Norfolk Southern #3809.
|Type and origin|
|Builder||General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD)|
|Build date||May 1967 – October 1971|
|AAR wheel arr.||C-C|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Fuel capacity||3,200 US gal (12,000 l; 2,700 imp gal)|
|Prime mover||EMD 645E|
|Engine type||V16 diesel|
|Power output||2,000 hp (1.5 MW)|
The SD38 is a 6-axle diesel-electric locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between May 1967 and October 1971. It had an EMD 645 16-cylinder engine generating 2,000 horsepower (1.5 MW), compared to the turbocharged EMD 645E3 V-16 engine that produced 3000 horsepower. The SD38 had the same frame as the SD39, SD40 and SD45. 52 were built for American railroads, one was built for a Canadian railroad, four were exported to a mining firm in Jamaica and seven were exported to a mining firm in Venezuela. The SD38 was succeeded by a Dash 2 version called the EMD SD38-2.
|Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad||3||861-863|
|Detroit, Toledo and Ironton Railroad||5||250-254||To Grand Trunk Western 6250-6254; 253 and 254 still in service as Reading and Northern Railroad Nos. 2003 and 2004|
|Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway||6||650-655||650 and 654 no longer in service, 651-653, and 655 sold to DMIR in 1992/1993.|
|Kaiser Bauxite||4||5101-5104||Jamaica/Now called Noranda Bauxite Limited (NBL)|
|McCloud River Railroad||3||36-38||Still in service by MCR as of December 2005, Builder No. 34880-34882|
|Orinoco Mining Company||7||1021–1027||Venezuela|
|Penn Central||35||6925-6959||All went to Conrail with same #'s. When Conrail broke up, 21 went to Norfolk Southern (Some rebuilt to slugs, rest retired), 13 to CSX (All but two retired), and 1 to the Reading Blue Mountain & Northern Railway (Operational).|
|RFFSA (Brazil)||45||3601-3645||SD38M - 34 units in service|
An M version of SD38 was built for the Brazil Federal Railways (RFFSA - Rede Ferroviária Federal S. A.).
Forty of a passenger version, the SDP38, were built for the Korean National Railways.
- Pinkepank, Jerry A. (1973). The Second Diesel Spotter’s Guide. Milwaukee, WI: Kalmbach Publishing Company. ISBN 0-89024-026-4.
- Sarberenyi, Robert. EMD SD38, SD38AC, and SDP38 Original Owners. Retrieved on August 27, 2006
- Sarberenyi, Robert. EMD SD38, SD38AC, and SDP38 Original Owners
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