|Relative key||G♭ major|
|Parallel key||E♭ major|
|Dominant key||B♭ minor|
|E♭, F, G♭, A♭, B♭, C♭, D♭|
Its relative major is G♭ major (or enharmonically F♯ major) and its parallel major is E♭ major. Its enharmonic equivalent is D♯ minor. Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary.
In classical music
Despite the key rarely being used in orchestral music other than to modulate, it is encountered in a small fraction of keyboard music, and has been most popular in Russian pieces.
In Book 1 of The Well-Tempered Clavier by Johann Sebastian Bach, Prelude No. 8 is written in E-flat minor while the following fugue is written in D-sharp minor. In Book 2, both movements are in D-sharp minor.
Haydn's Piano Trio No 41, H. XV.31 in two movements, composed in 1794/95, one of the "London Trios," is in the key of E-flat minor. 
The final piece in Brahms Klavierstücke, Op. 118, No. 6, is in E-flat minor. The piece, like many pieces in this key, is dark and funereal, being based on the Dies irae chant.
Janáček's Piano Sonata, 1. X. 1905, arguably his best-known work for the piano, is in E-flat minor.
One of the few symphonies written in this key is Prokofiev's Symphony No. 6, where none of these three movements ends in E-flat minor. A few other less well-known composers also wrote symphonies in this key, such as Andrei Eshpai, Jānis Ivanovs (fourth symphony Sinfonia Atlantida, 1941), Ovchinnikov and Nikolai Myaskovsky. Aram Khachaturian wrote his Toccata in E-flat minor while studying under Myaskovsky.
Oskar Böhme's Trumpet Sextet, Op. 30 is written in E-flat minor.
The waltz "On the Hills of Manchuria" by Ilya Alekseevich Shatrov, about the loss of Russia in the Russo-Japanese War, is written in E-flat minor. As mentioned, E-flat minor is common in Russian pieces. "On the Hills of Manchuria" is perhaps the most notable example.
The extended orchestral introduction to part 2 of Gustav Mahler's Eighth Symphony is in E-flat minor, as is the dark orchestral introduction to Beethoven's only oratorio, Christ on the Mount of Olives.
In modern compositions
- A. Morris, "Symphonies, Numbers And Keys" in Bob's Poetry Magazine, III.3, 2006.
- Media related to E-flat minor at Wikimedia Commons
|The table indicates the number of sharps or flats in each scale. Minor scales are written in lower case.|