money Institution | Licencing & Compliance | UK". BCC UK. Retrieved 2022-06-09.
- Billing, Mimi (18 June 2019). "Monerium gets licence to issue e-money on blockchains". Sifted.
- "What is the PayPal Service?". PayPal. 28 March 2022.
- "International money transfers". Revolut. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
- "Wise". Wise. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
- Directive 2009/110/EC on the taking up, pursuit and prudential supervision of the business of electronic money institutions (given 16 September 2009)
- E-money - European Commission