E Ink Corporation

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E Ink Corporation
Founded 1997
Founder J.D. Albert, Barrett Comiskey, Joseph Jacobson, Jerome Rubin and Russ Wilcox
Headquarters Billerica, Massachusetts,
United States[1]
Website http://eink.com

E Ink Corporation (E Ink) is a privately held manufacturer of electrophoretic displays (EPDs), a kind of electronic paper. E Ink is located in Billerica, Massachusetts, and was co-founded in 1997 by undergraduates J.D. Albert & Barrett Comiskey, Joseph Jacobson (professor in the MIT Media Lab), Jerome Rubin (LexisNexis co-founder) and Russ Wilcox.[2] Two years later, E Ink partnered with Philips to develop and market the technology. Jacobson and Comiskey are listed as inventors on the original patent filed in 1996.[3] Albert, Comiskey and Jacobsen were inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in May 2016.[4] In 2005, Philips sold the electronic paper business as well as its related patents to Prime View International (PVI).

E Ink has since partnered with various companies, including Sony, Motorola and Amazon, to allow for the development of products like the Sony Reader, MOTOFONE F3, Barnes & Noble Nook, Kindle and Kobo eReader, which all utilize E Ink displays.

Applications of E Ink displays also include electronic pricing labels in retail stores, digital luggage tags,[5] wayfinding solutions at bus stations[6] and digital kiosks[7] and architectural design elements.[8]

On June 1, 2009, E Ink Corporation announced an agreement to be purchased by one of its primary business partners, PVI, a Hsinchu, Taiwan-based manufacturer, for over $400 million.[9] It is predicted that the acquisition will speed the development of color E Ink.[10] PVI renamed itself E Ink Holdings Inc. after the purchase. In December 2012, E Ink acquired SiPix, a rival electrophoretic display company.[11][12]

E Ink's "Vizplex" technology is used by Nook, Kindle 2, txtr Beagle and Kobo Mini. E Ink's "Pearl" technology is claimed to have a 50% better contrast ratio. It is used by 2011-2012 Kindle models, Barnes & Noble Nook Simple Touch, Kobo Touch and Sony PRS-T1. E Ink's "Carta" technology is used by Kindle Paperwhite (2nd and 3rd generation), Kindle Voyage, Kobo Glo HD, Kobo Aura H2O and Kindle Oasis. At SID Display Week in May 2016, E Ink Corporation announced Advanced Color ePaper (ACeP), a high quality, full color reflective display capable of displaying up to 32,000 colors.[13] It is expected for commercial production in the next two years.[14]


  1. ^ "E Ink: Contact Us". Retrieved August 16, 2015. 
  2. ^ "E Ink's wild ride". Harvard Business School Alumni Bulletin. Sep 2009. 
  3. ^ US filing date 25-Oct-1996 5930026, Joseph Jacobson, Barrett Comiskey, "Nonemissive displays and piezoelectric power supplies therefor" 
  4. ^ "National Inventors Hall of Fame announces 2016 inductees". Retrieved 2016-12-21. 
  5. ^ GmbH, RIMOWA. "RIMOWA Electronic Tag - the Future of Convenient Traveling". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2016-12-21. 
  6. ^ "CHK America and E Ink Partner to Deliver Advanced Digital Wayfinding Solutions | Business Wire". www.businesswire.com. Retrieved 2016-12-21. 
  7. ^ "E Ink installs a prototype 32" E Ink display in Boston's city hall". www.e-ink-info.com. Retrieved 2016-12-21. 
  8. ^ Ulanoff, Lance. "E Ink unveils wall that changes color at the push of a button". Mashable. Retrieved 2016-12-21. 
  9. ^ "Russ Wilcox Steps Down at E Ink---Smart Energy Venture Next? Xconomy". Xconomy. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  10. ^ E-Ink's Sale Clears Path for Color Kindle in 2010 FastCompany
  11. ^ "E Ink Holdings - About Us". www.einkgroup.com. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  12. ^ "E Ink acquires SiPix, may dominate e-paper universe". Engadget. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  13. ^ "E Ink Announces Advanced Color ePaper, a Breakthrough Technology for Color EPD Applications | Business Wire". www.businesswire.com. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  14. ^ Ulanoff, Lance. "The future of ultra-low-powered displays is finally in living color". Mashable. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 

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