Earl W. Bascom
|Earl W. Bascom|
Cowboy of Cowboy Artists - Father of Modern Rodeo
|Born||Earl Wesley Bascom
June 19, 1906
Vernal, Uintah County, Utah
|Died||August 28, 1995
Victorville, San Bernardino County, California
|Education||Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah County, Utah and Victor Valley College, Victorville, San Bernardino County, California also University of California - Riverside, Riverside County, California|
|Occupation||Cowboy, rodeo champion, rancher, inventor, school teacher, western artist, international sculptor, Hollywood actor, historian, writer|
|Spouse(s)||E. Nadine Diffey (1939-1995)|
|Parent(s)||John W. B. Bascom and Rachel C. Lybbert|
|Awards||Studio Guild 1934 and 1936, elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, London, elected member of Professional Rodeo Cowboy Artists Association, rodeo hall of fame inductee, National Day of the Cowboy Honoree|
Earl W. Bascom (June 19, 1906 – August 28, 1995) was an American painter, printmaker, rodeo performer and sculptor, raised in Canada, who portrayed his own experiences cowboying and rodeoing across the American and Canadian West.
Bascom was born on June 19, 1906 in a sod-roofed log cabin on the Bascom 101 Ranch in Vernal, Utah, the son of John W. Bascom and Rachel Lybbert. His father had been a Uintah County deputy sheriff and a constable in the town of Naples in northeast Utah, who chased members of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch Gang and other outlaws including Harry "Mad Dog" Tracy.
Earl's grandfathers, Joel A. Bascom and C.F.B. Lybbert, were Mormon pioneers, ranchers and frontier lawmen. Joel Bascom was a cattle rancher and a member of the Utah Militia fighting in the Utah War of 1857 and the Utah Black Hawk Indian War of 1866. He also served as Chief of Police in Provo, Utah and as constable in Mona, Utah. C.F.B. Lybbert, who served in the Danish army before coming to America, was a rancher and blacksmith who served as constable of Levan, Utah and Justice of the Peace in Naples, Utah.
Bascom's paternal ancestral background was a colorful aray of nationalities and ethnicities including Quaker, French Basque and Huguenot, as well as an American Colonial Governor, John Webster, and a Revolutionary War soldier, Oliver Greene. His maternal family was of Norwegian, Danish, Dutch and German ancestry.
Three of Bascom's relatives were famous mountain men and explorers - Jedediah S. Smith, Doc Newell, and Jonathan Warner. On the Warner side of his family, Earl Bascom was related to General George Washington, first President of the U.S. Through his ancestor Major John Greene[disambiguation needed] of Rhode Island, Earl Bascom was related to the Hollywood actor John Wayne and the inventor Thomas Edison. As a child growing up, he was sometimes affectionately addressed by his British-born grandmother and aunts as "Lord Bascom - King of the Canadian Cowboys," as he was a descendant of European royalty back to Charlemagne.
In 1909, Earl and his two older brothers and their father were riding horseback near Lybbert Gulch, when a bee stung Earl's horse and it bucked across the meadow with him. Earl hung on until his brothers rode in and picked him off the horse like a rodeo pickup man. Earl was just three years old. For entertainment, the Bascom boys rode anything on the ranch that "bucked, jumped, or crawled." The family was at the local Vernal rodeo where they saw the famous bucking horse "Steamboat" in the arena.
In 1912, when Earl Bascom was just six years old, his mother Rachel died, leaving five children - Raymond, Melvin, Earl, Alice and Weldon - ranging in age from 11 years to nine months. In 1913, Earl's father, who had cowboyed in Utah and Colorado and worked in sheepshearing crews in Wyoming and Montana, went to Alberta, Canada securing a job as a foreman on the Knight Ranch. John Bascom's brother-in-law, Ike Lybbert, was already working there as the ranch blacksmith.
In 1914, the Bascom family loaded their belongings into a covered wagon, traveled a week to the nearest railroad in Price, Utah and rode the train to Canada. After working for the Knight Ranches headquartered on the Milk River Ridge in Alberta, Canada and managing Ray Knight's Butte Ranch north of the town of Raymond, Alberta, John W. Bascom and his sons began ranching on their own using the Bar-B-3 brand. Over the following years, the Bascom family ranched at Welling along Pot Hole Creek, at New Dayton on the Fort Whoop-up Trail near Deadman Coolee, at Lethbridge on the Old Man River and at Stirling east of Nine Mile Lake.
By Canadian law, all minor children who emigrated to Canada before 1915 and whose parent became a naturalized citizen, then the minor children automatically became Canadian citizens. Earl Bascom's father became a naturalized Canadian citizen. Earl Bascom was technically an American Canadian. During the winter of 1916, the Bascom family moved back to Naples, Utah, returning to Canada in the spring of 1917.
Schooled mostly in one-room schools, Earl Bascom quit school while in grade three to work on the Hyssop 5H Ranch, east of Lethbridge. It was not long before a Canadian Mountie, who was visiting the Hyssop Ranch, thought that one of the cowboys was just too young looking to be a seasoned cowpuncher and bronc peeler. The Mountie asked Earl Bascom just how old he was - he was 13 years old. Earl was returned to school. Attending school felt better after Earl's father, who had a school district transportation contract, gave him the job of driving an old stagecoach pulled by a team of Bascom horses each day to the surrounding ranches transporting fellow students to and from school.
