Page semi-protected

Exo (band)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from EXO-K)
Jump to: navigation, search
Exo
Exo monster 160618 suwon.png
Exo in August 2016
From left to right, standing: Baekhyun, Chen, Lay, Sehun, Chanyeol, D.O., Kai
From left to right, kneeling: Suho, Xiumin
Background information
Origin Seoul, South Korea
Genres
Years active 2012–present
Labels
Associated acts
Website Exo
Members
Past members

Exo (Korean: 엑소; stylized as EXO) is a South Korean-Chinese boy group based in Seoul. Formed by S.M. Entertainment in 2011, the group debuted in 2012 with twelve members separated into two subgroups, Exo-K (Suho, Baekhyun, Chanyeol, D.O., Kai, and Sehun) and Exo-M (Xiumin, Lay, Chen and former members Kris, Luhan and Tao [fn 1] ), performing music in Korean and Mandarin respectively. Exo's first album XOXO (2013), which contained the breakthrough hit "Growl", was a critical and commercial success, winning both Disk Daesang at the 28th Golden Disk Awards and Album of the Year at the 15th Mnet Asian Music Awards. It sold over one million copies, making Exo the best-selling Korean artist in twelve years.[1] Subsequent albums and EPs continued with strong sales, and Exo were ranked the most influential celebrity by Forbes Korea Power Celebrity for the year 2014[2] and 2015.[3] They have been named "the biggest boyband in the world" by media outlets, saying that "EXO are at the forefront of pop domination, with knifepoint choreography seamlessly gelled to songs crafted by some of the world’s most gifted writers and producers, honed by their myriad of personalities and talents." [4]

In May 2014, Kris filed a lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment to be removed from the group.[5] Luhan followed suit in October 2014.[6] In April 2015, Tao suspended his activities and subsequently followed suit in August 2015.[7] Following their departures, Exo carried on with nine members. In July 2016, it was announced that the lawsuit between Luhan, Kris, and S.M. Entertainment had been settled: the two idols will maintain their contract with SM until 2022, S.M. Entertainment will contract out their work outside of Korea and Japan—i.e. to their current Chinese agencies—and they will "share related revenues with S.M. Entertainment".[8][9]

History

2011: Formation

In May 2011, at a Hallyu business seminar held at Stanford University, Lee Soo-man spoke about a strategy of debuting a new boyband, in which they would be divided into 2 subgroups, promoting the same music simultaneously in South Korea and China by performing songs in both Korean and Mandarin.[10] After several member changes,[11] in December 2011, the group finalized their name to Exo, taken from the word exoplanet. They are divided into two subgroups, Exo-K ('K' for Korean) for South Korea and Exo-M ('M' for Mandarin) for China. They debuted their first televised performance at SBS's annual Gayo Daejun event on December 29, 2011.[12]

2012: Debut and Mama

Exo at SM Town Live World Tour III in Singapore in November 2012

Exo-K and Exo-M's prologue single "What Is Love" was released on January 30, 2012, in mainland China and South Korea.[13] The single peaked at number 88 on South Korea's Gaon Single Chart. On March 9, the group released their second prologue single "History",[14] which was written and produced by Thomas Troelsen and Remee. The single peaked at number 68 on the Gaon Single Chart and number six on China's Sina Music Chart.[15]

A concert for the group was held in Seoul's Olympic Stadium on March 31.[16] Approximately 3,000 fans from 8,000 applicants were selected to attend.[17] A second concert was held in the Great Hall of the Beijing University of International Business and Economics on April 1.[18]

Exo-K and Exo-M released their debut single, "Mama", on April 8[19] followed by an EP Mama, on April 9. The two sub-groups would be promoting the album separately in two countries. On April 8, Exo-K performed on South Korea's music program The Music Trend, while Exo-M made their debut in China's Top Chinese Music Awards on the same day.[20] The mandarin version of Mama reached number two on China's Sina Album Chart, while the Korean album peaked at number one on the Gaon Album Chart[21] and number eight on the Billboard World Albums Chart.[22] The mandarin version of "Mama" music video reached number one on Chinese streaming websites, while the Korean version reached number seven on YouTube's Global Chart.[23] In late April, Exo-M performed as a guest act for Super Junior's Super Show 4 concert tour in Jakarta, Indonesia.

In November, Exo won Best New Asian Artist Group at the 2012 Mnet Asian Music Awards. Exo-K received three nominations at the 27th Golden Disk Awards, winning the Newcomer Award. Exo-M received the Most Popular Group Award at the 2013 Top Chinese Music Awards.[24]

2013: XOXO, commercial success, and Miracles in December

Exo with South Korean President, Park Geun-hye in China on June 28, 2013

The group's first studio album, XOXO was released on June 2013 with two versions, a Korean-language "Kiss" edition and a Mandarin-language "Hug" edition. Unlike Mama era when Exo-K and Exo-M had separate promotions, XOXO was jointly promoted; mainly in South Korea. Exo recorded together for the album's lead single, "Wolf", but the rest of the album tracks were recorded separately. The two versions collectively peaked at number one on the Billboard World Album Chart a week after release.

