Emanuel Theodore Bronner (born Emanuel Heilbronner (help·info), February 1, 1908 – March 7, 1997) was the maker of Dr. Bronner's Castile soap. Bronner, whose parents were killed in the Holocaust, promoted a belief in the goodness and unity of humanity.
Bronner was born in Heilbronn, Germany, to the Heilbronner family of soap makers. He emigrated to the United States in 1929, dropping "Heil" from his name. As his father was Jewish, he pleaded with his parents to emigrate with him for fear of the then-ascendant Nazi Party, but they refused. His last contact with his parents was in the form of a censored postcard saying, "You were right. —Your loving father."
He started his business making products by hand in his home. The product labels are crowded with statements of Bronner's philosophy, which he called "All-One-God-Faith" and the "Moral ABC". Many of Bronner's references came from Jewish and Christian sources, such as the Shema and the Beatitudes; others from poets such as Rudyard Kipling. They became famous for their idiosyncratic style, including hyphens to join long strings of words and the liberal use of exclamation marks. In 1947, while promoting his "Moral ABC" at the University of Chicago, Bronner was arrested while giving a lecture for speaking without a permit and committed to the Elgin Mental Health Center a mental hospital in Elgin, Illinois, from which he escaped after shock treatments. Bronner believed those shock treatments caused him to go blind.
After moving his family several times, he settled in Escondido, California, where eventually his soap-making operation grew into a small factory. At his death in 1997, it produced more than a million bottles of soap and other products a year, but was still not mechanized. The firm has been the subject of many published articles and has supported many charitable causes.
- "On his soapbox: Man of ideas lathered his cleansing product with messages". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 1997-06-08. Archived from the original on 2007-03-12. Retrieved 2010-06-05.
- Bryony Gomez Palacio, Armin Vit (2011). Graphic Design Referenced: A Visual Guide to the Language, Applications, and History of Graphic Design. Rockport Publishers. p. 311. ISBN 978-1592537426.
- "Dr. Bronner's Soap".
- "Why the weird religious ravings on Dr. Bronner's soap?". The Straight Dope. 1988-04-22. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
- Foster, Tom (2012-04-03). "The Undiluted Genius of Dr. Bronner's". Inc.com. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- Philpott, Tom (2014-10-20). "Why Did Top Scientific Journals Reject This Dr. Bronner's Ad?". Mother Jones. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- Sherman, Pat (February 2007). "In the Spirit of Soap: Dr. Bronner's Magic Soaps may be Escondido's cleanest (and perhaps oddest) success story". San Diego Magazine (CurtCo/SDM) 59 (4): 107. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Gail Grenier Sweet (January 2001). ""Next To Godliness: The Story Behind Dr. Bronner's Soap," an interview with Ralph Bronner". The Sun (magazine). Archived from the original on 2001-05-08. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
2 million bottles are packed by hand ... Four to five people, not working fast, pack them with no machines
- Harkinson, Josh (2014-05-24). "How Dr. Bronner's Soap Turned Activism Into Good Clean Fun". Mother Jones. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- "Movie Review - Dr. Bronner's Magic Soapbox: Beneath the Bubbles". The New York Times. 2007-06-29.
- McClelland, Mac (2007). "Dr. Bronner's Magic Soapbox". Mother Jones (November/December). Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- Dr. Bronner's Magic Soaps Home Page
- Dr. Bronner's Magic Soapbox, a documentary film
- The Undiluted Genius of Dr. Bronner's (2012-04-03) in Inc. magazine