Exo in August 2016
|Origin||Seoul, South Korea|
Exo (Korean: 엑소; stylized as EXO) is a South Korean boy group based in Seoul. Formed by S.M. Entertainment in 2011, the group debuted in 2012 with twelve members separated into two subgroups, Exo-K and Exo-M, performing music in Korean and Mandarin respectively. Exo's first album XOXO (2013), which contained the breakthrough hit "Growl", was a critical and commercial success, winning both Disk Daesang at the 28th Golden Disk Awards and Album of the Year at the 15th Mnet Asian Music Awards. It sold over one million copies, making Exo the best-selling Korean artist in twelve years. Subsequent albums and EPs continued with strong sales, and Exo were ranked the most influential celebrity by Forbes Korea for the year 2014 and 2015. They have been named "the biggest boyband in the world" by media outlets, saying that "EXO are at the forefront of pop domination, with knife-point choreography seamlessly gelled to songs crafted by some of the world’s most gifted writers and producers, honed by their myriad of personalities and talents." 
In May 2014, Kris filed a lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment to be removed from the group. Luhan followed suit in October 2014. In April 2015, Tao suspended his activities and subsequently followed suit in August 2015. Following their departures, Exo carried on with nine members. In July 2016, it was announced that the lawsuit between Luhan, Kris, and S.M. Entertainment had been settled: the two idols will maintain their contract with SM until 2022, S.M. Entertainment will contract out their work outside of Korea and Japan—i.e. to their current Chinese agencies—and they will "share related revenues with S.M. Entertainment."
- 1 History
- 1.1 2011: Formation
- 1.2 2012: Debut and Mama
- 1.3 2013: XOXO, commercial success, and Miracles in December
- 1.4 2014: Overdose, Kris' and Luhan's lawsuits, and first solo concert
- 1.5 2015: Exodus, Tao's lawsuit, Japanese debut, collaboration with Star Wars, and Sing For You
- 1.6 2016: North American tour, Ex'Act, Kris' and Luhan's departures, Coming Over
- 2 Sub-unit
- 3 Discography
- 4 Filmography
- 5 Legal issues
- 6 Tours
- 7 Other ventures
- 8 Awards and nominations
- 9 Footnotes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
In May 2011, at a Hallyu business seminar held at Stanford University, Lee Soo-man spoke about a strategy of debuting a new boyband, in which they would be divided into 2 subgroups, promoting the same music simultaneously in South Korea and China by performing songs in both Korean and Mandarin. After several changes, in December 2011, the group finalized their name to Exo, taken from the word exoplanet. They are divided into two subgroups, Exo-K ('K' for Korean) for South Korea and Exo-M ('M' for Mandarin) for China. They debuted their first televised performance at SBS's annual Gayo Daejun event on December 29, 2011.
2012: Debut and Mama
Exo-K and Exo-M's prologue single "What Is Love" was released on January 30, 2012, in mainland China and South Korea. The single peaked at number 88 on South Korea's Gaon Single Chart. On March 9, the group released their second prologue single "History", which was written and produced by Thomas Troelsen and Remee. The single peaked at number 68 on the Gaon Single Chart and number six on China's Sina Music Chart.
A concert for the group was held in Seoul's Olympic Stadium on March 31. Approximately 3,000 fans from 8,000 applicants were selected to attend. A second concert was held in the Great Hall of the Beijing University of International Business and Economics on April 1.
Exo-K and Exo-M released their debut single, "Mama", on April 8 followed by an EP Mama, on April 9. The two sub-groups would be promoting the album separately in two countries. On April 8, Exo-K performed on South Korea's music program The Music Trend, while Exo-M made their debut in China's Top Chinese Music Awards on the same day. The mandarin version of Mama reached number two on China's Sina Album Chart, while the Korean album peaked at number one on the Gaon Album Chart and number eight on the Billboard World Albums Chart. The mandarin version of "Mama" music video reached number one on Chinese streaming websites, while the Korean version reached number seven on YouTube's Global Chart. In late April, Exo-M performed as a guest act for Super Junior's Super Show 4 concert tour in Jakarta, Indonesia.
