Eagle Rock, Los Angeles

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Coordinates: 34°08′20″N 118°12′47″W / 34.13889°N 118.21306°W / 34.13889; -118.21306

Eagle Rock, California
Eagle Rock Neighborhood Signage at the intersection of Colorado Boulevard and Figueroa Street
Eagle Rock Neighborhood Signage
at the intersection of
Colorado Boulevard and Figueroa Street
Eagle Rock, California is located in Los Angeles
Eagle Rock, California
Eagle Rock, California
Location of Eagle Rock
in Central Los Angeles.
Coordinates: 34°08′20″N 118°12′47″W / 34.13889°N 118.21306°W / 34.13889; -118.21306
Country United States of America
State California
County Los Angeles
City Los Angeles
Government
 • U.S. HouseJimmy Gomez (D)
Area
 • Total11.0 km2 (4.25 sq mi)
Elevation173 m (568 ft)
Population
 (2008)[1]
 • Total34,644
 • Density3,100/km2 (8,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
Zip codes
90041, 90042, 90065
Area code(s)213, 323
The Eagle Rock
Eaglerock.jpg
The Eagle Rock
LocationEagle Rock, Los Angeles, CA
Coordinates34°8′36″N 118°11′1″W / 34.14333°N 118.18361°W / 34.14333; -118.18361
AreaNortheast Los Angeles
DesignatedNovember 16, 1962[3]
Reference no.10
The eagle rock at dusk, shown here above California State Route 134 (the Ventura Freeway), north of Downtown Los Angeles, at the border of Pasadena, California.

Eagle Rock is a neighborhood of Northeast Los Angeles, located between the cities of Glendale and Pasadena, abutting the San Rafael Hills in Los Angeles County, California. Eagle Rock is named after a large rock whose shadow resembles an eagle with its wings outstretched. Eagle Rock was once part of the Rancho San Rafael under Spanish and Mexican governorship. In 1911, Eagle Rock was incorporated as a city, and in 1923 it combined with the City of Los Angeles.

The neighborhood is the home of Occidental College and is known for being an enclave of counterculture.[citation needed] Eagle Rock maintains a number of historically significant buildings, including nine Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments, and has a connection with the motion picture industry.

As with other neighborhoods in Northeast Los Angeles, Eagle Rock experienced significant gentrification in the 21st century.[4]

Nomenclature[edit]

A massive boulder at the district's northern edge contains an indentation which casts a bird-shaped shadow on the rock at certain times of day, giving the neighborhood its name.[5]

History[edit]

Before the arrival of European settlers, the secluded valley below the San Rafael Hills that is roughly congruent to Eagle Rock's present boundaries was inhabited by the Tongva people, whose staple food was the acorns from the valley's many oak trees.[5][6] These aboriginal inhabitants were displaced by Spanish settlers in the late 18th century, with the area incorporated into the Rancho San Rafael.[6] Following court battles, the area known as Rancho San Rafael was divided into 31 parcels in 1870. Benjamin Dreyfus was awarded what is now called Eagle Rock.[6] In the 1880s Eagle Rock existed as a farming community.

The arrival of American settlers and the growth of Los Angeles resulted in steadily increasing semi-rural development in the region throughout the late 19th century. The construction of Henry Huntington's Los Angeles Railway trolley line up Eagle Rock Boulevard to Colorado Boulevard and on Colorado to Townsend Avenue commenced the rapid suburbanization of the Eagle Rock Valley.

Although Eagle Rock—which is geographically located between the cities of Pasadena and Glendale—was once incorporated as Eagle Rock City in 1911, it was thereafter annexed to the City of Los Angeles in 1923 due to need for an adequate water supply and a high school.[7]

Several of the major crime sprees that have become part of Los Angeles' late 20th century history have left their mark on the neighborhood. An early victim of the Hillside Strangler was discovered in an Eagle Rock neighborhood on October 31, 1977. The discovery, along with the successive murders of at least 10 other women in the area over the course of five months, rocked what was then a small, close-knit community on the outskirts of Los Angeles. In an opinion piece to the Los Angeles Times on December 6, 1977, a resident under the pseudonym Deirdre Blackstone wrote of the fear experienced by the community: "Groups of gum-chewing girls in look-alike hairdos and jeans who used to haunt the Eagle Rock Plaza — they too are keeping close to home ... We are all afraid. For women living alone, ours is an actual visceral fear that starts at the feet. Then it hits the knees — and finally it grips the mind." Two men, Kenneth Bianchi and Angelo Buono, were subsequently convicted of the murders.

