Eaglesfield lay in the early Middle Ages within the British kingdom of Rheged, and the first element of the name is perhaps derived from the Brythonic 'eccles' "church" (cognate with Welsh 'eglwys' 'church'). The meaning would be 'open land near a British church' - something that the Anglian settlers would have seen as they "arrived and settled some two miles away down below at Brigham."  (The second element, 'Feld', is Old English for 'open country').
Alternatively, it means 'Ecgel's open land' ('Ecgel's feld'). 'Ecgel' is a personal name and possibly "a normal diminutive of compound names such as 'Ecglaf', or Ecgwulf' ".
Eaglesfield was the birthplace of John Dalton (1766–1844), acclaimed chemist, meteorologist and physicist. He was the father of the modern atomic theory.
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- Wilson, P. A. (1978). "Eaglesfield". Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. 2. LXXVIII: 47–54, p.47–48.
- Armstrong, A. M.; Mawer, A.; Stenton, F. M.; Dickins, B. (1950). The Place-names of Cumberland. English Place-Name Society, vol. xxi. Part 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 378.
- Cumbria County History Trust: Eaglesfield (nb: provisional research only - see Talk page)
- Eaglesfield at Streetmap.co.uk
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