eCall

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eCall is a European initiative intended to bring rapid assistance to motorists involved in a collision anywhere in the European Union. eCall was made mandatory in all new cars sold within the EU from April 2018.[1]

History[edit]

The concept of eCall was presented in 1999 by European civil servant Luc Tytgat, during the launch of the European Commission's Galileo project.[2] One year earlier, 170 experts met in Brussels, invited by the Commission, to analyse the European dependence on the American GPS system, but also to gather civilian applications propositions.

In 2001, the project was first presented as a European calling system, in the context of the German youth science competition Jugend forscht.[3][4]

In 2007, the project was postponed.

In 2011, the project was pushed again by the European Commission.[5]

In the summer of 2013, the project was adopted and was scheduled to be completed by 1 October 2015.

On 6 September 2013 trade associations operating in the automotive after market (like AIRC, CLEPA, FIA, FIGEAFA )welcomed the European Commission’s eCall initiative and fully support the Europe-wide mandatory introduction of eCall by 2015 in all new type-approved cars and light commercial vehicles. AIRC ( Association des Reparateurs en Carrosserie) General Secretary Karel Bukholczer said that eCall represents an important initiative to reduce fatalities and the severity of injuries on Europe’s roads. ( See position paper https://clepa.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/eCall_-_EU_Associations_Common_Position_Paper-_19_09_2013.pdf )


Slovenia introduced eCall on 1 December 2015. Italy deployed a pilot program in selected regions on 18 May 2017, and Sweden adopted eCall on 1 October 2017.[6]

The deployment of eCall devices was made mandatory in all new cars sold in the European Union on 1 April 2018.[7][8][9]

Concept[edit]

The eCall initiative aims to deploy a device installed in all vehicles that will automatically dial 112 in the event of a serious road accident, and wirelessly send airbag deployment and impact sensor information, as well as GPS or Galileo coordinates to local emergency agencies. A manual call button is also provided. eCall builds on E112. According to some estimates, eCall could reduce emergency response times by 40 percent in urban areas and by 50 percent in rural areas.[10]

Many companies are involved with telematics technology to use in different aspects of eCall including in-vehicle systems, wireless data delivery, and public safety answering point systems. Standardization of communication protocols and human language issues are some of the obstacles. Prototypes have been successfully tested with GPRS and in-band signalling over cellular networks. At the same time proprietary eCall solutions that rely on SMS exist already today from car makers such as BMW, PSA and Volvo Cars. Once in active deployment, other telematic services such as route advisories and traffic information are expected to explode.

The project is also supported by the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA), an interest group of European car, bus, and truck manufacturers, and ERTICO. Many of the stakeholder companies involved with telematics technology have membership in ERTICO or ACEA. An advantage of this membership is increased ability to influence developing eCall standards.

Privacy concerns[edit]

As with all schemes to add mandatory wireless transceivers to cars, there are privacy concerns to be addressed.[11][12] Depending on the final implementation of the system, it may be possible for the system to become activated without an actual crash taking place. Also, the occupants of the car have no control over the remote activation of the microphone, making a car susceptible to eavesdropping.

Similar Initiatives[edit]

In Russia, a fully interoperable system called ERA-GLONASS is being deployed, with the aim to require an eCall terminal and a GPS/GLONASS receiver in new vehicles by 2015-2017.[13] [14]

In North America, a similar service is available by GM via their OnStar service.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "eCall in all new cars from April 2018". Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  2. ^ Europeans, Euronews, 1999
  3. ^ "GSM-Schutzengel (Automatic Emergency Call System to locate accident victims using GSM Technology)" Archived 25 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine.,Jugend forscht, 2001. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  4. ^ "GSM-Schutzengel (GSM Guardian Angel) emergency calling service", GSM-Schutzengel, 2001. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  5. ^ "EU adopts automobile emergency calling service eCall", Telecom Paper, 8 September 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  6. ^ https://www.svtplay.se/video/15109936/rapport/rapport-1-okt-19-30-1?position=702
  7. ^ Gleeson, Colin (2018-03-31). "New cars to automatically inform authorities of crashes". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  8. ^ Martin, Serge (2018-04-01). "L'auto. L'eCall : l'appel d'urgence obligatoire à partir du 1er avril pour les futures voitures". franceinfo (in French). Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  9. ^ Schmitt-Roschmann, Von Verena (2018-03-31). "eCall jetzt Pflicht: So funktioniert der Unfall-Notruf in Autos". stimme.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  10. ^ "Commission takes first step towards rollout of eCall system", TRL (Transport Research Library, UK), 9 September 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Working document on data protection and privacy implications in eCall initiative (WP125)" (PDF). Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  12. ^ "Big Brother Watch briefing note". Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  13. ^ "eCall / ERA-GLONASS". 21 May 2015. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  14. ^ www.agence-interactiv.com. "HeERO - As HeERO expands, pan-European eCall moves to next step". www.heero-pilot.eu. Retrieved 12 December 2017.

External links[edit]