On the night of March 20, 1985, an 8-year-old girl was abducted from her home in Eagle Rock and sexually assaulted by a man dubbed the "Valley Intruder," "Walk-in Killer" and "The Night Stalker," later identified as Richard Ramirez. This was the seventh in a long string of murders and sexual assaults committed by Ramirez in Los Angeles and San Francisco before he was apprehended.[8]

In 2002, an effort to designate an area of the community as "Philippine Village" for the large Filipino American population was stopped.[9]

Like the surrounding areas of Northeast Los Angeles, Eagle Rock has undergone gentrification. Beginning in the 2000s and picking up speed in the 2010s, the “authentic urbanism” and “small-town intimacy” of the area's boulevards have played a role in drawing young professionals and fostering an emergent hipster culture.[10][11] As a result, housing prices have dramatically risen and a new wave of restaurants, coffee shops, bars, and art galleries have appeared over the last decade.

Population[edit]

The neighborhood is inhabited by a wide variety of ethnic and socioeconomic groups and the creative class.[5][6] Over the past decade the Eagle Rock and neighboring Highland Park have been experiencing gentrification as young urban professionals have moved from nearby neighborhoods such as Los Feliz and Silver Lake.[6] A core of counter-culture writers, artists and filmmakers has existed in Eagle Rock since the 1920s.[6]

According to the "Mapping L.A." project of the Los Angeles Times, the 2000 U.S. census counted 32,493 residents in the 4.25 sq mi (11.0 km2) Eagle Rock neighborhood — or 7,644 people per square mile, an average population densities for both the city and the county. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 34,466. In 2000 the median age for residents was 35, about average for city and county neighborhoods.[1]

The neighborhood was considered "highly diverse" ethnically within Los Angeles, with a relatively high percentage of Asian people. The breakdown was Latinos, 40.3%; whites, 29.8%; Asians, 23.9%; blacks, 1.8%; and others, 4.1%. The Philippines (35.1%) and Mexico (25.1%) were the most common places of birth for the 38.5% of the residents who were born abroad—an average figure for Los Angeles.[1]

The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $67,253, considered high for the city. The neighborhood's income levels, like its ethnic composition, can still be marked by notable diversity, but typically ranges from lower-middle to upper-middle class.[12] Renters occupied 43.9% of the housing stock, and house- or apartment-owners held 56.1%. The average household size of 2.8 people was considered normal for Los Angeles.[1]

Thirty percent of Eagle Rock residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, an average percentage for the city.[1]

Boundaries of Eagle Rock as drawn by the L.A. Times

Geography[edit]

Eagle Rock is bordered by the City of Glendale on the north and west, Highland Park on the southeast, Glassell Park on the southwest and the cities of Pasadena and South Pasadena on the east. Major thoroughfares include Eagle Rock Boulevard and Colorado Boulevard, with Figueroa Street along the eastern boundary. The Glendale and Ventura freeways run along the district's western and northern edges, respectively.

Notable locations[edit]

Eagle Rock City Hall
2035 Colorado Boulevard
Historic-Cultural Monument #59

The neighborhood is home to many historic and architecturally significant homes, many done in the Craftsman,[5] Georgian, Streamline Moderne,[6] Art Deco and Mission Revival styles.[5] There are nine Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in Eagle Rock:

  • The Eagle Rock - located at the terminus of Figueroa Street, it is Historic-Cultural Monument #10.
  • Eagle Rock City Hall - Located at 2035 Colorado Boulevard, it is Historic-Cultural Monument #59. Once a separate municipality, this was Eagle Rock's original City Hall.[13]
  • Eagle Rock Branch Library - Located at 2225 Colorado Boulevard, it is Historic-Cultural Monument #292. The original library, which was built with the aid of a Carnegie grant in 1914, was replaced in 1927 with a new structure which used one wall and the basement of the old library. It now serves as the Center for the Arts Eagle Rock.[14]
  • Residence at 1203-1207 Kipling Avenue - It is Historic-Cultural Monument #383.
  • Argus Court - Located at 1760-1768 Colorado Boulevard, it is Historic-Cultural Monument #471.
  • Eagle Rock Playground Clubhouse - Located at 1100 Eagle Vista Drive , it is Historic-Cultural Monument #536.
  • Eagle Rock Women's Twentieth Century Clubhouse - Located at 1841-1855 Colorado Boulevard, it is Historic-Cultural Monument #537.
  • Swanson House - Located at 2373 Addison Way, it is Historic-Cultural Monument #542.
  • Eagle Rock Women's Christian Temperence Union Home - Located at 2222-2244 Laverna Avenue & 2225-2245 Norwalk Avenue, it is Historic-Cultural Monument #562.

