From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Banner ejbca-public.png
EJBCA 6.5.0 in English – Administration
EJBCA 6.5.0 in English – Administration
Developer(s)PrimeKey Solutions AB
Initial releaseDecember 5, 2001 (2001-12-05)
Stable release
6.15.0 / October 5, 2018 (2018-10-05)
Written inJava on Java EE
Operating systemCross-platform
Available inBosnian, Chinese, Czech, English, French, German, Japanese, Portuguese, Swedish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese
TypePKI Software

Enterprise Java Beans Certificate Authority, or EJBCA, is a free software public key infrastructure (PKI) certificate authority software package maintained and sponsored by the Swedish for-profit company PrimeKey Solutions AB, which holds the copyright to most of the codebase. The project's source code is available under terms of the Lesser GNU General Public License.


The system is implemented in Java EE and designed to be platform independent and fully clusterable,[1] to permit a greater degree of scalability than is typical of similar software packages. Multiple instances of EJBCA are run simultaneously, sharing a database containing the current certificate authorities (CAs). This permits each instance of the software to access any CA. The software also supports the use of a Hardware Security Module (HSM), which provides additional security. Larger-scale installations would use multiple instances of EJBCA running on a cluster, a fully distributed database on a separate cluster and a third cluster with HSMs keeping the different CA keys.

EJBCA supports many common PKI Architectures[2] such as all in a single server, distributed RAs and external validation authority. An example architecture is illustrated below.

Example PKI architecture with external validation authority

Key features[edit]

Multiple CA instances[edit]

EJBCA supports running unlimited number of CAs and levels of CAs in a single installation. Build a complete infrastructure, or several, within one instance of EJBCA.

Online Certificate Status Protocol[edit]

For certificate validation your have the choice of using X.509 CRLs and OCSP (RFC6960).

Multiple algorithms[edit]

You can use all common, and some uncommon algorithms in your PKI. RSA, ECDSA and DSA, SHA-1 and SHA-2. Compliant with NSA Suite B Cryptography.

Different certificate formats[edit]

EJBCA support both X.509v3 certificates and Card Verifiable certificates (CVC BSI TR-03110). Certificates are compliant with all standards such as RFC5280, CA/Browser Forum, eIDAS, ICAO 9303, EAC 2.10 and ISO 18013 Amendment 2 eDL.

PKCS#11 HSMs[edit]

Using the standard PKCS 11 API you can use most PKCS#11 compliant HSMs to protect the CAs, and OCSP Responders, private keys.

Many integration protocols and APIs[edit]

EJBCA was designed with integration in mind. Most standard protocols are supported, CMP, SCEP, EST, and ACME as well as web services. Using integration APIs it is possible to integrate EJBCA as a certificate factory, not exposing it's native user interfaces.

High performance and capacity[edit]

You can build a PKI with capacity of issuing billions of certificates at a rate of several hundreds per second.


Further reading[edit]

  • Research and application of EJBCA based on J2EE; Liyi Zhang, Qihua Liu and Min Xu; IFIP International Federation for Information Processing Volume 251/2008; ISBN 978-0-387-75465-9
  • Chapter "Securing Connections and Remote Administration" in Hardening Linux; James Turnbull; ISBN 978-1-59059-444-5
  • Exception-Handling Bugs in Java and a Language Extension to Avoid Them; Westley Weimer; Advanced Topics in Exception Handling Techniques Volume 4119/2006; ISBN 978-3-540-37443-5
  • A workflow based architecture for Public Key Infrastructure; Johan Eklund; TRITA-CSC-E 2010:047
  • Secret Sharing Framework Based on Digital Certificates; Paul Crocker and Adolfo Peixinho; Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security ECCWS-2014; ISBN 1910309249
  • Building and Managing a PKI Solution for Small and Medium Size Business; Wylie Shanks; SANS Institute InfoSec Reading Room; December 2013

External links[edit]