In 1918, Earl Bascom gained a stepmother and a stepbrother, Frank, when his Earl's father married Ada Romeril Dawley. To this new union was born five more children - Ada Bell, Charles, Luella, Grant and LaMona - making a total of eleven children in the Bascom family.
Bascom was known as the Cowboy of Cowboy Artists due to his wide range of western experiences as a professional bronc buster, cowpuncher, trail driver, blacksmith, freighter, wolf hunter, wild horse chaser, rodeo champion, cattle rancher, dude wrangler, and Hollywood actor. Bascom was among the last of those who experienced the Old West before the end of free-range ranching. Bascom reminisced:
|“||I worked for some of the big open-range outfits from Purple Springs to the Sweetgrass Hills and Kicking Horse Creek to the Milk River Ridge and the Canadian Rockies. On one roundup some 7,000 horses were gathered in one bunch a mile wide. And the Knight Ranch dipped 18,000 head of cattle. What a sight to see. The sight, the sounds, the smell I can still remember.||”|
For Bascom, ranch life and cowboy life was his life. "The life of a cowboy and the West, I know," he stated. Bascom worked on some of the largest horse and cattle ranches in the United States and Canada — ranches that ran thousands of cattle on a million acres (4000 km²) of land. He broke and trained hundreds of horses. He worked on ranches where he chased and gathered horses, cows and even donkeys in Utah, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Wyoming, Montana, Texas, Mississippi, Washington, California and western Canada. He worked on cattle drives out of the Rockies and horse drives through the Teton Range. He took part on large roundups of horses and cattle, and brandings. He made saddles and stirrups, quirts, chaps, spurs, bridles and bits, ropes and hackamores, and even patched his own boots. Earl's brothers and their father, John W. Bascom, were all experienced ranch hands and professional horsemen who were known as the "Bronc Bustin' Bascom Boys."
A professional rodeo cowboy, Bascom followed the rodeo circuit internationally, rodeoing from 1916 to 1940, where he won several all-around championships. He competed in the rough stock events of saddle bronc riding, bareback riding and bull riding, and in the timed events of steer decorating and steer wrestling. In 1933, he set a new arena record, a new world record time and won third place in the world standings in the steer decorating event. He also was a rodeo announcer, performed trick riding and competed in the rodeo events of wild cow milking and wild horse racing. He held memberships in the Cowboys Turtle Association, the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association, the Canadian Rodeo Cowboys Association (now the Canadian Pro Rodeo Association), the National Police Rodeo Association and the National Old Timers Rodeo Association (now the National Senior Pro Rodeo Association).
Honored as a rodeo pioneer and as a rodeo champion, Bascom has been inducted into several rodeo, cowboy and sports Halls of Fame in Canada and the United States. He received international acclaim for his rodeo equipment inventions and designs. Earl's brothers - Raymond "Tommy" Bascom, Melvin "High Pockets" Bascom and Weldon "Preacher" Bascom, along with their father John W. Bascom - were also professional rodeo cowboys and Hall of Fame inductees. Rodeoing financed Earl Bascom's college education at Brigham Young University where he was given the title of "Rodeo's First Collegiate Cowboy" and from which institution he graduated in 1940.
Earl Bascom has been honored as the "Father of Modern Rodeo" and known as one of rodeo's greatest innovators and inventors. He is known in rodeo history for designing and making rodeo's modern bucking chute in 1916 and modified in 1919. He also made rodeo's first hornless bronc saddle in 1922 and rodeo's first one-hand bareback rigging in 1924, for which he has been called the "Father of Rodeo Bareback Riding." In 1926, he designed and made the modern rodeo riding chaps, and then in 1928, a rodeo exerciser made of spring steel.
Earl Bascom has been listed among Canada's greatest inventors and among the world's most famous excogitators and thinkers.
During his college years, Earl and his brother Weldon produced the first rodeos in Columbia, Mississippi in 1935, 1936 and 1937 while working for Sam Hickman's B Bar H Ranch near Arm, Mississippi. This first rodeo in Columbia is known in cowboy history as the first rodeo held outdoors at night under electric lights. The rodeo arena designed and built under the direction of Earl Bascom in 1936, was the first permanent rodeo arena built in Mississippi.
The bucking horses used in the rodeo were shipped in from West Texas and had colorful names of Yellow Fever, Dynamite, Mae West and Funeral Wagon. Sam Hickman and Earl Bascom went to New Orleans where they purchased brahma bulls for the rodeo bucking stock. This was the first recorded use of brahma bulls in rodeo.
Among those participating and assisting in these rodeos were Jake Lybbert, Mel Lybbert, Rose Bascom, Clyde Hatchell, Sam Jackson, Oliver Diffey, Ernest Buhrer, Ashel Evans, Tad Lucas, Horace Flake, Lester Flake, Don Pearce, Ferral Pearce, and Jasbo Faulkerson. Sam Hickman financed these rodeos through his Wild West Rodeo Company.
Between rodeos of 1936 and 1937, Earl was a missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) in Mississippi, serving under Mission President LeGrand Richards of the Southern States Mission. The Bascom brothers were honored fifty years later for being the "Fathers of Mississippi Rodeo" and given the "Key to the City of Columbia," along with a congratulatory telegram from President Ronald Reagan.