In Media[edit]

Eagle Rock, 1900
Intersection of Eagle Rock Boulevard and Colorado Boulevard.

Eagle Rock locations appear in Top Gun[citation needed], The Hunt for Red October[citation needed], and a second-season episode of The O.C. Star Trek III was partially filmed on the campus of Occidental College[citation needed]. Other movies filmed almost entirely in Eagle Rock include; all of the exterior scenes of The Incredible Shrinking Woman[15] (1981) starring Lily Tomlin, Record City[16] (1978) with Ed Begley Jr. was filmed in its entirety in a defunct auto paint shop, and The Unwed Father[17] (1974) starring Joseph Bottoms and Kay Lenz had all of its exterior location shots filmed on the Eagle Rock High School campus.[18]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Parks and recreation[edit]

  • Eagle Rock Recreation Center - 1100 Eagle Vista Dr., Los Angeles, CA 90041[28]
  • Eagle Rock Dog Park - 1100 Eagle Vista Drive Los Angeles, CA 90041.[29]
  • Eagle Rock Hillside Park - North of the Ventura Freeway and South of Valle Vista, Los Angeles, CA 90041.[30]
  • Richard Alatorre Park - Figueroa and 134 Freeway, Los Angeles, CA 90041.[31]
  • Yosemite Recreation Center - 1840 Yosemite Dr., Los Angeles, CA 90041.[32]

Education[edit]

Occidental College, 2012
Eagle Rock High School, 1969

Colleges and universities[edit]

Eagle Rock is the site of Occidental College, which was first established in Boyle Heights in 1887, but a fire destroyed its original site in 1896; from there the college moved to a temporary location in Downtown Los Angeles until 1898 when it moved to Highland Park, and then to Eagle Rock in 1914. The campus was designed by architect Myron Hunt.[33][34]

Schools[edit]

Eagle Rock children attend schools in District 4[35] of the Los Angeles Unified School District.[36]

