Eagle Lake, Texas

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Eagle Lake, Texas
City
The 100 block of McCarty Ave, part of the Eagle Lake Commercial Historic District
The 100 block of McCarty Ave, part of the Eagle Lake Commercial Historic District
Location of Eagle Lake, Texas
Location of Eagle Lake, Texas
Coordinates: 29°35′16″N 96°19′48″W / 29.58778°N 96.33000°W / 29.58778; -96.33000Coordinates: 29°35′16″N 96°19′48″W / 29.58778°N 96.33000°W / 29.58778; -96.33000
Country United States
State Texas
County Colorado
Area
 • Total 2.79 sq mi (7.23 km2)
 • Land 2.78 sq mi (7.21 km2)
 • Water 0.004 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation 174 ft (53 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,639
 • Density 1,307/sq mi (504.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 77434
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-21844[1]
GNIS feature ID 1334847[2]
Website coeltx.net

Eagle Lake is a city in southeastern Colorado County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,639 at the 2010 census.[3] It is home to a golf course, the largest private lake in Texas,[citation needed] and the Eagle Lake Regional Airport, which serves light aircraft.

The lake, along with adjacent rice fields, attracts a large variety of migratory birds. The city is known as the "Goose-hunting Capital of the World" and also borders a wildlife preserve.

History[edit]

The first newspaper in Eagle Lake was established by Joseph J. Mansfield in the 1880s.[4]

Geography[edit]

Eagle Lake is located in eastern Colorado County at 29°35′16″N 96°19′48″W / 29.587790°N 96.330128°W / 29.587790; -96.330128.[5]

U.S. Route 90A passes through Eagle Lake, leading east 66 miles (106 km) to Houston and west 38 miles (61 km) to Hallettsville. Eagle Lake is 16 miles (26 km) southeast of Columbus, the Colorado County seat.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Eagle Lake has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.2 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.19%, is covered by water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 406
1890 769 89.4%
1900 1,107 44.0%
1910 1,717 55.1%
1920 2,017 17.5%
1930 2,343 16.2%
1940 2,124 −9.3%
1950 2,787 31.2%
1960 3,565 27.9%
1970 3,587 0.6%
1980 3,921 9.3%
1990 3,551 −9.4%
2000 3,664 3.2%
2010 3,639 −0.7%
Est. 2014 3,607 [6] −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, 3,664 people, 1,296 households, and 935 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,344.6 people per square mile (520.1/km2). The 1,500 housing units averaged 550.5/sq mi (212.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 52.78% White, 23.39% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 20.47% from other races, and 2.67% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 44.21% of the population.

Of the 1,296 households, 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were not families. About 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the city, the population was distributed as 29.9% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.

Economy[edit]

Historically, Eagle Lake has been an agricultural community, with rice being the main crop. Other key products include cotton, grain, and cattle, along with sand and gravel from mines in the surrounding area.

In the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city was $27,101, and for a family was $29,201. Males had a median income of $26,025 versus $20,299 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,426. About 15.0% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Eagle Lake is served by the Rice Consolidated Independent School District.

The Eula and David Wintermann Library is the public library in the city, opened on February 9, 1975. Mr. and Mrs. David R. Wintermann had originally proposed to erect and furnish the new library building in 1973. Architect for the project was Arthur J. Willrodt of Columbus, Texas.[8] It replaced the existing library, which was housed in a small portion of the Community Center.

Media[edit]

The city is served by a weekly newspaper, the Eagle Lake Headlight.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]