E235 series

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E235 series
E235系 山手線@有楽町.jpg
An E235-0 series train on the Yamanote Line in July 2017
ManufacturerJ-TREC
Built atNiitsu
ReplacedE231-500 series
Future: E217 series
Constructed2015–present
Entered service30 November 2015 (2015-11-30)
Number under construction1031 vehicles[Note 1]
Number built264 vehicles[Note 1] (as of 1 October 2018)
Number in service264 vehicles
Formation11 cars per trainset
Future: 4 cars per trainset
Fleet numbers01-50 (Yamanote Line)
Operator(s)JR East
Depot(s)Tokyo General Rolling Stock Centre
Line(s) servedYamanote Line
Future: Sōbu Line (Rapid), Yokosuka Line
Specifications
Car body constructionStainless steel
Car length19,570 mm (64 ft 2 in) (end cars)
19,500 mm (64 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars)
Width2,950 mm (9 ft 8 in)
Height3,620 mm (11 ft 11 in)
Floor height1,130 mm (3 ft 8 in)
Doors4 pairs per side
Maximum speed120 km/h (75 mph)
Traction systemVariable frequency (SiC-MOSFET)
Acceleration3.0 km/h/s
Deceleration4.2 km/h/s
Electric system(s)1,500 V DC
Current collection methodOverhead catenary
BogiesDT80, TR255, TR264
Safety system(s)ATS-P, D-ATC
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Notes
  1. ^ a b Including 48 modified SaHa E231-4600 series cars

The E235 series (E235系, E235-kei) is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) on Yamanote Line services in Tokyo, Japan since 2015.

Design features[edit]

The E235 series design was developed from the earlier E233 series trains, and like the E233 and E231 series trains, the new E235 series trains have stainless steel bodies.[1] The exterior styling was overseen by the industrial design firm Ken Okuyama Design.[2] Baggage racks and hand-holds have been lowered 5 cm for easier access and the seats are 1 cm wider than previous trains. The car interiors also have up to 36 digital monitors for various informational displays. The window behind the drivers cab has been lowered so children can get a better view of the operator of the cars. The temperature of each car is also monitored; the system can predict the number of passengers at upcoming stations and adjust the temperature for passenger comfort. This information is also communicated to a smart phone application, allowing customers to choose in which car to ride based on their temperature preference.[3]

History[edit]

Details of the E235 series design were first announced in July 2014.[4] The first, pre-series set 01, train was delivered from the J-TREC factory at Niitsu in March 2015,[5] with test-running commencing on the Yamanote Line on 30 March.[6]

Set number 01 entered revenue service on 30 November 2015, with a departure ceremony at Osaki Station, but was taken out of service later the same day following faults with door-close indicators and problems stopping at the correct position along the station platform.[7] Test running on the Yamanote Line resumed from 27 December.[8] The train returned to revenue service on the Yamanote Line on 7 March 2016.[9]

In June 2016, JR East announced its official plans for the introduction of a fleet of 49 full-production sets (539 vehicles) between spring 2017 and spring 2020.[10] Most units will be built as 10-car sets and use converted former E231-500 series SaHa E231-4600 cars, while two units will be built as 11-car sets.[10] The first full-production standard set, 02, was delivered from the J-TREC factory in Niitsu in April 2017.[11] This entered service on 22 May 2017.[12]

In April 2018, JR East announced the replacement of the existing E217 series on the Sōbu Line (Rapid) and Yokosuka Line by new E235 series trains beginning in fiscal 2020. The fleet will consist of 51 11-car trains and 46 four-car trains, for a total of 745 cars to be newly constructed.[13]

E235-0 series[edit]

E235-0 series
JRE SeriesE235.jpg
The first (pre-series) set on a test run in April 2015.
ReplacedE231-500 series
Constructed2014–present
Entered service20 November 2015
Number under construction286 vehicles[Note 1]
Number built264 vehicles[Note 1] (as of 1 July 2018)
Number in service264 vehicles (24 sets)
Formation11 cars per trainset
Fleet numbers01–50
Operator(s)JR East
Depot(s)Tokyo
Line(s) servedYamanote Line
Specifications
Car body constructionStainless steel
Width2,950 mm (9 ft 8 in)
Doors4 pairs per side
Electric system(s)1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Notes
  1. ^ a b Including 48 modified SaHa E231-4600 series cars
The pre-series set, 01, on delivery in March 2015

A total of 50 11-car trains will be based at Tokyo General Rolling Stock Centre for use on the Yamanote Line, replacing the E231-500 series in use since 2002.[14] A pre-series train was delivered in March 2015, first entering revenue service from 30 November 2015, but then taken out of service for three months before re-entering service in March 2016. The entire fleet of E235-0 series trains will be in service before the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.[4]

The pre-series set (01) was converted to the full production standard by 14 March 2018.[15]

Formations[edit]

As of 1 October 2018, 24 11-car sets are based at Tokyo General Rolling Stock Centre and formed with six motored ("M") cars and five non-powered trailer ("T") cars.[15] The SaHa E235-4600 cars (Car 10) in all except two sets were modified from former E231-500 series SaHa E231-4600 cars.[15]