  • Eagle Rock High School, 1750 Yosemite Drive. Eagle Rock High School was built in 1927 by the City of Los Angeles, as promised at the time of Eagle Rock's annexation. The building was demolished in 1970 over concerns about its earthquake safety. It was replaced by a contemporary brutalist style building at the rear of the same school site.[14]
  • Renaissance Arts Academy, charter high school, 1800 Colorado Boulevard
  • Dahlia Heights Elementary School, 5063 Floristan Avenue
  • Santa Rosa Charter Academy, middle school, 3838 Eagle Rock Boulevard
  • Eagle Rock Elementary School, 2057 Fair Park Avenue
  • Rockdale Elementary School, 1303 Yosemite Drive
  • Delevan Drive Elementary School, 4168 West Avenue 42
  • Toland Way Elementary School, 4545 Toland Way
  • Annandale Elementary School, 6125 Poppy Peak Drive
  • Celerity Rolas Charter School, 1495 Colorado Boulevard. Closed for 2018–2019 school year.[37]
Intersection of Eagle Rock Boulevard and Colorado Boulevard at dusk. September 2016.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f [1] "Eagle Rock," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  2. ^ https://elevation.maplogs.com/poi/eagle_rock_los_angeles_ca_usa.151132.html
  3. ^ Los Angeles Department of City Planning (September 7, 2007), Historic - Cultural Monuments (HCM) Listing: City Declared Monuments (PDF), City of Los Angeles, retrieved 2008-05-29
  4. ^ Lin, Jan (2015-06-04). "Northeast Los Angeles Gentrification in Comparative and Historical Context". KCET. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  5. ^ a b c d e [2] Eagle Rock Neighborhood Council, History of. Retrieved June 24, 2010
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Eagle Rock Historical Society Time Line. Retrieved June 24, 2010
  7. ^ "Important Dates – Eagle Rock Valley Historical Society". eaglerockhistory.org. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  8. ^ Baker, Bob (September 1, 1985). "A Chronology of the Night Stalker's Spree". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  9. ^ David Weberman (8 July 2016). Space and Pluralism: Can Contemporary Cities Be Places of Tolerance?. Central European University Press. p. 186. ISBN 978-963-386-124-0.
    Anthony Ocampo (2 March 2016). The Latinos of Asia: How Filipino Americans Break the Rules of Race. Stanford University Press. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-8047-9754-2.
    Loc, Tim (16 March 2017). "Ten Things You May Not Know About Eagle Rock". LAist. Gothamist LLC. Archived from the original on 17 March 2017. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
    Watanabe, Teresa (26 November 2005). "Artesia Thinks the World of Itself". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 20 March 2017. Other times, the actions have brought conflict. A few years ago, a move by Filipino merchants to declare a strip of Eagle Rock Boulevard as Philippine Village sparked an uproar -- and a near fistfight -- among the community's residents
    Gorman, Anna (22 August 2007). "Mall anchors thriving Filipino community". Los Angeles. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  10. ^ Eastsider, The. "Who is responsible for the gentrification of Eagle Rock & Highland Park?". The Eastsider LA. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  11. ^ Kamin, Debra (2019-10-22). "Highland Park, Los Angeles: A Watchful Eye on Gentrification". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  12. ^ "Mapping America," New York Times
  13. ^ Bariscale, Floyd (August 27, 2007), Big Orange Landmarks: No. 59 - Eagle Rock City Hall, retrieved November 6, 2014
  14. ^ a b Warren, Eric. Images of America Eagle Rock. Arcadia Publishing 2009
  15. ^ Incredible Shrinking Woman (1981)
  16. ^ Record City (1978)
  17. ^ The Unwed Father (1974)
  18. ^ Eagle Rock High School Archived 2011-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Eggerston, Chris (September 25, 2019). "This Is Us filming locations". Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  20. ^ a b c "Los Angeles Movie Locations". Discover Los Angeles. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  21. ^ Willman, Martha (September 16, 1993). "The century-old Occidental campus nestled in a residential enclave was chosen as a filming site for the popular series as it follows its characters on to college". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  22. ^ Murray, Brendan (March 15, 2015). "5 L.A. Filming Locations That Will Surprise You". Backstage.com. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  23. ^ "Eagle Rock gets happy with Pharrell Williams | The Eastsider LA". www.theeastsiderla.com. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
  24. ^ Post Office Location - EAGLE ROCK. United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 9, 2008.
  25. ^ "Eagle Rock Branch Library." Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on December 9, 2008.
  26. ^ Eagle Rock Neighborhood Council Website. Retrieved on June 24, 2010.
  27. ^ Eagle Rock Neighborhood Council Website. Retrieved on May 14, 2013.
  28. ^ "Eagle Rock Recreation Center". LAParks.org. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  29. ^ "Eagle Rock Dog Park". LAParks.org. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  30. ^ "Eagle Rock Hillside Park". LAParks.org. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  31. ^ "Richard Alatorre Park". LAParks.org. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  32. ^ "Yosemite Recreation Center". LAParks.org. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  33. ^ Occidental College; A long Tradition. Retrieved on June 24, 2010Archived June 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ Occidental College Timeline. Retrieved on June 24, 2010
  35. ^ "Eagle Rock Jr./Sr. High School". Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
  36. ^ "Eagle Rock: Schools". Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  37. ^ Clelrity Rolas School website
  38. ^ "Eagle Rock Valley Historical Society". Retrieved on February 23, 2009.
  39. ^ Deborah Vankin, "Maria Bamford Releases a Comedy Special Direct to Fans," Los Angeles Times, November 12, 2012
  40. ^ a b c d e f g h i Eagle Rock Valley Historical Society
  41. ^ "Once official production on The Men began, Brando moved out of the veterans hospital and into a small bungalow owned by his aunt, Betty Lindemeyer, in Eagle Rock, Calif." "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2013-05-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Life With Marlon Brando: Early Photos," Life, undated
  42. ^ [3]
  43. ^ Metro Boston News Sunday October 5th Archived September 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  44. ^ O'Neill, Molly. "M.F.K. Fisher, Writer on the Art of Food and the Taste of Living, Is Dead at 83". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  45. ^ Frank Parrello, "The Galpins of Eagle Rock" Eagle Rock Valley Historical Society Newsletter (Summer 2012): 3-5.
  46. ^ "Ryden and Peck," Bizarre, June 2009.
  47. ^ The Faster Master Plaster Caster
  48. ^ Los Angeles magazine
  49. ^ "Lindsay Wagner". Biography. A&E Television Networks, LLC. Retrieved 20 March 2017. Her parents divorced when Wagner was 7 years old, and she moved with her mother to Eagle Rock, a suburb outside Pasadena, California.
  50. ^ Danny Miller (12 November 2014). "TCM's 'Starring Virginia Weidler' Honors One of Hollywood's Finest". CinePhiled. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
    Barry Monush (2003). Screen World Presents the Encyclopedia of Hollywood Film Actors: From the silent era to 1965. Applause Theatre & Cinema Books. p. 777. ISBN 978-1-55783-551-2.

External links[edit]