|Launched||23 February 1966|
11 June 2015 (relaunch)
|Picture format||576i (SDTV) 16:9|
|Audience share||7.5% (7/5/2018–13/5/2018, AGB)|
|Formerly called||EIR (1966–1970)|
|NOVA Greece||Channel 102|
|COSMOTE TV||Channel 103|
|COSMOTE TV||Channel 103|
|ERT1 Live||Watch Live|
ERT1 (Greek: ΕΡΤ1; short for Ellinikí Radiophonia Tileórasi 1; Greek: Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία Τηλεόραση 1; Greek for Hellenic Radio and Television 1), formerly ET1 (short for Ellinikí Tileórasi 1; Greek: Ελληνική Τηλεόραση 1; Greek for Hellenic Television 1), is the flagship television network of ERT, the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (Greek: Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία Τηλεόραση). It was launched in 1966 as a television service of the National Radio and Television Foundation (Greek: Εθνικό Ίδρυμα Ραδιοφωνίας-Τηλεόρασης or EIRT).
EIRT became ERT, then ERT1, ENA and ET1 before being closed by the Greek government in 2013, when it was mainly an entertainment and cultural channel but also broadcast documentaries, news, sports and children's shows. On 11 June 2015 ERT was reopened and the ERT1 name was restored, technically replacing NERIT1 which had been launched by the previous government in 2014 as part of the New Hellenic Radio, Internet and Television (Greek: Νέα Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία, Ίντερνετ και Τηλεόραση, abbrev. NΕΡIΤ or NERIT). ERT1 is now the main Greek public channel which primarily focuses on news and sports broadcasts but current programming includes talk shows, movies, popular foreign shows and some cultural shows.
The channel launched on 23 February 1966 as part of the National Radio and Television Foundation (EIRT), as the first general television channel in Greece. TED, Armed Forces Television (Τηλεόρασις Ενόπλων Δυνάμεων, ΤΕΔ) orientated towards the Hellenic Armed Forces only, went on air four days later on 27 February 1966 (renamed as Armed Forces Information Service (Υπηρεσία Ενημερώσεως Ενόπλων Δυνάμεων, ΥΕΝΕΔ) from 1970).
ERT (Ellinikí Radiophonia Tileórasi) replaced EIRT on 3 December 1975. On 3 November 1982, the Hellenic Armed Forces relinquished ownership of YENED to ERT. when it was renamed ERT2. In 1987, ERT1 and ERT2 were amalgamated into a single company and became ET1 and ET2. ET3 was launched on 14 December 1988 and ET2 became known as NET (New Hellenic Television) in 1997.
On Thursday 18th August 2011, the government under George Papandreou proposed to close ET1 and redistribute its programmes to ERT's two remaining television channels, NET and ET3. However, the Greek coalition government (with Antonis Samaras as Prime Minister) abolished ERT entirely on 11 June 2013, resulting in widespread condemnation. ET1 went off air on the same day, but ERT's employees at Broadcasting House kept NET on air, with the assistance of the European Broadcasting Union, who sent satellite retransmission vans to the station's headquarters, via the Internet and as part of the ERT Open movement, until riot police evicted them on 7 November 2013. Employees from the Thessaloniki studio continued to unofficially transmit ET3, also via the Internet and under the same movement, until 11 June 2015.
On 11 June 2015, exactly two years after the closure of ET1, the coalition government with Alexis Tsipras as Prime Minister restored ERT as part of counter-austerity measures. On the same day, ERT1 replaced NERIT1 on its frequencies, which had operated since 2014.
- First News – ERT weekday breakfast show from 6–10 a.m.
- Direct – Airs from 10–12 a.m.
- ERT News – Daily newscast, with national and international news. Airs at 6:00am, 12:00am, 3:00pm, 6:00pm, 8:55pm(main newscast) and 12:00pm. Small newscasts are also being shown during First New.
- My Life, My Health – Daily show about health problems. Airs at 5:30pm from Monday to Friday.
- Second Look – Informative show with Katerina Akrivopoulou, for all the small and big events, when they occur.
- ERT Focus – Nightly news program hosted by Panos Haritos.
- Sport Sunday – ERT sports show on its 44th season. Hosted by Vassilis Bakopoulos, Petros Maurogiannidis and Katerina Anastasopoulou.
- Personally – A show which shows stories of remarkable people. Hosted by Elena Katritsi.
- Time Machine – A documentary by Christos Vassilopolos, focusing on big historical events.
- Various research shows such as Roads, Special Missions, ERT Report, etc.
- "Case C-260/89 – Elliniki Radiophonia Tileorassi AE v Dimotiki Etairia Pliroforissis and Sotirios Kouvelas". Court of Justice of the European Union.
- "Law No. 230 of 1975". Government Gazette (in Greek). Athens: National Printing House. A (272): 2029–2032. 3 December 1975. Retrieved 11 June 2015.