UEFA Euro 2016

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UEFA Euro 2016
Championnat d'Europe de football 2016 (French)
UEFA Euro 2016 Logo.svg
UEFA Euro 2016 official logo
Le Rendez-Vous
Tournament details
Host country France
Dates 10 June – 10 July 2016
Teams 24
Venue(s) 10 (in 10 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Portugal (1st title)
Runners-up  France
Tournament statistics
Matches played 51
Goals scored 108 (2.12 per match)
Attendance 2,427,303 (47,594 per match)
Top scorer(s) France Antoine Griezmann (6 goals)[1]
Best player France Antoine Griezmann[2]
Best young player Portugal Renato Sanches[3]
2012
2020

The 2016 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2016 or simply Euro 2016, was the 15th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football championship of Europe organised by UEFA. It was held in France from 10 June to 10 July 2016.[4][5] Spain were the two-time defending champions, having won the 2008 and 2012 tournaments, but were eliminated in the round of 16 by Italy. Portugal won the tournament for the first time, following a 1–0 victory after extra time over the host team, France, in the final played at the Stade de France.

For the first time, the European Championship final tournament was contested by 24 teams, having been expanded from the 16-team format used since 1996.[6] Under the new format, the finalists contested a group stage consisting of six groups of four teams, followed by a knockout phase including three rounds and the final. Nineteen teams – the top two from each of the nine qualifying groups and the best third-placed team – joined France in the final tournament, who qualified automatically as hosts; a series of two-legged play-off ties between the remaining third-placed teams in November 2015 decided the last four finalist spots.

France was chosen as the host nation on 28 May 2010, after a bidding process in which they beat Italy and Turkey for the right to host the 2016 finals.[7][8] The matches were played in ten stadiums in ten cities: Bordeaux, Lens, Lille Métropole, Lyon, Marseille, Nice, Paris, Saint-Denis, Saint-Étienne, and Toulouse. It was the third time that France hosted the tournament, after the inaugural tournament in 1960 and the 1984 finals. The French team have won the European Championship twice: in 1984 and 2000.

The winners, Portugal, earned the right to compete at the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup in Russia.[9]

Bid process[edit]

Main article: UEFA Euro 2016 bids

Four bids came before the deadline on 9 March 2009. France, Italy and Turkey put in single bids while Norway and Sweden put in a joint bid.[10] Norway and Sweden eventually withdrew their bid in December 2009.[11]

The host was selected on 28 May 2010.[12]

Voting results[13]
Country Round
1st (points) 2nd (votes)
 France 43 7
 Turkey 38 6
 Italy 23
Total 104 13
  • Round 1: Each of the thirteen members of the UEFA Executive Committee ranked the 3 bids first, second, and third. First place ranking received 5 points, second place 2 points, and third place 1 point. Executive members from the countries bidding were not allowed to vote.
  • Round 2: The same thirteen-member committee voted for either of the two finalists.

Qualification[edit]

The qualifying draw took place at the Palais des Congres Acropolis in Nice, on 23 February 2014,[5] with the first matches being played in September 2014.[4]

A total of 53 teams competed for 23 places in the final tournament to join France, who have automatically qualified as hosts. Gibraltar competed in a European Championship qualifying for the first time since their affiliation to UEFA in 2013. The seeding pots were formed on the basis of the UEFA national team coefficients, with the Euro 2012 champions Spain and hosts France automatically top seeded.

The 53 national sides were drawn into eight groups of six teams and one group of five teams. The group winners, runners-up, and the best third-placed team (with the results against the sixth-placed team discarded) qualify directly for the final tournament. The remaining eight third-placed teams contested two-legged play-offs to determine the last four qualifiers.[14][15][16]

In March 2012, Gianni Infantino, the UEFA General Secretary at the time, stated that UEFA would review the qualification competition to ensure that it was not "boring".[17] In September 2011, during UEFA's first ever full strategy meeting, Michel Platini proposed a qualification format involving two group stages, but the proposal was not accepted by the member associations.[18] In May 2013, Platini confirmed a similar qualifying format would be again discussed during the September 2013 UEFA executive committee meeting in Dubrovnik.[19]

Qualified teams[edit]

  Team qualified for finals
  Team failed to qualify

Thirteen of the sixteen teams (including hosts France) that qualified for Euro 2012 qualified again for the 2016 final tournament. Among them were England, who became only the sixth team to record a flawless qualifying campaign (10 wins in 10 matches),[20] defending European champions Spain, and world champions Germany, who qualified for their 12th straight European Championship finals.[21]

Romania, Turkey, Austria and Switzerland all returned after missing out in 2012, with the Austrians qualifying for just their second final Euro tournament, after having co-hosted Euro 2008.[22] Returning to the final tournament after long absences were Belgium for the first time since co-hosting Euro 2000, and Hungary for the first time in 44 years, having last appeared at Euro 1972, and 30 years since appearing in a major tournament, their previous one being the 1986 FIFA World Cup.

Five teams secured their first-ever qualification to a UEFA European Championship final tournament: Albania, Iceland, Northern Ireland, Slovakia and Wales.[22] Northern Ireland, Slovakia and Wales had each previously competed in the FIFA World Cup, while Albania and Iceland had never participated in a major tournament.[22] Similarly, both Austria and Ukraine completed successful qualification campaigns for the first time, having only previously qualified as hosts (of 2008 and 2012 respectively).

Scotland were the only team from the British Isles not to qualify for the finals,[23] and 2004 champions Greece finished bottom in their group. Two other previous champions, the Netherlands (1988) and Denmark (1992), missed out on the finals. The Dutch team failed to qualify for the first time since Euro 1984 (also held in France), missing out on their first major tournament since the 2002 FIFA World Cup and only 16 months after having finished third at the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[24] Denmark did not appear at the Euro finals for the first time since 2008, after losing in the play-off round against Sweden.

