ESHOT

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ESHOT
ESHOT red logo.png
Parent İzmir Municipality
Founded July 27, 1943[1]
Headquarters Gediz,Buca, İzmir
Locale İzmir Province
Service area Provincial boundary of İzmir concentrated on Smyrna
Service type Local, Limited Stop bus service
Routes 415
Hubs Halkapınar Metro, Konak, Üçyol Transfer Station, Egekent Transfer Station, Fahrettin Altay Roundabout, Fahrettin Altay Terminus, Bostanlı İskele, Evka-3 Transfer Station, Gaziemir Neighbours Hub, Ninth September University Entrance, Pancar station, Biçerova station, Aliağa station, Bayındır municipal square
Stations Evka 4, Evka 3, Aydoğdu neighbourhood, Çamlıkule, İnkılap, Cengizhan, Egekent, Onur neighbourhood, Urla garage, Uzundere, Gaziemir Socialized District, Torbalı garage, Menderes central stop, Bergama Kantar, Dikili garage, Ödemiş garage
Depots Gediz, Adatepe, Çiğli, Soğukkuyu, Mersinli, Adatepe, Çakalburnu, Çaybaşı
Fleet 1,459 buses (983 solo, 404 articulated, 72 Midibus[2]
Daily ridership 2.832.909 daily[3]
Fuel type #2 Diesel (Diesel-fueled buses)
Direct current (Electric buses)
Operator ESHOT Genel Müdürlüğü
COO Raif Canbek
Website ESHOT

Elektrik Su Havagazı Otobüs Troleybüs (English: Electricity, Water, Coal Gas, Bus, Trolleybus) or ESHOT is a bus service operating in the İzmir. ESHOT, along with İZULAŞ are the two main bus transit service in İzmir. Buses serve all districts, however, denser network presence attained in the central area. ESHOT is owned by the İzmir Municipality (İBB).

History[edit]

Before ESHOT was formed, all of İzmir's public services were operated by several companies. ESHOT Genel Müdürlüğü was formed on July 27, 1943 to take over the İzmir Tram and Electric Company. This company operated all trams, trolleybuses and electric facilities in the city. In 1945, ESHOT took over the İzmir Coal Gas Company and on June 5, 1947 ESHOT took over the İzmir Suları A.Ş. to have control over all the cities main facilities.[1] ESHOT started printing their own paper on June 11, 1957 for new information on all public utilities. By 1959, ESHOT began producing refurbished buses under the direction of Ismail Faruk Paksoy, director of Eshot. In the 1960s the Kordon trolley line was abandoned. ESHOT started operating province wide starting December 11, 1980. On September 12, 1982 the Turkish Electric Company took over all electric operations from ESHOT. The İzmir Municipality became the parent company of ESHOT on June 27, 1984. İZSU Company was formed on March 25, 1987 to operate all water facilities in İzmir and on July 1, 1987 ESHOT turned over all water operations to İZSU. On September 1, 1994, the Coal gas factory in Alsancak closed down leaving ESHOT only in-charge of city bus operations.[1]

Connections[edit]

ESHOT has many interchanges with the national railway carrier, the Turkish State Railways, the city metro system, the İzmir Metro, the city ferry system, and the 2 city airports.

Routes[edit]

ESHOT has many routes. Most popular routes are:

  • 8 Güzelbahçe-Fahrettin Altay Roundabout via Mithatpaşa Avenue
  • 12 Fahrettin Altay Roundabout-Halkapınar via Mustafa Kemal Seaside Road, Konak, Alsancak
  • 18 Vatan-Yeşilyurt-Konak via Üçyol
  • 23 Uzundere-Konak via Eski İzmir Street, Eşrefpaşa (goes through Çankaya on return trip: this is a quasi-loop line)
  • 60 Pınarbaşı-Kemer via former Kemalpaşa road
  • 70 Şirinyer-Halkapınar via Eşrefpaşa, Çankaya, Alsancak
  • 80 Arapdere-Halkapınar via Bozyaka, Eşrefpaşa, Çankaya, Alsancak
  • 90 Gaziemir-Halkapınar via Yeşillik Road, Eşrefpaşa, Çankaya, Alsancak
  • 104 Tınaztepe-Konak via Adatepe, Buca, Menderes Avenue, Eşrefpaşa (looping on return through Çankaya)
  • 121 Bostanlı Pier-Konak Atatürk Arts Center via Seaside road
  • 147 Postacılar-Halkapınar via Yeni Girne Boulevard, Bayraklı by the railway
  • 152 Gaziemir-Konak via Yeşillik Avenue, Üçyol
  • 169 Balçova-Konak via Teleferik, Fahrettin Altay, Mustafa Kemal Seaside Road
  • 193 Yurtoğlu-Konak via Cennetçeşme, Rasime Şeyhoğlu Street, Eski İzmir, Eşrefpaşa
  • 240 Elit Sitesi-Halkapınar via Yeni Girne, Altınyol
  • 249 Evka 4-Kemer Station via Osmangazi, Adalet Neighbourhood, Fatih Avenue
  • 304 Tınaztepe-Konak Atatürk Arts Center via Hasanağa, Menderes Avenue, Konak Tunnel
  • 390 Tınaztepe-Bornova via Dokuz Eylül University, Otoyol 30 (limited service express)
  • 443 Egekent-Bostanlı Pier via Çiğli, Cahar Dudayev Road
  • 510 Gaziemir-Balçova via Otoyol 30
  • 565 Evka 4-Bornova via İnönü Neighbourhood
  • 581 Fahrettin Altay terminus-Halkapınar via Hatay, Çankaya, Alsancak
  • 599 Cengizhan-Halkapınar via Muhittin Erener, Bayraklı
  • 630 Fair-Halkapınar via Yeşillik Avenue, Eşrefpaşa, Basmane
  • 690 Tınaztepe-Fahrettin Altay terminus via Dokuz Eylül University, Otoyol 30, Mehmetçik Road (limited service express)
  • 800 Menemen Railway Station-İzmir Bus Station via D550, D300 collectors, Otoyol 5, Otoyol 30
  • 802 Balatçık-Konak Atatürk Arts Center via Çiğli, Altınyol, Alsancak

Color coding[edit]

ESHOT has a color coding to distinguish which depot a bus come from. ESHOT stickers bearing colored ESHOT emblem and the acronym "ESHOT" are glued on the upper-right part of the windscreen and upper-middle part of rear-view glass on every ESHOT line bus.

Color Zone Principal depot
Blue sticker
Zone 1 Gediz depot
Green sticker
Zone 2 Çiğli depot
Red sticker
Zone 3 Mersinli depot and Çınarlı parking area
Black sticker
Zone 4 Adatepe depot
Orange sticker
Zone 5 Çakalburnu depot

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c ESHOT Official Site - ESHOT History
  2. ^ ESHOT Official Site - ESHOT Otobüs Filomuz
  3. ^ ESHOT Official Site - Sayısal profil