ELI (programming language)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
ELI[1]
Paradigm array
Designed by Wai-Mee Ching
Developer Hanfeng Chen[2] (Rapidsoft)
First appeared 2011
Stable release
0.3 / August 10, 2015
Typing discipline dynamic
OS Cross-platform
Filename extensions .esf .eli
Website fastarray.appspot.com
Major implementations
C++, Qt
Influenced by
APL, Q

ELI[3] is an interactive array programming language system based on APL. It has the most of functionalities of ISO APL standard. In addition to classical APL, ELI features list for non-homogeneous or non-rectangular data, complex numbers, symbols, temporal data, and control structures. A scripting file facility helps a user to easily organize programs in a fashion similar to using #include in C, which also provides convenient data input/output. Moreover, ELI has dictionaries, tables and a basic set of SQL-like statements. For performance, ELI offers a compiler restricted to flat array programs.

By replacing each APL character with one or two ASCII characters, ELI retains APL’s succinct and expressive way of doing array programming, i.e. compared with MATLAB or Python, ELI encourages a dataflow style of programming where the output of one operation feeds the input of another that results in greater productivity and clarity of code.

ELI is free and available on Windows, Linux and Mac OS.

Version 0.3[edit]

ELI version 0.3 has been released on August 10, 2015. It integrates with a cross-platform IDE, ELI Studio. The ELI Studio provides a code editor with specialized functionalities to easily write/load ELI code. Moreover, three additional widgets are used to monitor functions, variables, libraries and command history.

New features:

  • Like: string match
  • Match
  • []PP: printing precision control
  • )time: performance measure
  • []: standard input
  • Date and time attributes
  • File Handle: []open, []close, []write and []get
  • Semi Colon (;)

New medias:

Example Code[edit]

A line of ELI executes from right to left as a chain of operations; anything to the right of ‘//’ is a comment.

Exclamation point (!) is an interval function. It can generate a vector of n integer from 1 to n.

      !10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

The execution order of ELI is from right to left and all primitive functions have equal precedence.

      5 * 2 + 10 // from right to left, 5 * (2 + 10)
60

In next example a function add is declared in a short function form. Then, the arguments of the function can take either a scalar or a vector.

      {add: x+y} // short function form
add
      1 add 2    // 1+2
3
      1 add !10  // 1+(1..10)
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The $ rotation operator returns the reverse order of a vector.

      $!10       // reverse
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

A 2-by-3 matrix (or higher dimension array, e.g. 2 3 4#!24) can be generated by # with left argument 2 3.

      2 3#!6     // 2 dimension array (matrix)
1 2 3
4 5 6

In first line below the x is assigned with a vector from 1 to 20. Then, 1 = 2|x returns odd number True and even number False. The / is a primitive function for compression which picks up the value in x corresponding to the True values in its left argument.

      x <- !20   // 1..20
      x
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
      (1 = 2|x) / x  // get odd numbers from x
1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19

See also[edit]

  • APL, the first array programming language
  • J, another APL-inspired language
  • Q, programming language from Kx Systems

References[edit]