Earl Spencer (peerage)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the US Navy pilot, see Earl Winfield Spencer, Jr.. For the merchant and convict ship, see Earl Spencer (1803 ship).
Earldom of Spencer
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Spencer Arms.svg
Creation date 1 November 1765
Peerage Peerage of Great Britain
First holder John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer
Present holder Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer
Heir apparent Louis Spencer, Viscount Althorp
Subsidiary titles Viscount Althorp
Viscount Spencer
Baron Spencer of Althorp
Seat(s) Althorp

Earl Spencer is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain that was created on 1 November 1765, along with the title Viscount Althorp, of Althorp in the County of Northamptonshire, for John Spencer, 1st Viscount Spencer.[1] He was a member of the prominent Spencer family and a great-grandson of the 1st Duke of Marlborough. Previously, he had been created Viscount Spencer, of Althorp in the County of Northamptonshire, and Baron Spencer of Althorp, of Althorp in the County of Northamptonshire, on 3 April 1761.[1]

The future 6th Earl Spencer was created Viscount Althorp, of Great Brington in the County of Northamptonshire, on 19 December 1905 in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Diana, Princess of Wales, was the youngest of three daughters of the 8th Earl Spencer. She was the mother of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Prince Harry, and as such they are grandsons of the 8th Earl Spencer.

Land holdings[edit]

The family seat is Althorp in Northamptonshire.[1] The family estate includes significant land holdings in other parts of the country, including the village of North Creake in Norfolk.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms of the family is as follows: Quarterly argent and gules, in the second and third quarters a fret or, over all on a bend sable, three escallops of the first. The crest, emerging from the coronet, is a griffin's head argent, gorged with a bar gemelle gules between two wings expanded of the second. The supporters are: Dexter, a griffin per fess ermine and erminois, gorged with a collar sable, the edges flory-counter-flory, and chained of the last, on the collar, three escallops argent; sinister, a wyvern erect on his tail ermine, collared and chained as the griffin. The motto is Dieu defend le droit (French: God protect the right).[2]

Earls Spencer (1765)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Louis Frederick John Spencer, Viscount Althorp (b. 1994).


Arms of Earl Spencer
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Spencer Arms.svg
A Coronet of an Earl
Out of a Ducal Coronet Or a Griffin's Head Azure gorged with a Bar Gemelle Gules between two Wings expanded of the second
Quarterly Argent and Gules in the 2nd and 3rd quarters a Fret Or over all on a Bend Sable three Escallops of the first
Dexter: A Griffin per fess Ermine and Erminois gorged with a Collar Sable the edges flory-counterflory and chained of the last and on the Collar three Escallops Argent; Sinister: A Wyvern Erect on his tail Ermine similarly collared and chained
Dieu Defend Le Droit (God defend the right)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Burke, John (1833). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. London: H. Colburn and R. Bentley. p. 466. 
  2. ^ Townend, Peter (ed.). Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage (103rd Edition). Burke's Peerage Limited. p. 2282. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]