Team Qualified as Qualified on Previous appearances in tournament[A]
 Albania Group I runner-up 11 October 2015 0 (debut)
 Austria Group G winner 8 September 2015 1 (2008)
 Belgium Group B winner 10 October 2015 4 (1972, 1980, 1984, 2000)
 Croatia Group H runner-up 13 October 2015 4 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Czech Republic[B] Group A winner 6 September 2015 8B (1960, 1976, 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 England Group E winner 5 September 2015 8B (1968, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012)
 France Host 28 May 2010 8 (1960, 1984, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Germany Group D winner 11 October 2015 11 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Hungary Play-off winner 15 November 2015 2 (1964, 1972)
 Iceland Group A runner-up 6 September 2015 0 (debut)
 Italy Group H winner 10 October 2015 8 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Northern Ireland Group F winner 8 October 2015 0 (debut)
 Poland Group D runner-up 11 October 2015 2 (2008, 2012)
 Portugal Group I winner 8 October 2015 6 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Republic of Ireland Play-off winner 16 November 2015 2 (1988, 2012)
 Romania Group F runner-up 11 October 2015 4 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2008)
 Russia[C] Group G runner-up 12 October 2015 10 (1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Slovakia Group C runner-up 12 October 2015 0 (debut)
 Spain Group C winner 9 October 2015 9 (1964, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Sweden Play-off winner 17 November 2015 5 (1992, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
  Switzerland Group E runner-up 9 October 2015 3 (1996, 2004, 2008)
 Turkey Best third-placed team 13 October 2015 3 (1996, 2000, 2008)
 Ukraine Play-off winner 17 November 2015 1 (2012)
 Wales Group B runner-up 10 October 2015 0 (debut)
  1. ^ Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  2. ^ From 1960 to 1992, the Czech Republic competed as Czechoslovakia.
  3. ^ From 1960 to 1988, Russia competed as the Soviet Union, and in 1992 as the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Final draw[edit]

The draw for the finals took place at the Palais des Congrès de la Porte Maillot in Paris on 12 December 2015, 18:00 CET.[4][5][25][26] The 24 qualified teams were drawn into six groups of four teams, with the hosts France being automatically placed in position A1. The remaining teams were seeded into four pots of five (Pot 1) or six teams (Pots 2, 3 and 4). As the title holders, Spain were seeded in Pot 1, while the other 22 teams were seeded according to the UEFA National team coefficients updated after the completion of the qualifying group stage (excluding the play-offs), which were released by UEFA on 14 October 2015.[27][28][29][30]

Pot 1[a]
Team Coeff Rank
 Spain[b] 37,962 2
 Germany 40,236 1
 England 35,963 3
 Portugal 35,138 4
 Belgium 34,442 5
Pot 2
Team Coeff Rank
 Italy 34,345 6
 Russia 31,345 9
  Switzerland 31,254 10
 Austria 30,932 11
 Croatia 30,642 12
 Ukraine 30,313 14
Pot 3
Team Coeff Rank
 Czech Republic 29,403 15
 Sweden 29,028 16
 Poland 28,306 17
 Romania 28,038 18
 Slovakia 27,171 19
 Hungary 27,142 20
Pot 4
Team Coeff Rank
 Turkey 27,033 22
 Republic of Ireland 26,902 23
 Iceland 25,388 27
 Wales 24,531 28
 Albania 23,216 31
 Northern Ireland 22,961 33
  1. ^ Hosts France (coefficient 33,599; rank 8th) were automatically assigned to position A1.
  2. ^ Defending champions Spain (coefficient 37,962; rank 2nd) were automatically assigned to Pot 1.

The Pot 1 teams were assigned to the first positions of their groups, while the positions of all other teams were drawn separately (for the purposes of determining the match schedules in each group).

The draw resulted in the following groups:

Group A
Pos Team
A1  France
A2  Romania
A3  Albania
A4   Switzerland
Group B
Pos Team
B1  England
B2  Russia
B3  Wales
B4  Slovakia
Group C
Pos Team
C1  Germany
C2  Ukraine
C3  Poland
C4  Northern Ireland
Group D
Pos Team
D1  Spain
D2  Czech Republic
D3  Turkey
D4  Croatia
Group E
Pos Team
E1  Belgium
E2  Italy
E3  Republic of Ireland
E4  Sweden
Group F
Pos Team
F1  Portugal
F2  Iceland
F3  Austria
F4  Hungary

Venues[edit]

Ten stadiums were used for the competition. Initially, twelve stadiums were presented for the French bid, chosen on 28 May 2010. These venues were to be whittled down to nine by the end of May 2011, but it was suggested in June 2011 that eleven venues might be used.[31] The French Football Federation had to choose which nine would actually be used.

The choice for the first seven was undisputed – the national Stade de France, four newly constructed ones in Lille Metropole (Villeneuve-d'Ascq), Lyon, Nice and Bordeaux, and two stadiums in the two largest cities, Paris and Marseille. After Strasbourg opted out for financial reasons following relegation,[32] two more venues were selected to be Lens and Nancy, leaving Saint-Étienne and Toulouse as reserve options.

In June 2011, the number of host venues was increased to eleven due to the new tournament format featuring 24 teams, instead of the previous 16.[33][34] The decision meant that the reserve cities of Toulouse and St-Étienne joined the list of hosts. Then, in December 2011, Nancy announced its withdrawal from the tournament, after plans for the stadium's renovation were cancelled,[35] finalising the list of host venues at ten.

Two other possible options, the Stade de la Beaujoire in Nantes and the Stade de la Mosson in Montpellier (venues which were used for the 1998 World Cup) were not chosen. The final list was confirmed by the UEFA Executive Committee on 25 January 2013.[36]

Saint-Denis[i][ii] Marseille[i][iii][iv][v] Lyon[i][ii][iii][v] Lille Metropole
(Villeneuve-d'Ascq)
Stade de France Stade Vélodrome Parc Olympique Lyonnais Stade Pierre-Mauroy
48°55′28″N 2°21′36″E / 48.92444°N 2.36000°E / 48.92444; 2.36000 (Stade de France) 43°16′11″N 5°23′45″E / 43.26972°N 5.39583°E / 43.26972; 5.39583 (Stade Vélodrome) 45°45′56″N 4°58′52″E / 45.76556°N 4.98111°E / 45.76556; 4.98111 (Parc Olympique Lyonnais) 50°36′43″N 3°07′50″E / 50.61194°N 3.13056°E / 50.61194; 3.13056 (Stade Pierre-Mauroy)
Capacity: 81,338 Capacity: 67,394
(upgraded)
Capacity: 59,286
(new stadium)
Capacity: 50,186
(new stadium)
Finale Coupe de France 2010-2011 (Lille LOSC vs Paris SG PSG).jpg Stade Vélodrome (20150405).jpg
Parc OL.jpg
Grand Stade Lille Métropole LOSC first match.JPG
Paris[i][iii][iv][v] Bordeaux[i][iii]
Parc des Princes Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux
48°50′29″N 2°15′11″E / 48.84139°N 2.25306°E / 48.84139; 2.25306 (Parc des Princes) 44°53′50″N 0°33′43″W / 44.89722°N 0.56194°W / 44.89722; -0.56194 (Bordeaux)
Capacity: 48,712
(upgraded)
Capacity: 42,115
(new stadium)
Parc des Princes - Tribune Borelli.jpg Bordeaux Larnaca Nouveau Stade 4.jpg
Saint-Étienne[i][ii][v] Lens[i][v] Nice Toulouse[i][iii]
45°27′39″N 4°23′24″E / 45.46083°N 4.39000°E / 45.46083; 4.39000 (St Etienne) 50°25′58.26″N 2°48′53.47″E / 50.4328500°N 2.8148528°E / 50.4328500; 2.8148528 (Lens) 43°42′25″N 7°11′40″E / 43.70694°N 7.19444°E / 43.70694; 7.19444 (Nice) 43°34′59″N 1°26′3″E / 43.58306°N 1.43417°E / 43.58306; 1.43417 (Toulouse)
Stade Geoffroy-Guichard Stade Bollaert-Delelis Stade de Nice Stadium Municipal
Capacity: 41,965
(upgraded)
Capacity: 38,223
(upgraded)
Capacity: 35,624
(new stadium)
Capacity: 33,150
(upgraded)
Stade Geoffroy-Guichard - Saint-Etienne (10-11-2013).jpg Stade Bollaert Delelis.JPG Allianzcoupdenvoi.jpg StadiumToulouse3.JPG

