Earl Mindell in March 2009
20 January 1940 |
St. Boniface, Manitoba, Canada
|Spouse(s)||Gail Andrea Jaffe|
Earl Lawrence Mindell is a Canadian-American writer and nutritionist who is a strong advocate of nutrition as preventive medicine and homeopathy. Mindell left his role at FreeLife following a number of inaccurate statements regarding Goji (also known as wolfberry) juice.
Early life and education
Mindell was born to parents William and Minerva on January 20, 1940, in St. Boniface, Manitoba, Canada. He immigrated to the United States in 1965 and was naturalized in 1972. On May 16, 1971, Mindell married Gail Andrea Jaffe; they have two children.
Mindell received a Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy from North Dakota State University in 1963. A number of years later, he earned a Master Herbalist Diploma from Dominion Herbal College in 1995. Mindell's Ph.D. was conferred in 1985 by Pacific Western University, an unaccredited institution.
Relations with the scientific community
Mindell's theories on health and nutrition have been met with criticism in the scientific community. Mindell has previously promoted oral supplements of an "anti-aging" enzyme, superoxide dismutase (SOD). There is no evidence for the supposed benefits of SOD, and it is known that the enzyme would not survive the digestive process if taken orally.
Mindell made several claims about the health benefits of wolfberry juice, commercially known as "Himalayan Goji Juice", while associated with a direct-selling company called FreeLife International Inc. Mindell's claims regarding goji juice include supposed benefits for cancer patients based on evidence of cancer cell inhibition in vitro (i.e. in a dish). In an interview with Wendy Mesley on the CBC consumer television program Marketplace (aired January 24, 2007), H. Leon Bradlow, coauthor of a study that Mindell cites as support for this anti-cancer claim, says that his research does not, in fact, prove that goji has any anti-cancer properties and that there is no scientific evidence such effects occur in vivo (i.e., when consumed). In addition, Bradlow's study was carried out at Hackensack University Medical Center, not Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center as Mindell had claimed. When faced with this information, Mindell stated in the same interview that he will stop citing the study. Mesley then went on to confront Mindell about the validity of his Ph.D from Pacific Western University and Mindell asserted that his degree is "accredited in every state in the Union". Mindell and his FreeLife organization were the targets of a 2009 class-action suit which claimed that the company and its spokespersons "misrepresent[ed] the value and health benefits of Himalayan Goji Juice, GoChi, and TAIslim".
In total, Mindell has published over 50 books. His most notable publication, Earl Mindell's Vitamin Bible, is a glossary of micronutrients published in 1979 and has been updated and re-released multiple times since. It was panned by James A. Lowell in 1986, in a review reprinted by Quackwatch. An incomplete list of his books is available below.
|Earl Mindell’s Vitamin Bible||1979||Rawson-Wade||892561068|
|Earl Mindell’s Vitamin Bible For Your Kids||1981||Rawson-Wade||892561831|
|Parent’s Nutrition Bible: A Guide To Raising Healthy Children||1992||Hay House||1561700185|
|Earl Mindell’s Herb Bible||1992||Simon & Schuster||684849062|
|Live Longer and Feel Better with Vitamins and Minerals||1994||Keats||879836520|
|Earl Mindell’s Food as Medicine||1994||Simon & Schuster||671797557|
|Garlic: The Miracle Nutrient||1996||Keats||879837403|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: 22 Ways to a Healthier Heart||1996||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837527|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: Beautiful Hair, Skin and Nails||1996||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837470|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: Better Nutrition for Athletes||1996||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837500|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: Creating Your Personal Vitamin Plan||1996||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837462|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: Herbs for Your Health||1996||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837497|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: Homeopathic Remedies||1996||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837519|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: Natural Health for Men||1996||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837535|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: Natural Health for Women||1996||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837543|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: Nutrition for Active Lifestyles||1996||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837446|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: the Super Antioxidant Miracle||1996||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837217|
|Earl Mindell’s Anti-Aging Bible||1996||Simon & Schuster||684811065|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: Fiber and Digestion||1997||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837454|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s What You Should Know About: Trace Minerals||1997||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879837489|
|Earl Mindell’s Vitamin Bible for the 21st Century||1999||Warner||446607029|
|Earl Mindell’s Arthritis: What You Need To Know||2000||Avery||Melissa Block||158333081X|
|The Arthritis Miracle: How Ginger Extract Can Reduce Inflammatory Joint Pain||2000||Avery||1583330607|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s Secrets of Natural Health: A Complete Program for Vibrant Well-Being||2000||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||879839856|
|Earl Mindell’s New Herb Bible||2000||Simon & Schuster||684856395|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s Russian Energy Secret||2001||Basic Health Pub.||Donald R. Yance||1591200008|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s Complete Guide to Natural Cures||2001||Keats||Virginia Hopkins||130327034|
|Earl Mindell’s Goji: The Himalayan Health Secret||2003||Momentum Media||Rick Handel||967285526|
|Earl Mindell’s New Vitamin Bible||2004||Warner||Hester Mundis||446614092|
|Easing the Pain of Arthritis Naturally||2005||Basic Health Pub.||1591201098|
|Dr. Earl Mindell’s Goji: The Himalayan Health Secret||2005||Momentum Media||967285577|
- "Getting Juiced". CBC Marketplace. January 27, 2007. Retrieved 2013-01-22.
- Schwarcz, Joe (2006-08-19). "Beware of Juices That Claim to Cure". The Montreal Gazette. CanWest MediaWorks Publication Inc.: J11. (subscription required (. ))
- Li G, Sepkovic DW, Bradlow HL, Telang NT, Wong GY (2009). "Lycium barbarum inhibits growth of estrogen receptor positive human breast cancer cells by favorably altering estradiol metabolism.". Nutr Canc. 61 (3): 408–414. doi:10.1080/01635580802585952. PMID 19373615.
- GojiJuiceNewsCenter.com. Retrieved on 2007-03-21. Link to page as it appeared on 2007-05-03 at the Wayback Machine (archived May 3, 2007).
- Barrett, Stephen (September 2009). "Class-Action Suit Filed against FreeLife and Earl Mindel". MLMWatch.org. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
- Lowell, James A. (June 1986). "An Irreverent Look at the Vitamin Bible and Its Author (Earl Mindell)". Nutrition Forum.
- "WorldCat.org". Retrieved 2007-03-21.