In November, Exo won Best New Asian Artist Group at the 2012 Mnet Asian Music Awards. Exo-K received three nominations at the 27th Golden Disk Awards, winning the Newcomer Award. Exo-M received the Most Popular Group Award at the 2013 Top Chinese Music Awards.
2013: XOXO, commercial success, and Miracles in December
The group's first studio album, XOXO was released on June 2013 with two versions, a Korean-language "Kiss" edition and a Mandarin-language "Hug" edition. Unlike Mama era when Exo-K and Exo-M had separate promotions, XOXO was jointly promoted; mainly in South Korea. Exo recorded together for the album's lead single, "Wolf", but the rest of the album tracks were recorded separately. The two versions collectively peaked at number one on the Billboard World Album Chart a week after release.
A repackaged version of XOXO, titled Growl, was released on August 5, 2013 with three additional tracks. The reissue's lead single, "Growl", was released on August 1, 2013. "Growl" achieved 10,554 points on The Music Trend charts, setting a new number one record on the show. "Growl" reached number one on all four of Korea's major music programs, winning a total of ten trophies in three consecutive weeks. The single peaked at number three on Billboard's Korea K-Pop Hot 100 and number two on the Gaon's Singles chart. As of December 2013, all versions of XOXO have collectively sold over 1,000,000 copies, making Exo the first Korean artist to sell over a million copies of one album in twelve years and breaking the record for being the fastest-selling K-pop act. XOXO was named Album of the Year at the 2013 Mnet Asian Music Awards, making Exo the youngest ever boy band to win the award. XOXO is the best selling album in South Korea of 2013, winning the Disk Daesang Award at various award ceremonies like the Golden Disk Awards and Seoul Music Awards.
Exo's second EP Miracles in December was officially released December 9, 2013 as a special winter album through South Korean commercial outlets and online music stores. Exo jump-started album promotions through their reality show Exo's Showtime, which premiered on November 28, 2013 on the cable channel MBC Every 1. Baekhyun, Chen, and D.O. performed the EP's lead single, "Miracles in December", at M! Countdown on December 5. Luhan also joined the trio on stage for the lead single's promotions on other music broadcast programs.
Exo ended 2013 with six albums in the Gaon's Yearly Top 10 Best-Selling Albums, including all their 2013 album releases in both the Korean and Chinese version as well as their debut EP Mama.
2014: Overdose, Kris' and Luhan's lawsuits, and first solo concert
Exo's third EP, Overdose, was released on May 7, 2014. Originally scheduled to be released on April 21, the album was delayed due to the Sewol Ferry Accident on April 16. Overdose was promoted similarly to Mama, with Exo-M promoting primarily in China and Exo-K in South Korea. The album reached 660,000+ preorders before its release, making it the most pre-ordered mini-album in history. The Korean edition also peaked at No. 2 on Billboard's World Albums Chart, and No. 129 on the "Billboard 200", making Exo the highest charting Korean male group act on the Billboard 200. Overdose became the best selling album in South Korea of 2014 and was the first mini album to top the yearly charts and win the Album of the Year Award at Mnet Asian Music Awards. By the end of the calendar year, Exo was Japan's biggest-selling K-pop artist of the year.
On May 15, 2014, S.M. Entertainment confirmed that Exo-M's leader, Kris, had filed a lawsuit against the agency to terminate his contract, stating violation of human rights as the main reason. On October 10, Exo-M's Luhan also filed a lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment to nullify his contract, because of health issues and being treated differently than the Korean members, therefore having no promotions.
S.M. Entertainment announced that Exo would continue to promote with 10 members. The group held their first solo concert "Exo from Exoplanet ＃1 - The Lost Planet" starting May 24 at the Seoul Olympic Gymnasium. Tickets for the concert sold out in 1.47 seconds, breaking the record for the fastest sold out concert by a Korean artist.