Note: Capacity figures are those for matches at UEFA Euro 2016 and are not necessarily the total capacity that the stadium is capable of holding.

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Host city at the 1998 World Cup
  2. ^ a b c Host city at the 2003 Confederations Cup
  3. ^ a b c d e Host city at the 1938 World Cup
  4. ^ a b Host city at the 1960 European Nations' Cup
  5. ^ a b c d e Host city at Euro 1984

Team base camps[edit]

UEFA Euro 2016 team base camps (Île-de-France)

Each team had a "team base camp" for its stay between the matches. The teams trained and resided in these locations throughout the tournament, travelling to games staged away from their bases. From an initial list of 66 bases, the 24 participating teams had to confirm their selection with UEFA by 31 January 2016.[37]

The selected team base camps were announced on 2 March 2016:[38]

Team Base camp
Albania Perros-Guirec
Austria Mallemort
Belgium Bordeaux/Le Pian-Médoc
Croatia Deauville/Cœur Côte Fleurie
Czech Republic Tours
England Chantilly
France Clairefontaine-en-Yvelines
Germany Évian-les-Bains
Hungary Tourrettes
Iceland Annecy/Annecy-le-Vieux
Italy Grammont/Montpellier
Northern Ireland Saint-Georges-de-Reneins
Poland La Baule-Escoublac
Portugal Marcoussis
Republic of Ireland Versailles
Romania Orry-la-Ville
Russia Croissy-sur-Seine
Slovakia Vichy
Spain Saint-Martin-de-Ré
Sweden Saint-Nazaire/Pornichet
Switzerland Montpellier/Juvignac
Turkey Saint-Cyr-sur-Mer
Ukraine Aix-en-Provence
Wales Dinard

Finals format[edit]

To accommodate the expansion from a 16-team finals tournament to 24 teams, the format was changed from that used in 2012 with the addition of two extra groups in the group stage, and an extra round in the knockout phases. The six groups (A to F) still contained four teams each, with the top two from each group still going through to the knockout phase. In the new format, however, the four best third-ranked sides also progress, leaving 16 teams going into the new round-of-16 knockout phases, ahead of the usual quarter-finals, semi-finals and final, and only 8 teams going out at the group stage.[17] The format is exactly the one which was applied to the 1986, 1990 and 1994 FIFA World Cups, except for the absence of a third-place play-off.

This format generates a total of 51 games, compared with 31 games for the previous 16-team tournament, to be played over a period of 31 days. UEFA's general secretary Gianni Infantino previously described the format as "not ideal" due to the need for third-ranked teams in the group stage advancing, leading to difficulty in preventing situations where teams might be able to know in advance what results they need to progress out of the group, leading to a lack of suspense for fans, or even the prospect of mutually beneficial collusion between teams.[17]

Squads[edit]

Main article: UEFA Euro 2016 squads

Each national team had to submit a squad of 23 players, three of whom must be goalkeepers, at least ten days before the opening match of the tournament.[39] If a player became injured or ill severely enough to prevent his participation in the tournament before his team's first match, he would be replaced by another player.[16]

Match officials[edit]

On 15 December 2015, UEFA named eighteen referees for Euro 2016.[40] The full referee teams were announced on 1 March 2016.[41]

Hungarian referee Viktor Kassai was chosen to officiate the opener between France and Romania.[42]

