September 1998 cover: Romy Schneider, Alice Schwarzer
|Frequency||Six times per year|
|First issue||26 January 1977|
History and profile
The first issue of EMMA was published on 26 January 1977. The founder of the magazine was Alice Schwarzer, who is still publisher and editor-in-chief. The magazine was modelled on the American magazine Ms in terms of content, targeted audience and layout. It has its headquarters in Cologne. In December 2002, the EMMA website was launched.
Since its foundation, EMMA has been the leading feminist magazine in Germany, and the only political magazine in Europe entirely run by women.
The magazine has often been criticised for its opinionated and activist stance. However, it has affected German society, creating awareness for and instigating debates on social and women's issues.
The estimated circulation of the magazine was 60,000 copies in 2012.
- Catherine C. Fraser; Dierk O. Hoffmann (1 January 2006). Pop Culture Germany!: Media, Arts, and Lifestyle. ABC-CLIO. p. 201. ISBN 978-1-85109-733-3. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- Kristina Wydra. "For women, by women – Alice Schwarzer and the feminist magazine EMMA". Alumni Portal. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- Patricia Melzer (2009). "'Death in the Shape of a Young Girl': Feminist Responses to Media Representations of Women Terrorists during the 'German Autumn' of 1977". International Feminist Journal of Politics. 11 (1): 35–62. doi:10.1080/14616740802567782.
- Hanifa Deen (1 January 2006). The Crescent and the Pen: The Strange Journey of Taslima Nasreen. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-275-99167-8. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "Happy Birthday, Emma: German Feminist Magazine Turns 30", Deutsche Welle, 25 January 2007. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- Alice Schwarzer: Emma. Die ersten 30 Jahre. München 2007: Kollektion Rolf Heyne. (in German)