 
← Clockwise (Outer)
Anticlockwise (Inner) →
Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Designation Tc' M2 M1 T M2 M1 T' M2 M1 T Tc
Numbering (Sets 01–03, 06–50) KuHa E234 MoHa E234 MoHa E235 SaHa E235 MoHa E234 MoHa E235 SaHa E234 MoHa E234 MoHa E235 SaHa E235-4600 KuHa E235
Numbering (Sets 04–05) SaHa E235-500
Capacity (total/seated) 142/39 160/51 160/51 160/51 160/51 160/51 160/51 160/51 160/51 160/48 142/39
  • On the pre-series set (01), car 3 has one PS33D single-arm pantograph, car 6 has PS33H and PS36A single-arm pantographs (one used as a backup), and car 9 has one PS33H single-arm pantograph.[1]
  • On the remaining production sets (02-50), cars 3 and 9 each have one PS33H single-arm pantograph and car 6 has two PS33H single-arm pantographs (one used as a backup).[16]
  • All cars have an accessible/priority "free space".[15]
  • Car 4 is designated as a mildly air-conditioned car.[15]

Exterior[edit]

The cars feature vertical green stripes running through the doors, as opposed to the former usage of horizontal stripes to allow easier identification of the line at platforms.

Interior[edit]

Passenger accommodation consists of longitudinal bench seating throughout, with an individual seat width of 460 mm (18.1 in) per person, compared to 450 mm (17.7 in) for the earlier E231-500 series.[1] Priority seating is provided at both ends of each car (except in end cars), and a space for wheelchairs or strollers is provided at one end of each car.[1] LED lighting is used throughout.[1] The initial plan was for paper advertisements inside the cars to be completely abolished, replaced by 18 LCD colour advertising screens in each car,[1] but following feedback from advertising companies and users, the first train to enter service will include traditional paper advertisements in addition to the LCD screens.[17]

The full-production sets (02 onward) incorporate a number of design changes. Whereas in the pre-series set 01, the luggage rack height was generally 1,678 mm (5 ft 6.1 in) with a height of 1,628 mm (5 ft 4.1 in) in the end cars and in priority seating areas, this is standardized as 1,628 mm throughout from set 02 onward.[12] The handrails next to seats in the full-production sets have an embossed surface compared with the polished metal surface used in the pre-series set.[12]

Future Sōbu/Yokosuka Line series[edit]

A total of 51 11-car trains and 46 four-car trains will be built for use on the Sōbu Line (Rapid) and Yokosuka Line, replacing the E217 series in use since 1994.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Mizutani, Keisuke (July 2015). E235系一般形直流電車 [E235 series general-purpose DC EMU]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 55 no. 651. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. pp. 92–100.
  2. ^ "news 2014.07.03" (in Japanese). Japan: Ken Okuyama Design. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  3. ^ Japan Railway Journal (episode 9). NHK. 2015. Event occurs at 8:58.
  4. ^ a b Saito, Masatoshi (2 July 2014). JR東:山手線に新型電車「E235系」 来秋から導入 [JR East to introduced new E235 series trains on Yamanote Line from next autumn]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. Archived from the original on 2 January 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  5. ^ E235系量産先行車配給輸送 [E235 series pre-series set delivered]. RM News (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. 26 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  6. ^ E235系が山手線で試運転 [E235 series test run on Yamanote Line]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  7. ^ 山手線に次世代通勤電車 E235系トラブル相次ぐ [Problems with E235 series "next-generation commuter train" on Yamanote Line]. Sponichi Annex (in Japanese). Japan: Sports Nippon Newspapers. 30 November 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  8. ^ E235系が山手線で試運転 [E235 series test run on Yamanote Line]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 8 January 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  9. ^ 山手線 新型車両が3か月ぶりに運転再開 [New Yamanote Line train re-enters service after 3 months]. NHK News Web (in Japanese). Japan: NHK. 7 March 2016. Archived from the original on 8 March 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
  10. ^ a b 山手線,2020年春ごろまでにE235系量産車539両を導入 [539 E235 series full-production series cars to be introduced on Yamanote Line by around spring 2020]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 8 June 2016. Archived from the original on 8 June 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  11. ^ E235系02編成 配給輸送 [E235 series set 02 delivered]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. 18 April 2017. Archived from the original on 18 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  12. ^ a b c Kosano, Kagetoshi (23 May 2017). 山手線新型「E235系」量産車は何が違うのか [How do the new Yamanote Line E235 series full-production trains differ?]. Toyo Keizai Online (in Japanese). Japan: Toyo Keizai Inc. Archived from the original on 27 May 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  13. ^ a b Daisuke, Kousaku (4 September 2018). JR東日本E235系、横須賀線・総武快速線へ車両新造 - 2020年度落成 [JR East E235 series for Yokosuka line and Sōbu Rapid Line to be completed in 2020]. MyNavi Corporation (in Japanese). Japan: MyNavi Corporation. Archived from the original on 4 September 2018. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  14. ^ "JR東日本,E235系量産先行車を新造" [JR East to build new E235 series prototype train]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d e JR電車編成表 2019冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2019]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 14 November 2018. pp. 49, 62–63, 72, 74–77, 80–81, 96–99. ISBN 978-4-330-93218-7.
  16. ^ Amanuma, Hideaki (September 2017). E235系量産車 [E235 series full-production trains]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 57 no. 677. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. pp. 48–50.
  17. ^ 山手線の新型車両「E235系」、11月30日から運行 中吊り広告は存続 [New Yamanote Line E235 series trains to enter service from 30 November - Paper adverts will be retained]. ITmedia Business Online (in Japanese). Japan: ITmedia Inc. 14 October 2015. Archived from the original on 5 December 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2016.

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