Elbe Flugzeugwerke

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from EADS EFW)
Jump to: navigation, search
EADS EFW (Elbe Flugzeugwerke GmbH)
GmbH
Industry Aerospace
Founded 1955 (1990)
Headquarters Dresden, Germany
Key people
Andreas Sperl
Products Aircraft conversion
Revenue 225,2 Mio €
Number of employees
1143
Parent Airbus and ST Aerospace
Website efw.aero

Elbe Flugzeugwerke GmbH (literally: Elbe aircraft works, commonly abbreviated as EFW) is a subsidiary of Airbus (65%) and ST Aerospace (35%) in Dresden. It is located at Dresden Airport and concetrates on freighter and tanker aircraft conversion. It also supplies Airbus with fibre composite sheets for aircraft interiors.

History[edit]

EFW was founded in 1955 when Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft were built under license in Dresden. At the same time, EFW started development and testing of the Baade B-152, the GDR's own passenger jet. Up to 8000 personnel were employed and the programme invoolved some 25,000 further jobs in supplying industries, which were bundled in a combined Volkseigener Betrieb in 1958.[1]

The second prototype of the B-152 crashed on 30 April 1958 and development of the aircraft was delayed. When the GDR stopped its entire aircraft program in 1961, the VEB Flugzeugwerft Dresden became a maintenance facility for MiG combat planes and Mil Helicopters of Warsaw Pact air forces. It also maintained the Interflug Airbus A310 fleet which was delivered in 1989.[1]

Airbus and EADS[edit]

After the reunification of Germany, VEB Flugzeugwerft Dresden was supported by Deutsche Airbus, Hamburg. Elbe Flugzeugwerke GmbH was founded at 27 April 1990 by DASA and Airbus. When DASA, Aérospatiale-Matra and Construcciones Aeronáuticas merged, EADS became EFW's only owner.[1]

Elbe Flugzeugwerke GmbH has been a supplier of fiber-reinforced furnishing components used in Airbus planes since 1993. It has a capacity of up to 200,000 sandwich components per year.[2]

The company started converting passenger aircraft into freighters in 1996. It converts Airbus A300 and Airbus A310 planes which takes about four months and includes higher Aircraft maintenance checks.[3] It also converts Airbus A310 MRTT and Airbus A330 MRTT[4] and was designated to deliver the first four prototype Northrop Grumman KC-45 planes (without military tanker equipment).[5]

Airbus Freighter Conversion GmbH[edit]

EFW was co-proprietor of Airbus Freighter Conversion GmbH which was also based in Dresden. The joint venture with then EADS sister company Airbus, Russian government-owned United Aircraft Corporation and Irkut was established in 2007 to build up a second converting production line in Lukhovitsy, Russia. EFW had the largest stake of 32%, Airbus had 18% while the Russian shareholder both owned a fourth.[6] The programme was stopped for financial reasons in 2011, without having converted any aircraft.

Partial sale to ST Aerospace[edit]

Demand for A300-600 freighter convertions has fallen. EFW now plans to convert A330-200 and A330-300 to freighters. The Supplemental Type Certificate for the aircraft will be supplied by ST Aerospace. ST Aerospace bought 35% of EFW in February 2013. It is planned to convert 10-15 aircraft annually. Currently, a portion of EFW's activites is devoted to structural improvements to Emirates' A380 aircraft.


References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°07′44″N 13°46′23″E / 51.129°N 13.773°E / 51.129; 13.773