EF English Proficiency Index

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The EF English Proficiency Index (EF EPI) attempts to rank countries by the average level of English language skills amongst those adults who took the EF test.[1] It is the product of EF Education First, an international education company, and draws its conclusions from data collected via English tests available for free over the internet.[2][3] The index is an online survey first published in 2011[4] based on test data from 1.7 million test takers.[5] The most recent, eighth edition was released in October, 2018.[6]

Methodology[edit]

The EF EPI eighth edition was calculated using test data from 1.3 million test takers in 2017. The test takers were self-selected and no demographic information was collected on them. The tests are used by the company for marketing and placement purposes. 85 countries and 3 territories appear in the eighth edition of the index. In order to be included, a country was required to have at least 400 test takers.[7]

Report[edit]

The report is composed of a country ranking table, several pages of analysis with graphs correlating other economic and social factors with English proficiency, and analysis of each region or continent. The 2018 report and accompanying country fact sheets include English proficiency levels by gender, age group, and region, within countries, and some English proficiency scores by city. The website displays portions of the report and has analysis of English skills in many countries and territories.[7]

Primary conclusions[edit]

  1. Exports per capita, Gross National Income per capita and innovation all correlate positively with English proficiency.[8]
  2. English proficiency levels are evolving at different rates in different countries around the world, including a few countries with declining English skills.[9]
  3. Europe as a whole speaks the best English, the Middle East the worst.[10]
  4. Women speak English better than men.[11]

2018 rankings[edit]

Below are the latest country scores, proficiency bands, and rankings as published in 2018 (data from 2017).[7]

Score calculation[edit]

On the web page of the company EF, the score calculation is explained: "In order to calculate a country’s EF EPI score, each test score was normalized to obtain the percentage of correct answers for that test. All the scores for a country were then averaged across the three tests, giving equal weight to each test." [12] There is thus no differentiation of the three tests for the calculation of the score.

Ranking of countries[edit]

