E (musical note)

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E is the third note of the C major scale, and mi in fixed-do solfège. It has enharmonic equivalents of F♭ (which is by definition a diatonic semitone above E) and Ddouble sharp, amongst others.

When calculated in equal temperament with a reference of A above middle C as 440 Hz, the frequency of Middle E (E4) is approximately 329.628 Hz. See pitch (music) for a discussion of historical variations in frequency.

Designation by octave[edit]

Scientific designation Helmholtz designation Octave name Frequency (Hz)
E−1 E͵͵͵ or ͵͵͵E or EEEE Subsubcontra 10.301
E0 E͵͵ or ͵͵E or EEE Subcontra 20.602
E1 E͵ or ͵E or EE Contra 41.203
E2 E Great 82.407
E3 e Small 164.814
E4 e′ One-lined 329.628
E5 e′′ Two-lined 659.255
E6 e′′′ Three-lined 1318.51
E7 e′′′′ Four-lined 2637.02
E8 e′′′′′ Five-lined 5274.041
E9 e′′′′′′ Six-lined 10548.082
E10 e′′′′′′′ Seven-lined 21096.164

Scales[edit]

Common scales beginning on E[edit]

Diatonic scales[edit]

Jazz melodic minor[edit]

Harmonic Minor[edit]

  • E Harmonic Minor: E F# G A B C D# E
  • E Locrian ♮6: E F G A Bb C# D E
  • E Ionian #5: E F# G# A B# C# D# E
  • E Dorian #4: E F# G A# B C# D E
  • E Phrygian ♮3: E F G# A B C D E
  • E Lydian #2: E F## G# A# B C# D# E
  • E Superlocrian bb7: E F G Ab Bb C D E

Harmonic Major[edit]

  • E Harmonic Major: E F# G# A B C D# E
  • E Dorian b5: E F# G A Bb C# D# E
  • E Phrygian b4: E F G Ab B C D E
  • E Lydian b3: E F# G A# B C# D# E
  • E Mixolydian b2: E F G# A B C# D E
  • E Lydian Augmented #2: E F## G# A# B# C# D# E
  • E Locrian bb7: E F G A Bb C Db E

F flat[edit]

F is a common enharmonic equivalent of E, but is not regarded as the same note. F is commonly found after E in the same measure in pieces where E is in the key signature, in order to represent a diatonic, rather than a chromatic semitone; writing an E with a following E is regarded as a chromatic alteration of one scale degree.

See also[edit]