In 1939, Bascom married Nadine Diffey, who was part American Indian, Creek and Catawba. He met her in Mississippi while cowboying and rodeoing there. They were married in Salt Lake City, Utah in the Salt Lake LDS Temple, and raised five children. Later in life, Nadine Bascom became a sculptor in her own right, creating bas-relief sculptures.
Besides being a professional rodeo contestant, Bascom tried his hand as a rodeo clown and rodeo bullfighter during his rodeo career. Just after his 89th birthday, Earl was honored as the oldest living rodeo clown in the world.
In 2014, Earl Bascom was honored posthumously during the tenth anniversary celebration of the National Day of the Cowboy, for his international contributions to cowboy culture and the cowboy way of life.
During his lifetime, Bascom personally knew and associated with such characters as old time cowboys, pioneers and homesteaders, outlaws and lawmen, gunslingers and bootleggers, prospectors and gold miners, Mormon Battalion soldiers and Civil War soldiers, Indian Chiefs and Indian War fighters, muleskinners and pony express riders, squatters and sheepherders, cattle rustlers and horse thieves.
While working for the Nilsson Rafter-E-N Ranch, Bascom happened to read a story in a western magazine about Native American Jim Thorpe. Thorpe had been working as a horse wrangler, but got fired. The camp cook gave him some advice - go to school. Thorpe took that advice, went to school, excelled in sports and became an Olympic champion.
Jim Thorpe’s life touched Bascom. "I felt like I had walked in his boots," Earl said. "Like Jim Thorpe, cowboy life was the only life that I knew. But what about my art, what about art school?"
Wanting to be an artist since childhood, Bascom filled the pages of his school books in the one-room school house he attended with cowboy scenes. His desire to be a cowboy artist was greatly enhanced after seeing art works of the two great icons of Old West art, Charles M. Russell and Frederic S. Remington - both cousins to his father, John W. Bascom (Remington and Russell were both related to Bascom through their mothers, Clarissa "Clara" Bascom Sackrider Remington and Mary Elizabeth Mead Russell, respectively). Both Remington and Russell were artists that spent time in Canada producing art. In the late 1920s, Earl worked on a ranch south of the Sweetgrass Hills in Montana that was once owned by the artist Charlie Russell and only a few months after Russell's death.
Charles Russell was on the Knight Ranch when Bascom was working there, and had drawn a sketch on the bunkhouse wall and also finished a large oil painting of Raymond Knight on his favorite mount, Blue Bird, roping a steer.
Although Bascom was educated in one-room school houses and only completed one full school year, never finishing high school. But he never lost his desire to be an artist. He subscribed to a correspondence art course wherein both Russell and Remington gave instructions on their drawing techniques. "Through those art lessons these two masters of western art were my first real art teachers," Bascom recalled. "In fact the only instructions I ever had in western art were from Remington and Russell."
Even though he had no high school diploma, the Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah accepted him as a student in the fall of 1933. “There I was a 27 years old college freshman who hadn’t been to school in years,” Bascom recalled. “I felt like a wild horse in a pen.” But he was persistence, taking every art course the college offered. He studied painting and drawing under professors E.H. Eastmond and B.F. Larsen, and sculpture under Torleif S. Knaphus. During his freshman year of 1933-34, Bascom won the Studio Guild Award for the best student artist, and he won that top award again in 1936, as well as the Honorable Mention Award. He graduated from BYU with a degree in Fine Art in 1940. Later he attended classes at Long Beach City College, Victor Valley College and the University of California Riverside.
In 1917, Bascom saw his first Hollywood movie "The Silent Man" starring William S. Hart. Earl and his older brother Melvin were extras in a silent movie in 1920 being filmed in Lethbridge, Alberta. In 1924, a team of palomino horses from the Bascom Ranch was used by Hoot Gibson in a Roman race in the movie "The Calgary Stampede." Earl later worked in the movie industry with his brother Weldon Bascom in the 1954 Hollywood western, "The Lawless Rider", starring Weldon's wife Texas Rose Bascom. Earl was one of the outlaws in the movie. Weldon was the sheriff and one of the stuntmen.
Bascom worked as a miner in the Old Gray Mine, digging coal, near Maeser, Utah in the winter of 1930.
After graduating from college, Bascom and his wife moved to California. Retiring from rodeo after one last season, he pursued his art career and ranched. Earl Bascom and his brother Weldon Bascom worked on a ranch in Perris, California which was formerly owned by Louis B. Mayer of Hollywood's MGM Studios.
During World War II, Bascom worked as a shipfitter in the Long Beach shipyards building ships for the war effort. As such, he was a member of the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers and Helpers. After the war, Bascom worked for the Flying V Ranch before entering the booming construction industry, first working in the plumbing trade and then the plastering trade, joining what is known today as the Operative Plasterers' and Cement Masons' International Association of the United States and Canada. As a plastering contractor, Bascom's most significant work was on the Los Angeles Mormon Temple atop of which stands a golden statue created by his former art professor, Torleif Knaphus.
Later Bascom and his son-in-law Mel Marion did TV commercials with Roy Rogers for the Roy Rogers Restaurant chain which was then owned by the Marriott Corporation. When the Roy Rogers Riding Stables operated in Apple Valley, California, managed by Mel Marion and later Billy Bascom, Earl and his son John worked there wrangling horses and driving the hay wagon.
