Steamer Hannah at Eagle landing, circa 1900
Location of Eagle, Alaska
|Census Area||Southeast Fairbanks|
|Incorporated||February 9, 1901|
|• Mayor||Donald Woodruff|
|• Total||1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)|
|• Land||1 sq mi (2.6 km2)|
|Elevation||853 ft (260 m)|
|• Density||86/sq mi (33/km2)|
|Time zone||Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)|
|• Summer (DST)||AKDT (UTC-8)|
Eagle (Tthee T’äwdlenn in Hän Athabascan) is a city located along the south bank of the Yukon River near the United States-Canada border in the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska, United States. It includes the Eagle Historic District, a U.S. National Historic Landmark. The population was 86 at the 2010 census. Every February, Eagle hosts a checkpoint for the long-distance Yukon Quest sled dog race.
Eagle is located at (64.786022, -141.199917).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0-square-mile (2.6 km2), all land.
The first permanent structure by Europeans in present-day Eagle was a log trading post called "Belle Isle", built around 1874. In the late 1800s, Eagle became a supply and trading center for miners working the upper Yukon River and its tributaries. By 1898, its population had exceeded 1,700, as people were coming into the area because of the Klondike Gold Rush.
In 1901 Eagle became the first incorporated city in the Alaska Interior. It was named for the many eagles that nested on nearby Eagle Bluff. A United States Army camp, Fort Egbert, was built at Eagle in 1900. A telegraph line between Eagle and Valdez was completed in 1903. In 1905, Roald Amundsen arrived in Eagle and telegraphed the news of the Northwest Passage to the rest of the world.
The gold rushes in Nome and Fairbanks lured people away from Eagle. In 1903 Judge James Wickersham moved the Third Division court from Eagle to Fairbanks. By 1910, Eagle's population had declined to its present-day level (below 200 people). Fort Egbert was abandoned in 1911.
The town enjoyed some notoriety as the setting of John McPhee's book Coming into the Country, which was first published in 1977 and became quite popular. Many of the buildings from the Gold Rush years are preserved as part of the Eagle Historic District, a National Historic Landmark district.
As of the census of 2000, there were 129 people, 58 households, and 37 families residing in the city. The population density was 127.9/sq mi (49.4/km2). There were 137 housing units at an average density of 135.8 per square mile (52.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.02% White, 6.20% Native American, and 0.78% from two or more races. 0.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 58 households out of which 20.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the city the age distribution of the population shows 24.8% under the age of 18, 3.1% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 44.2% from 45 to 64, and 3.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,042, and the median income for a family was $44,375. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,221. There were 2.6% of families and 16.5% of the population living below the poverty line, including 40.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.
In the 1970s high school-aged children took correspondence courses from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, with a local resident supervising their work. Eagle is now part of the Alaska Gateway School District. Eagle School, a K–12 campus, serves city students.
Eagle Historic District
The Eagle Historic District is a well-preserved example of the historic development in Northern Alaska. Fort Egbert was built in 1889 to serve a central governmental role for the area. Over 100 buildings from this era survive including the Federal courthouse which was funded by fines enacted against the rowdy inhabitants. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places on October 27, 1970 and was designated as a National Historic Landmark on June 2, 1978.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Alaska
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska
- "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974". Alaska Local Government (Juneau: Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs) XIII (2): 31. January 1974.
- 2015 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2015. p. 54.
- UAF: Alaska Native Place Names
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- McPhee, John (1977). Coming into the Country. Noonday Press. p. 195. ISBN 0374522871.
- NPS NHL Detail
- "Eagle Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-07-03.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- "Fort Egbert and the Eagle Historic District summer-1977: Results of Archeological and Historic Research" by Anne Shinkwin, Elizabeth Andrews, Russell Sackett, and Mary Kroul