A repackaged version of XOXO, titled Growl, was released on August 5, 2013 with three additional tracks. The reissue's lead single, "Growl", was released on August 1, 2013. "Growl" achieved 10,554 points on The Music Trend charts, setting a new number one record on the show.[25] "Growl" reached number one on all four of Korea's major music programs, winning a total of ten trophies in three consecutive weeks. The single peaked at number three on Billboard's Korea K-Pop Hot 100[26] and number two on the Gaon's Singles chart. As of December 2013, all versions of XOXO have collectively sold over 1,000,000 copies,[27] making Exo the first Korean artist to sell over a million copies of one album in twelve years and breaking the record for being the fastest-selling K-pop act. XOXO was named Album of the Year at the 2013 Mnet Asian Music Awards, making Exo the youngest ever boy band to win the award. XOXO is the best selling album in South Korea of 2013, winning the Disk Daesang Award at various award ceremonies like the Golden Disk Awards and Seoul Music Awards.[28]

Exo's second EP Miracles in December was officially released December 9, 2013 as a special winter album through South Korean commercial outlets and online music stores.[29] Exo jump-started album promotions through their reality show Exo's Showtime, which premiered on November 28, 2013 on the cable channel MBC Every 1.[30] Baekhyun, Chen, and D.O. performed the EP's lead single, "Miracles in December", at M! Countdown on December 5. Luhan also joined the trio on stage for the lead single's promotions on other music broadcast programs.

Exo ended 2013 with six albums in the Gaon's Yearly Top 10 Best-Selling Albums, including all their 2013 album releases in both the Korean and Chinese version as well as their debut EP Mama.[28]

2014: Overdose, Kris' and Luhan's lawsuits, and first solo concert

Exo at the 16th Mnet Asian Music Awards in December 2014

Exo's third EP, Overdose, was released on May 7, 2014.[31] Originally scheduled to be released on April 21, the album was delayed due to the Sewol Ferry Accident on April 16. Overdose was promoted similarly to Mama, with Exo-M promoting primarily in China and Exo-K in South Korea. The album reached 660,000+ preorders before its release, making it the most pre-ordered mini-album in history.[32] The Korean edition also peaked at No. 2 on Billboard's World Albums Chart, and No. 129 on the "Billboard 200", making Exo the highest charting Korean male group act on the Billboard 200.[33][34] Overdose became the best selling album in South Korea of 2014 and was the first mini album to top the yearly charts and win the Album of the Year Award at Mnet Asian Music Awards.[35] By the end of the calendar year, Exo was Japan's biggest-selling K-pop artist of the year.[36]

On May 15, 2014, S.M. Entertainment confirmed that Exo-M's leader, Kris, had filed a lawsuit against the agency to terminate his contract, stating violation of human rights as the main reason.[37] On October 10, Exo-M's Luhan also filed a lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment to nullify his contract, because of health issues and being treated differently than the Korean members, therefore having no promotions.[38][39]

S.M. Entertainment announced that Exo would continue to promote with 10 members. The group held their first solo concert "Exo from Exoplanet #1 - The Lost Planet" starting May 24 at the Seoul Olympic Gymnasium.[40] Tickets for the concert sold out in 1.47 seconds, breaking the record for the fastest sold out concert by a Korean artist.[40]

2015: Exodus, Tao's lawsuit, Japanese debut and Sing For You

Exo at the 24th Seoul Music Awards in January 2015

Exo's second solo concert was announced in January 2015 entitled Exo Planet #2 - The Exo'luxion. Five concerts were held in Seoul at the Olympic Park Stadium starting March 7. 1.2 million fans had attempted to buy tickets online.[41] On February 4, 2015, S.M Entertainment filed a counter-suit against Kris and Luhan for illegally continuing their promotions in China. The lawsuit was to stop their acting and advertisement under the use of the S.M trademark.[42]

Exo's second studio album, Exodus, was released on March 30, 2015 in both Korean and Mandarin versions.[43] Domestic pre-sales for the album surpassed 500,000 within 24 hours, setting a new record for pre-sales.[44] The title track "Call Me Baby" was released early on March 27, due to leaked versions of the song.[45] The music videos were released 4 days later, with the Korean version later becoming the most wached K-pop music video in the first half of 2015.[46] Exo also starred in their own mini drama series titled Exo Next Door, which became the most watched Korean web drama in 2015 until later being surpassed by member Xiumin's web drama, Falling for Challenge.[47] "Call Me Baby" proved to be successful, winning eighteen times on music shows, making it the second most awarded song of all times. The album's Korean version also broke records after staying at number one on the album chart for four consecutive weeks.[48] Exodus eventually went on to sell over a million copies, and is the group's second album after XOXO to do so. It was named Album of the Year at the 2015 Mnet Asian Music Awards, making this the third consecutive win in this category for the group since 2013. In May, Exo broke the record on U.S. Billboard 200 as the highest ranking Korean artist, topping at 90th place.[49][50] Exo also entered the Canadian Billboard Hot 100 chart at number 98, making them the first K-pop group and second Korean artist to enter the Canadian chart.[51][52]

