ESCP Business School

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ESCP Business School
École Supérieure de Commerce de Paris
MottoIt all starts here
TypeGrande école de commerce et de management
(Private research university Business school)
Established1819; 203 years ago (1819)
AccreditationAACSB[1] & EQUIS[1]
Academic affiliations
Conférence des grandes écoles,[1]
Alliance Sorbonne[1]
Budget159 million (academic year 2021/2022)
ChairmanPhilippe Houzé[2]
DeanFrank Bournois<[2]
Academic staff
170 research professors:[1]
100% PhD.;[3]
38% female;[3]
83% international[3]
Students8,000 (undergraduate & postgraduate)[1]
5,000 (executive education)[1]
ColorsBlue and white
ESCP Business School is located in Europe
ESCP Business School campuses

ESCP Business School (French: École Supérieure de Commerce de Paris) is a French business school and grande école founded in Paris and based across Europe with campuses in Paris, Berlin, London, Madrid, Turin, and Warsaw. It is consistently ranked among the best business schools in Europe. In France, ESCP is one of the most prestigious and selective grandes écoles. It is known as one of the trois Parisiennes (three Parisians), together with HEC Paris and ESSEC. Established in 1819, it is considered the world's oldest business school.[4]


French economist and businessman Jean-Baptiste Say (1767-1832)

The school was established in Paris on 1 December 1819 by two former Napoleonic soldiers, Germain Legret and Amédée Brodart. Germain Legret had opened two business schools in Paris in 1815 and 1818, but they closed their doors rapidly. It was modeled on the first grande école, the École Polytechnique, founded by Lazare Carnot and Gaspard Monge, but was initially more modest, in large part because it had not been supported by the state. Since the 1820s, the school had gained international exposure but it was not the only business school open to international students. Its stature and importance ascended during the 19th century and it moved to its current Parisian location on the Avenue de la République in 1898.

ESCP original buildings in Paris
P1190741 Paris IV rue St-Antoine hotel de Sully rwk.jpg Hôtel de Sully Paris France.JPG Hôtel de Sully 02.jpg

In 1828, the project to put the school under the authority of the French Ministry of Commerce and Industry failed. The school remained independent by the intervention of Jérôme-Adolphe Blanqui, who took it over. Several times during the first half of the 19th century, French politics planned on grouping ESCP with elite French engineering schools such as the École Polytechnique or the École Centrale Paris, but that never occurred. It is worth mentioning that, at the time, higher engineering schools in France and in Europe taught future businessmen. From 1838, the French state began to give scholarships to ESCP's students.

Finally, in 1869 the Paris Chamber of Commerce took over the school to train future business leaders in modern methods in commerce and industry. In 1892, ESCP set up selective admissions processes which still take the form of competitive exams.

On 5 April 1973 the concept of a multi-campus business school was founded with the consecutive inaugurations of campuses in the United Kingdom (London in 1974, move to Oxford in 1975) and in Germany (Düsseldorf in 1975, move to Berlin in 1985). In 1974 the ESCP developed courses in entrepreneurship in response to internal and external forces. Since then, the school has deepened its European presence to become an integrated pan-European business school:[5] In 2018, ESCP became an École consulaire, largely financed by the public Chambers of Commerce in Paris, Berlin, and Turin.[2]

  • In 1985, the School's campus in Germany moves from Düsseldorf to Berlin at the invitation of the Government of Berlin.
  • In 1988, a fourth campus is opened in Madrid.
  • In 1999, ESCP merges with its sister school EAP.
  • In 2001, the Master in Management programme of ESCP is validated by City University London.
  • In 2004, a fifth campus in Torino, Italy is founded. Validated by the University of Turin, Master in Management students can obtain the Italian degree Laurea Magistrale.
  • In 2005, the School inaugurates its London campus having moved from Oxford.
  • In 2007, the Master in Management programme is recognized by the Charles III University of Madrid and students can obtain the Spanish degree of Master Europeo en Administración y Dirección de Empresas.
  • In 2015, the School establishes its sixth European campus via a strategic alliance with the Warsaw-based Kozminski University.
  • In 2016, the School decides to strengthen its footprint in Paris by adding a second campus located in the Montparnasse area after buying back Novancia Business School's building. The campus is dedicated to executive programs.
  • In 2019, the School removed Europe from its name going back to its original name.[6]

Grande école degrees[edit]

ESCP Business School is a grande école, a French institution of higher education that is separate from, but parallel and often connected to, the main framework of the French public university system. Grandes écoles are elite academic institutions that admit students through an extremely competitive process, and a significant proportion of their graduates occupy the highest levels of French society.[7][8][9] Similar to Ivy League schools in the United States, Oxbridge in the UK, and the C9 League in China, graduation from a grande école is considered the prerequisite credential for any top government, administrative and corporate position in France.[10][11]

The degrees are accredited by the Conférence des Grandes Écoles[12] and awarded by the Ministry of National Education.[13] Higher education business degrees in France are organized into three levels thus facilitating international mobility: the Licence / Bachelor's degrees, and the Master's and Doctoral degrees. The Bachelors and the Masters are organized in semesters: 6 for the Bachelors and 4 for the Masters.[14][15] Those levels of study include various "parcours" or paths based on UE (Unités d'enseignement or Modules), each worth a defined number of European credits (ECTS). A student accumulates those credits, which are generally transferable between paths. A Bachelors is awarded once 180 ECTS have been obtained (bac + 3); a Masters is awarded once 120 additional credits have been obtained (bac +5). The highly coveted PGE (Programme Grand École) ends with the degree of Master in Management (MiM)[14][15][16] Since 2022, all students entering the 27 specialised master's programmes benefits a temper proof graduation certificate[17] based on the blockchain with BCDiploma technology.


