E. Fay Jones
Euine Fay Jones
|Born||January 31, 1921|
Pine Bluff, Arkansas
|Died||August 30, 2004 (aged 83)|
|Alma mater||University of Arkansas|
|Known for||Thorncrown Chapel|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Elizabeth Knox (1943-2004)|
Euine Fay Jones (January 31, 1921 – August 30, 2004) was an American architect and designer. An apprentice of Frank Lloyd Wright during his professional career, Jones was the only one of Wright's disciples to have received the AIA Gold Medal (1990), the highest honor awarded by the American Institute of Architects. He also achieved international prominence as an architectural educator during his 35 years of teaching at the University of Arkansas School of Architecture.
His Thorncrown Chapel was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2000, only 20 years after it was built, in recognition of its architectural significance. It also received a Twenty-five Year Award from the American Institute of Architects and other professional recognition.
E. Fay Jones, (first name Euine, which is pronounced U-wan and is an old Welsh form of John), was born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, on January 31, 1921.:p2 Jones became the only surviving child in his family after both of his sisters died at an early age. His family moved to Little Rock, and later to El Dorado, Arkansas where he worked in his family's restaurant. Jones was a longtime member of the Boy Scouts of America and earned the rank of Eagle Scout.
Jones' interest in architecture began with the design of treehouses in grammar school and high school, one of which he built with a working brick fireplace and roll-up doors and screens. In 1938, after being inspired by a short film about the Johnson Wax Headquarters designed by American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, Jones decided to pursue a career in architecture.:p2–3 Jones hoped to earn an appointment to the United States Naval Academy and took civil engineering classes at the University of Arkansas to improve his chances. While enrolled, he was a brother of Kappa Sigma fraternity. Jones' hopes were dashed after his congressman was defeated for reelection and was unable to offer an appointment.
Jones married Mary Elizabeth "Gus" Knox on January 6, 1943 in San Francisco. The couple had two daughters, Janis and Cami.:p8
At the outbreak of World War II, Jones joined the United States Navy and served in the Pacific theater of operations for fifteen months as a naval aviator piloting torpedo and dive bombers, though not in combat. He attained the rank of lieutenant.
Jones returned to Little Rock after the war, where he worked as a draftsman for an architectural engineering firm. His talents were noticed, and he was encouraged to come back to the University of Arkansas in 1946 to enroll in the new architecture program started by John Williams. Jones used his GI Bill to obtain a bachelor's degree in architecture in 1950. He then had a graduate teaching fellowship at Rice University in Houston, Texas, where he obtained a master's degree in architecture in 1951. While in Houston, at the prompting of Williams, Jones attended the 1949 American Institute of Architects conference in hopes of catching a glimpse of Wright, who was receiving that year’s Gold Medal. Jones was introduced to Wright at an after-convention party where he spent 30 minutes discussing Wright's views on architecture.
Bruce Goff offered Jones a teaching position at the University of Oklahoma, which he accepted from 1951 to 1953. Goff became a mentor and a friend to Jones, teaching him another perspective on modern architecture. Jones applied for an apprenticeship at Wright's winter workshop, Taliesin West, near Scottsdale, Arizona. Later, Wright invited Jones' entire family to his home and design institute, Taliesin, in Spring Green, Wisconsin.
Jones returned to both Taliesin studios numerous times as both friend and apprentice, becoming a Taliesin Fellow in 1953. Jones greatly admired Wright, but soon established a private practice in the Ozark Mountains of northwest Arkansas. He joined the faculty of department of architecture at the University of Arkansas at Wright's suggestion, later serving as the first dean of the U of A School of Architecture. In 1984, the ACSA (Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture) honored Jones with the ACSA Distinguished Professor Award.
Jones preferred the rural quiet of the Arkansas mountains to the urban landscape. He ignored architectural trends and developed his own organic aesthetic with materials found in The Ozarks and familiar traditional forms from his home region. Jones' work focused primarily on the intimate rather than the grandiose. His most renowned works were chapels and private homes, rather than skyscrapers. Former President Bill Clinton wrote about one of Jones’ homes in his 2004 autobiography My Life. Clinton had lived in Fayetteville in the 1970s while teaching at the University of Arkansas law school, and moved into a Jones home near the campus. Clinton called it a “perfect place to live, a beautiful little house.”
