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The EU three, also known as EU big three or EU trio refers to: France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, a group of countries who used to wield most influence within the European Union, especially during the negotations with Iran; or Germany, France and Italy, a group that consists of the three large founding members of the European Community and that has retaken a leading role in Europe following the decision of the UK to leave the EU.
A European Union membership referendum took place on Thursday 23 June 2016 in the UK and resulted in an overall vote to leave the EU, by 51.9%. The British government will invoke Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union to start the process to leave the EU, which is expected to take several years. Despite voting to leave the European Union, the UK has remained a "great European power" and a member of the NATO Quint, as one of the European G4 nations and because of its special relationship with the United States, which is seen as "untouched" by Brexit.
E3 + 3
In 2003, France, Germany and the UK launched negotiations attempting to limit the Iranian nuclear program, which led to the Tehran Declaration of 21 October 2003 and the voluntary Paris Agreement of 15 November 2004.
"EU 3 + 3", more commonly referred to as the "E3+3", refers to a grouping which includes the EU-3 and China, Russia, and the United States. It was coined when these states joined the EU diplomatic efforts with Iran in 2006. In the United States and Russia, it is more commonly known as P5+1, which refers to the five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany.
"E3/EU+3") refers to a grouping of the "E3+3" plus an EU representative, namely: China, France, Germany, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States, with the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.
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