2015: Exodus, Tao's lawsuit, Japanese debut, collaboration with Star Wars, and Sing For You
Exo's second solo concert was announced in January 2015 entitled Exo Planet ＃2 - The Exo'luxion. Five concerts were held in Seoul at the Olympic Park Stadium starting March 7. 1.2 million fans had attempted to buy tickets online. On February 4, 2015, S.M Entertainment filed a counter-suit against Kris and Luhan for illegally continuing their promotions in China. The lawsuit was to stop their acting and advertisement under the use of the S.M trademark.
Exo's second studio album, Exodus, was released on March 30, 2015 in both Korean and Mandarin versions. Domestic pre-sales for the album surpassed 500,000 within 24 hours, setting a new record for pre-sales. The title track "Call Me Baby" was released early on March 27, due to leaked versions of the song. The music videos were released 4 days later, with the Korean version later becoming the most wached K-pop music video in the first half of 2015. Exo also starred in their own mini drama series titled Exo Next Door, which became the most watched Korean web drama in 2015 until later being surpassed by member Xiumin's web drama, Falling for Challenge. "Call Me Baby" proved to be successful, winning eighteen times on music shows, making it the second most awarded song of all times. The album's Korean version also broke records after staying at number one on the album chart for four consecutive weeks. Exodus eventually went on to sell over a million copies, and is the group's second album after XOXO to do so. It was named Album of the Year at the 2015 Mnet Asian Music Awards, making this the third consecutive win in this category for the group since 2013. In May, Exo broke the record on U.S. Billboard 200 as the highest ranking Korean artist, topping at 90th place. Exo also entered the Canadian Billboard Hot 100 chart at number 98, making them the first K-pop group and second Korean artist to enter the Canadian chart.
On April 22, member Tao's father posted a letter through Weibo expressing his sentiments for his son to withdraw from the group and return to China; due to lack of support concerning individual career developments and health issues. Tao had previously sustained several injuries which had not been properly treated that worsened and caused him to be absent during promotions for the group's second studio album Exodus. On April 23, S.M. Entertainment released an official statement saying that they would be "seeking a solution in a developmental direction" by negotiating with Tao and his father. Tao later confirmed that he had left S.M. Entertainment and after failed negotiations, Tao filed an official lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment on August 24 for the termination of his exclusive contract.
On June 3, a re-release version for Exodus, titled Love Me Right, was released. The repackaged album contained the original tracks from Exodus and four new songs, including title track "Love Me Right". Due to Tao's absence, the group promoted the song as 9 members. After wrapping up promotions in Korea, Exo was reported to be planning their official Japanese debut. As part of their "Exo'luxion" tour, Exo performed for 145,000 fans at the Tokyo Dome from November 6–8, breaking the record for the shortest amount of time since debut to hold a concert at this venue. On November 4, Exo released their debut Japanese single Love Me Right ~romantic universe~, which contains the Japanese version of their Korean title track "Love Me Right" as well as an original Japanese song "Drop That". On the day of its release, Exo sold a total of 147,000 copies, rising to the top of the Oricon Charts and becoming the Korean artist with the all-time best selling debut single in Japan.
On October 10, Exo became the first artist to hold a dome concert in South Korea with their Exo - Love Concert in Dome. 20,000 fans filled the Seoul Gocheok Dome Baseball Stadium for the event. The concert consisted of stage performances, special performances and a talk session with the fans. Tickets for the event went on sale on September 21, demand causing the server to crash for over 50 minutes and all tickets were sold out. In preparation for the Exo - Love Concert in Dome, S.M. Entertainment also announced the release of Exo's first official light stick. The light stick features a black wand topped with Exo's logo which displays a white light.
On November 9, Exo released a special single titled "Lightsaber" to promote the movie Star Wars: The Force Awakens ahead of its release in South Korea, as part of the collaboration between S.M. Entertainment and Walt Disney. On November 9, the single was released with a special film. On December 1, S.M. Entertainment confirmed that part of the proceeds from Exo's upcoming album, Sing For You, would be donated to UNICEF's "Smile For U" campaign to support music education for children in Asia.
