ENDURANCE (Environmentally Non-Disturbing Under-ice Robotic Antarctic Explorer) is an autonomous underwater vehicle designed to map in three dimensions the geochemistry and biology of underwater terrains in Antarctica. The vehicle was built and designed by Stone Aerospace, and is the second incarnation of the DEPTHX vehicle, which was significantly reconfigured for the challenges particular to the Antarctic environment.
The principal investigator for the ENDURANCE project was Earth and environmental scientist Dr. Peter Doran of the University of Illinois at Chicago. Bill Stone, CEO of Stone Aerospace, was a co-investigator, along with Dr. John Priscu of Montana State University, and Dr. Chris McKay of NASA Ames Research Center. The project was funded by the NASA ASTEP program as well as by the National Science Foundation's United States Antarctic Program.
- Probing Antarctica’s Lake Bonney. Space.com. Henry Bortman. 21 May 2009.
- Visionary Counting on Unmanned Vehicles Unmanned Systems Magazine. Richard Tuttle. Nov/Dec 2007. Retrieved from stoneaerospace.com on 12 Apr 2012.
- ENDURANCE: Antarctica 2009 Mission Begins. Stone Aerospace. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Exploring Beneath Antarctic Ice. Astrobiology Magazine. Henry Bortman. 8 April 2010.