Earl Ronald Owen AO (1934 - 2014) was an Australian microsurgeon and classical music specialist who led or assisted in many pioneering achievements in the field of microsurgery, including many "world firsts", such as the world's first finger reattachment, vasectomy reversal, fallopian tubal ligation, hand transplant, double-hand transplant and face transplant.
Born in 1934, Owen's childhood was overshadowed by medical problems, beginning when he underwent radiation therapy to treat a tumour on his leg, which weakened his bones causing them to break when he was aged 11. Enduring multiple failed operations, Owen said he grew to hate his surgeon but the experience inspired him to be a doctor who carefully planned and researched operations before performing surgery.
Owen studied at the University of Sydney where he graduated in 1958. He then commenced work at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital in Sydney and The Alfred Hospital in Melbourne as a trainee surgeon. During the 1960s, Owen worked in London as a senior registrar at the Great Ormond Street Hospital, during which time he also obtained additional medical degrees and began research into microsurgery. In 1965, he visited Germany to work with microscope maker Carl Zeiss AG.
Upon returning to Australia in 1970, Owen commenced working at the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, where he made the first of many significant breakthroughs when he successfully reattached a young boy's severed finger. The boy's parents had brought the finger, which had been accidentally chopped off with an axe, to the hospital in a bag. Owen decided to attempt to reattach the finger by sewing the nerve endings together with a needle under a microscope. To do this, Owen disobeyed orders by the head of the hospital who had refused to allow the operation to proceed. After successfully performing Australia's first finger reattachment, Owen was promptly dismissed for insubordination.
Owen continued to develop his microsurgical skills, being the first surgeon to perform vasectomy reversals and complete fallopian tubal ligations.
In 1998, Owen and Jean-Michel Dubernard headed up a team to perform what would be the world's first successful hand transplant, which consisted of a groundbreaking 13-hour operation at the Edouard Herriot Hospital in Lyon, where a deceased motorcycle accident victim's hand was transplanted onto the arm of New Zealander Clint Hallam who had lost his hand in a circular saw accident 14 years prior while serving a prison sentence for fraud.
Although the operation was a success and the hand initially moved well, Hallam appealed for the hand to be amputated in 2001 claiming it felt like a dead man's hand with no feeling in it. Doctors who had performed the transplant accused Hallam of failing to complete the full course of anti-rejection drugs and not exercising enough, which Hallam denied. Owen described the amputation as "inevitable" due to Hallam's failure to keeping up the required physiotherapy and accused Hallam of failing to follow the plan he had agreed to prior to the transplant.
Owen had previously been critical of Hallam's behaviour and attitude following the transplant. When an arrest warrant was issued for Hallam in May 2000 in connection to a fuel card scam, Owen inferred in a radio interview that he was beginning to regret his choice of patient for such a pioneering operation, claiming not to know of Hallam's criminal history and accusing Hallam of being only interested in making media appearances for financial gain.
Double Hand Transplant
In 2000, Owen and Dubernard again led a team to perform what would be the world's first successful double hand transplant, which consisted of a 17-hour operation at the Edouard Herriot Hospital in Lyon, where a donor's hands and part of their forearms were transplanted onto the arms of a French man. The man had previously had both arms amputated below the elbows following an accident involving an amateur rocket which had exploded causing severe injuries.
Owen trained the French surgeons who performed the world's first partial face transplant in 2005 on Isabelle Dinoire, a French woman who had been attacked by her own dog. The surgeons had a four month-wait for a reasonably matched face from a donor with a similar age, the same blood group, tissue type and skin colour. Upon a match being found, Owen was unable to arrive in France in time for the operation, having decided it would be disrespectful to keep the brain-dead donor on life support while he made the journey from Australia. However, Owen kept in constant communication with the operating team who conducted the 15-hour operation at a hospital in Amiens.
During his younger years, Owen showed promise as an aspiring classical pianist, winning a piano competition when he was 14 and attracting the attention of Solomon who invited Owen to study under him. After realising Owen's medical ambitions, Solomon urged Owen to choose to concentrate on either music or medicine.