On December 10, Exo released their 2nd winter special album Sing For You along with double title tracks "Sing For You" and "Unfair". Sing For You later broke the record for the highest first week sales for a Korean artist by selling 267,900 copies in its first week. The track "Unfair" also became the first K-pop track to be ranked in the "best of the week" playlist by Apple Music and Exo became the first Korean artist to be featured on the Apple Music homepage. Near the end of 2015, prominent entertainment industry leaders ranked Exo at number 7 in the list of the top ten pop culture leaders of 2015, ranking them the highest of any kpop artist.
2016: North American tour, Ex'Act, Kris' and Luhan's departures, Coming Over
In February 2016, Exo held the North American leg of The Exo'luxion tour in Dallas, Vancouver, Los Angeles, Chicago, and New Jersey. The same month, Exo were again ranked as the most powerful celebrity by Forbes Korea for the year 2015.
Exo's third studio album, Ex'Act, along with its singles "Lucky One" and "Monster", were released on June 9, 2016 in both Korean and Mandarin versions. Domestic pre-sales for the album surpassed 660,000, making it the most pre-ordered K-pop album of all time. The album later broke the record for the highest first week sales of a Korean album, breaking their previous record set by Sing For You, by selling 522,372 copies in one week. The album also went on to top the United World Albums Chart. "Monster" became Exo's first number one on the Billboard World Digital Songs Chart, while "Lucky One" debuted at number 3. As part of their Ex'Act promotions, Exo and Korean fashion magazine W Korea collaborated on "Exoclusive", a project to publish a 54-page, nine-cover edition of the magazine. "Exoclusive" ended up recording the highest number of sales as a fashion magazine in Korea after selling nearly a million copies. On July 15, S.M. Entertainment and Putto Entertainment released Exo's official mobile game Exorun.
On July 21, Kris and Luhan officially parted ways with Exo as their contractual disputes with S.M. Entertainment drew to a close. On July 22, Exo embarked on their third solo concert tour, Exo Planet ＃3 - The Exo'rdium. In preparation for the tour, S.M. Entertainment announced the release of Exo's second official light stick. The new light stick features a white wand with Exo's official logo on top that displays a multi-color changing light. After holding concerts from July 22 until July 24 and July 29 until July 31 with over 84,000 attendees, Exo established a record as the first artist to hold as many as six consecutive concerts at the Olympic Gymnastics Arena.
On August 18, a repackaged edition for Ex'Act, titled Lotto, was released. It contained the original tracks from Ex'Act along with four new songs including the single of the same name. "Lotto" became Exo's second number one on the Billboard World Digital Songs Chart and peaked at number 2 on Gaon's Digital Chart. Lotto's Korean and Chinese versions reached number 1 and 2 respectively on Gaon's Album Chart. Within two months of its original release, Ex'Act sold over 1.17 million copies, honoring Exo with the title of "Triple Million Sellers".
On September 7, Exo announced through a video that they would be releasing their second Japanese single titled "Coming Over" and a Japanese album containing three original Japanese tracks in December. On October 7, the full song was made available in Japan through the AWA application, a popular Japanese streaming service, and was played over 100,000 times in the 12 hours before the promotional event ended.  On the same day, it was anounced that the official release date for the single will be December 7. 
On September 17, Exo released their collaborative dance track "Dancing King" featuring Yoo Jae-suk along with an accompanying music video through SM Station. The song peaked at number 2 on Gaon's Digital Chart and number 1 on Gaon's Download Chart. 'Dancing King' also ranked number 3 on Billboard's World Digital Songs Chart.
On October 5, 2016, S.M. Entertainment announced the first sub-unit of EXO composed of three members: Chen, Baekhyun and Xiumin. They have previously released the single "For You", as part of the soundtrack for SBS drama Moon Lovers: Scarlet Heart Ryeo. On October 23, they performed "For You" at Busan One Asia Festival as their first act as EXO-CBX.On October 24, S.M. Entertainment announced that the sub-unit is called EXO-CBX and their first mini album "Hey Mama!" is set to be released on October 31.
