EMD Class 66
|EMD Class 66|
HGK DE 64 at Godorf Hafen open day.
The Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) Class 66 (or JT42CWR) are Co-Co diesel locomotives built by EMD for the European heavy freight market. Designed for use in Great Britain as the Class 66, a development of the Class 59, they have been adapted and certified for use in other European countries. Outside Europe, 40 locomotives have been sold to Egyptian Railways for passenger operation.
A number of locomotives built for Euro Cargo Rail in France with roof-mounted air conditioning are classed Class 77. In Germany ECR units operated for DB Schenker were numbered as class 247, re-classified as class 266 by the Eisenbahn-Bundesamt to match other Class 66 locomotives operating in Germany.
The class was designed by General Motors-Electro Motive Division for use in the UK, and 250 were sold to English Welsh & Scottish, with orders from Direct Rail Services, Fastline, Freightliner and GB Railfreight.
With the locomotives proving successful in the UK, interest came from railway operators in Europe. General Motors locomotives in mainland Europe had historically been produced under license by local manufacturers. The high haulage capacity and reliability of the Class 59 (JT26-CW-SS) had led to its use by the German company Häfen und Güterverkehr Köln (HGK). The first mainland Europe order also came from HGK, for two locomotives, followed by TGOJ Trafik (Trafikaktiebolaget Grängesberg-Oxelösunds Järnvägar) in Sweden. Subsequently, many European railway operators bought locomotives.
With a high number of orders, EMD modified the locomotive for European ECR operations, including:
- Powered by a 12-cylinder 710 engine that meets EU Stage IIIA emissions regulations, via latest EM2000 control system
- DC traction motors, rated at 3,300 horsepower (2,500 kW)
- Enhanced gear case, which increases tractive effort to 450 kN (100,000 lbf), making the locomotive suitable for heavier European trains
- ECR Train Protection System allowing for immediate certification for operation in France, Germany and Belgium, but meaning that they cannot operate in Great Britain
- Additional driver facilities, including cab air conditioning; a microwave and fridge in one cab; additional noise cancelling insulation; a modified seat
In 2008 EMD announced plans to develop a new variant 'Class 66EU' designed for continental European operations, built within the UIC 505-1 loading gauge as opposed to the restrictive UK loading gauge. A range of European safety systems would be supported including ERTMS, and locomotives would be fitted with a dynamic brake and previous issues with driver comfort were to be addressed. The project was confirmed to be cancelled in 2011. A similar locomotive concept using EMD technology is the Euro 4000, built by Stadler in Spain and has been delivered to operators in several countries including Norway, France, Spain, Portugal and Israel.
The locomotive uses standard EMD components - an EMD 710 prime mover, D43 traction motors, radial (self-steering) bogies of patented design, which reduce wheel surface and flange wear and are said to improve adhesion and reduce track load.
The class has undergone updates; other than the lower-geared class 66/6 produced for Freightliner, most of the updates have been in relation to conforming to specifications for exhaust particulate emissions.
Despite being popular with rail operators, especially due to its high reliability, the class has not been universally successful: one recurring problem has been driver comfort. In particular, noise levels (including noise from the cab horn), vibration, and excessive cab-temperatures in hot weather have brought serious complaints. The cab is not isolated from the main frame, causing engine noise to be the dominant background noise; notwithstanding the implications for safety (audibility of warning signals etc.), and the potential for hearing damage in the long term, the conditions drivers face led to threats of industrial action in the UK in 2007, and an agreement for increased pay for drivers using this type of locomotive (in Norway). By modifying using noise absorbing materials EMD succeeded in meeting TSI Noise Certification standards in 2008. Tests on retrofitted cooling systems and improved seating have been carried out on some UK locomotives.
Between 2006 and 2010, 12 locomotives belonging to Mitsui Capital Rail Europe (MRCE), operating in the Netherlands and Germany, were equipped with ETCS, principally to allow them to work on the equipped Betuweroute, comprising the ETCS Level 1 "Havenspoorlijn" in the Rotterdam harbour area and the ETCS Level 2 "A15" route linking Rotterdam to the German border.[note 1]. The MRCE locomotives were sold to Beacon Rail in 2015. Commencing in 2015, 15 locomotives owned by Ascendos Rail Leasing and 10 locomotives owned and operated by Crossrail Benelux were equipped with ETCS.
