EPICS

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EPICS
EPICS logo svg.svg
Developer(s)Free software community
Initial releaseJanuary 19, 1994 (1994-01-19)
Stable release
3.15.6 / October 11, 2018; 13 months ago (2018-10-11)
Preview release
7.0.3.1 / November 1, 2019; 17 days ago (2019-11-01)
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeOpen Source
LicenseEPICS Open License
Websiteepics-controls.org

The Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) is a set of software tools and applications used to develop and implement distributed control systems to operate devices such as particle accelerators, telescopes and other large experiments. The tools are designed to help develop systems which often feature large numbers of networked computers delivering control and feedback. They also provide SCADA capabilities.

History[edit]

EPICS was initially developed as the Ground Test Accelerator Controls System (GTACS) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in 1988 by Bob Dalesio, Jeff Hill et al.[1]  In 1989, Marty Kraimer from Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) came to work alongside the GTA controls team for 6 months, bringing his experience from his work on the Advanced Photon Source (APS) Control System to the project. The resulting software was renamed EPICS and was presented at the International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems (ICALEPCS) in 1991.[2]

EPICS was originally available under a commercial license, with enhanced versions sold by Tate & Kinetic Systems. Licenses for collaborators were free but required a legal agreement with LANL and APS. An EPICS community was established and development grew, as more facilities joined in with the collaboration. In February 2004, EPICS became freely distributable after its release under the EPICS Open License.[3]

It is now used and developed by over 50 large science institutions worldwide, as well as by several commercial companies.

Architecture[edit]

EPICS uses client/server and publish/subscribe techniques to communicate between computers. Servers, the “input/output controllers” (IOCs), collect experiment and control data in real-time using the measurement instruments attached to them. This information is then provided to clients using the high bandwidth Channel Access (CA), or the recently added pvAccess networking protocol, which are designed to suit real-time applications such as scientific experiments.

IOCs hold and run a database of 'records' which represent either devices or aspects of the devices to be controlled. They can be hosted by either stock-standard servers or PCs, or VME, or MicroTCA standard embedded system processors. For ‘hard real-time’ applications the RTEMS or VxWorks operating systems are normally used, whereas ‘soft real-time’ applications run on Linux or Microsoft Windows.

Data held in the database of records are represented by unique identifiers, known as Process Variables (PVs). These PVs are accessible over the channels provided by the Channel Access network protocol.

Database records are available for different types of input and output (eg analog or binary) or to provide different functional behaviour such as a calculation record. It is also possible to create custom record types. Each record consists of a set of fields which hold its data, and specify its behaviour. Most record types are listed in the EPICS record reference manual.

Graphical user interface packages are available, allowing users to view and interact with PV data via typical display widgets such as dials and text boxes. Examples include EDM (Extensible Display Manager), MEDM (Motif/EDM), and CSS.

Any software which implements the CA/pvAccess protocol can read and write PV values. Extension packages are available to provide support for MATLAB, LabVIEW, Perl, Python, Tcl, ActiveX, etc. These can be used to write scripts to interact with EPICS controlled equipment.

Facilities using EPICS[edit]

List of Institutions using EPICS, by Region
Region Institute Country
Africa iThemba LABS – South Africa South Africa
Asia KSTAR – Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research Republic of Korea
J-PARC – Joint Facility for High Intensity Proton Accelerators Japan
RIBF – RIKEN RI Beam Factory Project
KAGRA – Kamioka Gravitational Wave Detector
SuperKEKB at KEK in Tskuba
BSRF – Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory China
VECC – Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre India
Europe Berliner Elektronenspeicherring für Synchrotronstrahlung (BESSY II)Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin Germany
Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron (DESY)
FHI free-electron laser (FEL) - Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society
GEO600Gravitational-wave observatory, Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics
GSI/FAIR
S-DALINACTechnische Universität Darmstadt
Wendelstein 7-X – experimental stellarator, Max Planck Institute of Plasma Physics
Diamond Light SourceRutherford Appleton Laboratory United Kingdom
ISIS Neutron Source - Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
International Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE)Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
European Spallation Source ERIC (ESS) Sweden
International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) France
Spiral2 Système de Production d'Ions RadioActifs en Ligne de deuxième génération
Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro Italy
Swiss Light SourcePaul Scherrer Institut Switzerland
IFMIFInternational Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility European Union

Japan

United States

Russia

Middle East Synchrotron-Light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (SESAME) Jordan
North America Advanced Light SourceLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory United States
Advanced Photon SourceArgonne National Laboratory
Apache Point Observatory
FNALFermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Facility for Rare Isotope BeamsMichigan State University
Gemini Observatory
W. M. Keck Observatory
Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)
Los Alamos Neutron Science CenterLos Alamos National Laboratory
National Spherical Torus ExperimentPrinceton Plasma Physics Laboratory
National Spherical Torus Experiment UpgradePrinceton Plasma Physics Laboratory
National Superconducting Cyclotron LaboratoryMichigan State University
National Synchrotron Light SourceBrookhaven National Laboratory
Spallation Neutron SourceOak Ridge National Laboratory
Stanford Synchrotron Radiation LaboratoryStanford University
Linac Coherent Light SourceSLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
TJNAFThomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
Canadian Light SourceSaskatoon, Saskatchewan Canada
Canadian Neutron Beam CentreChalk River Laboratories
TRIUMF – Located on the campus of the University of British Columbia
Oceania Australian Synchrotron Australia
ANTARESAustralian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation
ASKAP (Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder)CSIRO
Heavy Ion Accelerator at the Australian National University
South America LNLS – Laboratório Nacional de Luz Síncrotron Brazil

Commercial Users[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kozubal, A.J.; Kerstiens, D.M.; Hill, J.O.; Dalesio, L.R. (1990). "Run-time environment and application tools for the ground test accelerator control system". Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 293 (1–2): 288–291. doi:10.1016/0168-9002(90)91446-I.
  2. ^ "EPICS Architecture" (PDF). EPICS - Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System.
  3. ^ "EPICS Open License". EPICS - Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System.

External Links[edit]