In 1966, upon getting his teaching certificate from Brigham Young University and teaching art classes at the Springville (Utah) High School held in the Springville Art Museum as a student teacher, Bascom taught art classes in Barstow, California at John F. Kennedy High School and at Barstow High School. He also served as president of the High Desert Artists (now Artists of the High Desert), and later as president of the Buckaroo Artists of America.
With his classic cowboy look and dressed in his authentic cowboy attire, he was a popular art studio model. Other artists who associated with Bascom were Bill Bender, Charles LaMonk, Leslie B. DeMille, Glen Turner, Cecil Smith, Trevor Bennett, Ray Bennett and Grant Speed.
Earl Bascom was a published historian with his writings on cowboy and rodeo history printed in books, magazines and newspapers. His first-known published writing was in 1926 for the Cardston newspaper. He was interviewed on radio and television. He was a popular lecturer on pioneer and cowboy history at schools and other academic centers. He also assisted his nephew Billy Bascom in teaching horsemanship, as well as cowboy and rodeo history at the Victor Valley College in Victorville, California. Earl Bascom was later inducted into the Victor Valley College Alumni Hall of Fame.
He was honored by the Professional Rodeo Cowboy Artists Association as the first rodeo cowboy to become a professional cowboy artist and sculptor. He was the first cowboy artist to be honored as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts of London since the society's beginning in 1754.
In the summer of 2005, the week-long Earl W. Bascom Memorial Rodeo was held in Berlin, Germany during the German-American Heritage Celebration where his cowboy art was exhibited as an honor by the European Rodeo Cowboys Association for Bascom's worldwide influence upon the sport of rodeo. "It was an honor to memorialize Earl Bascom," said Steve Witt, vice-president of European Rodeo Cowboy Association. "The rodeo equipment he designed back in 1920s has had an influence on rodeo worldwide."
Equestrian historian Kathy Young said, "Earl Bascom was noted for bridging two worlds, that of rodeo competition and western art."
On July 24, 2014, Earl Bascom was made the international honoree of the National Day of the Cowboy and given the "Cowboy Keeper" award.
In June 2015, Earl Bascom was inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame, as the first rodeo champion ever honored and given Canada's highest sports honor as a "Canadian Sports Legend."
"As a Canadian rodeo athlete and cowboy artist, Earl Bascom is a national treasure," stated Helena Deng, senior curator of Canada's Sports Hall of Fame.
“Bascom’s incredible achievements are now to be shared with all Canadians in perpetuity,” said Mario Siciliano, president of Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame, “inspiring generations of Canadians in sports and in life.”
Paul de Fonville, curator of the Cowboy Memorial Museum, gave tribute to Earl Bascom as "one of the great pioneers of rodeo - a cowboy through and through."
Cowboy celebrity Roy Rogers, who worked with Earl Bascom in TV commercials and was a collector of Bascom art, once said, “Earl Bascom is a walking book of history. His knowledge of the Old West was acquired the old fashioned way – he was born and raised in it.”
Bascom died at the age of 89 on his ranch in Victorville, California, August 28, 1995. During his funeral services on August 31, 1995, Bascom's emerald green coffin, decked with his ranch saddle and red roses, was transported by wagon and team to the Sunset Hills Memorial Park in Apple Valley, California for interment.
Awards and honors
|1930||3-Bar Ranch Stampede||All-Around Champion||Saskatchewan|
|1933||Calgary Stampede||Reserve Champion, Steer Decorating, North American Championship||Calgary, Alberta|
|1933||Lethbridge Stampede||World Record time, Steer Decorating||Lethbridge, Alberta|
|1933||Lethbridge Stampede and Raymond Stampede||Arena Record time, Steer Decorating||Alberta|
|1933||Rodeo Association of America||Championship of the World, Third Place in Steer Decorating|
|1934||Lethbridge Stampede||Bareback and All-Around Champion||Lethbridge, Alberta|
|1935||Raymond Stampede||Saddle Bronc, Steer Decorating and All-Around Champion||Raymond, Alberta|
|1936||Ute Stampede||All-Around Champion||Nephi, Utah|
|1937||Pocatello Rodeo||Saddle Bronc, Bareback, Bull Riding and All-Around Champion||Pocatello, Idaho|
|1938||Rigby Stampede||Bareback and All-Around Champion||Rigby, Idaho|
|1939||Hooper Rodeo||Saddle Bronc, Bareback and All-Around Champion||Hooper, Utah|
|1939||Portland Rodeo||Bareback, Bull Riding and All-Around Champion||Portland, Oregon|