As a fuel-saving and wear-reduction measure operator DB Schenker Rail UK is to fit ninety of its fleet with automatic engine stop start technology by the end of 2015. The modification is provided by ZTR Control Systems of London, Ontario and is expected to reduce engine running hours by about one-third.
Certification (homologation) is needed for each country of operation. The locos were initially given a temporary certificate for use in France, and full certification came in 2009 (they had previously operated in France on some routes), Romanian certification came in 2007 The class is certified for operation in Germany, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, Sweden, Norway, Poland and Denmark. As of 1 January 2009, certification for use in the Czech Republic and Slovakia was pending.
List of operators
|Beacon Rail (15)
Halifax Asset Finance (33)
Eversholt Rail Group (85)
Lloyds Bank (4)
DB Cargo UK
Direct Rail Services
|Great Britain||Class 66||455|
60 EWS locomotives lent from EWS stock to EWSi subsidiary Euro Cargo Rail.
13 units exported to Poland for Freightliner Poland.
|Alpha Trains||Euro Cargo Rail (ECR)||France||Class 66
|120||60 loaned from parent company EWSi|
60 further locomotives during 2009 designated Class 77
|Freightliner PL (FPL)||Poland||Class 66||7||Part of Freightliner Group Ltd.|
|Rail4Chem Benelux (R4CB)||Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands & Luxembourg)||26|
|Heavy Haul Power International (HHPI)||Germany|
|Häfen und Güterverkehr Köln (HGK)||Germany||Class 266|
|ERS Railways (ERSR)||Netherlands|
|Railion Nederland (RN)||Netherlands|
|Deutsche Leasing||Rail4Chem Benelux (R4CB)||Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands & Luxembourg)||1|
|Egyptian National Railways (ENR)||Egypt||2120||40||First non-European customer, for passenger use.|
|GM/Opel leasing||Häfen und Güterverkehr Köln (HGK)||Germany||Class 266||2|
|GM/GMAC leasing||Heavy Haul Power International (HHPI)||Germany||1|
|Eversholt Rail Group||TGOJ Trafik (TGOJ)||Sweden||T66 713||1||Leased to IKEA rail AB, from 2012-07 to Rush Rail source|
|CFL Cargo DK||Denmark||T66K 714 "Krudthornet"||1||Transferred to CFL Cargo DK in Padborg in 2010 (SE,DK ATC)|
|CargoNet (CN)||Norway||CD66||6||Problems with driver cabin conditions (see above)|
Named Di9 as per Di series in procurement documents, in practice also called CD 66
To be replaced by Vossloh Euro 4000 on the Nordland Line
|Häfen und Güterverkehr Köln (HGK)||Germany||Class 266||5|
|ERS Railways (ERSR)||Netherlands||5|
|KBC lease group||Crossrail Benelux||Belgium||4|
|ERS Railways (ERSR)||Netherlands||~6|
|Häfen und Güterverkehr Köln (HGK)||Germany||Class 266||~2|
|Afzet Container Transport System (ACTS)||Netherlands||1|
|Dortmunder Eisenbahn (DE)||Germany||1|
|Veolia Cargo / Connex (VC)||Netherlands & France||1|
|Trainsport AG (TS)||Belgium||1|
|Setrag||Gabon||2||Units shipped July 2011.|
- Bombardier "EBICab2000" ETCS. Includes ATB-EG specific transmission module (STM) for conventional Dutch lines and the PZB STM for Germany. A separate "Memor" unit is installed for Belgian operation.
- "Class 66 :: Electro-Motive Diesel JT42CWR". class66.railfan.nl. Rogier Immers. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- Klass 66 : a play on the English word "class" and the Dutch boys' name "Klaas" and the word SantaKlaus (Dutch:'Sinterklaas'). The nickname came about because the first engine delivered to the Netherlands (HGK DE61) was painted red, a colour normally associated with Santa.
