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EE-9 Cascavel of the Colombian Army
|Place of origin||Brazil|
|Weight||10,900 kg empty, 13,400 kg combat|
|Length||5.2 m hull, 6.2 m overall|
|Armor||6–12 mm two-layer steel plating|
|1 × 90 mm cannon|
|1 × 7.62 mm MG (coaxial), 1 × 7.62 mm or 12.7 mm (AA)|
|Engine||Detroit Diesel 6V-53N, 6-cylinder water-cooled diesel
|Suspension||6×6 Engesa Double Axle Boomerand Drive|
The EE-9 Cascavel (Portuguese pronunciation: [kɐʃ.kɐ.ˈvɛɫ], translated to Rattlesnake) is a six-wheeled Brazilian armoured car developed primarily for reconnaissance. It was engineered by Engesa in 1970 as a replacement for the Brazil's ageing fleet of M8 Greyhounds. The vehicle was first fitted with the Greyhound's 37mm main gun and subsequently with a French turret adopted from the Panhard AML-90. Later models carry unique Engesa turrets with a Belgian 90mm Cockerill Mk.3 cannon produced under licence.
The Cascavel shares many components with the EE-11 Urutu, its armoured personnel carrier counterpart; both entered production in 1974 and are now operated by over 20 nations in South America, Africa, and the Middle East. Rights to the design were also sold to the American FMC Corporation.
About 2,767 Cascavels and Urutus were manufactured before Engesa declared bankruptcy in 1993.
The EE-9 Cascavel was developed in Brazil by Engesa, S. José dos Campos (São Paulo), according to specifications of the Brazilian army. The EE-9 was designed as a replacement to the M8 Greyhound.
The EE-9 was a huge export success, being sold to numerous countries in South America and the Middle East. Most of these vehicles were manufactured in 1983.
The EE-9 is still in service in several countries and currently the Brazilian Army is running a modernisation program for the EE-9 and the EE-11, enabling them to remain in service until at least 2020.
- Cascavel I: Known as "Cascavel Magro" (Thin Rattlesnake). Initial vehicles are armed with the 37 mm gun from the old M3 light tanks.
- Cascavel II: Known as "Cascavel Gordo" (Fat Rattlesnake). Turret ring widened so it could use the French H 90 turret with a 90 mm DEFA D 921 gun for export.
- Cascavel III: Equipped with an Engesa turret mounting a 90 mm Belgian Cockerill Mk 3 gun produced under licence.
- Cascavel IV: New engine and transmission, improved day and night optics with laser rangefinder, and a 12.7 mm antiaircraft MG.
The new engine used in the prototype of Urutu generates 230 hp, giving a power gain of 72 hp against the old engine's 158 hp.
- The prototype reached a top speed of 110 km/h on clear surface and proved capable of reaching 80 km/h in an off-road situation.
- Bolivia: 24
- Brazil: Principal user/builder, 600 units.
- Burkina Faso: 24
- Burma: 150
- Colombia: 120
- Cyprus: 126
- Democratic Republic of the Congo: 19
- Dominican Republic: 20
- Ecuador: 28
- Gabon: 14
- Guyana: 6
- Iran: 35
- Iraq: 400; 35 operational.
- Libya: 500; 70 operational.
- Nigeria: 75
- Paraguay: 28
- Qatar: 20
- Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
- Suriname: 6
- Tunisia: 24
- Uruguay: 15
- Zimbabwe: 90; 10 operational and 77 reserve.
Iraqi Cascavel hit by tank fire during Operation Desert Storm
- Ogorkiewicz, Richard (2015). Tanks: 100 Years of Evolution. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781472806703.
- Latin American Research Review Volume 26, Number 3, Pages 83
- "Trade Registers". Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 2013-06-20.
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- The Libyan Uprising: An Uncertain Trajectory
- Cordesman, Anthony H. A Tragedy of Arms: Military and Security Developments in the Maghreb (November 30, 2001 ed.). Praeger Publishers. p. 62. ISBN 0-275-96936-3.
- Zimbabwe Army crippled: Report exposes decay
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to EE-9 Cascavel.|
- EE-9 at GlobalSecurity.org
- EE-9 Cascavel Véhicule blindé léger (EE-9 Cascavel Light Armoured Vehicle) at Armyrecognition.com (French translated to English)