E. S. Drower

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Ethel Stefana Drower
Born(1879-12-01)1 December 1879
Died27 January 1972(1972-01-27) (aged 92)
Spouse(s)Edwin Drower
ChildrenMargaret Stefana Drower, William Mortimer Drower, Denys Drower
Scientific career
FieldsCultural anthropology, novelist

Ethel Stefana Drower (née Stevens; 1 December 1879 – 27 January 1972) was a British cultural anthropologist who studied the Middle East and its cultures. She was considered the primary specialist on the Mandaeans, and the chief collector of Mandaean manuscripts.

She was a daughter of a clergyman. In 1906 she was working for Curtis Brown, a London literary agency when she signed Arthur Ransome to write Bohemia in London.

In 1911, she married Edwin Drower and after his knighthood became Lady Drower. As E. S. Stevens, she wrote a series of romantic novels for Mills & Boon and other publishers. In 1921, she accompanied her husband to Iraq where Sir Edwin Drower was adviser to the Justice Minister from 1921 to 1946.[1] Her works include The Canonical Prayerbook of the Mandaeans (a translation of the Qolusta); The Secret Adam (Mandaeans); and The Peacock Angel (about the Yezidis).[2] Among her grandchildren was the campaigning journalist Roly Drower.


Works as E. S. Stevens[edit]

  • The Veil: A Romance of Tunis, New York, F.A. Stokes, 1909.
  • The Mountain of God, London, Mills & Boon, 1911.
  • Two works reviewing the Baháʼí Faith in 1911 - "Abbas Effendi: His Personality, Work, and Followers" in Fortnightly Review,[3] and "The Light in the Lantern" in Everybody's Magazine.[4]
  • The Long Engagement, New York, Hodder & Stoughton, 1912.
  • The Lure, New York, John Lane, 1912.
  • Sarah Eden, London, Mills & Boon, 1914.
  • Allward, London, Mills & Boon, 1915.
  • "--And What Happened", London, Mills & Boon, 1916.
  • The Safety Candle, London, Cassell and Company, 1917.
  • Magdalene: A Study in Methods, London, Cassell, 1919.
  • By Tigris and Euphrates, London, Hurst & Blackett, 1923.
  • Sophy: A Tale of Baghdad, London, Hurst & Blackett, 1924.
  • Cedars, Saints and Sinners in Syria, London, Hurst & Blackett, 1926.
  • The Losing Game, London, Hurst & Blackett, 1926.
  • Garden of Flames, New York, F.A. Stokes, 1927.
  • Ishtar, London, Hurst & Blackett, 1927.
  • Folk-Tales of Iraq, set down and translated from the vernacular by E. S. Stevens, New York, B. Blom, 1971.

Works as E. S. Drower[edit]

Translations as E. S. Drower[edit]

  • The Book of the Zodiac = Sfar Malwaˆsia : D. C. 31, London, Royal Asiatic Society, 1949.
  • The Wedding of Shishlam Rba, 1950.
  • Mandaeans. Liturgy and Ritual. The Canonical Prayerbook of the Mandaeans, Translated with notes. Leiden : E. J. Brill, 1959.
  • Haran Gawaita - The Haran Gawaita and the Baptism of Hibil-Ziwa: the Mandaic text reproduced, together with translation, notes and commentary, Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, 1953.
  • Alf trisar ŝuialia. The Thousand and Twelve Questions: A Mandaean Text, edited in transliteration and translation. Berlin, Akademie-Verlag, 1960.
  • The Coronation of Shishlam Rba, 1962.
  • The Great First World and The Lesser First World, 1963.


  1. ^ Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society: 34-35 Royal Central Asian Society, Central Asian Society, London - 1947 "Both as Miss ES Stevens and since her marriage in 1910 to Sir Edwin Drower, KBE, from 1922 to 1946, the Adviser to the Ministry of Justice in 'Iraq, Lady Drower has written a number of books, some on travel, some novels, and especially .."
  2. ^ Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University n35 University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies - 1972 "Already under her maiden name of Ethel Stefana Stevens, Lady Drower had been fired by the romance of the Orient; between 1909 and 1927 she published 13 novels, and she was the author of two delectable books of travel."
  3. ^ Abbas Effendi: His personality, work, and followers, by E. S. Stevens, The Fortnightly Review, New series vol 95, no 534, June 1, 1911, pp. 1067–1084
  4. ^ The light in the lantern, by Ethel Stefana Stevens, Everybody's Magazine, vol 24, no 6, Dec 1911, pp. 755– 786