On April 22, member Tao's father posted a letter through Weibo expressing his sentiments for his son to withdraw from the group and return to China; due to lack of support concerning individual career developments and health issues.[53] Tao had previously sustained several injuries which had not been properly treated that worsened[53] and caused him to be absent during promotions for the group's second studio album Exodus.[54] On April 23, S.M. Entertainment released an official statement saying that they would be "seeking a solution in a developmental direction" by negotiating with Tao and his father.[55] Tao later confirmed that he had left S.M. Entertainment and after failed negotiations, Tao filed an official lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment on August 24 for the termination of his exclusive contract.[55][56][57]

On June 3, a repackaged version of Exodus, titled Love Me Right, was released. This edition contains the original tracks from Exodus and four new songs, including the title track "Love Me Right".[58] Due to Tao's absence, the group promoted the song as 9 members. On October 10, Exo became the first artist to hold a dome concert in South Korea with "Exo - Love Concert in Dome" at the Gocheok Sky Dome in Seoul.[59] Tickets for the event went on sale on September 21, causing the server to crash for over 50 minutes from high demand.[60][61] In preparation for the concert, S.M. Entertainment also released Exo's first official light stick, which features a black wand topped with Exo's logo which displays a white light.[62] 20,000 fans attended the concert.

On November 4, Exo released their debut Japanese single "Love Me Right ~romantic universe~", which contains the Japanese version of "Love Me Right" and an original Japanese song titled "Drop That". On the day of its release, the single sold a total of 147,000 copies and reached the top of the Oricon chart, becoming the best selling debut single in Japan by a Korean artist of all time.[63] As part of the Exo'luxion tour, Exo performed for 145,000 fans at the Tokyo Dome from November 6–8, breaking the record for the shortest amount of time since debut to hold a concert at this venue.[64][65] On November 9, Exo released a special single titled "Lightsaber" to promote the movie Star Wars: The Force Awakens ahead of its release in South Korea, as part of the collaboration between S.M. Entertainment and Walt Disney.

On December 10, Exo released their second winter special album and fourth extended play Sing for You along with double title tracks "Sing for You" and "Unfair". The album broke the record for the highest first week sales for a Korean artist by selling 267,900 copies in its first week. "Unfair" also became the first K-pop song to be featured in the "best of the week" playlist by Apple Music, while Exo became the first Korean artist to be appear on the Apple Music homepage.[66] Part of the profits from the album was reportedly donated to UNICEF's "Smile For U" campaign to support the musical education of children in Asia.[67] Near the end of 2015, prominent South Korean entertainment industry leaders ranked Exo at number 7, the highest of any K-pop artist, in the top ten pop culture leaders of 2015.[68]

2016: Ex'Act, Kris' and Luhan's departures, For Life

Exo at the 16th Top Chinese Music Awards in April 2016

In February 2016, Exo held the North American leg of The Exo'luxion tour in Dallas, Vancouver, Los Angeles, Chicago, and New Jersey, playing to over 41,000 people.[69] The same month, Exo were again ranked as the most powerful celebrity by Forbes Korea Power Celebrity for the year 2015.[3] In March, they completed the Exo'luxion tour with 3 performances in Seoul to over 42,000 people. With a total of over 740,000 tickets sold across 44 concerts in 12 countries, it was their largest tour to date.[70]

Exo's third studio album, Ex'Act, along with its singles "Lucky One" and "Monster", were released on June 9, 2016 in both Korean and Mandarin versions.[71] Domestic pre-sales for the album surpassed 660,000, making it the most pre-ordered K-pop album of all time.[72] The album later broke the record for the highest first week sales of a Korean album, breaking their previous record set by Sing For You, by selling 522,372 copies in one week.[73] The album also went on to top the United World Albums Chart.[74] "Monster" became Exo's first number one on the Billboard World Digital Songs chart, while "Lucky One" debuted at number 3.[75] As part of their Ex'Act promotions, Exo and Korean fashion magazine W Korea collaborated on "Exoclusive", a project to publish a 54-page, nine-cover edition of the magazine. "Exoclusive" ended up recording the highest number of sales as a fashion magazine in Korea after selling nearly a million copies.[76] On July 15, S.M. Entertainment and Putto Entertainment released Exo's official mobile game Exorun.[77]

On July 21, Kris and Luhan officially parted ways with Exo as their contractual disputes with S.M. Entertainment drew to a close.[8] On July 22, Exo embarked on their third solo concert tour, Exo Planet #3 - The Exo'rdium. In preparation for the tour, S.M. Entertainment announced the release of Exo's second official light stick. The new light stick featured a white wand with Exo's official logo on top that displays a multi-color changing light.[78] After holding concerts from July 22 until July 24 and July 29 until July 31 with over 84,000 attendees,[79] Exo established a record as the first artist to hold as many as six consecutive concerts at the Olympic Gymnastics Arena.[80] On August 18, a repackaged edition for Ex'Act, titled Lotto, was released. It contained the original tracks from Ex'Act along with four new songs including the single of the same name.[81] "Lotto" became Exo's second number one on the Billboard World Digital Songs Chart and peaked at number 2 on Gaon's Digital Chart.[82] Lotto's Korean and Chinese versions reached number 1 and 2 respectively on Gaon's Album Chart.[83][84] Within two months of its original release, Ex'Act sold over 1.17 million copies, honoring Exo with the title of "Triple Million Sellers".[85]

