E (New York City Subway service)
|Eighth Avenue Local|
Note: Dashed line shows late night only service
Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to 179th Street
|Northern end||Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer
Jamaica–179th Street (limited rush hour service)
|Southern end||World Trade Center|
34 (including limited rush hour service to 179th Street)
|Rolling stock||260 R160As (26 trains)|
|Started service||August 19, 1933|
The E Eighth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is vivid blue since it uses the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan. The E operates at all times between Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer in Jamaica, Queens, and Chambers Street–World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, running express on the IND Queens Boulevard Line in Queens (except nights when it serves all stops) and local in Manhattan. E trains also serve two local stops in eastern Queens (75th Avenue and Briarwood) on evenings and weekends. Limited rush hour service runs fully express[note 1] to and from 179th Street at the end of the Queens Boulevard Line, due to lack of capacity at Jamaica Center.
On August 19, 1933, E service officially began, running between Roosevelt Avenue – Jackson Heights and the Hudson Terminal (current World Trade Center station). The E would not yet run express via Queens Boulevard as the IND Crosstown Line did not yet fully open until Brooklyn, and the Queens Boulevard Line had not yet opened to Jamaica.
On January 1, 1936, the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened to East Broadway and the E was extended there. E trains no longer served stations on the Eighth Avenue Line south of West Fourth Street. On April 9 of the same year, the Sixth Avenue Line was extended through the Rutgers Street Tunnel to Jay Street–Borough Hall, and E trains were extended via this line and the IND Culver Line to Church Avenue, replacing the A train. E service was again extended when the Queens Boulevard Line was extended to Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike on December 31, 1936, and then to 169th Street on April 24, 1937. E trains began running express between Continental Avenue and Queens Plaza on April 24, 1937.
On September 12, 1938, several weekday rush hour trains began terminating at Jay Street in the morning, and a few entered service at Smith–Ninth Streets in the evening. Between 1939 and 1940, select PM E trains ran to-and-from the Horace Harding Boulevard terminal at the 1939 New York World's Fair, terminating at Hudson Terminal in Manhattan. Service ended following the fair.
On December 15, 1940, service on the entire Sixth Avenue Line began. The E was cut back to Broadway–Lafayette Street. South of that station, it was replaced by the F train. On October 24, 1949 the E was extended during rush hours to Broadway – East New York running via Fulton Street Local.
In 1953, the platforms were lengthened to 660 feet at 75th Avenue, Sutphin Boulevard, Spring Street, Canal Street, Ralph Avenue and Broadway–East New York so that E trains could run eleven car trains. The E began running eleven car trains during rush hours on September 8, 1953. The extra train car increased the total carrying capacity by 4,000 passengers.
Then, on October 30, 1954, E trains began running to Hudson Terminal during non-rush hours, and began running express in Manhattan during rush hours.
On June 28, 1956, the LIRR Rockaway Beach Branch re-opened as the IND Rockaway Line after being converted for subway service and E service was extended from East New York to Rockaway Park or Wavecrest during weekday rush hours. During non-rush hours, service was provided by shuttle service between Euclid and Rockaway Park or Wavecrest.
On September 16, 1956, rush hour E service was cut back to Euclid Avenue when Rockaway service was replaced by the A train. The A and E later switched southern terminals again, and on September 8, 1958 the E began running to the Rockaways during rush hours. On September 8, 1959, the E began running express to Euclid Avenue, while the A became local; however, in 1960, the E train became an express in Brooklyn and was extended to the Rockaways, with some put-ins beginning at Euclid Avenue and later Lefferts Boulevard during rush hours. Some E trains were extended to Lefferts Boulevard in June of that year due to complaints. In 1963–1964, the E was extended to the Rockaways during rush hours, with some put-ins beginning at Euclid Avenue and later Lefferts Boulevard.
On March 23, 1970, southbound E trains, during rush hours, began stopping at the lower level of the 42nd Street station.
On January 2, 1973, the E train became the local in Brooklyn again, running to Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street only. Finally, on August 27, 1976, E service in Brooklyn was eliminated with all trains terminating at World Trade Center (the local platform). Brooklyn service was replaced by the CC local.
On December 11, 1988, the IND Archer Avenue Line opened. E trains were rerouted via this branch, stopping at the upper level of the Sutphin Boulevard and Jamaica Center stations. The E train now skipped 75th Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard on weekdays. R service was extended to 179th Street, replacing the E as the Hillside Avenue Local service, but this was later discontinued when the F became the local. A few rush hour trains continue to operate to 179th Street.
During the early part of 2000, because of the replacement of track switches at the World Trade Center station, the E was extended to Euclid Avenue at all times except late nights, when it operated to Canal Street. Service on the E was again affected by the September 11 attacks in 2001, as its terminal station, World Trade Center, was located at the northeastern corner of the World Trade Center site, so for a time, the E again operated to Euclid Avenue in Brooklyn as the local on the IND Fulton Street Line at all times except late nights, replacing the temporarily suspended C service. On September 24, 2001, C service was restored, and E service was cut back to Canal Street, since World Trade Center would be closed until January 2002.
On December 16, 2001, the connection from the IND 63rd Street Line to the Queens Boulevard Line opened, and F trains were rerouted via this connector to travel between Manhattan and Queens. Some rush hour E trains now ran to 179th Street, allowing passengers on Hillside Avenue east of Union Turnpike to have an express service to 53rd Street. This was also due to the lack of capacity at Jamaica Center during rush hours.