- JT42CWRM Fact Sheet
- "Commissioning of Egyptian JT42CWRM begins". Railway Gazette International. 2009-05-20.
- "DB Schenker withdraws last Class 217 locomotives", Railway Herald (306): 37, 14 March 2012
- In 2005 General Motors sold its locomotive manufacturing division (EMD), the organisation is now named Electro Motive Diesel or EMD
- Class 66 (subsection 'History') railfan.nl
- "Akiem adds Class 77s to lease fleet". Railway Gazette. 21 June 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Andrew Roden (September 2008). "EMD plans new route for Class 66". findarticles.com. International Railway Journal.
- "EMD to produce passenger demonstrator loco", www.railwaygazettte.com, Railway Gazette International, 4 October 2011,
Meanwhile, EMD confirms that it has dropped plans for the 66EU, which was to have been an updated version of its popular Class 66 freight locomotive specifically adapted for the Continental European market
- The individual bogies are articulated rather than having two bogies connected with a Beugniot lever or equivalent
- The effect of locomotive steering steering bogies on wheel and railwear, Swenson, C.A.; Scott, R.T. Railroad Conference, 1996. (via ieeexplore.ieee.org)
- Effect of self-steering locomotive trucks in improving adhesion oncurved tracks, Ahmadian, M.; Wei Huang, Railroad Conference, 2000. (via ieexplore.ieee.org)
- EMD Class 66 Product information sheet from EMD
- Rail Safety & Standards board: The implications of the physical agents directive (noise): summary Archived 25 October 2005 at the Wayback Machine
- "Boycott threat over 'dirty' locos". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC News. 30 April 2007.
- Agreement between the NLF and CargoNet (Norwegian) Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc. (EMD) Updated Class 66 European Locomotive is First to Achieve TSI Noise Certification in Europe
- "Positive moves on Class 66 cabs". www.aslef.org. ASLEF. 21 March 2007. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011.
- "Update on SQUASH". www.aslef.org.uk. ASLEF. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011.
- "Class 66 locos to get engine stop-start technology". Railway Gazette. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Various modifications were required, including some additional to the fitment of the local train safety systems (see Details of Class 66 modifications made for working in France (esg-railconsultancy.co.uk) Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- (EMD) Announces French Homologation Has Been Achieved For the Euro Cargo Rail Class 66 Locomotives
- Electro-Motive Diesels (EMD) certifies its Class 66 (JT42CWRM) locomotive in Romania
- AbRail Rail Databases - Diesel Locomotives Archived 31 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine www.abrail.co.uk
- ECR locomotives railfaneurope.net
- Freightliner PL Freightliner.co.uk Archived 16 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- 23 February 2007 ANGEL TRAINS ENTERS THE POLISH RAIL FREIGHT MARKET
- Angel Trains presentation (via mtgsa.pl)
- The Definitive Fleet List of Euro Class 66 locos - giving works numbers, running numbers, names, operators and international IDs. (up to November 2007) therailwaycentre.com
- "Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc (EMD) Rolls Out The New JT42CWRM for Egyptian National Railways (ENR)". Electro-Motive Diesel.
- ENR locomotives and shunters railfaneurope.net
- TGOJ Trafik. (Locomotive listing on sub-page) (Swedish) Archived 6 May 2001 at the Wayback Machine
- TGOJ locomotives Railfaneurope.net
- CargoNet diesellokomotiv type CD66
- Norwegian rolling stock database page (with images)
- Årlig møte med ledelsen i CargoNet AS TILSYNSRAPPORT (annual audit report) CargoNet 2002[permanent dead link]
- "World rolling stock market September 2011", www.railwaygazette.com, Railway Gazette International, 26 September 2011
- Rodney Polacek; Bozidar Simonovic, "Nothing stops a Class 66", RAIL (492), archived from the original on 10 October 2007
- R. Polacek; B. Simonovic (2004), "Class 66 - Locomotive Without Borders", Railvolution (1)
- Локомотив для Европы без границ, Железные дороги мира (in Russian) (8), 2004, archived from the original on 3 May 2007
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