1,3-Butanediol

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1,3-Butanediol
Skeletal formula of 1,3-butanediol
Ball and stick model of 1,3-butanediol (S)
Spacefill model of 1,3-butanediol (S)
Names
IUPAC name
Butane-1,3-diol[1] OtherNames = 1,3-butylene glycol, butane-1,3-diol, or 1,3-dihydroxybutane
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
1731276

1718944 (R)
1718943 (S)

ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.209
EC Number 203-529-7
E number E1502 (additional chemicals)
2409

2493173 (R)
1994384 (S)

KEGG
MeSH 1,3-Butylene+glycol
RTECS number EK0440000
UNII
Properties
C4H10O2
Molar mass 90.12 g·mol−1
Appearance Colourless liquid
Density 1.0053 g cm−3
Melting point −50 °C (−58 °F; 223 K)
Boiling point 204 to 210 °C; 399 to 410 °F; 477 to 483 K
1 kg dm−3
log P −0.74
Vapor pressure 8 Pa (at 20 °C)
1.44
Thermochemistry
227.2 J K−1 mol−1
−501 kJ mol−1
−2.5022 MJ mol−1
Hazards
GHS pictograms The exclamation-mark pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word WARNING
H319, H413
P305+351+338
NFPA 704
Flammability code 1: Must be pre-heated before ignition can occur. Flash point over 93 °C (200 °F). E.g., canola oilHealth code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentineReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
1
1
0
Flash point 108 °C (226 °F; 381 K)
394 °C (741 °F; 667 K)
Related compounds
Related butanediol
1,2-Butanediol

1,4-Butanediol
2,3-Butanediol

Related compounds
2-Methylpentane
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

1,3-Butanediol is an organic compound with the formula HOCH2CH2CH(OH)CH3. It is a chiral diol. The compound is a colorless, water-soluble liquid. It has no large scale uses.[2][3]. It is one of four stable structural isomers of butanediol.

In biology, 1,3-butanediol is used as a hypoglycaemic agent. 1,3-Butanediol can be converted into β-hydroxybutyrate and serve as a substrate for brain metabolism.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1,3-butylene glycol - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  2. ^ Heinz Gräfje, Wolfgang Körnig, Hans-Martin Weitz, Wolfgang Reiß, Guido Steffan, Herbert Diehl, Horst Bosche, Kurt Schneider and Heinz Kieczka "Butanediols, Butenediol, and Butynediol" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2000, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a04_455
  3. ^ Parchem, fine & specialty chemicals. "1,3 Butylene Glycol".
  4. ^ Marie, Christine; Bralet, Anne-Marie; Bralet, Jean (1987). "Protective Action of 1,3-Butanediol in Cerebral Ischemia. A Neurologic, Histologic, and Metabolic Study". Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism. 7 (6): 794. doi:10.1038/jcbfm.1987.136.