In September, Exo appeared on Infinite Challenge and collaborated with Yoo Jae-suk on a dance song titled "Dancing King", which was released as part of S.M. Entertainment's music project Station.[86] The song reached number 2 on South Korea's Gaon Digital Chart and number 3 on the Billboard World Digital Songs chart.[87][88] On December 7, Exo's second Japanese single "Coming Over", containing three original tracks, was released.[89][90] It reached number 2 on the weekly Oricon Chart, selling over 158,000 copies and became their second Japanese single album to receive a Platinum certification by the Recording Industry Association of Japan.[91] Their third winter album and fifth extended play For Life was released on December 19.[92] They did not engage in promotions for the album or its single "For Life", and as of 2017 it had sold over 442,000 copies.[93] It was revealed at the end of 2016 that during the year, the group had sold 2.13 million albums including solos and sub-units.[94]

2017: The War

On May 27 and 28, 2017, Exo concluded the Exo'rdium tour with 2 encore concerts at the Seoul Olympic Stadium, the largest stadium in South Korea.[95][96] They were the 5th and youngest K-Pop act to hold a concert in the 72,000 seat stadium, following JYJ, H.O.T., G.o.d and YG Entertainment.[97] Tickets for the first date went on-sale on April 12 and were sold out within 20 minutes.[98] Tickets for the second date became available on April 18 and were reportedly sold out in less than 30 minutes.[99][100][101] On April 25, extra seats were made available for both dates by ticketing company Yes24 due to "immense demand".[102]

Exo's fourth studio album The War was released on July 18, 2017. The album contains nine tracks including the lead single "Ko Ko Bop".[103]

Sub-unit and solo endeavors

EXO-CBX

On October 5, 2016, S.M. Entertainment announced the first sub-unit of Exo, consisting of three members: Chen, Baekhyun and Xiumin,[104] who had previously released an original soundtrack titled "For You" for the SBS television series Moon Lovers: Scarlet Heart Ryeo. On October 24, the sub-unit was announced to be named EXO-CBX, "CBX" being the initials of the members' stage names. EXO-CBX released their debut extended play Hey Mama! and the music video for the single of the same name on October 31.[105][106]

On April 1, 2017, it was announced that EXO-CBX would make their debut in Japan with their EP Girls on May 24, 2017.[107] A short version of the music video for the lead single "Ka-CHING!" was released on May 1, 2017.[108]

Solo

On October 28, 2016, Lay released his debut extended play, titled Lose Control. [109] Upon release, the album topped the Yinyuetai Daily, Weekly, Monthly and Yearly Album chart and both the 1st and 2nd singles "What U Need?" and "Lose Control" reached number 1 on the Alibaba Music Chart for a combined total of 15 weeks.[110][111] As of 2017, Lose Control has sold 1.05 million copies in China and 276,000 copies in South Korea and holds 9 Guinness World Records.[112][113][111]

Discography

Filmography

Legal issues

On May 15, 2014, S.M. Entertainment confirmed that Exo-M's leader, Kris, had filed a lawsuit against the agency to terminate his contract for violation of basic human rights by treating him like a product rather than a person, disregard for his health, unfair profit distribution and restricting his freedom.[115] The same law firm that represented Han Geng of Super Junior in his lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment also represented Kris.[116]

On October 10, 2014, Luhan filed a lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment to nullify his contract, mainly because of health issues and for being treated differently than its Korean members. The same law firm that represented Han Geng and Kris in their lawsuits against S.M. Entertainment also represented Luhan.[117]

On August 24, 2015, Tao filed a lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment for termination of his contract and is being represented by the same legal team as Kris and Luhan.[7] SM Entertainment responded to his legal actions by stating, "Our company plans to use everything in our power including both Korean and Chinese legal professionals and partners to respond legally both in Korea and China in a multi-faceted manner. We also plan to take legal steps to respond to Tao's illegal promotions and actions.".[118]

On 5 January 2016, SM entertainment won one of their counter-lawsuits against Tao following the ruling of the Intermediate People's Court in the Qingdao, Shandong, in China.The agency sued Tao over his failure to repay the company after his departure. They released an official statement saying "SM has ongoing lawsuits against Exo members Wu Yifan (Kris), Luhan, and Tao for violating their exclusive contracts and partaking in illegal promotions in China. Among these lawsuits, SM filed a lawsuit against Tao for failing to repay SM on October 13, 2015. An intermediate court in Qingdao, China made the verdict that Tao is to repay SM Entertainment as well as interest for the delayed payment."[119][120]

In July 2016, it was announced that the lawsuit between Luhan, Kris, and SM Entertainment had been settled.[9] The two sides settled during their third court-mandated arbitration, the previous two being in September 2015 and June 2016, with the court "sett[ling] the case with recommendation for reconciliation."[9][121] The two idols will maintain their contract with SM until 2022.[9] SM Entertainment will contract out their work outside of Korea and Japan i.e. Kris and Luhan's Chinese agencies will "share related revenues" with SM Entertainment for activities anywhere but Korea and Japan (where SM Entertainment has exclusive rights per their contract) because SM Entertainment is technically "contract[ing] out management" for their non-Korean/Japanese activities until 2022, when their contracts with SM Entertainment expire.[9]

