Eaglesfield, Cumbria

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Eaglesfield
Village green, Eaglesfield - geograph.org.uk - 759341.jpg
Village green, Eaglesfield
Eaglesfield is located in Cumbria
Eaglesfield
Eaglesfield
Location within Cumbria
OS grid referenceNY094281
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCOCKERMOUTH
Postcode districtCA13
Dialling code01900
PoliceCumbria
FireCumbria
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°38′24″N 3°24′11″W / 54.640°N 3.403°W / 54.640; -3.403Coordinates: 54°38′24″N 3°24′11″W / 54.640°N 3.403°W / 54.640; -3.403

Eaglesfield is a small settlement in the county of Cumbria, in England. Historically part of Cumberland, it is near the A5086 road and is 2.5 miles (4 km) southwest of the town of Cockermouth.

Etymology[edit]

Eaglesfield lay in the early Middle Ages within the British kingdom of Rheged, and the first element of the name is perhaps derived from the Brythonic 'eccles' "church" (cognate with Welsh 'eglwys' 'church'). The meaning would be 'open land near a British church' - something that the Anglian settlers would have seen as they "arrived and settled some two miles away down below at Brigham." [1] (The second element, 'Feld', is Old English for 'open country').

Alternatively, it means 'Ecgel's open land' ('Ecgel's feld'). 'Ecgel' is a personal name and possibly "a normal diminutive of compound names such as 'Ecglaf', or Ecgwulf' ".[2]

Notable people[edit]

Eaglesfield was the birthplace of John Dalton (1766–1844), acclaimed chemist, meteorologist and physicist. He was the father of the modern atomic theory.

Eaglesfield was the probable birthplace of Robert de Eglesfield (c.1295–1349), founder of the Queen's College, Oxford. His father, John of Eglesfield, held lands in and near there.

Moorland Close, Eaglesfield, was the birthplace of Fletcher Christian, master's mate aboard HMS Bounty. He led the mutiny against the captain, William Bligh, during their voyage to Tahiti.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson, P. A. (1978). "Eaglesfield". Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. 2. LXXVIII: 47–54, p.47–48.
  2. ^ Armstrong, A. M.; Mawer, A.; Stenton, F. M.; Dickins, B. (1950). The Place-names of Cumberland. English Place-Name Society, vol. xxi. Part 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 378.

External links[edit]