Jones used Frank Lloyd Wright's principles, but made unique buildings. His most famous buildings were the Thorncrown Chapel in Eureka Springs, Arkansas; the Mildred B. Cooper Memorial Chapel in Bella Vista, Arkansas; the Pinecote Pavilion at the Crosby Arboretum in Picayune, Mississippi; and the Anthony Chapel located at Garvan Woodland Gardens in Hot Springs, Arkansas which was built by his partner, Maurice Jennings. These buildings were simple and transcendental creations of wood. In a poll of the membership of the American Institute of Architects, Thorncrown Chapel was ranked as the fourth most favored building. Thorncrown was also selected as the best American building constructed since 1980.
Jones also designed the Marty Leonard Chapel in Fort Worth, Texas, which was built in 1990. In 1997, his John B. Begley Chapel was dedicated on the campus of Lindsey Wilson College in Columbia, Kentucky. The Begley Chapel was Jones' first all-brick chapel.
Jones was recalled as a gentle and unassuming man. His business partner, Maurice Jennings, stated that he had worked with Jones for 25 years without one instance of emotional conflict.
On August 31, 2004, Jones died at his home in Fayetteville, Arkansas at the age of 83 from heart and lung failure, complicated by Parkinson's disease, and was survived by his wife and two daughters.
Legacy and honors
- 2009, the University of Arkansas' School of Architecture was dedicated in Fay's honor. After a multimillion-dollar contribution from Don and Ellen Edmondson, the school is now known as the Fay Jones School of Architecture and Design.
- 1994, a retrospective of his work was produced for the Old State House Museum in Little Rock, Arkansas. It is available from the museum as a traveling exhibition. The University of Arkansas also published a driving tour of many of his residences and buildings in Northwest Arkansas.
- 1990, Jones received the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal.
- 1980, he was accepted as a Fellow of the American Academy in Rome.
- 1979, he was accepted as a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects.
- Jones received honorary degrees from four institutions: Kansas State University, Drury College, the University of Arkansas, and Hendrix College.
- "E. Fay Jones AMERICAN ARCHITECT". britannica.com. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- Reed, Roy (September 1, 2004). "Fay Jones, 83, Architect Influenced by Wright, Dies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- Department of Arkansas Heritage, Outside the pale: the architecture of Fay Jones, 1999, The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville
- "Popular Science Episode Guide" (PDF). Shields Pictures. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- "John G. Williams, Founder of School of Architecture, Dies at 92". University of Arkansas News. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- "Outside the Pale: The Architecture of Fay Jones". Talk Business & Politics. June 28, 2011. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- "The Mentor and His Protégé: Frank Lloyd Wright and Fay Jones in Arkansas". Hyperallergic. March 20, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- Herman, Gregory (December 2014). "Fay Jones and Frank Lloyd Wright: Organic Architecture Comes to Arkansas". University of Arkansas Libraries. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- "Awards Archive". Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- "1984 Fay Jones | Tau Sigma Delta". Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- "Fay Jones School of Architecture and Design." University of Arkansas. Website. 6-20-2017.
- "Fellows - Affiliated Fellows - Residents 1970-1989". American Academy in Rome. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- "Renowned Architect E. Fay Jones Dies at 83". artdaily.cc. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- Ivy Jr., Robert Adams (June 1, 2001). Fay Jones (1st ed.). McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0-07-135831-5.
- Department of Arkansas Heritage (March 1, 1999). Outside the pale: Architecture of Fay Jones. University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 1-55728-543-8.
- Shannon, Jeff (April 11, 2017). Shadow Patterns: Reflections on Fay Jones and His Architecture. University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 978-1-68226-022-7.
- Stevens, Craig W. (August 12, 2012). E. Fay Jones Guide Book: His Surviving Built Work. Blurb, Inc.
- E. Fay Jones Guide Book by Craig W. Stevens
- Garvan Woodland Gardens
- Thorncrown Chapel
- Mildred B. Cooper Memorial Chapel
- Marjorie Powell Allen Chapel at Powell Gardens
- E. Fay Jones Chair in Architecture at the University of Arkansas
- The Architecture of Fay Jones: His Homes for Sale
- John B. Begley Chapel at Lindsey Wilson College
- University of Arkansas, Special Collection, Fay Jones Papers
- Marty Leonard Chapel at Lena Pope Home Includes short bio and picture.
- Flickr.com Group collection of photos of E. Fay Jones structures.
- Fay Jones and Frank Lloyd Wright: Organic Architecture Comes to Arkansas digital exhibit, University of Arkansas Libraries