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NS locomotive 3809 in Buckeye Yard, (Columbus, Ohio).jpg
Norfolk Southern #3809.
Type and origin
Power type Diesel-electric
Builder General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD)
Model SD38
Build date May 1967 – October 1971
Total produced 53
 • AAR C-C
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Fuel capacity 3,200 US gal (12,000 l; 2,700 imp gal)
Prime mover EMD 645E
Engine type V16 diesel
Cylinders 16
Performance figures
Power output 2,000 hp (1.5 MW)

The SD38 is a 6-axle diesel-electric locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between May 1967 and October 1971. It had an EMD 645 16-cylinder engine generating 2,000 horsepower (1.5 MW), compared to the turbocharged EMD 645E3 V-16 engine that produced 3000 horsepower. The SD38 had the same frame as the SD39, SD40 and SD45. 52 were built for American railroads, one was built for a Canadian railroad, four were exported to a mining firm in Jamaica and seven were exported to a mining firm in Venezuela. The SD38 was succeeded by a Dash 2 version called the EMD SD38-2.

Original Owners[edit]

Railroad Quantity Road numbers Notes
Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad 3 861-863
Detroit, Toledo and Ironton Railroad 5 250-254 To Grand Trunk Western 6250-6254; 253 and 254 still in service as Reading and Northern Railroad Nos. 2003 and 2004
Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway 6 650-655 650 sold to CITI Rail in 2011, 654 sold to Hartwell railroad in 2011, 651-653, and 655 sold to DMIR in 1992/1993.
Kaiser Bauxite 4 5101-5104 Jamaica/Now called Noranda Bauxite Limited (NBL)
McCloud River Railroad 3 36-38 36 & 38 on MCR property as of July 2017, 37 Now On Dakota Southern RailwayBuilder No. 34880-34882
Orinoco Mining Company 7 1021–1027 Venezuela
Penn Central 35 6925-6959 All went to Conrail with same #'s. When Conrail broke up, 21 went to Norfolk Southern (Some rebuilt to slugs, rest retired), 13 to CSX (All but two retired), and 1 to the Reading Blue Mountain & Northern Railway (Operational).
RFFSA (Brazil) 45 3601-3645 SD38M - 34 units in service

An M version of SD38 was built for the Brazil Federal Railways (RFFSA - Rede Ferroviária Federal S. A.).

Forty of a passenger version, the SDP38, were built for the Korean National Railways in May-July 1967. The units were numbered 6351-6390.


External links[edit]