Country Referee Assistant referees Additional assistant referees Matches assigned[42]
England England Martin Atkinson Michael Mullarkey
Stephen Child
Gary Beswick (standby)
Michael Oliver
Craig Pawson
Germany–Ukraine (Group C)
Hungary–Portugal (Group F)
Wales–Northern Ireland (Round of 16)
Germany Germany Felix Brych Mark Borsch
Stefan Lupp
Marco Achmüller (standby)
Bastian Dankert
Marco Fritz
England–Wales (Group B)
Sweden–Belgium (Group E)
Poland–Portugal (Quarter-finals)
Turkey Turkey Cüneyt Çakır Bahattin Duran
Tarık Ongun
Mustafa Emre Eyisoy (standby)
Hüseyin Göçek
Barış Şimşek
Portugal–Iceland (Group F)
Belgium–Republic of Ireland (Group E)
Italy–Spain (Round of 16)
England England Mark Clattenburg Simon Beck
Jake Collin
Stuart Burt (standby)
Anthony Taylor
Andre Marriner
Belgium–Italy (Group E)
Czech Republic–Croatia (Group D)
Switzerland–Poland (Round of 16)
Portugal–France (Final)
Scotland Scotland Willie Collum Republic of Ireland Damien MacGraith
Francis Connor
Douglas Ross (standby)
Bobby Madden
John Beaton
France–Albania (Group A)
Czech Republic–Turkey (Group D)
Sweden Sweden Jonas Eriksson Mathias Klasenius
Daniel Wärnmark
Mehmet Culum (standby)
Stefan Johannesson
Markus Strömbergsson
Turkey–Croatia (Group D)
Russia–Wales (Group B)
Portugal–Wales (Semi-finals)
Romania Romania Ovidiu Hațegan Octavian Șovre
Sebastian Gheorghe
Radu Ghinguleac (standby)
Alexandru Tudor
Sebastian Colţescu
Poland–Northern Ireland (Group C)
Italy–Republic of Ireland (Group E)
Russia Russia Sergei Karasev Anton Averyanov
Tikhon Kalugin
Nikolai Golubev[A]
Sergey Lapochkin
Sergey Ivanov
Romania–Switzerland (Group A)
Iceland–Hungary (Group F)
Hungary Hungary Viktor Kassai György Ring
Vencel Tóth
István Albert (standby)
Tamás Bognár
Ádám Farkas
France–Romania (Group A)
Italy–Sweden (Group E)
Germany–Italy (Quarter-finals)
Czech Republic Czech Republic Pavel Královec Slovakia Roman Slyško
Martin Wilczek
Tomáš Mokrusch (standby)
Petr Ardeleánu
Michal Paták
Ukraine–Northern Ireland (Group C)
Romania–Albania (Group A)
Netherlands Netherlands Björn Kuipers Sander van Roekel
Erwin Zeinstra
Mario Diks (standby)
Pol van Boekel
Richard Liesveld
Germany–Poland (Group C)
Croatia–Spain (Group D)
France–Iceland (Quarter-finals)
Poland Poland Szymon Marciniak Paweł Sokolnicki
Tomasz Listkiewicz
Radosław Siejka (standby)
Paweł Raczkowski
Tomasz Musiał
Spain–Czech Republic (Group D)
Iceland–Austria (Group F)
Germany–Slovakia (Round of 16)
Serbia Serbia Milorad Mažić Milovan Ristić
Dalibor Đurđević
Nemanja Petrović (standby)
Danilo Grujić
Nenad Đokić
Republic of Ireland–Sweden (Group E)
Spain–Turkey (Group D)
Hungary–Belgium (Round of 16)
Norway Norway Svein Oddvar Moen Kim Thomas Haglund
Frank Andås
Sven Erik Midthjell (standby)
Ken Henry Johnsen
Svein-Erik Edvartsen
Wales–Slovakia (Group B)
Ukraine–Poland (Group C)
Italy Italy Nicola Rizzoli Elenito Di Liberatore
Mauro Tonolini
Gianluca Cariolato (standby)
Luca Banti
Antonio Damato
Daniele Orsato[B]
England–Russia (Group B)
Portugal–Austria (Group F)
France–Republic of Ireland (Round of 16)
Germany–France (Semi-finals)
Slovenia Slovenia Damir Skomina Jure Praprotnik
Robert Vukan
Bojan Ul (standby)
Matej Jug
Slavko Vinčić
Russia–Slovakia (Group B)
Switzerland–France (Group A)
England–Iceland (Round of 16)
Wales–Belgium (Quarter-finals)
France France Clément Turpin Frédéric Cano
Nicolas Danos
Cyril Gringore (standby)
Benoît Bastien
Fredy Fautrel
Austria–Hungary (Group F)
Northern Ireland–Germany (Group C)
Spain Spain Carlos Velasco Carballo Roberto Alonso Fernández
Juan Carlos Yuste Jiménez
Raúl Cabañero Martínez (standby)
Jesús Gil Manzano
Carlos del Cerro Grande
Albania–Switzerland (Group A)
Slovakia–England (Group B)
Croatia–Portugal (Round of 16)
  1. ^ Anton Averyanov was replaced by Nikolai Golubev after failing a fitness test.[43]
  2. ^ Luca Banti was replaced by Daniele Orsato after withdrawing for personal reasons.[44]

Two match officials, who serve only as fourth officials, and two reserve assistant referees were also named:[41]

Country Fourth official Reserve assistant referee
Belarus Belarus Aleksei Kulbakov Vitali Maliutsin
Greece Greece Anastasios Sidiropoulos Damianos Efthymiadis

Group stage[edit]

Result of teams participating in UEFA Euro 2016

UEFA announced the tournament schedule on 25 April 2014,[45][46] which was confirmed on 12 December 2015, after the final draw.[47] All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Group winners, runners-up, and the best four third-placed teams advanced to the Round of 16.

Tiebreakers[edit]

If two or more teams were equal on points on completion of the group matches, the following tie-breaking criteria would be applied:[48]

  1. Higher number of points obtained in the matches played between the teams in question;
  2. Superior goal difference resulting from the matches played between the teams in question;
  3. Higher number of goals scored in the matches played between the teams in question;
  4. If, after having applied criteria 1 to 3, teams still had an equal ranking (e.g. if criteria 1 to 3 were applied to three teams that were level on points initially and these criteria separated one team from the other two who still have an equal ranking), criteria 1 to 3 would be reapplied exclusively to the matches between the teams who were still level to determine their final rankings. If this procedure did not lead to a decision, criteria 5 to 9 would apply;
  5. Superior goal difference in all group matches;
  6. Higher number of goals scored in all group matches;
  7. If only two teams had the same number of points, and they were tied according to criteria 1–6 after having met in the last round of the group stage, their ranking would be determined by a penalty shoot-out. (This criterion would not be used if more than two teams had the same number of points.);
  8. Fair play conduct (1 point for a single yellow card, 3 points for a red card as a consequence of two yellow cards, 3 points for a direct red card);
  9. Position in the UEFA national team coefficient ranking system.

The four best third-placed teams were determined according to the following criteria:[48]

  1. Higher number of points obtained;
  2. Superior goal difference;
  3. Higher number of goals scored;
  4. Fair play conduct;
  5. Position in the UEFA national team coefficient ranking system.

Group A[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  France (H) 3 2 1 0 4 1 +3 7 Advance to knockout phase
2   Switzerland 3 1 2 0 2 1 +1 5
3  Albania 3 1 0 2 1 3 −2 3
4  Romania 3 0 1 2 2 4 −2 1
Source: UEFA
(H) Host.

10 June 2016 (2016-06-10)
21:00
France  2–1  Romania
Giroud Goal 57'
Payet Goal 89'
Report Stancu Goal 65' (pen.)
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 75,113[49]
Referee: Viktor Kassai (Hungary)

11 June 2016 (2016-06-11)
15:00
Albania  0–1   Switzerland
Report Schär Goal 5'

15 June 2016 (2016-06-15)
18:00
Romania  1–1   Switzerland
Stancu Goal 18' (pen.) Report Mehmedi Goal 57'
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 43,576[51]
Referee: Sergei Karasev (Russia)

15 June 2016 (2016-06-15)
21:00
France  2–0  Albania
Griezmann Goal 90'
Payet Goal 90+6'
Report
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 63,670[52]
Referee: Willie Collum (Scotland)

19 June 2016 (2016-06-19)
21:00
Romania  0–1  Albania
Report Sadiku Goal 43'

19 June 2016 (2016-06-19)
21:00
Switzerland   0–0  France
Report

Group B[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Wales 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 6 Advance to knockout phase
2  England 3 1 2 0 3 2 +1 5
3  Slovakia 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
4  Russia 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1
Source: UEFA