Country 2018 Rank 2018 Score 2018 Band
 Sweden 1 70.72 Very High Proficiency
 Netherlands 2 70.31 Very High Proficiency
 Singapore 3 68.63 Very High Proficiency
 Norway 4 68.38 Very High Proficiency
 Denmark 5 67.34 Very High Proficiency
 South Africa 6 66.52 Very High Proficiency
 Luxembourg 7 66.33 Very High Proficiency
 Finland 8 65.86 Very High Proficiency
 Slovenia 9 64.84 Very High Proficiency
 Germany 10 63.74 Very High Proficiency
 Belgium 11 63.52 Very High Proficiency
 Austria 12 63.13 Very High Proficiency
 Poland 13 62.45 High Proficiency
 Philippines 14 61.84 High Proficiency
  Switzerland 15 61.77 High Proficiency
 Romania 16 60.31 High Proficiency
 Croatia 17 60.16 High Proficiency
 Serbia 18 60.04 High Proficiency
 Portugal 19 60.02 High Proficiency
 Czech Republic 20 59.99 High Proficiency
 Hungary 21 59.51 High Proficiency
 Malaysia 22 59.32 High Proficiency
 Greece 23 58.49 High Proficiency
 Slovakia 24 58.11 High Proficiency
 Bulgaria 25 57.95 High Proficiency
 Lithuania 26 57.81 High Proficiency
 Argentina 27 57.58 High Proficiency
 India 28 57.13 Moderate Proficiency
 Nigeria 29 56.72 Moderate Proficiency
 Hong Kong 30 56.38 Moderate Proficiency
 South Korea 31 56.27 Moderate Proficiency
 Spain 32 55.85 Moderate Proficiency
 Lebanon 33 55.79 Moderate Proficiency
 Italy 34 55.77 Moderate Proficiency
 France 35 55.49 Moderate Proficiency
 Costa Rica 36 55.01 Moderate Proficiency
 Dominican Republic 37 54.97 Moderate Proficiency
 Belarus 38 53.53 Moderate Proficiency
 Senegal 39 53.50 Moderate Proficiency
 Uruguay 40 53.41 Moderate Proficiency
 Vietnam 41 53.12 Moderate Proficiency
 Russia 42 52.96 Moderate Proficiency
 Ukraine 43 52.86 Moderate Proficiency
 Macau 44 52.57 Moderate Proficiency
 Georgia 45 52.28 Low Proficiency
 Chile 46 52.01 Low Proficiency
 China 47 51.94 Low Proficiency
 Taiwan 48 51.88 Low Proficiency
 Japan 49 51.80 Low Proficiency
 Pakistan 50 51.66 Low Proficiency
 Indonesia 51 51.58 Low Proficiency
 Albania 52 51.49 Low Proficiency
 Brazil 53 50.93 Low Proficiency
 Ethiopia 54 50.79 Low Proficiency
 Guatemala 55 50.63 Low Proficiency
 Panama 56 49.98 Low Proficiency
 Mexico 57 49.76 Low Proficiency
 Sri Lanka 58 49.39 Low Proficiency
 Peru 59 49.32 Low Proficiency
 Colombia 60 48.90 Low Proficiency
 Bolivia 61 48.87 Low Proficiency
 Egypt 62 48.76 Low Proficiency
 Bangladesh 63 48.72 Low Proficiency
 Thailand 64 48.54 Low Proficiency
 Ecuador 65 48.52 Low Proficiency
 Iran 66 48.29 Very Low Proficiency
 Morocco 67 48.10 Very Low Proficiency
 Tunisia 68 47.85 Very Low Proficiency
 Honduras 69 47.80 Very Low Proficiency
 El Salvador 70 47.42 Very Low Proficiency
 United Arab Emirates 71 47.27 Very Low Proficiency
 Nicaragua 72 47.26 Very Low Proficiency
 Turkey 73 47.17 Very Low Proficiency
 Jordan 74 47.10 Very Low Proficiency
 Venezuela 75 46.61 Very Low Proficiency
 Syria 76 46.37 Very Low Proficiency
 Azerbaijan 77 45.85 Very Low Proficiency
 Kuwait 78 45.64 Very Low Proficiency
 Oman 79 45.56 Very Low Proficiency
 Kazakhstan 80 45.19 Very Low Proficiency
 Algeria 81 44.50 Very Low Proficiency
 Myanmar 82 44.23 Very Low Proficiency
 Saudi Arabia 83 43.65 Very Low Proficiency
 Afghanistan 84 43.64 Very Low Proficiency
 Cambodia 85 42.86 Very Low Proficiency
 Uzbekistan 86 42.53 Very Low Proficiency
 Iraq 87 40.82 Very Low Proficiency
 Libya 88 39.64 Very Low Proficiency

Similar reports[edit]

The European Commission performed a language survey, SurveyLang, which tested a representative sample of 15-year-old European students on their foreign language skills. The report and data sets were released for 13 European countries in June 2012.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ English: Who speaks English?. The Economist. Retrieved on 2011-05-29.
  2. ^ Study Offers Snapshot of Global English-Language-Learner Trends. Education Week. Retrieved on 2017-01-17.
  3. ^ The EF SET powers the EF EPI. EF SET. Retrieved on 2017-10-05.
  4. ^ The EF EPI. ef.com. Retrieved on 2017-10-05.
  5. ^ Low English Levels Can Hurt Countries' Progress. New York Times. Retrieved on 2017-01-17.
  6. ^ Women and managers are better at speaking English, study on proficiency finds. Business Insider. Retrieved on 2018-11-09
  7. ^ a b c EF English Proficiency Index – Comparing English skills between countries – EF EPI. Ef.com. Retrieved on 2018-11-09.
  8. ^ Minh Tran: Countries with High English Proficiency Are More Innovative. Harvard Business Review. "Minh Tran is Director of Research and Partnerships for EF Education First and a member of the team that launched the EF Standard English Test." Retrieved on 2017-01-17.
  9. ^ How Well Does Your Country Speak English?. Voice of America. Retrieved on 2017-1-17.
  10. ^ Which countries are best at English as a second language?. World Economic Forum. Retrieved on 2017-1-17.
  11. ^ Women are better than men at learning English. That’s not necessarily a good sign.. Washington Post. Retrieved on 2017-1-17.
  12. ^ See Score caluculation/calculation
  13. ^ SurveyLang project. European Commission. Retrieved on 2012-09-20.

External links[edit]