|1940||Raymond Stampede||Saddle Bronc, Bareback and All-Around Champion||Raymond, Alberta|
|Grand Marshal||Cardston, Alberta||1982|
|Grand Marshal||Raymond, Alberta||1984|
|Grand Marshal||Columbia, Mississippi||1985|
|Grand Marshal||Vernal, Utah||1989|
|Grand Marshal||Hesperia, California||1997|
|"Earl Bascom - An American Hero"||Congressional Record, July 9, 1985|
|Bascom Brothers||50th Year Anniversary Rodeo, Columbia, Mississippi, 1985|
|Earl W. Bascom Award||Marion County Cattlemen's Association Rodeo, Mississippi, 1999|
|Earl W. Bascom Memorial Rodeo||Berlin, Germany, 2005|
|Earl Bascom All-Around Champion Award||Dillon Rodeo, Montana|
|Earl W. Bascom All-Around Champion Award||Hesperia Rodeo, California|
|Earl W. Bascom Bareback Champion Award||Dinosaur Roundup Rodeo, Vernal, Utah|
|Earl W. Bascom - Utah Heritage Award||Days of '47 Rodeo, Salt Lake City, Utah|
|Earl W. Bascom - Lethbridge Heritage Award||Whoop-Up Days Pro Rodeo, Lethbridge, Alberta|
|Earl Bascom Saddle Bronc Rookie Award||National High School Finals Rodeo|
|Earl Bascom Bareback Rookie Award||National High School Finals Rodeo|
|Earl Bascom Memorial Scholarship||Rocky Mountain High School, Lovell, Wyoming|
Hall of Fame honors
- Alberta Sports Hall of Fame (Red Deer, Alberta,Canada)
- California Rodeo Hall of Fame (Sacramento, California)
- Canadian Pro Rodeo Hall of Fame
- Cowboy Memorial Museum (Caliente, California)
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (London, England)
- Lethbridge Sports Hall of Fame (Alberta, Canada)
- Marion County Cattleman's Hall of Fame (Mississippi)
- National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum Rodeo Hall of Fame (Oklahoma)
- Raymond Sports Hall of Fame (Alberta, Canada)
- United States Sports Academy Walk of Fame (Georgia)
- Utah Rodeo Hall of Fame (Ogden, Utah)
- Utah Sports Hall of Fame (Salt Lake City, Utah)
- Victor Valley College Alumni Hall of Fame (California)
- Victor Valley Museum (California)
- Trailblazers Hall of Fame
- National Day of the Cowboy, Cowboy Keeper Honoree 2014
- The Bull Riding Wall of Fame
- Canada's Sports Hall of Fame 2015
Earl Bascom is known as an innovator and designer of rodeo equipment and rodeo gear. His inventions include:
- first side-delivery bucking chute (1916) at Welling, Alberta (assisted by brothers Raymond, Melvin and father John W. Bascom)
- first reverse-opening side-delivery bucking chute (1919) at Lethbridge, Alberta (assisted by his father John W. Bascom)
- first hornless rodeo bronc saddle (1922) at Lethbridge, Alberta
- first one-hand bareback rigging (1924) at Stirling, Alberta
- first high-cut rodeo chaps (1926) at Raymond, Alberta
- rodeo exerciser (1928) at Raymond, Alberta
- first night rodeo held outdoors under electric lights (September 24, 1935), at Columbia, Mississippi
- first use of brahma bulls in rodeo at Columbia, Mississippi, 1935
- first permanent rodeo arena with bucking chutes and grandstands in the state of Mississippi (1936) at Columbia, Mississippi
Appearances in film and print
- Lethbridge Herald, August 1922
- Raymond Recorder, August 1926
- Lethbridge Herald, August 6, 1926
- Cardston News, August 26, 1926, page 5
- Cardston News, February 28, 1929
- Raymond Recorder, July 1931
- Lethbridge Herald, July 28, 1931, page 3
- Lethbridge Herald, July 7, 1933
- Raymond Recorder, July 1933
- Lethbridge Herald, May 7, 1934
- Caribou County Sun (Idaho), August 1934
- Raymond Recorder, April–July–October 1934
- The Banyan, Brigham Young University, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940
- Lethbridge Herald, February 15, 1935
- Cardston News, February 21, 1935
- Lethbridge Herald, "Earl Bascom, King of Riders" July 7, 1935
- Lethbridge Herald, July 23, 1935
- Raymond Recorder, February–March–July–August–September–October–November 1935
- Salt Lake Tribune, May 1936
- Salt Lake Tribune, June 1936
- Raymond Recorder, June 1936
- Salt Lake Tribune, July 11, 1936
- Cardston News, August 18, 1936, page 5
- Raymond Recorder, July 1937
- Cardston News, October 5, 1937
- Cardston News, October 12, 1937
- Cardston News, November 9, 1937
- Cardston News, March 8, 1938
- The Post-Register (Idaho Falls), June 1938
- Children’s Friend Magazine, "Brave Lads in the Last Indian Fight in Utah" Carlton Culmsee, July 1938
- Raymond Recorder, September 1938
- Billing Gazette, August 9, 1939
- Raymond Recorder, September 1939
- Ogden Standard Examiner, September 5, 1935, page 3
- Raymond Recorder, July 1940
- Raymond Recorder, February 1948
- The Lawless Rider (Hollywood western film), 1954
- Raymond Roundup 1902-1967, J.O. Hicken, editor, 1963
- Sun-Telebram, July 1969
- C.F.B. Lybbert and Family History, Van Lybbert (ed), 1974