11 June 2016 (2016-06-11)
18:00
Wales  2–1  Slovakia
Bale Goal 10'
Robson-Kanu Goal 81'
Report Duda Goal 61'

11 June 2016 (2016-06-11)
21:00
England  1–1  Russia
Dier Goal 73' Report V. Berezutski Goal 90+2'
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 62,343[56]
Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (Italy)

15 June 2016 (2016-06-15)
15:00
Russia  1–2  Slovakia
Glushakov Goal 80' Report Weiss Goal 32'
Hamšík Goal 45'

16 June 2016 (2016-06-16)
15:00
England  2–1  Wales
Vardy Goal 56'
Sturridge Goal 90+2'
Report Bale Goal 42'
Stade Bollaert-Delelis, Lens
Attendance: 34,033[58]
Referee: Felix Brych (Germany)

20 June 2016 (2016-06-20)
21:00
Russia  0–3  Wales
Report Ramsey Goal 11'
Taylor Goal 20'
Bale Goal 67'
Stadium Municipal, Toulouse
Attendance: 28,840[59]
Referee: Jonas Eriksson (Sweden)

20 June 2016 (2016-06-20)
21:00
Slovakia  0–0  England
Report

Group C[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Germany 3 2 1 0 3 0 +3 7 Advance to knockout phase
2  Poland 3 2 1 0 2 0 +2 7
3  Northern Ireland 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 3
4  Ukraine 3 0 0 3 0 5 −5 0
Source: UEFA

12 June 2016 (2016-06-12)
18:00
Poland  1–0  Northern Ireland
Milik Goal 51' Report
Stade de Nice, Nice
Attendance: 33,742[61]
Referee: Ovidiu Hațegan (Romania)

12 June 2016 (2016-06-12)
21:00
Germany  2–0  Ukraine
Mustafi Goal 19'
Schweinsteiger Goal 90+2'
Report

16 June 2016 (2016-06-16)
18:00
Ukraine  0–2  Northern Ireland
Report McAuley Goal 49'
McGinn Goal 90+6'

16 June 2016 (2016-06-16)
21:00
Germany  0–0  Poland
Report

21 June 2016 (2016-06-21)
18:00
Ukraine  0–1  Poland
Report Błaszczykowski Goal 54'

21 June 2016 (2016-06-21)
18:00
Northern Ireland  0–1  Germany
Report Gómez Goal 30'
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 44,125[66]
Referee: Clément Turpin (France)

Group D[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Croatia 3 2 1 0 5 3 +2 7 Advance to knockout phase
2  Spain 3 2 0 1 5 2 +3 6
3  Turkey 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
4  Czech Republic 3 0 1 2 2 5 −3 1
Source: UEFA

12 June 2016 (2016-06-12)
15:00
Turkey  0–1  Croatia
Report Modrić Goal 41'
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 43,842[67]
Referee: Jonas Eriksson (Sweden)

13 June 2016 (2016-06-13)
15:00
Spain  1–0  Czech Republic
Piqué Goal 87' Report
Stadium Municipal, Toulouse
Attendance: 29,400[68]
Referee: Szymon Marciniak (Poland)

17 June 2016 (2016-06-17)
18:00
Czech Republic  2–2  Croatia
Škoda Goal 76'
Necid Goal 89' (pen.)
Report Perišić Goal 37'
Rakitić Goal 59'

17 June 2016 (2016-06-17)
21:00
Spain  3–0  Turkey
Morata Goal 34'48'
Nolito Goal 37'
Report
Stade de Nice, Nice
Attendance: 33,409[70]
Referee: Milorad Mažić (Serbia)

21 June 2016 (2016-06-21)
21:00
Czech Republic  0–2  Turkey
Report Yılmaz Goal 10'
Tufan Goal 65'
Stade Bollaert-Delelis, Lens
Attendance: 32,836[71]
Referee: Willie Collum (Scotland)

21 June 2016 (2016-06-21)
21:00
Croatia  2–1  Spain
N. Kalinić Goal 45'
Perišić Goal 87'
Report Morata Goal 7'

Group E[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Italy 3 2 0 1 3 1 +2 6 Advance to knockout phase
2  Belgium 3 2 0 1 4 2 +2 6
3  Republic of Ireland 3 1 1 1 2 4 −2 4
4  Sweden 3 0 1 2 1 3 −2 1
Source: UEFA

13 June 2016 (2016-06-13)
18:00
Republic of Ireland  1–1  Sweden
Hoolahan Goal 48' Report Clark Goal 71' (o.g.)
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 73,419[73]
Referee: Milorad Mažić (Serbia)

13 June 2016 (2016-06-13)
21:00
Belgium  0–2  Italy
Report Giaccherini Goal 32'
Pellè Goal 90+3'

17 June 2016 (2016-06-17)
15:00
Italy  1–0  Sweden
Éder Goal 88' Report
Stadium Municipal, Toulouse
Attendance: 29,600[75]
Referee: Viktor Kassai (Hungary)

18 June 2016 (2016-06-18)
15:00
Belgium  3–0  Republic of Ireland
R. Lukaku Goal 48'70'
Witsel Goal 61'
Report

22 June 2016 (2016-06-22)
21:00
Italy  0–1  Republic of Ireland
Report Brady Goal 85'

22 June 2016 (2016-06-22)
21:00
Sweden  0–1  Belgium
Report Nainggolan Goal 84'
Stade de Nice, Nice
Attendance: 34,011[78]
Referee: Felix Brych (Germany)

Group F[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Hungary 3 1 2 0 6 4 +2 5 Advance to knockout phase
2  Iceland 3 1 2 0 4 3 +1 5
3  Portugal 3 0 3 0 4 4 0 3
4  Austria 3 0 1 2 1 4 −3 1
Source: UEFA

14 June 2016 (2016-06-14)
18:00
Austria  0–2  Hungary
Report Szalai Goal 62'
Stieber Goal 87'

14 June 2016 (2016-06-14)
21:00
Portugal  1–1  Iceland
Nani Goal 31' Report B. Bjarnason Goal 50'

18 June 2016 (2016-06-18)
18:00
Iceland  1–1  Hungary
G. Sigurðsson Goal 40' (pen.) Report Sævarsson Goal 88' (o.g.)
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 60,842[81]
Referee: Sergei Karasev (Russia)

18 June 2016 (2016-06-18)
21:00
Portugal  0–0  Austria
Report
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 44,291[82]
Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (Italy)

22 June 2016 (2016-06-22)
18:00
Iceland  2–1  Austria
Böðvarsson Goal 18'
Traustason Goal 90+4'
Report Schöpf Goal 60'

22 June 2016 (2016-06-22)
18:00
Hungary  3–3  Portugal
Gera Goal 19'
Dzsudzsák Goal 47'55'
Report Nani Goal 42'
Ronaldo Goal 50'62'

Ranking of third-placed teams[edit]

Pos Grp Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1 B  Slovakia 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4 Advance to knockout phase
2 E  Republic of Ireland 3 1 1 1 2 4 −2 4
3 F  Portugal 3 0 3 0 4 4 0 3
4 C  Northern Ireland 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 3
5 D  Turkey 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
6 A  Albania 3 1 0 2 1 3 −2 3
Source: UEFA

Knockout phase[edit]

In the knockout phase, extra time and a penalty shoot-out were used to decide the winner if necessary.[16] All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

As with every tournament since UEFA Euro 1984, there was no third-place match.

