EN 54

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The EN 54 Fire detection and fire alarm systems is a mandatory standard that specifies requirements and laboratory test for every component of fire detection and fire alarm system and it allows the free movement of construction products between countries of the European Union market.

It was developed and approved by European Committee for Standardization (CEN, French: Comité Européen de Normalisation).

This standard is widely recognized around the world for several countries outside of European Union. It is recognized in Latin American countries, Brasil, African and Asian countries and several islands in the Pacific Ocean.

Mandatory Standard in the European Countries[edit]

According to the Construction Product Directive 89/106/CE, it is mandatory that Fire Detection and Fire Alarm equipments are certified under EN 54 Standard by an authorized Certification Body.

This is the only way to affix the CE mark on the product, which recognizes that this product fulfils all the European Union safety and performances requirements and allows free movement inside all European Union market.

Therefore, CE mark is the only legal condition for trade. Any other mark is voluntary and can not substituted the CE mark. This means that others marks must be based on EN 54 Standards having very restricted actuation field implementing minor requirements.

The Construction Products Regulation (CPR) has been adopted by the European Commission and replaces the Construction Products Directive (CPD). As a result of the change, CE mark will soon become mandatory in the European Union. Manufacturers and importers have until July 2013 to ensure that their construction products meet the CE requirements of the new Regulation. It is to ensure the free movement of all construction products within the European Union by harmonizing national laws with respect to the essential requirements applicable to construction products in terms of health and safety. The main goal is to ensure that construction products are only introduced to the European market if they are fit for their intended use.

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Construction Products Regulation 89/106/ECC[edit]

This is a regulation that has included all construction products that want to be installed in any member country of the European Union. You are able to see all Technical Committees at the CEN website. You could visit this link

http://www.cen.eu/cen/Sectors/Sectors/Construction/Pages/Workprogramme.aspx

(TC) Technical Committee CEN/TC72 Automatic Fire detection system and Fire Alarm[edit]

It is the TC responsible of developing the normative for fire detection system in the EU and responsible for coordination with committees of each member country to update information and making new normative in fire detection system. The committee of each member country report and depend directly from CEN/TC 72. These committees must inform updates and new normative that is received from CEN/TC72 to responsible office, departments or national organization which has been managed the normative of Fire detection system inside of every member country. These national committees must carry the necessities and new requirement of the industry and user of each country member of Fire detection system to the CEN/TC72 that is the European Committee which is responsible of update and change normative of fire detection system in the European Union.

How E54 are Made?

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CE Evaluation Of conformity[edit]

If one product is a CE Mark it must fullfill the essential requeriment defined by the system of CE Mark. The system that has to follow one product is defined for the system that must be fulfilled. Fire alarm and Fire detection system must follow the system 1. CE Mark request for manufacture test and test that must be done for a certificate body and every product have an official certification issued by a certificate body.


Following table show the requirement of each system.

System Manufacture Task Approval body Tasks (Certification Based on:) CE Marking Documents
4 ITT and FPC N/A MDOC
3 FPC ITT MDOC
2 ITT and FPC Initial FPC MDOC and FPC Certification
2+ ITT, FPC and Product Test according to a test Plan FPC Initial Inspection and FPC Periodic Inspection MDOC and FPC Certification
1 FPC, Product Test according to a Test Plan ITT, FPC Initial Inspection and FPC Periodic Inspection MDOC and FPC Certification
1+ FPC and Product Test according to a test Plan ITT, FPC Initial Inspection, FPC Periodic Inspection and Factory or market product test MDOC and FPC Certification
  • ITT: Initial Type Test.
  • FPC: Factory Production Control.
  • MDOC: Manufacturer Declaration of Conformity.


EN 54 Standard Family Parts[edit]

The standard has been published in a number of parts:

  • EN 54 part 1 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Introduction[10]
  • EN 54 part 3 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Fire alarm devices. Sounders
  • EN 54 part 4 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Power supply equipment
  • EN 54 part 5 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Heat detectors. Point detectors
  • EN 54 part 6a Fire detection and fire alarm systems heat detectors; Rate-of-Rise point detectors without a static element {WITHDRAWN}
  • EN 54 part 7 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Smoke detector. Point detectors using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization
  • EN 54 part 8 Components of automatic fire detection systems. Specification for high temperature heat detectors {WITHDRAWN}
  • EN 54 part 9 Components of automatic fire detection systems. Methods of test of sensitivity to fire
  • EN 54 part 10 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Flame detector. Point detectors
  • EN 54 part 12 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Smoke detectors. Line detectors using an optical light beam
  • EN 54 part 13 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Compatibility assessment of system components
  • EN 54 part 14 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance.
  • EN 54 part 16 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Components for fire alarm voice alarm systems. Voice alarm control and indicating equipment
  • EN 54 part 17 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Short circuit isolators
  • EN 54 part 18 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Input/output devices
  • EN 54 part 21 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Alarm transmission and fault warning routing equipment
  • EN 54 part 22 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Line type heat detectors
  • EN 54 part 23 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Fire alarm devices. Visual alarms
  • EN 54 part 24 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Voice alarms - Loudspeakers
  • EN 54 part 25 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Components using radio links and system requirements
  • EN 54 part 26 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Point fire detectors using Carbon Monoxide sensors
  • EN 54 part 27 Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Duct smoke detectors

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List Of Authorized Certification Body With Its National Reference[edit]

These reference members are Nationals Organization with authorized certification body by country.

National Organization of each country has the same parts numbers. Following standards that are named in the above section EN 54 Standard Family Parts.

EN 54 standards have been developed by European Committee for Standardization with the approval of their members.

  • Austria, ASI OENORM EN 54-
  • Belgium, NBN NBN EN 54-
  • Bulgaria, BDS BDS EN 54-
  • Croatia, HZN HRN EN 54-
  • Cyprus, CYS CYS EN 54-
  • Czech Republic, UNMZ CSN EN 54-
  • Denmark, DS DS/EN 54-
  • Estonia, EVS EVS-EN 54-
  • Finland, SFS SFS-EN 54-
  • France, AFNOR NF EN 54-
  • Germany, DIN DIN EN 54-
  • Hungary, MSZT MSZ EN 54-
  • Iceland, IST ÍST EN 54-
  • Ireland, NSAI I.S. EN 54-
  • Italy, UNI UNI EN 54-
  • Latvia, LVS LVS EN 54-
  • Lithuania, LST LST EN 54-
  • Luxembourg, ILNAS EN 54-
  • Republic of Macedonia, ISRM МКС EN 54-
  • Malta, MCCAA SM EN 54-1
  • Netherlands, NEN NEN-EN 54-
  • Norway, SN NS-EN 54-
  • Poland, PKN PN-EN 54-
  • Portugal, IPQ EN 54-
  • Romania, ASRO SR EN 54-
  • Slovakia, SUTN STN EN 54-
  • Slovenia, SIST SIST EN 54-
  • Spain, AENOR UNE-EN 54-
  • Sweden, SIS SS-EN 54-
  • Switzerland, SNV SN EN 54-
  • Turkey, TSE TS EN 54-
  • United Kingdom, BSI BS EN 54-
  • Albania, DPS S SH EN 54-
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, BAS BAS EN 54-
  • Montenegro, ISME MEST EN 54-
  • Serbia, ISS SRPS EN 54-

In the United Kingdom it superseded BS 5445:Part 1:1977. BS EN 54-1:1996 was published in December 1996.

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See also[edit]

References[edit]