The EE originally ran as an Eighth Avenue local between 71st–Continental Avenues and Chambers Street during off peak hours when the GG didn't run. This service was discontinued when the IND Sixth Avenue Line was completed in 1940. However, the EE reappeared in 1967 when it ran between 71st–Continental Avenues and Whitehall Street via the local tracks of the BMT Broadway Line, replacing the QT and RR. This service was discontinued on August 30, 1976 and replaced by the N. The route of the EE to Whitehall Street is currently duplicated by the R service.
The following table shows the lines used by the E service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
|IND Archer Avenue Line (full line)||Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer||Jamaica–Van Wyck||all|
|IND Queens Boulevard Line (full line)||Jamaica–179th Street||Sutphin Boulevard||express|
|Forest Hills–71st Avenue||Queens Plaza||express|
|Court Square–23rd Street||50th Street||all|
|IND Eighth Avenue Line||42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal||World Trade Center||local|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops late nights and weekends only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
- E signs are located above the express tracks at Parsons Boulevard, showing that trains skip 169th Street. Part of one of these signs can be seen in this 2004 photo Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine..
- Chambers Street–World Trade Center are actually counted as two separate stations by the MTA. The E train terminates at World Trade Center while the A C trains have through service at Chambers Street.
- Elevator temporarily out of service for construction at the World Trade Center site
- "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved 2016-06-17.
- "NEW SUBWAY LINKS RUNNING SMOOTHLY; Exact Schedules Maintained on First Day's Operation of Queens Tubes.". The New York Times. 1933-08-20. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
- "TWO SUBWAY UNITS OPEN AT MIDNIGHT; Links in City-Owned System in Queens and Brooklyn to Have 15 Stations. TRAINS TESTED ON ROUTES Full Staffs Operate Them on Schedule Minus Passengers -- Celebrations Planned.". The New York Times. 1933-08-18. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
- "LA GUARDIA OPENS NEW SUBWAY LINK; Warmly Praises Delaney as He Puts $17,300,000 Line on East Side Into Service. SEEKS WIDER HOME RULE Hints at Ceremony That City Will Again Attempt to End Transit Board's Powers. THE MAYOR OPENS A NEW LINE OF THE CITY SUBWAY SYSTEM. LA GUARDIA OPENS NEW SUBWAY LINK". The New York Times. 1936-01-02. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
- "TWO SUBWAY LINKS START WEDNESDAY; City Will Begin Operating Fulton Street Line and Extension to Jay Street. MAYOR TO MAKE TRIP Entire System With Exception of Sixth Av. Route to Be Finished Early Next Year.". The New York Times. 1936-04-06. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
- Scramble is Mild at subway opening Few Turn out at 7 AM in Kew Gardens to be first new station
- Scramble is Mild at subway opening Few Turn out at 7 AM in Kew Gardens to be first new station
- "Subway Link Opens Soon: City Line to Jamaica Will Start About April 24". nytimes.com. The New York Times. March 17, 1937. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- "Trial Run to Jamaica on Subway Tomorrow: Section From Kew Gardens to 169th Street Will Open to Public in Two Weeks". nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 9, 1937. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- "NEW SUBWAY LINK TO JAMAICA OPENED; La Guardia, City Officials and Civic Groups Make Trial Run on 10-Car Train". The New York Times. 1937-04-25. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
- "HOW TO GET TO THE FAIR GROUNDS; BY SUBWAY". nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 30, 1939. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "NEW SUBWAY SPUR IS READY TO OPEN: First Train to Start Four Minutes Before the Fair Officially Begins". nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 17, 1939. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "The New Subway Routes". The New York Times. 1940-12-15. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
- "IND Faster Service Will Start Sunday". New York Times. October 20, 1949. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
- "PWA Party Views New Subway Link: Queens Section to Be Opened Tomorrow Is Inspected by Tuttle and Others". nytimes.com. The New York Times. December 30, 1936. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- "New Subway Link Opening in Queens". nytimes.com. The New York Times. December 12, 1950. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- "Subway Link Opens Monday". nytimes.com. The New York Times. December 6, 1950. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- Ingalls, Leonard (August 28, 1953). "2 Subway Lines to Add Cars, Another to Speed Up Service". New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Bronx to Coney Ride In New Subway Link". New York Times. October 18, 1954. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
- Freeman, Ira Henry (June 28, 1956). "Rockaway Trains to Operate Today". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "Subway Schedules In Queens Changing Amid Some Protest". The New York Times. January 2, 1973. p. 46. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- "Changes Set for Jan. 2 Praised". New York Times. November 25, 1972. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- Fischler, Stan; Friedman, Richard (May 23, 1976). "Subways". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "Service Adjustment on BMT and IND Lines Effective 1 A.M. Monday, Aug. 30". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. August 1976. Retrieved 2016-10-23.
- "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-06-17.
- Alternatives Analysis/Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Queens Subway Options Study. United States Department of Transportation, Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Urban Mass Transit Administration. May 1990. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- Johnson, Kirk (December 9, 1988). "Big Changes For Subways Are to Begin". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- Danzig, Allison (September 7, 1939). "International Array of Stars Ready for Opening of U.S. Title Tennis Today; FOUR AUSTRALIANS STAY FOR TOURNEY Quist, Bromwich, Hopman and Crawford Get Permission to Play at Forest Hills RIGGS AMONG FAVORITES Hopes to Avenge Setback in Davis Cup Event--British Women to Seek Honors". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- Perlmutter, Emanuel (November 16, 1967). "SUBWAY CHANGES TO SPEED SERVICE: Major Alterations in Maps, Routes and Signs Will Take Effect Nov. 26". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- Burks, Edward C. (August 14, 1976). "215 More Daily Subway Runs Will Be Eliminated by Aug. 30". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "E train southbound". Trip Planner+. Retrieved 2016-10-30.
- "E train northbound". Trip Planner+. Retrieved 2016-10-30.
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