Tours

Other ventures

Endorsements

In early February 2013, Exo began promoting a South Korean clothing brand, Kolon Sport. The band shot a commercial ad for a new pair of sneakers named after them, MOVE-XO.[122]

The band has launched a clothing range called Boy Who Cried Wolf (BWCW), partnering up with various Korean street brands. The collaboration store is located at OUTLAB in Garosu-gil, Sinsa-dong.[123] Exo also has a 2-year endorsement deal with cosmetics brand, Nature Republic.[124]

Exo are currently the endorsers for various other brands and companies such as Samsung, SPAO, Baskin-Robbins, IVY Club, MCM Worldwide, Pepero, Lotte World, Lotte Duty Free, MCM, Kangshifu Ice Tea, Hats On, Goobne Chicken, and Skechers.[125][126][127][128][129][130][131][132][133][134][135][136]

Philanthropy

The members of Exo-K became goodwill ambassadors for South Korea's Red Cross Youth in December 2012.[137] Members of Exo and Bae Doona are appointed as official ambassadors for Fashion-KODE 2014 which is host by Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Korea and the Korea Active Content Agency Fashion Festival in July 2014.[138] In July 2014, Samsung announced Exo as Samsung's brand ambassador for 2014 Summer Youth Olympics.[139]

In 2015 Exo participated in "Smile for U", a joint S.M. Entertainment and UNICEF project that aids music educational charitable work for children in Asia. Part of the proceeds of their second winter album, Sing for You, and their third full album, EX'ACT, were donated to the campaign.[140][141] Members Kai and Sehun also participated in photo-shoots for the campaign.

Awards and nominations

Exo have been recipients of numerous awards from South Korea and mainland China. On June 14, 2013, over a year after their official debut, the band received their first win on the South Korean music program Music Bank with their single "Wolf."[142] Since then, Exo has gone on to win over 80 music program awards.[143][144]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Tao suspended his activities in April 2015, and is subsequently in a lawsuit against SM Entertainment since August 24, 2015.

