EF86

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EF86
Four EF86-type tubes (1).jpg
Four EF86-type tubes
Classification Pentode
Service Audio Frequency
Cathode
Cathode type Indirectly Heated
Filament voltage: 6.3 V RMS or dc
Filament current 200 mA
Anode
Max dissipation Watts 1 W
Max current 6 mA
Socket connections
B9A
Typical class-A amplifier operation
Amplification factor 185 (45dB)
Screen voltage 200 V

The EF86[1] is a high transconductance sharp cutoff pentode vacuum tube with Noval (B9A) base for audio-frequency applications.

It was introduced in the late 1950s and was produced by Philips, Mullard, Telefunken, Valvo, and GEC among others. It is very similar electrically to the octal base EF37A and the Rimlock base EF40. Unlike many pentodes it was designed specifically for audio applications, low noise and low microphony being claimed advantages, although a rubber-mounted vibration-resistant base was still recommended.[2] It has much higher stage gain than any triode, which makes it susceptible to microphony. The EF86 was used in many preamplifier designs during the last decades of vacuum tube hi-fi development. An industrial variant of the tube is known as 6267. In the former Soviet Union a variant was also produced as type 6Zh32P (Russian: 6Ж32П.) As of 2012 EF86s were being produced in Russia in two versions under the Electro-Harmonix brand and in the Slovak Republic as JJ Electronic (formerly Tesla).

Characteristics[edit]

6.3 Volt, 200 mA indirectly-heated A.F. miniature pentode with Noval (B9A) base with an EIA 9CQ (or 9BJ[3]) basing diagram.

  • Transconductance: 2.2 mA/V at Ia=3.0 mA, Ig2=0.6 mA, Va=250 V, Vg1=-2.2 V, Vg2=140 V, Vg3=0 V
  • Voltage gain: 185 (45dB) at Vsupply=250 V, Ik=0.9 mA, Rk=2.2 kilohm, Ra=220 kilohm, Rg1=1 megohm, Vout<44 VRMS

Special precautions have been taken in the design to reduce:

  • Hum (through a bifilar-wound twisted pair of heater wires),
  • noise, and
  • microphony (through a rigid internal structure to reduce resonances).

The EF86 is much less noisy than other pentodes, but slightly noisier than some triodes at about 2 µV equivalent input noise to 10 kHz. Although used in circuits such as tape recorder input stages and instrument amplifiers, microphony can be a problem, even when mounted in a vibration-reducing valve holder.

Equivalent and similar devices[edit]

  • 6267 * Z729 * CV2901 * 6BK8 * 6CF8 * 6F22 * CV8068 * CV10098

Special quality:

  • EF86SQ * M8195 * CV4085 * EF806S

Different heater requirements:

  • PF86, 300 mA (4.5 V)
  • UF86, 100 mA (12.6 V)

The rarely used EF83 is a remote-cutoff pentode[4] otherwise similar to the EF86; the remote cutoff (variable mu) makes it suitable for applications such as automatic gain control (agc) in tape recorders.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.thetubestore.com/Tubes/EF86-Tube-Types
  2. ^ National valve museum: EF86
  3. ^ http://www.nj7p.org/Tube4.php?tube=EF86
  4. ^ National Valve Museum: EF83

Further reading[edit]

[1] Tubeworld.com's EF86 page.

[2] Mullard's EF86 at the National Valve Museum.

[3] The Mullard EF36, EF37 and EF37A at the National Valve Museum.

[4] TDSL Tube data: EF86.

[5] Datasheet for Thorn/Mazda 6F22/EF86 (pdf).