Performance figures Power output 2,000 hp (1.49 MW)
Career Locale North America
EMD GP38 is a four-axle  diesel-electric locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between January 1966 and December 1971. The locomotive's prime mover was an EMD 645 16- cylinder engine that generated 2,000 horsepower (1.49 MW). The company built 706 GP38s for North American railroads.
In 1972, EMD began making an updated model, the
GP38-2, as part of its Dash-2 line.
Original orders [ edit ]
Aberdeen and Rockfish Railroad
Altos Hornos de México
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
Rebuilt to GP38us and renumbered to 2300-2360
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
To CSX 2000–2049, 2100-2119
Bangor and Aroostook Railroad
Burlington Northern Railroad
Ordered as SP&S 200-205
Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad
To CSX 2050–2099, 2120-2129
To Seaboard System then CSX 2180-2189
Detroit, Toledo and Ironton Railroad
To GTW 6200-6206
Erie Mining Company
Ferrocarriles Unidos del Sureste
Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad
To Illinois Central Gulf then Illinois Central Railroad 9520-9539
Louisville and Nashville Railroad
To Seaboard System 6221–6240, then renumbered to 2130–2149, then to CSX
Maine Central Railroad
252 & 254 To B&M after Guilford merger
Missouri Pacific Railroad
To Norfolk Southern Railway renumbered 2871-2878
Penn Central Transportation Company
Biggest order of GP38s, to Conrail same numbers, and then to Norfolk Southern 2880 and 2885-2957 and CSX Transportation 1950–1998, Rest to various short lines.
Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines
Built with dual control stands and an extended cab face. To Conrail 7660–7674, and then Norfolk Southern 2943-2957
Phelps Dodge Corporation
Built with high hoods. To NS with original numbers
Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia Railway
To Southern then NS 2879
Texas Mexican Railway
Rebuilds [ edit ]
A number of GP38s have been rebuilt into the equivalent of a GP38-2.
Conversely, a number of higher horsepower
40 Series locomotives have been rebuilt into the equivalent of a GP38-2 (GP38AC), by the removal of the turbocharger and the substitution of twin Roots blowers.
Norfolk Southern rebuilt #2911 which is an ex Penn Central GP38 into an experimental zero-emissions Battery-Electric locomotive known as the Altoona Works BP4. The new locomotive was renumbered as NS #999.
Preservation [ edit ]
does not cite any sources
( September 2021)
Conway Scenic Railroad 252, built as Maine Central 252, is in Maine Central ‘harvest gold’ paint with Conway Scenic reporting marks, and currently operates on excursions on the former MEC Notch Route. This locomotive suffered a broken crankshaft in August 2020 and is awaiting repair. It is currently on display in the yard. Conway Scenic Railroad 255, built as Maine Central 255, is in
Vermont Railway Red paint with Conway Scenic reporting marks.
TAG Railway 80 is preserved in operational condition at the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum.
West Chester Railroad 7706, built as Penn Central 7706, is preserved and operates on tourist trains on the former PRR line. Chessie System 3802, built as Baltimore & Ohio 3802, is preserved at the Baltimore Ohio Railroad Museum in Baltimore, Maryland
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
Media related to EMD GP38 locomotives at Wikimedia Commons