Iron(II) lactate

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Iron(II) lactate
IUPAC name
Ferrous 2-hydroxypropanoate
Other names
Iron dilactate
Iron(II) lactate
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.025.098 Edit this at Wikidata
E number E585 (acidity regulators, ...)
  • InChI=1/2C3H6O3.Fe/c2*1-2(4)3(5)6;/h2*2,4H,1H3,(H,5,6);/q;;+2/p-2
  • [Fe+2].[O-]C(=O)C(O)C.[O-]C(=O)C(O)C
Molar mass 233.9888 g/mol (anhydrous)
288.03464 g/mol (trihydrate)
Appearance greenish-white powder
Melting point 500 °C (932 °F; 773 K)
2.1 g/100ml (10 °C)
8.5 g/100ml (100 °C)
2% (25 °C)[1]
Solubility soluble in alkali citrates
negligible in alcohol
insoluble in ether
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Ferrous lactate, or iron(II) lactate, are coordination complexes of iron(II) with one or more lactate ligands. One example is Fe(lactate)2(H2O)2(H2O) where lactate is CH3CH(OH)CO2.[2] It is a colorless solid.


Iron(II) lactate can be produced through several reactions, among which are calcium lactate with iron(II) sulfate according to the following reaction:[3]

Another route yielding iron(II) lactate is to combine lactic acid with calcium carbonate and iron(II) sulfate.


Iron (II) lactate is used as a reagent in the production of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), specifically in the production of cathode catalytic converters used in these cells. It is an acidity regulator and, since it oxidizes on contact with air, it has found use as a color retention agent for foodstuffs such as olives. It is also used to fortify foods with iron, as a remedy for anemia due to iron deficiency, and as a nutritional supplement in tablet or pill form. As a food additive it is coded under the E number E585.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Iron(II) lactate dihydrate MSDS Archived 2014-05-03 at the Wayback Machine at Jost Chemical
  2. ^ Ping, Liu; Mao-Chun, Hong (1992). "Fe(CH3CH(OH)CO2)2(H2O)2(H2O)". Jiegou Huaxue (Chin.J.Struct.Chem.). 11: 44.
  3. ^ CN104876816A, 刘平祥 & 林家燕, "Synthetic method of ferrous lactate", published 2015-09-02