EN 54

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The EN 54 Fire detection and fire alarm systems is a mandatory standard that specifies requirements and laboratory test for every component of fire detection and fire alarm system and it allows the free movement of construction products between countries of the European Union market.

It was developed and approved by European Committee for Standardization (CEN, French: Comité Européen de Normalisation).

This standard is widely recognized around the world for several countries outside of European Union. It is recognized in Latin American countries, Brasil, African and Asian countries and several islands in the Pacific Ocean.

Mandatory standard in the European countries[edit]

According to the Construction Product Products Regulation, it is mandatory that Fire Detection and Fire Alarm equipment is certified under EN 54 standard by an authorized certification body.[1]

Only when this condition has been satisfied can the CE mark be properly affixed to the product, recognising and demonstrating that the product fulfills the European Union safety and performance requirements and thereby allowing free trade inside the European Union. Therefore, CE mark is a legal requirement for trade within the EU. Any other mark is voluntary and can not substituted the CE mark.

The Construction Products Regulation (CPR) has been adopted by the European Commission and replaces the Construction Products Directive (CPD) as from 1st July 2013.

It is to ensure the free movement of all construction products within the European Union by harmonizing technical standards with respect to the essential requirements applicable to construction products in terms of health and safety.

The main goal is to ensure that construction products are only introduced to the European market if they are fit for their intended use.

[2] [3] [4] [5] [5] [6] [7] [8]

Construction Products Directive 89/106/EEC[edit]

This Directive related to all construction products for installation in any member country of the European Union. It was repealed and replaced by The Construction Products Regulation.

Construction Products Regulation[edit]

The Construction Products Regulation[9] is titled in full "Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9th Match 2011 laying down harmonised conditions for the marketing of construction products and repealing Council Directive 89/106/EEC", and is intended to simplify and clarify the legal framework in this field which was established by Directive 89/106/EEC.

The Regulation provides that where a harmonised technical standard exists for a construction product as defined by the Regulation, that product must be tested and certified to that standard by a notified body in order to qualify for a CE Mark. Since EN 54 is the harmonised technical standard for fire detection and alarm products, it appears to follow that products in that field which are brought to market in the European Union must be tested against the provisions of EN 54 and certified accordingly.

The Construction Products Regulation (CPR) came into effect from 1st July 2013; products which are placed on the market in the EU after that date must comply with the provisions of the Regulation, and by extension therefore with EN 54.

Technical Committees[edit]

You are able to see all Technical Committees at the CEN website: http://www.cen.eu/cen/Sectors/Sectors/Construction/Pages/Workprogramme.aspx

(TC) Technical Committee CEN/TC72 Automatic fire detection system and fire alarm[edit]

It is the TC responsible of developing the normative for fire detection system in the EU and responsible for coordination with committees of each member country to update information and making new normative in fire detection system. The committee of each member country report and depend directly from CEN/TC 72. These committees must inform updates and new normative that is received from CEN/TC72 to responsible office, departments or national organization which has been managed the normative of Fire detection system inside of every member country. These national committees must carry the necessities and new requirement of the industry and user of each country member of Fire detection system to the CEN/TC72 that is the European Committee which is responsible of update and change normative of fire detection system in the European Union.

How E54 are Made?

[10]

CE evaluation of conformity[edit]

For a product to carry a CE Mark, it must fulfill the essential requirements. Fire alarm and Fire detection products, therefore, must follow the requirement laid down in the Construction Products Regulation for testing by a notified body to be carried out against the harmonised technical standard in the field - EN 54.

The testing procedure, which is laid down in detail in EN 54, must be carried out by the approved notified body and the official certificatory Declaration Of Performance should be provided by that body.

Following table show the requirement of each system.

System Manufacture Task Approval body Tasks (Certification Based on:) CE Marking Documents
4 ITT and FPC N/A MDOC
3 FPC ITT MDOC
2 ITT and FPC Initial FPC MDOC and FPC Certification
2+ ITT, FPC and Product Test according to a test Plan FPC Initial Inspection and FPC Periodic Inspection MDOC and FPC Certification
1 FPC, Product Test according to a Test Plan ITT, FPC Initial Inspection and FPC Periodic Inspection MDOC and FPC Certification
1+ FPC and Product Test according to a test Plan ITT, FPC Initial Inspection, FPC Periodic Inspection and Factory or market product test MDOC and FPC Certification
  • ITT: Initial Type Test.
  • FPC: Factory Production Control.
  • MDOC: Manufacturer Declaration of Conformity.