Reality TV Shows
On May 15, 2014, S.M. Entertainment confirmed that Exo-M's leader, Kris, had filed a lawsuit against the agency to terminate his contract for violation of basic human rights by treating him like a product rather than a person, disregard for his health, unfair profit distribution and restricting his freedom. The same law firm that represented Han Geng of Super Junior in his lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment also represented Kris.
On October 10, 2014, Luhan filed a lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment to nullify his contract, mainly because of health issues and for being treated differently than its Korean members. The same law firm that represented Han Geng and Kris in their lawsuits against S.M. Entertainment also represented Luhan.
On August 24, 2015, Tao filed a lawsuit against S.M. Entertainment for termination of his contract and is being represented by the same legal team as Kris and Luhan. SM Entertainment responded to his legal actions by stating, "Our company plans to use everything in our power including both Korean and Chinese legal professionals and partners to respond legally both in Korea and China in a multi-faceted manner. We also plan to take legal steps to respond to Tao's illegal promotions and actions.".
On 5 January 2016, SM entertainment won one of their counter-lawsuits against Tao following the ruling of the Intermediate People's Court in the Qingdao, Shandong, in China.The agency sued Tao over his failure to repay the company after his departure. They released an official statement saying "SM has ongoing lawsuits against Exo members Wu Yifan (Kris), Luhan, and Tao for violating their exclusive contracts and partaking in illegal promotions in China. Among these lawsuits, SM filed a lawsuit against Tao for failing to repay SM on October 13, 2015. An intermediate court in Qingdao, China made the verdict that Tao is to repay SM Entertainment as well as interest for the delayed payment."
In July 2016, it was announced that the lawsuit between Luhan, Kris, and SM Entertainment had been settled. The two sides settled during their third court-mandated arbitration, the previous two being in September 2015 and June 2016, with the court "sett[ling] the case with recommendation for reconciliation." The two idols will maintain their contract with SM until 2022. SM Entertainment will contract out their work outside of Korea and Japan i.e. Kris and Luhan's Chinese agencies will "share related revenues" with SM Entertainment for activities anywhere but Korea and Japan (where SM Entertainment has exclusive rights per their contract) because SM Entertainment is technically "contract[ing] out management" for their non-Korean/Japanese activities until 2022, when their contracts with SM Entertainment expire.
Early February 2013, Exo began promoting a South Korean clothing brand, Kolon Sport. The band shot a commercial ad for a new pair of sneakers named after them, MOVE-XO.
The band has launched a clothing range called Boy Who Cried Wolf (BWCW), partnering up with various Korean street brands. The collaboration store is located at OUTLAB in Garosu-gil, Sinsa-dong. Exo also has a 2-year endorsement deal with cosmetics brand, Nature Republic.
Exo are currently the endorsers for various other brands and companies such as SPAO, Baskin Robbins, IVY Club,MCM Worldwide, Pepero, Lotte World, Lotte Duty Free, MCM, Kangshifu Ice Tea, Hats On, Goobne Chicken and Skechers.
The members of Exo-K became goodwill ambassadors for South Korea's Red Cross Youth in December 2012. Members of Exo and Bae Doona are appointed as official ambassadors for Fashion-KODE 2014 which is host by Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Korea and the Korea Active Content Agency Fashion Festival in July 2014. In July 2014, Samsung announced Exo as Samsung's brand ambassador for 2014 Summer Youth Olympics.
In 2015 Exo participated in "Smile for U", a joint SM Entertainment and UNICEF project that aids music educational charitable work for children in Asia. Part of the proceeds of their winter album "Sing for You" and their third full album Ex'Act were donated to the campaign. Members Kai and Sehun also participated in photo-shoots for the campaign.
Awards and nominations
Exo have been recipients of numerous awards from South Korea and mainland China. On June 14, 2013, over a year after their official debut, the band received their first win on the South Korean music program Music Bank with their single "Wolf." Since then, Exo has gone on to win over 87 music program awards.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to EXO (musical group).|
- Exo official website (Korean)