Ranking Business Education - Financial Times 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
European Business Schools 11th[18] 14th[19] 8th[20] 14th[21]
Master in Management 5th[22] 5th[23] 6th[24] 7th[25] 5th[26]
Master in Finance 2nd - 2nd 2nd 2nd
Executive MBA 11th 14th 7th 6th 5th
Global MBA - - - - 52th
Executive Education Open 37th 51th 41th - 19th
Executive Education Customized 18th 18th 14th - 12th



ESCP students can study on campuses in France (Paris), the UK (London), Spain (Madrid), Germany (Berlin), Italy (Turin), and Poland (Warsaw).[28] They can spend either 6 months or 1 year on each campus according to their study choices. Each campus has its own specifics and develops programs with local academic institutions. For instance, in Spain, ESCP provides a Master in Business Project Management co-delivered with the Technical University of Madrid and in Italy, a double-degree program is available for engineers together with the Polytechnic University of Turin.[29]

Since 2017, ESCP has had two campuses in Paris, one near the Place de la République (in the 11th arrondissement of Paris) and another one near the Montparnasse Tower (in the 15th arrondissement of Paris). Each campus is dedicated to a specific range of programs. The campus in the 11th arrondissement hosts all the graduate programs whereas the campus in the 15th arrondissement hosts the undergraduate education, the executive education and the school's start-up Incubator, the Blue Factory. This organization is unique to Paris. In every other school undergraduate, graduate and executive education are dispensed in the same campus.

Paris - Republique Paris - Montparnasse
Escp-Paris.jpg Ecole de Commerce Advancia à Paris, par Architecture-Studio.jpg
Berlin Turin London
Escp-Berlin.jpg Escp-Torino.jpg Escp-London.jpg


ESCP has over 100 partner grandes écoles and universities worldwide, several offering dual degrees.[30]


Dual degrees

Notable alumni[edit]


Research and education[edit]



Media and culture[edit]



See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Facts, Rankings and Acreditations". ESCP. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  2. ^ a b c >"ESCP Governance". ESCP. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  3. ^ a b c "ESCP Business School". Financial Times. Retrieved 23 January 2022.
  4. ^ "Voici les dates des oraux aux Parisiennes (HEC, ESSEC, ESCP) - Major-Prépa". (in French). June 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Kaplan Andreas: A school is "a building that has four walls…with tomorrow inside": Toward the reinvention of the business school". Business Horizons. doi:10.1016/j.bushor.2018.03.010. S2CID 158794290.
  6. ^ "ESCP launches its new brand campaign – The Choice".
  7. ^ "France's educational elite". Daily Telegraph. 17 November 2003. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  8. ^ Pierre Bourdieu (1998). The State Nobility: Elite Schools in the Field of Power. Stanford UP. pp. 133–35. ISBN 9780804733465.
  9. ^ What are Grandes Ecoles Institutes in France?
  10. ^ Monique de Saint-Martin, « Les recherches sociologiques sur les grandes écoles : de la reproduction à la recherche de justice », Éducation et sociétés 1/2008 (No. 21), p. 95-103. lire en ligne sur
  11. ^ Valérie Albouy et Thomas Wanecq, Les inégalités sociales d’accès aux grandes écoles (2003), INSEE
  12. ^ "Conférence des grandes écoles: commission Accréditation". Conférence des grandes écoles. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Etablissements dispensant des formations supérieures initiales diplômantes conférant le grade de master". Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  14. ^ a b "La Licence". (in French). 19 July 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Le Master". (in French). 19 July 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  16. ^ Ben-David, Joseph and Philip G. Altbach. eds. Centers of Learning: Britain, France, Germany, United States (2nd ed. 2017).
  17. ^ "ESCP Business School Provides Tamper-proof Graduation Certificates Based on Blockchain Technology | ESCP". Retrieved 1 December 2022.
  18. ^ "FT European Business School Rankings 2018". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  19. ^ "FT European Business School Rankings 2019". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  20. ^ "FT European Business School Rankings 2020". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  21. ^ "FT European Business School Rankings 2021". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  22. ^ "FT Masters in Management". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  23. ^ "FT Masters in Management". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  24. ^ "FT Masters in Management". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  25. ^ "FT Masters in Management". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  26. ^ "Masters in Management 2022 - Business school rankings from the Financial Times -". Retrieved 15 September 2022.
  27. ^
  28. ^ "Institutional website".
  29. ^ "Outgoing | Pagina non trovata".
  30. ^ "International Partners". ESCP. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  31. ^ "ESCP Alumni - Hall of Fame".

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°51′51.84″N 2°22′50.84″E / 48.8644000°N 2.3807889°E / 48.8644000; 2.3807889