- W.C. Lybbert and Family History, Van Lybbert (ed), 1975
- Sun-Telegram, March 1976
- Church News, "Differences Resolved" October 1976
- Who's Who in American Art, Cattell, 1976-1995
- Chief Mountain Country, Cardston Historical Society, 1978
- The Sun, September 1979
- Church News, "Honored by Professional Rodeo Association" November 1979
- Pioneer, January 1980
- Lethbridge Herald, July 1980
- Lethbridge Herald, August 22, 1980
- Western Horseman Magazine, July 1981
- Stirling History, Stirling Sunset Society, 1981
- Southwest Art Magazine, August 1982
- Persimmon Hill, April 1982
- Who's Who in Rodeo, Willard H. Porter, 1982
- Who's Who in the West, Marquis, 1982-1995
- Who's Who in California, Historical Society, 1983-1995
- Memories I Could Do Without & other Short Stories, L. Lybbert, 1983
- The Pioneer, January 1983
- Victor Valley Magazine, June 1983
- American Rodeo From Buffalo Bill to Big Business, Kristina Fredriksson, 1985
- Ensign, "News of the Church" May 1985
- Deseret News, May1985
- San Bernardino County Sun, August 1985
- The Single Years, Billy R. Bascom and Eloise Oler, 1987
- Animals in Bronze, Christopher Payne, 1987
- Pioneer, "SUP Pioneer Cowboy Inducted into Hall of Fame" January 1988
- Who's Who in Western Writers of America, Stan Paregien, 1988-1990
- Elias Willard Williams, Jr. and Ida Jane Bascom and Their Posterity, Lela Nickell Christian, 1988
- Sunnyside Area History, Royal View and Hyssop, 1988
- Silver Screen Cowboys and Side Kicks, Diana Blair, 1988
- Western Horseman Magazine, Rodeo Arena, March 1989
- Take Willy With Ya (documentary film), Michael Amundsen, 1989
- Western Writers of America Directory, Barb Ketcham, 1989–91
- Western Horseman Magazine, The History of Bareback Bronc Riding, Earl Bascom, July 1990
- I Remember: Early Days in Raymond, Wes Bascom, 1990
- Utah Paintings and Sculptures, Vern Swanson, 1991
- Church News, "Joins Hall of Fame" May 1991
- BYU Today, "Emeritus Club Honors Ten for Outstanding Achievement" May 1992
- KTLA News, Voice of Channel 9, "Sculptor Earl Bascom" 1992
- BYU Today, February 1993
- Journal of the Society of Basque Studies in America, Leonard Bloom, 1993
- Rodeo History and Legends, Bob Jordan, 1993
- Settlers, Sugar and Stampedes, Raymond Remembered, L. Turner(ed),1993
- The Red Book: Western American Price Index, Southwest Art, 1993
- Who's Who in America, Marquis, 1993-1995
- Who's Who in the World, Marquis, 1993-1995
- Royal Society of Arts Catalog, London, 1994
- Fearless Funnymen: The History of the Rodeo Clown, Gail Woerner, 1994
- The Youngest Drover: a True Story about Growing Up on a Cattle Drive, Ron Carter, 1994
- Wild Promise: Grandfather’s Story of a Boy and a Horse, V. Dallas Merrell, 1994
- The Skousen Book of Mormon World Records and other Amazing Firsts, Facts and Feats, Paul Skousen, 1994
- Montana Hist. Society Museum Catalog, "The Horse in Art" 1994
- Church News, June 1994
- Deseret News, November 1994
- LDS Church News "People in the Church" December 1994
- Vernal Express, August 1995
- Salt Lake Tribune, August 1995
- Marysville Appeal-Democrat, August 17, 1995
- Paul Harvey News Radio, September 1995
- Pro Rodeo Sports News Magazine, September 1995
- United Lumbee Nation Times, October 1995
- Alberta Beef, “Cowboy Artist Earl Bascom” October 1995
- Church News, "People in the Church" October 1995
- Cowboys and Indians Magazine, October 1995
- Buckle News, November 1995
- Snake River Echoes, November 1995
- Southwest Art Magazine, November 1995
- Deseret News, November 1994
- Congressional Record, A Tribute To Earl Wesley Bascom, December 1995
- Western Horseman Magazine, December 1995
- Roundup Magazine, “Rodeo Champion-Cowboy Artist Earl W. Bascom” December 1995
- Bits and Pieces, John M. Swisher, 1995
- Salt Lake Tribune, December 1995
- Rodeo Magazine, 1995-2015
- Chase's Calendar of Events, McGraw-Hill,1995-2015
- The Lethbridge Herald,January 1996
- Chase's Sports Calendar of Events, McGraw-Hill, 1996-2015
- The Diffee Family in America, Thomas Earl Diffee, 1996
- Tack 'n Togs Book, Miller Publishing, 1996-2014
- Legacies of Faith, Nina K. Johnson (ed), 1997
- Remember When, Norma Smith and Dora King, 1998
- Belly Full of Bedsprings: The History of Bronc Riding, Gail Woerner, 1998
- BYU Magazine, Spring 1999
- Artists of Utah, R.S. Olpin, 1999
- Lethbrdge Herald, September 1999
- Lethbridge Herald "Bascom honoured with National High School Award", November 16, 1999
- Lethbridge Herald, June 2000
- Deseret News "Hall picks Mormon Cowboy" October 2000
- The Lethbridge Herald, October 2000
- Utah Art, Utah Artists, Vern Swanson, 2001
- The Artists Bluebook: North American Artists, L P Dunbier(ed), 2001-2003
- Davenport's Art Reference, Ray Davenport, 2001-2005