Bracket[edit]

 
Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
 
                           
 
25 June – Saint-Étienne
 
 
  Switzerland 1 (4)
 
30 June – Marseille
 
 Poland (p) 1 (5)
 
 Poland 1 (3)
 
25 June – Lens
 
 Portugal (p) 1 (5)
 
 Croatia 0
 
6 July – Lyon
 
 Portugal (a.e.t.) 1
 
 Portugal 2
 
25 June – Paris
 
 Wales 0
 
 Wales 1
 
1 July – Villeneuve-d'Ascq
 
 Northern Ireland 0
 
 Wales 3
 
26 June – Toulouse
 
 Belgium 1
 
 Hungary 0
 
10 July – Saint-Denis
 
 Belgium 4
 
 Portugal (a.e.t.) 1
 
26 June – Villeneuve-d'Ascq
 
 France 0
 
 Germany 3
 
2 July – Bordeaux
 
 Slovakia 0
 
 Germany (p) 1 (6)
 
27 June – Saint-Denis
 
 Italy 1 (5)
 
 Italy 2
 
7 July – Marseille
 
 Spain 0
 
 Germany 0
 
26 June – Lyon
 
 France 2
 
 France 2
 
3 July – Saint-Denis
 
 Republic of Ireland 1
 
 France 5
 
27 June – Nice
 
 Iceland 2
 
 England 1
 
 
 Iceland 2
 

Round of 16[edit]


25 June 2016 (2016-06-25)
18:00
Wales  1–0  Northern Ireland
McAuley Goal 75' (o.g.) Report
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 44,342[86]
Referee: Martin Atkinson (England)

25 June 2016 (2016-06-25)
21:00
Croatia  0–1 (a.e.t.)  Portugal
Report Quaresma Goal 117'

26 June 2016 (2016-06-26)
15:00
France  2–1  Republic of Ireland
Griezmann Goal 58'61' Report Brady Goal 2' (pen.)
Parc Olympique Lyonnais, Lyon
Attendance: 56,279[88]
Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (Italy)

26 June 2016 (2016-06-26)
18:00
Germany  3–0  Slovakia
Report

26 June 2016 (2016-06-26)
21:00
Hungary  0–4  Belgium
Report
Stadium Municipal, Toulouse
Attendance: 28,921[90]
Referee: Milorad Mažić (Serbia)

27 June 2016 (2016-06-27)
18:00
Italy  2–0  Spain
Chiellini Goal 33'
Pellè Goal 90+1'
Report
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 76,165[91]
Referee: Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey)

27 June 2016 (2016-06-27)
21:00
England  1–2  Iceland
Rooney Goal 4' (pen.) Report R. Sigurðsson Goal 6'
Sigþórsson Goal 18'
Stade de Nice, Nice
Attendance: 33,901[92]
Referee: Damir Skomina (Slovenia)

Quarter-finals[edit]


1 July 2016 (2016-07-01)
21:00
Wales  3–1  Belgium
Report Nainggolan Goal 13'


3 July 2016 (2016-07-03)
21:00
France  5–2  Iceland
Report

Semi-finals[edit]

6 July 2016 (2016-07-06)
21:00
Portugal  2–0  Wales
Report
Parc Olympique Lyonnais, Lyon
Attendance: 55,679[97]
Referee: Jonas Eriksson (Sweden)

7 July 2016 (2016-07-07)
21:00
Germany  0–2  France
Report Griezmann Goal 45+2' (pen.)72'
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 64,078[98]
Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (Italy)

Final[edit]

Main article: UEFA Euro 2016 Final

10 July 2016 (2016-07-10)
21:00
Portugal  1–0 (a.e.t.)  France
Éder Goal 109' Report

Statistics[edit]

For more details on this topic, see UEFA Euro 2016 statistics.

Goalscorers[edit]

6 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
1 own goal

Source: UEFA[100][101]

Awards[edit]

UEFA Team of the Tournament

The UEFA Technical Team was given the objective of naming a team of 11 players during the tournament, a change from the 23-man squads in the past competitions.[102] The group of analysts watched every game before making the decision following the final.[102] Four players from the winning Portuguese squad were named in the tournament.[102]

Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forward
Portugal Rui Patrício Germany Jérôme Boateng
Germany Joshua Kimmich
Portugal Raphaël Guerreiro
Portugal Pepe
France Antoine Griezmann
France Dimitri Payet
Germany Toni Kroos
Wales Joe Allen
Wales Aaron Ramsey
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo
Player of the Tournament

The Player of the Tournament award was given to Antoine Griezmann, who was chosen by UEFA's technical observers, led by UEFA chief technical officer Ioan Lupescu and including Sir Alex Ferguson and Alain Giresse.

Young Player of the Tournament

The Young Player of the Tournament award, open to players born on or after 1 January 1994, was given to Renato Sanches who was named above Kingsley Coman and Portugal team-mate Raphaël Guerreiro. The particular player who deserved the award was also chosen by UEFA's technical observers.

Golden Boot

The Golden Boot was awarded to Antoine Griezmann, who scored one goal in the group stage and five in the knockout phase.

Silver Boot

The Silver Boot was awarded to Cristiano Ronaldo, who scored two goals in the group stage and one in the knockout phase, as well as providing three assists.

Bronze Boot

The Bronze Boot was awarded to Olivier Giroud, who scored one goal in the group stage and two in the knockout phase, as well as providing two assists; compatriot Dimitri Payet amassed the same tally, but played 50 more minutes than Giroud.

Goal of the Tournament

The Goal of the Tournament was decided by online voting. A total 5 goals were in the shortlist. On 13 July 2016, after an open vote with over 150,000 entries, UEFA announced that Hungarian midfielder Zoltán Gera's goal against Portugal had been named as fans' goal of the tournament.[103] In a separate poll, UEFA's technical observers decided that Swiss winger Xherdan Shaqiri's goal against Poland deserved top spot in their list of the ten best goals of the tournament.

