E. E. Cleveland
Edward Earl Cleveland
|Born||March 11, 1921|
|Died||August 30, 2009|
|Other names||E. E. Cleveland|
|Education||Oakwood College (now Oakwood University)|
|Spouse(s)||Celia Marie Abney Cleveland ( – May 29, 2003)|
|Children||Earl Clifford Cleveland|
|Associate Secretary of Ministerial Association|
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E. E. Cleveland was born in Huntsville, Alabama on March 11, 1921 and died at the Huntsville Hospital on August 30, 2009 following an illness. He was married to Celia Marie Abney Cleveland on May 29, 1943 until her death in 2003.
They have one son, Earl Clifford Cleveland.
In the course of his work he traveled extensively, visiting over 67 countries.
- 1942–1946 Ministerial Intern at Carolina Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
- 1946–1950 Evangelist in the South Atlantic Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
- 1950–1954 Evangelist in the Southern Union Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
- 1954–1977 Elected associate secretary for the Ministerial Association and became the first black man to integrate a department of the Adventist world church headquarters. He held that position for 23 years
- 1977–1986 Director of Department of Church Missions at Oakwood College (now University) in Huntsville, Alabama
- 1977– Instructor in the Department of Religion at Oakwood College
E. E. Cleveland was a very successful evangelist holding over 60 campaigns in 6 continents and training over 1,000 pastors. He was a Seventh-day Adventist church pioneer of the concept of evangelism in large cities and held national campaigns before satellite technology become common.
In what has been called one of the most successful evangelistic campaigns in Adventist history Cleveland was the first Seventh-day Adventist to baptize more than 1,000 people in a single campaign. Held in 1966 in Port of Spain, Trinidad the series was housed in two large tents pitched side by side and opened with 3,300 people in attendance, swelling to 7,000 by the final service.
In his campaigns, Cleveland baptized approximately 16,000 persons, including George Juko, the Crown Prince of Uganda. Many churches have been founded as a result of his campaigns. The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Rev. Ralph Abernathy and Rosa Parks are said to have attended his services in Montgomery.
Civil Rights Activist
E. E. Cleveland was a long-time civil rights activist. He organized the N.A.A.C.P chapter for students on the campus of Oakwood College.
As a black evangelist, he encountered difficulties related to racism. In 1954 in Montgomery, Alabama police patrolled his tent meetings after being reported in violation of Alabama ordinances prohibiting whites and blacks to comingle in a public meeting. Cleveland had insisted that these ordinances need not be obeyed.
He participated in the first March on Washington with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and secured an 18-wheel tractor-trailer that served as a supply base for blankets and clothing.
Cleveland was twice the speaker for the South Florida S.C.L.C. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day celebrations in 1986 and 1987 and was credited by the local Director of the S.C.L.C. with helping the branch get a street named for Dr. King in St. Petersburg, Florida. He has conducted Feed The Hungry programs in over 20 cities in the United States. Cleveland also helped to set up a feeding depot in Washington, D.C. for the relief of the hungry during the civil disturbance that followed the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
E. E. Cleveland was a co-founder and member of the Human Relations Committee of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. He was a member of the Flying Squad, a special unit of the church to investigate racial injustices and recommend action. In 1968, he became the first black to receive an honorary doctorate from Andrews University, a Seventh-day Adventist institution.
Cleveland was the first African American church leader sent to Asia (excluding India), Europe, South America and Australia. On February 25, 1993, Cleveland was inducted into the Martin Luther King, Jr. collegium of preachers and scholars at Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia.
E. E. Cleveland authored 16 published books.
- Mine Eyes Have Seen
- Come Unto Me
- The Middle Wall
- Free At Last
- Ask the Prophets
- Sparks from the Anvil
- No Stranger Now
- Without a Song
- Living Soul; "We Shall Overcome"
- The Gates Shall Not
- The Exodus
- Milk and Honey
- One More River
- Let the Church Roll On
- It took a miracle
Cleveland was an Associate Editor for Ministry, a monthly religious journal; contributing editor to Message magazine; contributing writer to Signs, Adventist Review, These Times and was a columnist to The North American Voice a monthly religious journal.