- Cowboy Up, the History of Bull Riding, Gail Woerner, 2001
- Salt Lake Tribune, February 2002
- The Lethbridge Herals, July 2002
- Rodeo: Behind the Scenes at America’s Most Exciting Sport, Lynn Campion, 2002
- Artists in California, 1786-1940, Edan Milton Hughes, 2002
- Our Town 2002: Raymond Stampede Centennial, Norma Smith (ed), 2002
- Old Cowboy Saddles & Spurs: Identifying the Craftsmen Who Made Them, Gretchen and Mike Graham, 2003
- Western Horseman Magazine, January 2003
- College Rodeo from Show to Sport, Sylvia Gann Mahoney, 2004
- The History of Apple Valley, Kate O'Rourke, 2004
- Desert Dispatch, September 2004
- Daily Press, Horse Talk, September 2005
- The Lethbridge Herald, September 2005
- Vernal Express, September 2005
- Church News, "LDS Cowboy Honored in Europe" October 2005
- The Lethbridge Herald, October 2005
- Wild Life Art Magazine, 2005-2006
- Western Horseman Magazine, "Horses and People" January 2006
- Daily Press, January 2006
- Church News, "Mormon Cowboy Lauded at Rodeo" February 2006
- Vernal Express, June 2006
- Vernal Express, July 2006
- Church News, "Rodeo Hall of Fame" September 2006
- Famous Mormons, Ron Johnston, 2007
- Canadian Equine Magazine, 2007
- God Sent Us Angels in the Form of Good White Folks, C.T.M. Cooper, 2007
- Church Almanac, 2007
- Western Horseman Magazine, "Rodeo Pioneer – Earl Bascom" August 2007
- Wild Ride: the History and Lore of Rodeo, Joel Bernstein, 2007
- More Amazing Mormon World Record, Paul Skousen, 2008
- Frederic Remington, Margaret Keenan, 2008
- Lethbridge Living, "Stampede's Hometown" J.H. Zsovan, May 2009
- Brigham Young University Alumni Directory, 2009
- Great Athletes, Paul Dellinger, 2009
- Official Rodeo Rules, Karen Rose, 2009
- Hesperia, Gary Drylie, 2010
- Daily Press, March 2010
- Lovell Chronicle, Wyoming, May 2010
- Rocky Mountain Rider, May 2010
- Daily Press, July 2010
- Ride Magazine, July 2010
- History of the Victor Valley, 2010
- Cowboy Country Television, Episode 7, 2010
- Canadian Cowboy Country Magazine, November 2010
- Round-up Magazine, September 2011
- Mohahve VI, 2011
- Tri-State Livestock News, "Earl Bascom: the founder of modern rodeo" J.S. Wood, September 2011
- The Cowboys Turtle Association: the Birth of Professional Rodeo, Gail H. Woerner, 2011
- American Commercial News, Chinese edition, 2012
- The United States: Mississippi, J. Smith, 2012
- Uintah Basin Standard, January 2012
- Daily Press, February 2012
- US Census Bureau Daily, June 2012
- Rodeo News, July 2012
- BYU Magazine, Alumni New, Summer 2012
- Western Movies: a Guide to Feature Films, Michael Pitts, 2012
- High Desert Daily, September 2012
- Daily Press, October 2012
- Apple Valley Review, October 2012
- Plum Majestic Catalog, December 2012
- Butch Cassidy and other Mormon Outlaws, K.Gordon, 2013
- High River, March 2013
- Calgary Examiner, March 2013
- Canadian Pro Rodeo News, April 2013
- The Wrangler Horse and Rodeo News, May 2013
- Cattle Business Weekly, May 2013
- Elite Equestrian Magazine, June 2013
- Standard-Examiner (Ogden Utah), June 2013
- Apple Valley Review, June 2013
- Tri-State Livestock News, "Bascom inducted," June 2013
- The Wrangler Horse and Rodeo News, June 2013
- Deseret News, July 2013
- Cowboy Country Magazine, July 2013
- Daily Bulletin, July 2013
- Pasadena Star News, July 2013
- Standard-Examiner, July 2013
- The Sun, July 2013
- The Journal Record, July 2013
- The Cattle Business Weekly, September 2013
- The Stars Hollow Gazette, September 2013
- Church News, November 2013
- LDS Living Magazine, November 2013
- The Ketchpin, Autumn 2013
- The Times-News (Mona, Utah), December 2013
- Desert Dispatch, December 2013
- Arizona Mormon News, January 2014
- The Tombstone Epitaph, February 2014
- Mormon Channel Daily Radio, Episode 446, March 2014
- Fence Post News, July 2014
- Weekly News Journal (Idaho), July 2014
- The Times-News, July 2014
- Tri-State Livestock News, July 2014
- Steamboat Today, July 2014
- Salina Sun (Utah), July 2014
- Gainesville (Texas)Register, July 2014
- Western Horse Review, August 2014
- Willcox Range News, August 2014
- Magic Valley Times News (Idaho), August 2014
- Post Independent, August 2014
- Citizen Telegram, August 2014
- Journal Pilot (Illinois), August 2014
- Toledo News, September 2014
- The Touch of Roy and Dale, Vol. II, Tricia Spencer, 2014
- Apple Valley Review, January 2015
- Canadian Pro Rodeo News, April 2015
- Ski Trax Magazine, April 2015
- Pedal Magazine, April 2015
- Cattle Business Weekly South Dakota, April 2015
- ProRodeo News April 2015
- Daily Press, May 2015
- ProRodeo Canada, June 2015
- Redbluff Daily News, June 30, 2015
- Horseback Magazine, July 2015
- LDS Living Magazine, July 2015
- Elite Equestrian Magazine, July 2015