EN 54 Standard Family Parts[edit]

The standard has been published in a number of parts:

  • EN 54 part 1 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Introduction[11]
  • EN 54 part 3 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Fire alarm devices. Sounders
  • EN 54 part 4 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Power supply equipment
  • EN 54 part 5 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Heat detectors. Point detectors
  • EN 54 part 6a Fire detection and fire alarm systems heat detectors; Rate-of-Rise point detectors without a static element {WITHDRAWN}
  • EN 54 part 7 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Smoke detector. Point detectors using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization
  • EN 54 part 8 Components of automatic fire detection systems. Specification for high temperature heat detectors {WITHDRAWN}
  • EN 54 part 9 Components of automatic fire detection systems. Methods of test of sensitivity to fire
  • EN 54 part 10 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Flame detector. Point detectors
  • EN 54 part 12 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Smoke detectors. Line detectors using an optical light beam
  • EN 54 part 13 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Compatibility assessment of system components
  • EN 54 part 14 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance.
  • EN 54 part 16 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Components for fire alarm voice alarm systems. Voice alarm control and indicating equipment
  • EN 54 part 17 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Short circuit isolators
  • EN 54 part 18 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Input/output devices
  • EN 54 part 21 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Alarm transmission and fault warning routing equipment
  • EN 54 part 22 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Line type heat detectors
  • EN 54 part 23 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Fire alarm devices. Visual alarms
  • EN 54 part 24 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Voice alarms - Loudspeakers
  • EN 54 part 25 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Components using radio links and system requirements
  • EN 54 part 26 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Point fire detectors using Carbon Monoxide sensors
  • EN 54 part 27 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Duct smoke detectors

[12] [13]

List of authorized certification body with its national reference[edit]

These reference members are Nationals Organization with authorized certification body by country.

National Organization of each country has the same parts numbers. Following standards that are named in the above section EN 54 Standard Family Parts.

EN 54 standards have been developed by European Committee for Standardization with the approval of their members.

  • Austria, ASI, ÖNORM EN 54-
  • Belgium, NBN, NBN EN 54-
  • Bulgaria, BDS, BDS EN 54-
  • Croatia, HZN, HRN EN 54-
  • Cyprus, CYS, CYS EN 54-
  • Czech Republic, UNMZ, ČSN EN 54-
  • Denmark, DS, DS/EN 54-
  • Estonia, EVS, EVS-EN 54-
  • Finland, SFS, SFS-EN 54-
  • France, AFNOR, NF EN 54-
  • Germany, DIN, DIN EN 54-
  • Hungary, MSZT, MSZ EN 54-
  • Iceland, IST, ÍST EN 54-
  • Ireland, NSAI, I.S. EN 54-
  • Italy, UNI, UNI EN 54-
  • Latvia, LVS, LVS EN 54-
  • Lithuania, LST, LST EN 54-
  • Luxembourg, ILNAS, EN 54-
  • Republic of Macedonia, ISRM, МКС EN 54-
  • Malta, MCCAA, SM EN 54-1
  • Netherlands, NEN, NEN-EN 54-
  • Norway, SN, NS-EN 54-
  • Poland, PKN, PN-EN 54-
  • Portugal, IPQ, EN 54-
  • Romania, ASRO, SR EN 54-
  • Slovakia, SUTN, STN EN 54-
  • Slovenia, SIST, SIST EN 54-
  • Spain, AENOR, UNE-EN 54-
  • Sweden, SIS, SS-EN 54-
  • Switzerland, SNV, SN EN 54-
  • Turkey, TSE, TS EN 54-
  • United Kingdom, BSI, BS EN 54-
  • Albania, DPS, S SH EN 54-
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, BAS, BAS EN 54-
  • Montenegro, ISME, MEST EN 54-
  • Serbia, ISS, SRPS EN 54-

In the United Kingdom it superseded BS 5445:Part 1:1977. BS EN 54-1:1996 was published in December 1996.[14] [15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]