This gene is a member of the Ets family of transcription factors and of the ternary complex factor (TCF) subfamily. Proteins of the TCF subfamily form a ternary complex by binding to the serum response factor and the serum response element in the promoter of the c-fos proto-oncogene. The protein encoded by this gene is phosphorylated by the kinases, MAPK1 and MAPK8. Several transcript variants have been described for this gene.
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^Giovane A, Sobieszczuk P, Mignon C, Mattei MG, Wasylyk B (Mar 1996). "Locations of the ets subfamily members net, elk1, and sap1 (ELK3, ELK1, and ELK4) on three homologous regions of the mouse and human genomes". Genomics29 (3): 769–72. doi:10.1006/geno.1995.9938. PMID8575773.
^Chai Y, Chipitsyna G, Cui J, Liao B, Liu S, Aysola K, Yezdani M, Reddy ES, Rao VN (Mar 2001). "c-Fos oncogene regulator Elk-1 interacts with BRCA1 splice variants BRCA1a/1b and enhances BRCA1a/1b-mediated growth suppression in breast cancer cells". Oncogene20 (11): 1357–67. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1204256. PMID11313879.
Janknecht R, Hunter T (1997). "Activation of the Sap-1a transcription factor by the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) mitogen-activated protein kinase". J. Biol. Chem.272 (7): 4219–24. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.7.4219. PMID9020136.
Stein B, Yang MX, Young DB, Janknecht R, Hunter T, Murray BW, Barbosa MS (1997). "p38-2, a novel mitogen-activated protein kinase with distinct properties". J. Biol. Chem.272 (31): 19509–17. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.31.19509. PMID9235954.
Mo Y, Vaessen B, Johnston K, Marmorstein R (1998). "Structures of SAP-1 bound to DNA targets from the E74 and c-fos promoters: insights into DNA sequence discrimination by Ets proteins". Mol. Cell2 (2): 201–12. doi:10.1016/S1097-2765(00)80130-6. PMID9734357.
Kamakura S, Moriguchi T, Nishida E (1999). "Activation of the protein kinase ERK5/BMK1 by receptor tyrosine kinases. Identification and characterization of a signaling pathway to the nucleus". J. Biol. Chem.274 (37): 26563–71. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.37.26563. PMID10473620.
Chai Y, Chipitsyna G, Cui J, Liao B, Liu S, Aysola K, Yezdani M, Reddy ES, Rao VN (2001). "c-Fos oncogene regulator Elk-1 interacts with BRCA1 splice variants BRCA1a/1b and enhances BRCA1a/1b-mediated growth suppression in breast cancer cells". Oncogene20 (11): 1357–67. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1204256. PMID11313879.