Prize money[edit]

Prize money
Rank (unoff.) Team € Million
1  Portugal 25.5
2  France 23.5
3  Germany 18.5
4  Wales 18.0
5  Poland 14.5
6  Belgium
 Iceland
 Italy
14
9  Croatia 12
10  England
 Hungary
 Spain
  Switzerland
11.5
14  Republic of Ireland
 Slovakia
11.0
16  Northern Ireland 10.5
17  Albania
 Turkey
9.0
19  Austria
 Czech Republic
 Romania
 Russia
 Sweden
8.5
24  Ukraine 8.0

A total of €301 million was distributed to the 24 teams contesting in the tournament, a growth from the €196 million payment in the preceding event. Each team was rewarded €8 million, with further rewards depending on their performances. Portugal, the champions of the competition, were awarded €8 million in addition to any prize money earned in earlier rounds – the biggest prize attainable was €27 million (for winning all group matches and the final).[104]

Full list:[104]

  • Prize for participating: €8 million

Extra payment based on team's performance:

  • Champions: €8 million
  • Runners-up: €5 million
  • Reaching the semi-finals: €4 million
  • Reaching the quarter-finals: €2.5 million
  • Reaching the round of 16: €1.5 million
  • Winning a group match: €1 million
  • Drawing a group match: €500,000

Discipline[edit]

A player is automatically suspended for the next match for the following offences:[16]

  • Receiving a red card (red card suspensions may be extended for serious offences)
  • Receiving two yellow cards in two different matches; yellow cards expire after the completion of the quarter-finals (yellow card suspensions are not carried forward to any other future international matches)

The following suspensions were served during the tournament:[105]

Player Offence(s) Suspension(s)
Croatia Duje Čop Red card in qualifying vs Bulgaria (10 October 2015) Group D vs Turkey (matchday 1; 12 June 2016)
Czech Republic Marek Suchý Red card in qualifying vs Netherlands (13 October 2015) Group D vs Spain (matchday 1; 13 June 2016)
Albania Lorik Cana Yellow cardYellow cardRed card in Group A vs Switzerland (matchday 1; 11 June 2016) Group A vs France (matchday 2; 15 June 2016)
Austria Aleksandar Dragović Yellow cardYellow cardRed card in Group F vs Hungary (matchday 1; 14 June 2016) Group F vs Portugal (matchday 2; 18 June 2016)
Albania Burim Kukeli Booked in Group A vs Switzerland (matchday 1; 11 June 2016)
Booked in Group A vs France (matchday 2; 15 June 2016)
Group A vs Romania (matchday 3; 19 June 2016)
Iceland Alfreð Finnbogason Booked in Group F vs Portugal (matchday 1; 14 June 2016)
Booked in Group F vs Hungary (matchday 2; 18 June 2016)
Group F vs Austria (matchday 3; 22 June 2016)
Poland Bartosz Kapustka Booked in Group C vs Northern Ireland (matchday 1; 12 June 2016)
Booked in Group C vs Ukraine (matchday 3; 21 June 2016)
Round of 16 vs Switzerland (25 June 2016)
France N'Golo Kanté Booked in Group A vs Albania (matchday 2; 15 June 2016)
Booked in Round of 16 vs Republic of Ireland (26 June 2016)
Quarter-finals vs Iceland (3 July 2016)
France Adil Rami Booked in Group A vs Switzerland (matchday 3; 19 June 2016)
Booked in Round of 16 vs Republic of Ireland (26 June 2016)
Quarter-finals vs Iceland (3 July 2016)
Belgium Thomas Vermaelen Booked in Group E vs Republic of Ireland (matchday 2; 18 June 2016)
Booked in Round of 16 vs Hungary (26 June 2016)
Quarter-finals vs Wales (1 July 2016)
Italy Thiago Motta Booked in Group E vs Belgium (matchday 1; 13 June 2016)
Booked in Round of 16 vs Spain (27 June 2016)
Quarter-finals vs Germany (2 July 2016)
Portugal William Carvalho Booked in Round of 16 vs Croatia (25 June 2016)
Booked in Quarter-finals vs Poland (30 June 2016)
Semi-finals vs Wales (6 July 2016)
Wales Ben Davies Booked in Group B vs England (matchday 2; 16 June 2016)
Booked in Quarter-finals vs Belgium (1 July 2016)
Semi-finals vs Portugal (6 July 2016)
Wales Aaron Ramsey Booked in Round of 16 vs Northern Ireland (25 June 2016)
Booked in Quarter-finals vs Belgium (1 July 2016)
Semi-finals vs Portugal (6 July 2016)
Germany Mats Hummels Booked in Round of 16 vs Slovakia (26 June 2016)
Booked in Quarter-finals vs Italy (2 July 2016)
Semi-finals vs France (7 July 2016)

Issues[edit]

Pre-tournament concerns included heavy flooding of the River Seine in Paris,[106] and strikes in the transport sector shortly before the beginning of the event.[107]

Security[edit]

Following the attacks on Paris on 13 November 2015, including one in which the intended target was a game at the Stade de France, controversies about the safety of players and tourists during the upcoming tournament arose. Noël Le Graët, president of the French Football Federation, explained that the concern for security had increased following the attacks. He claimed: "there was already a concern for the Euros, now it's obviously a lot higher. We will continue to do everything we can so that security is assured despite all the risks that this entails. I know that everyone is vigilant. Obviously, this means that we will now be even more vigilant. But it's a permanent concern for the federation and the [French] state".[108]

A "suspicious vehicle" near the Stade de France was destroyed by a police-mandated controlled explosion on 3 July, hours before the venue held the quarter-final between France and Iceland.[109]

Hooliganism[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Violence at UEFA Euro 2016.