Music remained a huge part of Owen's life. He lectured in the music department of the University of Sydney and advised a number of the major symphony orchestras in Australia. Owen established a medical clinic for musicians in Sydney during the 1970s and was a director of the International Society for the Study of Tension in Performance, at the Institute of Performing Arts Medicine in London. He was known for playing classical music everywhere, including in the operating theatre.
Owen's passion for both music and medicine sometimes combined.
While working in London in the 1960s, Owen formed a friendship with renowned Russian classical musician Vladimir Ashkenazy. When Ashkenazy's son Dimitri seriously injured his leg when it was sliced open by a boat propeller while waterskiing in 1979, Ashkenazy contacted Owen. Ashkenazy had been told by Greek doctors that they would amputate his son's leg due to the propeller severing arteries, nerves and tendons. Owen, however, convinced the surgeon to temporarily stabilise the boy's condition with an artificial artery and skin graft which would enable him to be shipped to Australia where Owen could operate. When the boy arrived, Owen and his team at the Mater Hospital in Sydney worked on the leg for ten hours, rebuilding it. Dimitri made a full recovery and is now an internationally renowned clarinetist.
In 1985, he and Melbourne plastic surgeon Hunter Fry wrote a paper on how many classical musicians suffer from repetitive strain injury, requiring them to either take time off or stop playing completely. Their paper was presented to the International Congress of Rheumatology at the University of Sydney in May 1985.
Owen also displayed an interest in ergonomic design, heading up a company that designed chairs for dental clinics. Owen is also credited with designing some of the chairs at the Sydney Opera House.
- Transplant patient had no other option, says expert, Tony Jones, Lateline, ABC Television, 7 February 2006. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- Matthew Benns reflects on the pioneering career of microsurgeon Professor Earl Owen, Matthew Benns, The Daily Telegraph, 7 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- Simpkin, Richard P. Australian Legends: people whose story we should know, Sydney, New Holland Publishers (Australia), 2005, ISBN 1-74110-308-8
- Finger sewn back on boy, 3, The Canberra Times, 12 August 1970. Retrieved from National Library of Australia 27 May 2017.
- Top surgeon Australia, The Canberra Times, 2 September 1978. Retrieved from National Library of Australia 27 May 2017.
- Books: Under the Microscope by Earl Owen (blurb), Penguin books website. Accessed 27 May 2017.
- World's first hand transplant, BBC News, 25 September 1998. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
- Amputee gets donor's arm, hand in groundbreaking surgery, CNN, 25 September 1998. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- Surgeons sever transplant hand, BBC News, 3 February 2001. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
- Doctors cut off transplant hand, CNN, 3 February 2001. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- Surgeons amputate first transplanted hand, ABC News, 4 February 2001. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- Warrant out for hand transplant recipient, Tanya Nolan, The World Today, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 11 May 2000. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- World's first double-hand transplant, BBC News, 14 January 2000. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- A new face, and a new life for victim of vicious dog attack, Julie Robotham, The Sydney Morning Herald, 2 December 2005. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- Vale Professor Earl Owen, Margaret Throsby, Midday, ABC Classic FM, 10 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- A baton, a scalpel and a lasting bond, Steve Meacham, The Sydney Morning Herald, 22 November 2006. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- RSI hits musicians, too, The Canberra Times, 26 May 1985. Retrieved from National Library of Australia 27 May 2017.
- Sixteen knights, dame in honours, The Canberra Times, 14 June 1980. Retrieved from National Library of Australia 27 May 2017.
- Authors: Earl Owen, Penguin Books. Accessed 27 May 2017.
- "National Portrait Gallery - Exhibitor". www.npg.org.uk. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
- Prof. Earl Owen (obituary), Dr. Christopher K. Lekich, Vice President, Australasian College of Phlebology, 23 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- Professor Earl Owen has died, Ben Neilsen, Limelight, 3 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2017.