References

  1. ^ "EXO first artist to sell one million albums in 12 years". Oh My Star (in Korean). 2013-12-27. Retrieved 2015-04-01. 
  2. ^ "[창간특집 Ⅳ] 2015 KOREA POWER CELEBRITY 40 - 엑소, 한국 최고의 파워 셀러브리티" (in Korean). Forbes (via joins). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  3. ^ a b "1위 지킨 엑소, 단숨에 정상권 오른 유아인·혜리". news.joins (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  4. ^ "meeting the k-pop band who are bigger than one direction". Dazed. Retrieved 2016-09-28. 
  5. ^ Ock Hyun-ju (16 May 2014). "Why did EXO-M's Kris sue SM?". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "EXO-M's Luhan files lawsuit against SM for invalid contract". The Korea Times (USA). 9 October 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Former EXO member Tao files lawsuit against SM Entertainment; Says company 'mistreated' him". Venture Capital Post. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  8. ^ a b "SM "크리스·루한과 소송 종결…2022년까지 전속계약 유지"(공식입장 전문)". Nate. 2016-07-21. Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  9. ^ a b c d e JiwonYu (2016-07-21). "Kris And Luhan Settle With SM Entertainment, Agency's Representatives Release Statement". Soompi. Retrieved 2016-08-27. 
  10. ^ "SM's Lee Soo-man announces new boy band" (in Korean). Nate. May 9, 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-15. 
  11. ^ "S.M. Entertainment's chairman Lee Soo-man discusses culture industry secrets and slave contracts" (in Korean). Chosun Ilbo. October 16, 2010. Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  12. ^ "S.M.'s rookie group EXO made debut in the SBS Gayo Daejun". Newsen (in Korean). December 29, 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  13. ^ "SM 새 그룹 Exo, 30일 프롤로그 싱글 공개" [Exo releases first single]. Nate.com (in Korean). 2012-01-27. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  14. ^ "The Prologue Single II 'HISTORY' of SM's New Groups, EXO-K and EXO-M, will be Released on the 9th at 00:00 a.m.!" (Press release). S.M. Entertainment. 2012-03-26. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  15. ^ 新歌飙升榜 [Sina Music Charts] (in Chinese). Sina.com. 2012-03-12. Retrieved 2012-04-11. 
  16. ^ Exo (2012-04-07). Exo Showcase Part 3 (in Korean and Chinese). S.M. Entertainment. Retrieved 2012-04-11. 
  17. ^ "Exo debuts in front of 3000 fans". Korea.net. 2012-04-01. Retrieved 2012-04-13. 
  18. ^ "SM新团Exo中国发布会劲歌热舞展多样魅力" [S.M.'s new group Exo first press conference in China]. Sina.com (in Chinese). 2012-04-01. Retrieved 2012-04-13. 
  19. ^ "The First Mini Album Title Song 'MAMA' of Exo-K and Exo-M will be Released Worldwide on the 8th at 00:00!" (Press release). S.M. Entertainment. 2012-04-07. Retrieved 2012-04-11. 
  20. ^ "Exo-K and Exo-M will Make Their Debut on April 8th both in Korea and China!" (Press release). S.M. Entertainment. 2012-04-03. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  21. ^ "<Exo-K>차트 검색결과" [Exo-K Chart Positions] (in Korean). Gaon. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  22. ^ "World Albums". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  23. ^ Lee, Jinho (2012-04-09). "Exo-K's Music Video Comes In Seventh on Youtube Chart". Mnet. Retrieved 2012-04-13. 
  24. ^ "The First Mini Album Title Song 'MAMA' of Exo-K and Exo-M will be Released Worldwide on the 8th at 00:00!" (Press release). Soompi. 2013-12-07. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  25. ^ KRG (2013-08-18). "EXO beats senior singers 2NE1 and f(x) for 'The Music Trend' first place". Nate (in Korean). Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  26. ^ Jeff Benjamin (August 15, 2013). "Crayon Pop rides viral wave to No. 1 on K-Pop Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  27. ^ "EXO-M @ Weibo". Weibo (in Chinese). 2013-10-14. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  28. ^ a b "Gaon Yearly Physical Albums Chart". Gaon. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  29. ^ "EXO gifts fans with 'Miracle In December'". Billboard. Retrieved 2015-04-12. 
  30. ^ "MBC+Media - EXO'S SHOWTIME" (in Korean). MBC. Retrieved 2013-10-31. 
  31. ^ "Overdose by Exo". iTunes JP. Apple. May 7, 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  32. ^ Jeon Su Mi (May 13, 2014). "EXO 'Overdoses' Asia by Topping Various Weekly Charts". enewsWorld. Mwave. Retrieved 2015-02-24. 
  33. ^ "EXO's 'Overdose' EP Enters Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved 2014-09-23. 
  34. ^ "World Albums The Week of MAY 24, 2014". Billboard. May 24, 2014. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  35. ^ "Gaon 2014 Album Chart". Gaon. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  36. ^ "EXO named 2014′s bestselling K-pop artist in Japan". Venture Capital Post. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-31. 
  37. ^ Jackson, Julie (May 16, 2014). "EXO-M's Kris wants out, files suit against SM". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 2014-12-31. 
  38. ^ Sung So-young (October 11, 2014). "Luhan plans to leave Exo". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2014-12-31. 
  39. ^ Chung Joo-won (October 10, 2014). "EXO Luhan sues S.M. to end exclusive contract". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 2014-12-31. 
