Eagle Harbor, Maryland

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Eagle Harbor, Maryland
Location of Eagle Harbor, Maryland
Location of Eagle Harbor, Maryland
Coordinates: 38°34′0″N 76°41′13″W / 38.56667°N 76.68694°W / 38.56667; -76.68694Coordinates: 38°34′0″N 76°41′13″W / 38.56667°N 76.68694°W / 38.56667; -76.68694
CountryUnited States United States
State Maryland
County Prince George's
Incorporated1929[1]
Area
 • Total0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
 • Land0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
13 ft (4 m)
Population
 • Total63
 • Estimate 
(2016)[4]
65
 • Density530/sq mi (200/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
20608
FIPS code24-24200
GNIS feature ID0597360

Eagle Harbor is a very small incorporated town in the far southeast corner of Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, and near the rural community of Aquasco that is known as a historic African American community founded in 1925.[5][6] The population was 63 at the 2010 census.[7] The Chalk Point Generating Station, owned by NRG Energy, which was sold to Mirant by the Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) in 2000,[8] is located adjacent to the town.

Geography[edit]

Eagle Harbor is located at 38°34′0″N 76°41′13″W / 38.56667°N 76.68694°W / 38.56667; -76.68694 (38.566709, -76.686841).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.12 square miles (0.31 km2), all of it land.[2]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Eagle Harbor has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[10]

History[edit]

Eagle Harbor was originally known as Trueman Point, a river port established in the early 18th century to serve as a shipping point for tobacco plantations located in the Aquasco area. In 1747, it was considered by the Maryland colony as an official tobacco inspection station, but it never realized that designation. In 1817, George Weems established the Weems Steamboat Company, connecting Trueman Point to other landings along the Patuxent River. He also built a tobacco warehouse, and ships routinely stopped at Trueman Landing. The steamboat traffic continued into the 1930s.[11] Trueman Point Landing is a local historic site identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission.[11][12]

Located just 30 miles (48 km) from Washington, D.C., in 1925, developer Walter L. Bean purchased land adjoining Trueman Point with the vision of creating a resort community for middle class African Americans from the area. Lots were offered for $50.00 or less, and the community was advertised as "a high class summer colony for the better people."[11] After a number of summer cottages were constructed, the community incorporated as the town of Eagle Harbor in 1929.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19303
19402−33.3%
19507250.0%
196015114.3%
197014−6.7%
198045221.4%
199038−15.6%
20005544.7%
20106314.5%
Est. 201665[4]3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 63 people, 22 households, and 16 families residing in the town. The population density was 525.0 inhabitants per square mile (202.7/km2). There were 58 housing units at an average density of 483.3 per square mile (186.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 7.9% White and 92.1% African American.

There were 22 households of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 22.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 13.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.38.

The median age in the town was 47.8 years. 28.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 1.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.3% were from 25 to 44; 39.6% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 55 people, 24 households, and 15 families residing in the town. The population density was 474.9 people per square mile (177.0/km²). There were 56 housing units at an average density of 483.5 per square mile (180.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 30.91% White, 65.45% African American, 1.82% Native American, and 1.82% from two or more races.

There were 24 households out of which 16.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% were married couples living together, 29.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 20.0% from 25 to 44, 36.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $58,750, and the median income for a family was $65,625. Males had a median income of $80,138 versus $20,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,255. There were 15.4% of families and 22.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 56.3% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Government[edit]

Prince George's County Police Department District 5 Station in Clinton CDP serves the community.[15]

Transportation[edit]

Trueman Point Road, the largest road in Eagle Harbor

The main road within Eagle Harbor is Trueman Point Road. Ending at Trueman Point along the Patuxent River, it extends southwest, becoming Eagle Harbor Road, and connects with Maryland Route 381.

Education[edit]

Residents who live in Eagle Harbor are zoned to Prince George's County Public Schools:[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eagle Harbor". Maryland Manual. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Eagle Harbor, Maryland
  6. ^ Eagle Harbor Historic Community from The National Trust for Historic Preservation
  7. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Eagle Harbor town, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2011.
  8. ^ "Mirant Corp · 8-K · For 12/19/00". Fran Finnegan & Company. 2001-01-03. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Eagle Harbor, Maryland
  11. ^ a b c M-NCPPC African-American Heritage Survey, October 1996: Properties Within or Closely Associated With Historic Communities (Prince George's County, Maryland), 1996.
  12. ^ M-NCPPC Illustrated Inventory of Historic Sites, Trueman Point Landing (Prince George's County, Maryland), 2006, p. 191.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ "District 5 Station - Clinton." Prince George's County Police Department. Retrieved on September 9, 2018. " 6707 Groveton Drive Clinton, MD 20735". Beat map. See 2010 U.S. Census index map of Clinton CDP: area with police station is on the edge of page 6 with surroundings on page 5.
  16. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Eagle Harbor town, MD." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  17. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  18. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD MIDDLE SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  19. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD HIGH SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.

External links[edit]