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EE-9 Cascavel of the Colombian Army
|Place of origin||Brazil|
|Weight||10,900 kg empty, 13,400 kg combat|
|Length||5.2 m hull, 6.2 m overall|
|Armor||6–12 mm two-layer steel plating|
|1 × 90 mm cannon|
|1 × 7.62 mm MG (coaxial), 1 × 7.62 mm or 12.7 mm (AA)|
|Engine||Detroit Diesel 6V-53N, 6-cylinder water-cooled diesel
|Suspension||6×6 Engesa Double Axle Boomerand Drive|
The EE-9 Cascavel (Portuguese pronunciation: [kɐʃ.kɐ.ˈvɛɫ], translated to Rattlesnake) is a six-wheeled Brazilian armoured car developed primarily for reconnaissance. It was engineered by Engesa in 1970 as a replacement for the Brazil's ageing fleet of M8 Greyhounds. The vehicle was first fitted with the Greyhound's 37mm main gun and subsequently with a French turret adopted from the Panhard AML-90. Later models carry unique Engesa turrets with a Belgian 90mm Cockerill Mk.3 cannon produced under licence.[page needed]
The Cascavel shares many components with the EE-11 Urutu, its armoured personnel carrier counterpart; both entered production in 1974 and are now operated by over 20 nations in South America, Africa, and the Middle East.[page needed] Rights to the design were also sold to the American FMC Corporation.
The EE-9 Cascavel was developed in Brazil by Engesa, S. José dos Campos (São Paulo), according to specifications of the Brazilian army. The EE-9 was designed as a replacement to the M8 Greyhound.
The EE-9 was a huge export success, being sold to numerous countries in South America and the Middle East. Most of these vehicles were manufactured in 1983.
The EE-9 is still in service in several countries and currently the Brazilian Army is running a modernisation program for the EE-9 and the EE-11, enabling them to remain in service until at least 2020.
- Cascavel I: Known as "Cascavel Magro" (Thin Rattlesnake). Initial vehicles are armed with the 37 mm gun from the old M3 light tanks.
- Cascavel II: Known as "Cascavel Gordo" (Fat Rattlesnake). Turret ring widened so it could use the French H 90 turret with a 90 mm DEFA D 921 gun for export.
- Cascavel III: Equipped with an Engesa turret mounting a 90 mm Belgian Cockerill Mk 3 gun produced under licence.
- Cascavel IV: New engine and transmission, improved day and night optics with laser rangefinder, and a 12.7 mm antiaircraft MG.
The new engine used in the prototype of Urutu generates 230 hp, giving a power gain of 72 hp against the old engine's 158 hp.
- The prototype reached a top speed of 110 km/h on clear surface and proved capable of reaching 80 km/h in an off-road situation.
- Bolivia: 24
- Brazil: Principal user/builder, 600 units.
- Burkina Faso: 24
- Burma: 150
- Colombia: 120
- Cyprus: 126
- Democratic Republic of the Congo: 19
- Dominican Republic: 20
- Ecuador: 28
- Gabon: 14
- Guyana: 6
- Iran: 35
- Iraq: 400; 35 operational.
- Libya: 500; 70 operational.
- Nigeria: 75
- Paraguay: 28
- Qatar: 20
- Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
- Suriname: 7
- Tunisia: 24
- Uruguay: 15
- Zimbabwe: 90; 10 operational and 77 reserve.
Iraqi Cascavel hit by tank fire during Operation Desert Storm
- Ogorkiewicz, Richard (2015). Tanks: 100 Years of Evolution. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781472806703.
- Latin American Research Review Volume 26, Number 3, Pages 83
- "Trade Registers". Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 2013-06-20.
- "Why Russia". Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- The Libyan Uprising: An Uncertain Trajectory
- Cordesman, Anthony H. A Tragedy of Arms: Military and Security Developments in the Maghreb (November 30, 2001 ed.). Praeger Publishers. p. 62. ISBN 0-275-96936-3.
- Zimbabwe Army crippled: Report exposes decay
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to EE-9 Cascavel.|
- EE-9 at GlobalSecurity.org
- EE-9 Cascavel Véhicule blindé léger (EE-9 Cascavel Light Armoured Vehicle) at Armyrecognition.com (French translated to English)