The day before the tournament, fighting broke out between local youths and England fans in Marseille; police dispersed the local youths with tear gas. On 10 June, English fans at Marseille clashed with police.[110] Six English fans were later arrested and sentenced to prison.[111] On 11 June, violent clashes erupted in the streets of the same city before and after the Group B match between England and Russia that ended in a 1–1 draw.[112] One English fan was reported to be critically ill in the hospital while dozens of others were injured in the clashes.[113] On 14 June, the Russian team were given a suspended disqualification, fined €150,000, and warned that future violence would result in their removal from the cup. Additionally, 50 Russian fans were deported. The English team was also warned about disqualification, but was not formally charged.[114][115] Violence between English and Russian fans arose again in Lille, where a total of 36 fans were arrested, and 16 people were hospitalised.[116]

Late in the Group D match between the Czech Republic and Croatia, flares were thrown onto the pitch from where Croatia supporters were massed. The match was paused for several minutes while they were cleared up. There was also fighting in the Croatia supporters' area.[117] Later that same day, there was violence involving Turkish fans after Turkey's defeat by Spain. As a result of these incidents and earlier crowd troubles after the countries' first matches, UEFA launched official procedures against the Croatian and Turkish football federations.[118] The Croatian federation was fined €100,000 for the incidents.[119]

Pitch quality[edit]

The football pitches at French stadiums were criticized during the group stage for their poor quality. France coach Didier Deschamps was especially critical.[120][121] UEFA tournament director Martin Kallen blamed heavy rain for damaged turf, though the press speculated that non-football events may have also been a contributor.[122][123]

The pitch at Lille received particular attention with players slipping continuously and with groundsmen forced at halftime to try and repair the cut up pitch.[124] Despite UEFA applying numerous methods to rectify the problems, such as a ban on pre-match training on the pitch, use of fertilisers, seeding, mowing, light therapy, drying and playing with the roof closed to avoid rain, it was decided that the pitch at Lille had to be entirely replaced following the Italy–Republic of Ireland group match on 22 June.[125] The new pitch was replaced with Dutch grass and was ready before the last sixteen match between Germany and Slovakia on 26 June.[126][127][128] UEFA also stated that repair work was also required at the St Denis and Marseille pitches.[129]

UEFA's Leeds-based consultant Richard Hayden had come under criticism as it was reported he ordered local groundsmen to re-lay three pitches (Lille, Nice, and Marseille) with Slovak grass, provided by an Austrian company for an estimated €600,000 (£460,000). On 22 June it was reported that France's grass association officials had blamed Hayden for continued problems with the pitches, citing "it is amazing that it is only these pitches that have problems today".[130] In a statement, UEFA rejected the criticism against Hayden as baseless and stated they were satisfied with his work.[129]

Moths[edit]

Before the final match started, the stadium was invaded by Silver Y moths, which caused some irritation to the players, staff and coaches. The reason this occurred is because the workers at the stadium left the lights switched on the day before the match which attracted huge swaths of insects. The players and coaches of each team during the warm-up tried swatting the moths, and ground staff used brushes to clean moths from the walls, ground and other areas.[131][132] One moth was infamously captured flying on and around Cristiano Ronaldo's face when he began crying after being injured during the match.[133]

Marketing[edit]

Video game[edit]

The UEFA Euro 2016 video game was released by Konami as a free DLC on Pro Evolution Soccer 2016.[134][135] The DLC was available for existing Pro Evolution Soccer 2016 members on 24 March 2016 for major platforms (PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One and Microsoft Windows).[136] The game was released physically and digitally on 21 April for PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4 users.[136]

Logo and slogan[edit]

The official logo was unveiled on 26 June 2013, during a ceremony at the Pavillon Cambon Capucines in Paris.[137] Conceived by Portuguese agency Brandia Central, which also created the visual identity for the previous European Championship, the design is based on the theme "Celebrating the art of football". The logo depicts the Henri Delaunay trophy with the blue, white and red colours of the French flag, surrounded by a mixture of shapes and lines representing different artistic movements and football elements.[138]

On 17 October 2013, UEFA announced the official slogan of the tournament: Le Rendez-Vous. Asked about its meaning, Jacques Lambert, chairman of the Euro 2016 organising committee, told that the slogan "is much more than a reminder of dates (...) and venues". He further explained that "UEFA is sending out an invitation to football fans throughout the world and to lovers of major events, an invitation to meet up and share the emotions of an elite-level tournament".[139]

Match balls[edit]

Main article: Adidas Beau Jeu

For the first time in the tournament's history, two official match balls were used.[140] The Adidas Beau Jeu, used for the group stage, was unveiled on 12 November 2015 by former France player Zinedine Zidane.[141] During the tournament, the Adidas Fracas was introduced as the exclusive match ball for the knockout rounds.[140]

Mascot[edit]

The official mascot of the tournament, Super Victor, was unveiled on 18 November 2014.[142] He is a child superhero in the kit of the France national football team, with a red cape at the back, to echo the colours of the flag of France. The cape, boots and ball are claimed to be the child's superpowers. The mascot first appeared during the match between France and Sweden at the Stade Vélodrome, Marseille on 18 November 2014. The name of the mascot was revealed on 30 November 2014 after receiving about 50,000 votes from the public on the official UEFA website, beating the other nominated names of "Driblou" and "Goalix".[143] It is based on the idea of victory and references the boy's super powers that he gained when he found the magic cape, boots and ball.[144]

The name of the mascot is the same as the name of a sex toy. UEFA said that this 'coincidence' was not their responsibility because the name was selected by fan voting.[145]

Official songs[edit]

The competition's official opening song was "This One's for You" by David Guetta featuring Zara Larsson, and the official closing song was "Free Your Mind" by Maya Lavelle.[146][147][148] It was reported that David Guetta sought one million fans to add their voices to the official anthem via a website.[149]

Sponsorship[edit]

Turkish Airlines aeroplane, decorated with UEFA EURO 2016 emblems.
Global sponsors National sponsors

Broadcasting[edit]

The International Broadcast Centre (IBC) is located at the Paris expo Porte de Versailles in Paris' 15th arrondissement.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "France forward Antoine Griezmann wins Golden Boot". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). 10 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016. France forward Antoine Griezmann claimed the UEFA EURO 2016 adidas Golden Boot with six goals, three ahead of Silver Boot laureate Cristiano Ronaldo and Bronze Boot winner Olivier Giroud. 
  2. ^ a b "Antoine Griezmann named Player of the Tournament". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). 11 July 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Renato Sanches named Young Player of the Tournament". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 10 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016. New European champion Renato Sanches has been chosen above Kingsley Coman and Portugal team-mate Raphael Guerreiro for the SOCAR Young Player of the Tournament award. 
  4. ^ a b c "UEFA EURO 2016: key dates and milestones". UEFA.com. 1 February 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d "UEFA EURO 2016 steering group meets in Paris". UEFA.com. 23 October 2012. 
  6. ^ "UEFA approves 24-team Euro from 2016". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). 27 September 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  7. ^ Chaplin, Mark (12 December 2008). "2016 bidding process given green light". UEFA.com (Nyon: Union of European Football Associations). Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "France beat Turkey and Italy to stage Euro 2016". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 28 May 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  9. ^ FIFA.com. "FIFA Confederations Cup Russia 2017 - Teams - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  10. ^ "Four candidates signal UEFA Euro 2016 interest". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). 11 March 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
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External links[edit]