  40. ^ a b "EXO's solo concert tickets sold out in 1.47 seconds". Hellokpop. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  41. ^ "EXO Fans Crash Ticketing Site for 'EXO Planet #2 – The EXO'luXion". hellokpop. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  42. ^ "SM Entertainment file new lawsuit against Kris (Wu Yifan) & his employers". sbs popasia. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  43. ^ "EXO Reveals Release Date, Track List of Upcoming Album 'EXODUS'". International Business Times. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  44. ^ "EXO's second album pre-order sales hit 500K". Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  45. ^ "K-pop superband EXO releases title track 'Call Me Baby'". Korea Times. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  46. ^ "엑소, '콜 미 베이비' M/V.. 2015 상반기 가장 많이 본 K팝 영상". Naver (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  47. ^ 정아란. "지난해 최고 인기 웹드는 '도전에 반하다'<컨스TV>". 연합뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  48. ^ 4 Consecutive weeks at #1 for Exodus:
  49. ^ "EXO breaks record on "U.S. Billboard 200" as highest ranking Korean artists". Koreaboo. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  50. ^ "EXO's 'Exodus' Album Earns Biggest Sales Week Ever for a K-Pop Act". Billboard. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  51. ^ "EXO is the first to enter Canadian charts following viral phenomenon Psy". Koreaboo. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  52. ^ "EXO's 'Call Me Baby' Lands on Canadian Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  53. ^ a b "黃子韜父親要兒子與SM解約 因身心俱受傷". Sina (in Mandarin). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  54. ^ "'발목부상' 엑소 타오, 컴백 사전녹화 불참…"당분간 치료에 집중"". MyDaily (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  55. ^ a b "SM "타오父 글 안타까워…발전적 방향 모색할 것" 공식입장". 네이트뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 2015-11-15. 
  56. ^ "[단독] 타오, SM에 전속계약 소송 제기…루한·크리스와 같은 변호사". news.kmib.co.kr. Retrieved 2015-11-15. 
  57. ^ "엑소 이탈 타오, 오늘(24일) SM 상대로 전속계약 소송 제기". tvdaily.co.kr. Retrieved 2015-11-15. 
  58. ^ "EEXO Reveals Release Date of Repackaged Album 'Love Me Right'". International Business Times. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  59. ^ "EXO to Hold Dome Concert in Korea for First Time Ever". mwave.interest.me. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  60. ^ "EXO proved their ultimate power in ticket sales for 1st dome concert". Koreaboo. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  61. ^ "EXO Concert Ticket Sales Crash Website". koogle.tv. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  62. ^ "SM Entertainment formally unveils EXO's 1st official light stick". Koreaboo. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  63. ^ "EXO Breaks Records in Japan Becoming Best Selling K Pop Act". www.koogle.tv. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  64. ^ "EXO's first Tokyo Dome concert". kpopherald.koreaherald.com. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  65. ^ "EXO Gathers 145,000 Fans to Tokyo Dome Concert". Mwave. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  66. ^ orionight. "EXO Continues Winning Streak on iTunes Charts Across the Globe!". Koogle.tv. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  67. ^ "EXO to Donate Partial Proceeds of Upcoming New Album to UNICEF". BNT News. Retrieved 2016-08-18. 
  68. ^ "[대중문화 파워리더 빅30 ④] 1위~10위…나영석, 예능PD 최초 첫 빅5". entertain.naver.com. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  69. ^ "EXO ANNOUNCE FIRST NORTH AMERICAN TOUR FOR EARLY 2016". fuse.tv. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  70. ^ "EXO PLANET #2 – The EXO’luXion World Tour". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  71. ^ "EXO FURTHER PROVE WHY THEY'RE A BOY BAND FORCE WITH 'MONSTER' & 'LUCKY ONE' VIDEOS: WATCH". fuse.tv. Retrieved 2016-06-15. 
  72. ^ "'컴백' 엑소, 정규3집 선주문 66만장 돌파..사상 최다". Naver (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  73. ^ "엑소, 엑소를 넘었다" 정규 3집 앨범 '이그잭트', 발매 3일만의 역대 초동 1위 기록". asiatoday. Retrieved 2016-06-12. 
  74. ^ "Album Chart week 25 / 2016 - June 25". mediatraffic. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  75. ^ "EXO Earns First No. 1 on World Digital Songs With 'Monster'". billboard. 2016-06-14. Retrieved 2016-06-14. 
  76. ^ ""역시 엑소!" 패션지 新역사 썼다…업계 초토화 [화보]". naver. 2016-06-24. Retrieved 2016-06-24. 
  77. ^ "SM Launches New EXO Mobile Game "EXORUN"". Nate. 2016-07-15. Retrieved 2016-08-06. 
  78. ^ "K-Pop Boy-Group EXO Introduces Brand New Official Lightstick For EXO-Ls And Fans". Koreaboo. 2016-08-07. Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  79. ^ "'역대급 기록제조기' 엑소, 체조경기장 6회 공연+8만4천 관객 동원". newsen. 2016-08-01. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  80. ^ "시우민·찬열·세훈, 엑소 첫 유닛될까…미발표곡 '같이해' 첫선". Naver (in Korean). July 24, 2016. Retrieved August 24, 2016. 
  81. ^ "EXO begin gearing up for their repackaged album 'LOTTO'". Allkpop. 2016-08-12. Retrieved 2016-08-17. 
  82. ^ "EXO Scores Second No. 1 on World Digital Songs With 'Lotto'". Billboard. 2016-09-06. Retrieved 2016-09-07. 
  83. ^ "2016년 34주차 Digital Chart". Gaon. 2016-08-14. Retrieved 2016-09-07. 
  84. ^ "2016년 34주차 Album Chart". Gaon. 2016-08-14. Retrieved 2016-09-07. 
  85. ^ "EXO becomes the triple million seller". Vyrl. 2016-08-18. Retrieved 2016-08-18. 
  86. ^ "Watch: EXO And Yoo Jae Suk Show What It Takes To Be A "Dancing King" In MV". Soompi. September 17, 2016. 
  87. ^ "Gaon Digital Chart - Week 39, 2016". Gaon. 2016-09-25. Retrieved 2016-10-01. 
  88. ^ "World Digital Song Sales". Billboard. 2016-10-15. Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  89. ^ "EXO To Release 2nd Japanese Single 'Coming Over'". 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2016-09-08. 
  90. ^ "Intip Bocoran Single Jepang Kedua EXO 'Coming Over' Ini". wowkeren. Retrieved October 19, 2016. 