- Temple City Star (Cardston, Alberta Canada), July 2015
- Canadian Heroes, Sigmund Brouwer, 2015
- KSL television, October 14, 2015
- Vernal Express, December 2015
- Gordon, Kathryn Jenkins (2013). "Butch Cassidy and other Mormon Outlaws of the Old West" (Covenant Communications, pages 169-174). ISBN 978-1-62108-119-7
- List of Mormon pioneers
- "Earl's ancestors Herodius Long was a Quaker, Gilbertus Bask'omme was a French Basque nobleman and Robert Bascom was a Huguenot"
- "Earl's maternal grandmother, Antonette Marie Olsen Lybbert, was from Oslo, Norway; his maternal grandfather, C.F.B. Lybbert, was from Flade, Denmark but was of German, Prussian and Dutch ancestry"
- "Earl's father got the contract to drive the school district's coach wagon using a team of horses from the Bascom Ranch"
- Roundup Magazine "Rodeo Champion - Cowboy Artist Earl W. Bascom" (December 1995, Volume III Number 2)
- "American Hero Earl W. Bascom". (Summer 1995), United Lumbee Nation Times
- Alberta Beef "Cowboy Artist, Earl W. Bascom" (October 1995, page 30)
- Buckle News "Rodeo Champion - Cowboy Artist, Earl W. Bascom, Rides into Sunset" (November 1995, pages 6 and 7)
- The Sun News (July 21, 2013) "Cowboy legend Earl Bascom was a rodeo pioneer"
- ProRodeo Sports News "Bascom dies at 89" (September 13, 1995)
- Smith, Norma, editor, Our Town 2002: Raymond Stampede Centennial (Raymond Historical Society, page 53) ISBN 0-9685225-4-8 "Earl and Weldon learned trick riding from their boyhood friend and world champion trick rider Ted Elder who gave one of his extra trick saddles to them to perform on."
- The San Bernardino Sun, "Earl Bascom - a cowboy first but his first love was always art" September 2, 1979, page 31
- "Bascom's influence on European rodeo is acknowledged by the European Rodeo Cowboys Association"
- Mahoney, Sylvia Gann; Hedeman, Tuff (2004). College rodeo: from show to sport. Texas A&M University Press. p. 8. ISBN 1-58544-331-X.
- Tri-State Livestock News (September 23, 2011) "Earl Bascom: The Father of Modern Rodeo"
- Elite Equestrian (June 13, 2013) "Cowboys in Alberta Sports Hall of Fame"
- "Earl W. Bascom: LDS cowboy receives national award", Church News, November 2, 2013.
- Raymond Recorder (November 22, 1935, page 1]
- San Bernardino County Sun (August 26, 2985, page 10) "50 Years Later, Mississippi Rodeo Honors Victorville Cowboy Artist"
- Daily Press (October 18, 2013) "Nadine (Diffey) Bascom"
- Vernal Express (August 30, 1995) "World's oldest living rodeo clown and bullfighter dies"
- United Lumbee Nation Times, Summer 1995
- "The bridle headstall shown on C. M. Russell's depiction of the horse, Blue Bird, was the same one that Raymond Knight gave to Earl as payment for breaking a horse for him"
- United Lumbee Nation Times, Summer 1995
- United Lumbee Nation Times, Summer 1995
- Salt Lake Tribune, page 59, 24 May 1936
- Salt Lake Tribute, "Wrangling Steers and Brushes, Rodeo Skill Aids Student in Art Study," page 86, 14 June 1936
- Raymond Recorder (June 5, 1936, page4)
- Daily Press "Five Local Leaders Celebrated at VVC's 21 Annual Gala" February 26, 2012
- "Texas Rose Bascom"
- Raymond Recorder (September 24, 1943, page 4)
- "Take Willy With Ya"/
- Desert Dispatch (December 16, 2013) "Bascom inducted into Rodeo Hall of Fame"
- Daily Press (March 3, 2012) "Earl W. Bascom honored at Alumni Hall of Fame"
- The Lethbridge Herald (September 28, 2000)"Canadian cowboy Bascom has rodeo named in his honor" Trevor Kenney
- Daily Press "Horse Talk" September 29, 2005
- Daily Press "Horse Talk" January 20, 2014
- Westwind Weekly "First Rodeo Champion Inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame" Karlene Skretting July 23, 2015
- Deseret News, October 14, 2000
- Johnston, Ron (2007). Famous Mormons, Interesting Profiles of Well-known Latter-day Saints (Spring Creek, pages 13-14). ISBN 978-1-932898-57-6
- The Lethbridge Herald (October 3, 2005) "The name game" Dawn Sugimoto
- The Lovell Chronicle (May 27, 2010) "Rocky Mountain seniors receive scholarship" page 14
- "Earl Bascom". Wn.com. Retrieved 2014-02-10.
- "Trailblazer Earl Bascom". Retrieved 2014-05-05.
- Bascom Web Portal
- Bascom's rodeo innovations
- Congressional tribute to Earl Bascom
- European rodeo tribute to Earl Bascom
- Canadian Pro-Rodeo Hall of Fame
- Canadian rodeo history timeline
- Historical Utah artists
- Utah Sports Hall of Fame
- Victor Valley College Hall of Fame
- Alberta Sports Hall of Fame
- Utah Rodeo Hall of Fame
- Lethbridge Sports Hall of Fame
- Mormon wiki
- Poor William’s Almanack
- National Rodeo Hall of Fame
- Worldwide Independent Inventors Association
- Famous Mormons
- Art experts
- Mormon Artist
- Brigham Young University Museum of Art
- Famous Bascoms