Awards and honors
- Honorary L.L.D. from Daniel Payne College 1968
- Honorary doctorate from Andrews University 1968
- D. Hum. Degree from Union Baptist Seminary
- Citing from Who’s Who in Black America
- Citing from Who’s Who in Religion in America
- Listed in Men of Achievement (I.B.C. Cambridge, England)
- Listed in Andrews University Focus Magazine as one of the most widely recognized Adventist personalities
- Twice voted Alumnus of the Year at Oakwood College
- Invited to the White House by former President Ronald Reagan for a briefing on international and national affairs
- Awarded Alabama's most distinguished Black clergyman by Guy Hunt, Governor of the State of Alabama on March 8, 1989.
- Inducted into the Martin Luther King, Jr. collegium of preachers and scholars at Morehouse College On February 25, 1993
Cleveland's life has been the subject of a biography E. E. Cleveland: Evangelist Extraordinary by Harold Lee with Monte Sahlin. His autobiography is titled Let the Church Roll On.
The Bradford-Cleveland-Brooks (BCB) Leadership Center at Oakwood University which opened in October 2007 is in part named for E. E. Cleveland. It houses a training center for evangelists and ministers as well as provides additional classroom space for the Department of Religion and Theology. This building is also home to the classes for the first master's degree program for the university (Master of Arts degree in Pastoral Studies).
Donation of papers
In November 2007 Cleveland donated his collection of personal manuscripts, sermons and papers to the Center for Adventist Research at Andrews University. This collection of nearly 2000 sermon manuscripts, hundreds of pictures, personal books and audio-visual materials has been termed "priceless" and is available to researchers.
- Oakwood University
- Seventh-day Adventist Church
- Seventh-day Adventist theology
- Seventh-day Adventist eschatology
- History of the Seventh-day Adventist Church
- 28 Fundamental Beliefs
- Questions on Doctrine
- Teachings of Ellen G. White
- Inspiration of Ellen G. White
- Prophecy in the Seventh-day Adventist Church
- Investigative judgment
- Pillars of Adventism
- Second Coming
- Conditional Immortality
- Three Angels' Messages
- Sabbath in Seventh-day Adventism
- Ellen G. White
- Seventh-day Adventist worship
- "Adventist evangelist and civil rights advocate E.E. Cleveland dies". Adventist News Network. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
- "E.E. Cleveland, Renowned Evangelist, Dies at 88". Adventist Review. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- "E. E. Cleveland". Christian Life Media Center. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
- "A Chronology of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Trinidad". Covenant Forum. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- Sepulveda, Ciro. "1954, Edward Earl Cleveland in Montgomery". Adventist History Library. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1968). Mine Eyes Have Seen. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald. pp. 126.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1968). Come Unto Me. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Publishing Association. p. 368.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1969). The Middle Wall. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Publishing Association. p. 96.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1970). Free At Last. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Publishing Association. pp. 447. ISBN 1-199-21588-0.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1970). Ask the Prophets. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Publishing Association. p. 192. ISBN 1-199-21587-2.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1971). Sparks from the Anvil. Hagerstown, MD: General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists Ministerial Association. p. 128. ISBN 1-127-63120-9.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1972). No Stranger Now. Nampa, ID: Pacific Press Publishing Association. p. 64. ISBN 1-127-63120-9.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1972). Without a Song. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Publishing Association. p. 95.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1974). Living Soul; "We Shall Overcome". Nashville, TN: Southern Publishing Association. ISBN 0-8127-0078-3.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1981). The Gates Shall Not. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Publishing Association. ISBN 0-8127-0325-1.
- Cleveland, E. E. (April 1989). The Exodus. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Publishing Association. p. 153. ISBN 0-8280-0299-1.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1985). Milk and Honey. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Publishing Association. ISBN 0-8280-0301-7.
- Cleveland, E. E. (1987). One More River. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Publishing Association. p. 159. ISBN 0-8280-0300-9.
- Cleveland, E. E. (January 1977). Let the Church Roll On. Nampa, ID: Pacific Press Publishing Association. p. 125. ISBN 0-8163-1383-0.
- Lee, Harold (2007). E. E. Cleveland: Evangelist Extraordinary.
- Lee, Harold (Spring–Summer 2008). "Bradford, Cleveland, Brooks Leadership Center Think Tank Opens at Oakwood University" (PDF). Oakwood University Magazine. p. 11. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- "Cleveland donates priceless collection". Andrews University. Retrieved 2009-09-05.