Earl Spencer (peerage)
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|Earldom of Spencer|
|Creation date||1 November 1765|
|Peerage||Peerage of Great Britain|
|First holder||John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer|
|Present holder||Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer|
|Heir apparent||Louis Spencer, Viscount Althorp|
|Subsidiary titles||Viscount Althorp
Baron Spencer of Althorp
Earl Spencer is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain that was created on 1 November 1765, along with the title Viscount Althorp, of Althorp in the County of Northamptonshire, for John Spencer, 1st Viscount Spencer. He was a member of the prominent Spencer family and a great-grandson of the 1st Duke of Marlborough. Previously, he had been created Viscount Spencer, of Althorp in the County of Northamptonshire, and Baron Spencer of Althorp, of Althorp in the County of Northamptonshire, on 3 April 1761.
The future 6th Earl Spencer was created Viscount Althorp, of Great Brington in the County of Northamptonshire, on 19 December 1905 in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Diana, Princess of Wales, was the youngest of three daughters of the 8th Earl Spencer. She was the mother of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Prince Harry, and as such they are grandsons of the 8th Earl Spencer.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the family is as follows: Quarterly argent and gules, in the second and third quarters a fret or, over all on a bend sable, three escallops of the first. The crest, emerging from the coronet, is a griffin's head argent, gorged with a bar gemelle gules between two wings expanded of the second. The supporters are: Dexter, a griffin per fess ermine and erminois, gorged with a collar sable, the edges flory-counter-flory, and chained of the last, on the collar, three escallops argent; sinister, a wyvern erect on his tail ermine, collared and chained as the griffin. The motto is Dieu defend le droit (French: God protect the right).
Earls Spencer (1765)
- John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer (1734–1783)
- George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758–1834)
- John Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer (1782–1845)
- Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer (1798–1857)
- John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer (1835–1910)
- Charles Robert Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer (1857–1922)
- Albert Edward John Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer (1892–1975)
- Edward John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer (1924–1992)
- Charles Edward Maurice Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer (b. 1964)
- Burke, John (1833). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. London: H. Colburn and R. Bentley. p. 466.
- Townend, Peter (ed.). Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage (103rd Edition). Burke's Peerage Limited. p. 2282.
- Battiscombe, Georgina (1984) The Spencers of Althorp. London: Constable. ISBN 978-0-09-465700-7
- Spencer, Charles (1999) Althorp: the story of an English house. London: Viking. ISBN 978-0-312-20833-2
- Spencer, Charles (2000) The Spencers: a personal history of an English family. New York: St. Martin’s Press ISBN 978-0-312-26649-3
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