  91. ^ "一般社団法人 日本レコード協会". www.riaj.or.jp. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  92. ^ Jung Ahn-ji (December 14, 2016). "엑소, 19일 0시 겨울 스페셜 'For Life' 음원 공개". Chosun (in Korean). Retrieved December 14, 2016. 
  93. ^ "국내 대표 음악 차트 가온차트!". www.gaonchart.co.kr. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  94. ^ "엑소, 올해 누적 음반판매량 213만장 돌파..'역대급 기록'". entertain.naver.com (in Korean). Naver Corporation. December 28, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  95. ^ "Football Stadiums in South Korea". Football Tripper. Retrieved 2017-04-12. 
  96. ^ "EXO set new milestone with upcoming Korea concerts". SBS PopAsia. Retrieved 2017-04-12. 
  97. ^ "EXO set new milestone with upcoming Korea concerts". SBS PopAsia. Retrieved 2017-04-12. 
  98. ^ "Sold Out". 
  99. ^ "EXO PLANET # 3 - The EXO'rDIUM [dot]". Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  100. ^ "legendary frog on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2017-04-24. 
  101. ^ Apps, Amino. "[EXO'rdium Dot D-1 & D-2 SOLD OUT + SPECIAL LIGHSTICK]". EXO (엑소) | aminoapps.com. Retrieved 2017-04-24. 
  102. ^ "EXO SCHEDULE on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2017-04-24. 
  103. ^ Hong Dam-young (July 10, 2017). "EXO to return with ‘The War’ on July 18". The Korea Herald. Retrieved July 10, 2017. 
  104. ^ "#EXO Confirmed To Debut First Sub-unit". Soompi. October 5, 2015. 
  105. ^ SMTOWN_EN. "[Vyrl] SMTOWN_EN : #EXO's first unit #EXO-CBX 1st mini album 'Hey Mama!' drops Oct 31, 0A". Retrieved 2016-10-24. 
  106. ^ "#EXO-CBX release MV for "Hey Mama!"". Allkpop. October 31, 2016. 
  107. ^ "[Oh! 재팬] 엑소 첸백시, 열도 정복 시동…5월 日 정식 데뷔" (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  108. ^ "EXO-CBX make it rain in awesome Japanese debut 'Ka-CHING!' MV". SBS PopAsia. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  109. ^ Koreaboo. "EXO’s Lay drops solo EP and title track,”Lose Control” MV, 0A". Retrieved 2017-02-14. 
  110. ^ YinYueTai. Retrieved 2017-03-11. 
  111. ^ a b SBSPopAsia. "EXO's Lay is holding strong on Chinese music charts with debut album 'Lose Control'". Retrieved 2017-03-11. 
  112. ^ Xiami. "Zhang Yixing - 'Lose Control'". Retrieved 2017-03-11. 
  113. ^ Gaon. "Gaon Yearly Album Chart". Retrieved 2017-03-11. 
  114. ^ "LINETV Surplines EXO's Special Camping 2014 01 vietsub" (in Korean). Den Ngoc. 2015-10-26. 
  115. ^ "엑소 멤버 크리스, SM 상대 전속계약 무효 소송(종합)". Yonhap (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  116. ^ "엑소 크리스, 전속계약해지 소송 "조용히 처리할 것" vs SM "당황"(종합)" (in Korean). Enews. May 15, 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-15. 
  117. ^ "루한 절친 "루한 소송? 건강악화·가족에 대한 그리움"…SM 공식입장과 달라" (in Korean). Asia Today. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  118. ^ "타오 소송, SM "韓中서 다각적으로 대응할 것" 공식입장". tvreport (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  119. ^ "SM Entertainment Wins Lawsuit Against Tao". International Business Times. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  120. ^ "SM, 엑소 전 멤버 타오 상대 부당행위 소송 승소" (in Korean). Naver. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  121. ^ kokoberry (2016-06-14). "SM Entertainment, Kris, and Luhan Have Additional Arbitration Meeting". Soompi. Retrieved 2016-08-27. 
  122. ^ "Exo sneakers Kolon Sport". FashionKorea. 2014-05-03. Retrieved 2014-05-03. 
  123. ^ "EXO to open up 'BWCW' collaboration store". MWave. 2013-08-08. Retrieved 2013-08-10. 
  124. ^ 태연·엑소, 네이처리퍼블릭 모델로 발탁 (in Korean). Asia Economy. 2013-08-28. Retrieved 2013-08-28. 
  125. ^ "K-Pop band EXO to adorn a special edition Smart Cover for the Galaxy S8, more to come in the future". Phone Arena. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  126. ^ "SPAO - KPOPTOWN.COM". kpoptown.com. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  127. ^ "배스킨라빈스, 엑소가 선사하는 12월 이달의 맛은?…'윈터베리 칩'". Naver (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  128. ^ "EXO Gallery". www.ivyclub.com. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  129. ^ "'엑소(EXO)'와 닮았나? 닮은꼴 인형과 동심 속으로…MCM 영상 비하인드 컷". Naver (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  130. ^ "莎郎嘿~PEPERO 莎郎嘿~ EXO". yam蕃薯藤新聞. Retrieved 2016-01-29. 
  131. ^ "Star Avenue > Lotte Duty Free Music Video > Movie Sketch > EXO | LOTTE DUTY FREE". en.lottedfs.com. Retrieved 2016-01-29. 
  132. ^ "엑소(EXO) '롯데월드 어드벤처' 모델로 발탁". m.news.naver.com. Retrieved 2016-01-29. 
  133. ^ "『EXO 康师傅冰红茶 CM 中国 紅茶 CM 150430』". SANAPY の ブログ ★ EXO 2 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2016-03-15. 
  134. ^ "엑소, '햇츠온' 모델 발탁 무한 매력 발산". Nate (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  135. ^ "엑소(EXO), 굽네치킨 새 얼굴된다". Newsway (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  136. ^ "엑소X스케쳐스, 환상 비주얼 컬래버레이션". Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  137. ^ "EXO-K Appointed Honorary Ambassadors For Korean Red Cross Youth". Han Cinema. 2012-12-05. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  138. ^ "배두나와 엑소(EXO), '패션 코드 2014' 홍보대사로 위촉" (in Korean). ajunews. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  139. ^ "EXO as ambassador for 2014 Summer Youth Olympics". telecompaper. Retrieved 2014-10-04. 
  140. ^ "엑소, 겨울 스페셜 앨범 10일 발매…수익금 'SMile for U' 캠페인에 기부" (in Korean). Nate. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  141. ^ "Portion of EX'ACT album sales will be donated to 'Smile for U'" (in Korean). S.M. Entertainment. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  142. ^ "Exo Wins First Music Show Trophy". Seoulbeats. 
  143. ^ "The 11 K-pop artists with the most Music Show wins". SBS PopAsia. 
  144. ^ "EXO’s ‘For Life’ won during KBS’ ‘Music Bank’ 2016; Unveils details on upcoming concert in the Philippines". ASZNEWS. 

External links